Manistique, Michigan

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Manistique, Michigan
City of Manistique
Looking south along Cedar Street
Looking south along Cedar Street
Location within Schoolcraft County
Location within Schoolcraft County
Manistique is located in Michigan
Manistique
Manistique
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 45°57′28″N 86°14′59″W / 45.95778°N 86.24972°W / 45.95778; -86.24972Coordinates: 45°57′28″N 86°14′59″W / 45.95778°N 86.24972°W / 45.95778; -86.24972
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountySchoolcraft
Incorporated1883 (village)
1901 (city)
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • MayorMichael R. Perilloux
 • ClerkJanell Irie
 • ManagerSheila Aldrich
Area
 • Total3.52 sq mi (9.11 km2)
 • Land3.21 sq mi (8.31 km2)
 • Water0.31 sq mi (0.80 km2)
Elevation
600 ft (183 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,828
 • Density881.27/sq mi (340.24/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
49854
Area code(s)906
FIPS code26-50760[2]
GNIS feature ID1620685[3]
WebsiteOfficial website

Manistique, formerly Monistique,[4] is the only city and county seat of Schoolcraft County in the U.S. state of Michigan.[5] As of the 2020 census, the city population was 2,828.

The city borders the adjacent Manistique Township, but the two are administered independently. The city lies on the north shore of Lake Michigan at the mouth of the Manistique River, which forms a natural harbor that has been improved with breakwaters, dredging, and the Manistique East Breakwater Light. The city is named after the river.[6] The economy depends heavily on tourism from Lake Michigan, as well as nearby Indian Lake State Park and Palms Book State Park.

History[edit]

Cedar Street, 1880s

Originally named Eastport, Manistique replaced Onota as the county seat.[7] Eastport was the name of the post office, but was not used for the community.[4] Manistique was incorporated as a village in 1883[4] and as a city in 1901 by the state legislature. With the river originally spelled Monistique, a spelling error in the city charter led to its current spelling.[6]

Nickname[edit]

Manistique is nicknamed "The Emerald City." It is believed to be named for the emerald green waters of the nearby Kitch-iti-kipi spring, the largest spring in the state of Michigan. The Manistique Area Schools athletic teams are referred to as the "Emeralds." Several local businesses include "Emerald City" in their names.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.51 square miles (9.09 km2), of which 3.19 square miles (8.26 km2) is land and 0.32 square miles (0.83 km2) is water.[8]

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Manistique has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[9]

Climate data for Manistique WWTP, Michigan (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1896–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 47
(8)
61
(16)
72
(22)
80
(27)
87
(31)
96
(36)
97
(36)
101
(38)
92
(33)
84
(29)
68
(20)
58
(14)
101
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 25.1
(−3.8)
27.3
(−2.6)
35.0
(1.7)
45.4
(7.4)
57.1
(13.9)
67.2
(19.6)
73.0
(22.8)
73.5
(23.1)
66.0
(18.9)
53.3
(11.8)
40.9
(4.9)
31.0
(−0.6)
49.6
(9.8)
Daily mean °F (°C) 17.8
(−7.9)
19.0
(−7.2)
26.9
(−2.8)
37.7
(3.2)
49.0
(9.4)
59.1
(15.1)
64.8
(18.2)
64.8
(18.2)
57.8
(14.3)
45.9
(7.7)
34.5
(1.4)
24.6
(−4.1)
41.8
(5.4)
Average low °F (°C) 10.4
(−12.0)
10.7
(−11.8)
18.7
(−7.4)
29.9
(−1.2)
40.9
(4.9)
51.0
(10.6)
56.6
(13.7)
56.2
(13.4)
49.5
(9.7)
38.6
(3.7)
28.2
(−2.1)
18.1
(−7.7)
34.1
(1.2)
Record low °F (°C) −25
(−32)
−33
(−36)
−31
(−35)
−7
(−22)
19
(−7)
27
(−3)
32
(0)
31
(−1)
19
(−7)
17
(−8)
−6
(−21)
−25
(−32)
−33
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.70
(43)
1.37
(35)
1.85
(47)
2.84
(72)
2.98
(76)
3.22
(82)
3.43
(87)
3.10
(79)
3.75
(95)
3.98
(101)
2.62
(67)
2.42
(61)
33.26
(845)
Source: NOAA[10][11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880693
18902,940324.2%
19004,12640.3%
19104,72214.4%
19206,38035.1%
19305,198−18.5%
19405,3993.9%
19505,086−5.8%
19604,875−4.1%
19704,324−11.3%
19803,962−8.4%
19903,456−12.8%
20003,5833.7%
20103,097−13.6%
20202,828−8.7%
Source: Census Bureau. Census
1880, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010.

2020 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2020, there were 2,828 people, 1,193 households, and 702 families residing in the city. The population density was 340.2 square kilometres (131.4 sq mi). There were 1,193 housing units at an average density of 506.9 per square mile (195.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.9% White, 0.2% African American, 9.7% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 1,193 households, of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.7% were non-families. 40.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.87.

The median age in the city was 43 years. 23% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 26.6% were from 45 to 64; and 20.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.3% male and 53.7% female.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Manistique, Michigan
  4. ^ a b c "Mrs. Mutart Longest Manistique Resident; Here 60 Yrs. Monday". The Escanaba Daily Press. September 6, 1930. p. 11. Retrieved February 16, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ a b Sawyer, Alvah L. (2005) [1911]. "Chapter XX: Schoolcraft and Delta Counties". A history of the northern peninsula of Michigan and its people. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Library. pp. 351–353. Retrieved 2006-09-12.
  7. ^ "Schoolcraft County". History of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Library. 2005 [1883]. p. 547. Retrieved 2006-09-12.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  9. ^ "Manistique, Michigan Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  10. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  11. ^ "Station: Manistique WWTP, MI". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  13. ^ "ST. IGNACE-SAULT STE. MARIE-IRONWOOD" (PDF). Indian Trails. January 15, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 4, 2014. Retrieved 2013-02-28.