Manitoba Highway 1
|Length:||490 km (304 mi)|
|Existed:||1942 – present|
|West end:||Saskatchewan border near Kirkella
continues west as Hwy 1 (TCH) towards Whitewood and Regina
| PTH 41 at Kirkella
PTH 83 near Virden
PTH 21 near Griswold
PTH 10 in Brandon
PTH 5 near Carberry
PTH 34 near Austin
PTH 16 (TCH) near Portage la Prairie
PTH 26 near Portage la Prairie
PTH 13 near Oakville
PTH 26 near St. François Xavier
PTH 100 (TCH) / PTH 101 in Winnipeg
PTH 59 in Winnipeg
PTH 12 near Ste. Anne
PTH 11 near Hadashville
PTH 44 near West Hawk Lake
|East end:||Ontario border near West Hawk Lake
continues east as Highway 17 / TCH towards Kenora and Thunder Bay
|Major cities:||Brandon, Portage la Prairie, Winnipeg|
|Towns:||Elkhorn, Virden, MacGregor, Elie, Ste. Anne, Falcon Lake|
Provincial Trunk Highway 1 (PTH 1) is the Manitoba section of the Trans-Canada Highway mainline route. It is a heavily used, 4-lane divided highway, with the exception of a short 18 km section in the southeastern corner of the province. It is the main link between southern Manitoba's largest cities, and also serves as the province's main transportation link to the neighbouring provinces of Saskatchewan (to the west) and Ontario (to the east). The highway is the only major east-west divided highway in Manitoba, and carries a large majority of east-west traffic within and through the province. It has full freeway status sections at Portage la Prairie and Winnipeg. The total distance of the Trans-Canada Highway in Manitoba is 490 km (300 mi).
Manitoba Highway 1 is a very important part of the national highway system in Canada, as it is the sole highway linking the eastern and western regions of the country. It is the only road that links the province of Manitoba with the province of Ontario, making it a major section of Canada's primary commercial and leisure route for all traffic travelling between Canada's largest cities, from Toronto and Montreal in the east to Calgary and Vancouver in the west.
The highway is routed from west to east across the province of Manitoba. It begins at the western provincial boundary with Saskatchewan, connecting with Saskatchewan's Highway 1 to become Manitoba Trans-Canada 1. The highway is designated as T-C 1 throughout Manitoba until it reaches the eastern provincial boundary with Ontario, where it continues as the main route to Kenora, Ontario and the rest of Eastern Canada as Highway 17.
The entire length of the Trans-Canada Highway in the province of Manitoba is a 4-lane divided highway, with the exception of the Winnipeg city route and an 18 kilometre section in eastern Manitoba between the town of Falcon Lake and the Manitoba-Ontario provincial boundary which is a two-lane highway.
Manitoba PTH 1 has full expressway status on the routes around Winnipeg on the Perimeter Highway, and around Portage la Prairie. Plans do exist to bring the entire length of Highway 1 (except the Winnipeg city route) to full expressway status in the future (mentioned at the list of Manitoba expressways). Currently, exit numbers only exist at three interchanges, and only small sections of Highway 1 and the Perimeter Highway have freeway status.
In the Winnipeg metro area, the Trans-Canada Highway has two official routes. The main route passes directly through the city of Winnipeg on city streets, entering the city from the west and continuing along Portage Avenue, Broadway, Main Street, Queen Elizabeth Way, St. Mary's Road, St. Anne's Road, and Fermor Avenue where it re-joins the Perimeter Highway (T-C 100) and continues east on TC 1. An alternate routing exits the main T-C 1 route on the western edge of Winnipeg onto the Perimeter Highway (T-C 100), which by-passes the city completely. The Perimeter Highway is a ring road which encircles Winnipeg and is frequently used by commuters and through traffic on the Trans Canada Highway wishing to avoid congested city streets.
The first provincial trunk highways in Manitoba were numbered in 1926. The original highway 1 was one of nine highways fanning out from Winnipeg, but was different in that it fanned out from the west and the east. Highway 1 was routed via many already-existing highways and provincial secondary roads. (From west to east), these are:
- Highway 1A into and out of Brandon
- Provincial Road 351 into and out of Carberry
- Highway 1A through Portage la Prairie
- Highway 26 from Portage la Prairie to Headingley
- Highway 9 from downtown Winnipeg to Lockport
- Highway 44 from Lockport to Whiteshell Provincial Park
By the early 1950s, Highway 1 had become an important east-west route in all of the western provinces. Most of the provincial highways that Highway 1 originally traversed on were re-numbered and designated as Highway 4 between 1958 and 1968, and the #1 was relocated to its present route. In 1962, the Trans-Canada Highway in Manitoba was fully completed, and Highway 1 across all of the western provinces was incorporated as part of the Trans-Canada Highway.
In 1955, most intra-city traffic in the Winnipeg area was diverted onto the (then) newly built Perimeter Highway. Later that year, the Perimeter Highway's southern (PTH 100) section was merged with the Trans-Canada Highway system, due to the amount of traffic using it to bypass the city. That section of the highway was highly used, and still is today.
On October 6, 2006 the Trans-Canada Highway Portage la Prairie by-pass was closed due to a structural defect found in the bridge over the CN Rail Line. On October 31, 2007, a $19 million project to rebuild the bridge was completed, and the by-pass was fully re-opened to traffic.
On October 25, 2007, a major federal/provincial construction project twinning the highway in western Manitoba between the Saskatchewan-Manitoba provincial boundary and the town of Hargrave was completed, with 34 kilometres (21 mi) of newly divided highway lanes opened to traffic.
On April 9, 2008, the Government of Manitoba announced that construction of a new interchange would begin in the summer of 2008 at the intersection of Highway 16 (the Yellowhead Highway) and the Trans Canada Highway mainline route, located a short distance west of Portage la Prairie. This project has been delayed and is now scheduled for completion by 2015.
On February 27, 2008 the Manitoba Highway Traffic Board approved a request by the Government of Manitoba to raise the speed limit on the Trans Canada Highway in Manitoba to 110 km/h along the section between the Saskatchewan-Manitoba provincial boundary and Winnipeg. The speed limit was officially raised on July 1, 2009, though it was only raised on one portion of the highway between the Saskatchewan provincial boundary to Virden. On June 2, 2015, the speed limit between Virden and Headingley increased to 110 km/h, except at Brandon, Portage la Prairie, and Elie, where speed is reduced due to major intersections at those locations. The portion of the highway from Winnipeg to the Ontario provincial boundary remains at 100 km/h.
Saskatchewan provincial boundary to Headingley- 110 km/h (68 mph)
Virden- 80 km/h (50 mph)
Brandon- 80 km/h (50 mph)
Portage la Prairie (Freeway)- 100 km/h (60 mph)
Elie- 80 km/h (50 mph)
Headingley-70 km/h (40 mph)
Winnipeg bypass (Perimeter Hwy. PTH #100) - 100 km/h (60 mph)
Winnipeg city route
Portage Ave. - 60 km/h (35 mph) (50 km/h (30 mph) in downtown)
Broadway - 50 km/h (30 mph)
Queen Elizabeth Way. (S. Main Street) - 60 km/h (35 mph)
St. Mary's Rd. - 60 km/h (35 mph)
St. Anne's Rd. - 60 km/h (35 mph)
Fermor Ave. (To Autumnwood Dr./Lakewood Blvd.) - 70 km/h (40 mph)
Fermor Ave. (To Lagimodiere Blvd.) 80 km/h (50 mph)
Fermor Ave. (To Perimeter Hwy.) - 90 km/h (55 mph)
Eastern Manitoba- 100 km/h (60 mph)
All at-grade intersections with traffic lights -80 km/h (50 mph)
|Continues as Hwy 1 (TCH) west towards Regina|
|Wallace – Woodworth||||0||0||Manitoba – Saskatchewan boundary|
|Kirkella||6||3.7||PTH 41 north / PR 542 south – St. Lazare, McAuley, Kola, Kirkella|
|Elkhorn||18||11||PR 256 (Cavendish St.) – Willen, Cromer, Elkhorn|
|20||12||Richhill Avenue East||Former PR 441|
|||32||20||Hargrave||Former PR 252 south|
|||35||22||PTH 83 north – Birtle||West end of PTH 83 overlap|
|||41||25||PTH 83 south / PR 259 east – Kenton, Melita||East end of PTH 83 overlap|
|Virden||45||28||King Street East|
|48||30||PR 257 west – Kola|
|Sifton||||62||39||PR 254 south – Oak Lake Beach||West end of PR 254 overlap|
|Oak Lake||67||42||PR 254 north||East end of PR 254 overlap|
|Griswold||80||50||PTH 21 – Shoal Lake, Sioux Valley, Hartney|
|Whitehead||Alexander||92||57||PR 250 north – Rivers, Alexander||West end of PR 250 overlap|
|||96||60||PR 250 south – Souris||East end of PR 250 overlap|
|Kemnay||104||65||PTH 1A (TCH) east (City Route) – Brandon|
|||109||68||PR 459 – Grand Valley||Interchange|
|Elton / Cornwallis||||112||70||PR 270 north – Rapid City, Rivers|
|City of Brandon||120||70||PTH 10 south (18th Street) – Brandon, Boissevain||West end of PTH 10 overlap|
|122||76||PTH 1A (TCH) south (City Route / 1st Street) / PTH 10 north – Dauphin, Brandon||East end of PTH 10 overlap|
|Elton / Cornwallis||||126||78||PTH 110 south – Boissevain|
|||130||80||PR 468 – Justice, Chater|
|Elton||||138||86||PR 340 south – Douglas|
|North Cypress – Langford||||146||91||PR 464 north – Brookdale|
|||147||91||PR 351 east|
|||163||101||PTH 5 – Neepawa, Carberry||Former PR 258|
|||181||112||PR 351 west – Melbourne|
|North Norfolk||Sidney||183||114||PR 352 – Firdale, Sidney|
|Austin||195||121||PTH 34 – Gladstone, Holland|
|MacGregor||208||129||PR 350 – Katrime, Lavenham, MacGregor|
|Bagot||218||135||PR 242 – Westbourne, Treherne, Bagot|
|Portage la Prairie||||230||140||PTH 16 (TCH) west (Yellowhead Route) / PR 305 south – Neepawa, St. Claude, Saskatoon||Interchange proposed|
|West end of Yellowhead Route overlap|
|Portage la Prairie||238||148||PTH 1A (TCH) east (City Route) – Portage la Prairie||Interchange|
|247||153||PR 240 – Southport, Portage la Prairie||Interchange|
|252||157||PTH 1A (TCH) west (City Route) – Portage la Prairie||Interchange; no eastbound exit|
|253||157||PTH 26 east – Poplar Point|
|||268||167||PTH 13 south / PR 430 north – St. Ambroise, Oakville, Carman|
|||276||171||Road 19 West||Former PR 331 west|
|Cartier||||279||173||Benard Road||Former PR 426 north|
|Elie||287||178||PR 248 – St. Eustache, Elie|
|||296||184||PR 332 south – Dacotah, Starbuck|
|||304||189||PR 424||Former PR 241|
|||306||190||PTH 26 west – St. Francois Xavier|
|Headingley||Headingley||313||194||PR 334 north||West end of PR 334 overlap|
|314||195||PR 334 south||East end of PR 334 overlap|
|City of Winnipeg||319||198||PTH 100 (TCH) east / PTH 101 north (Perimeter Highway) – Kenora||Interchange; signed as exits 318A (east) and 318B (north).|
|West end of Route 85 (Portage Avenue) • Yellowhead Route continues|
|325||202||Route 96 south (Moray Street)|
|327||203||Route 90 – Airport||Interchange; no direct eastbound exit to Route 90 north (signed via Empress Street).|
|327.5||203.5||Empress Street - Polo Park||Interchange|
|329||204||Route 85 east (Portage Avenue)||PTH 1 branches east; east end of Route 85 overlap; no eastbound entrance from Portage Avenue|
|East end of Route 85 (Portage Avenue) / Yellowhead Route • West end of Broadway|
|329.5||204.7||Route 70 south (Maryland Street)|
|329.5||204.7||Route 70 north (Sherbrook Street)|
|330.5||205.4||Route 62 (Osborne Street)||No left turn eastbound|
|331||206||Route 42 south (Donald Street)|
|331||206||Route 42 north (Smith Street)|
|331.5||206.0||Route 52 north (Main Street)||PTH 1 branches south; north end of Route 52 overlap|
|West end of Broadway • North end of Route 52 (Main Street)|
|Bridge over Assiniboine River|
|Bridge over Red River|
|South end of Main Street • North end of St. Mary's Road • PTH 1 / Route 52 overlap continues|
|332||206||Route 115 east (Marion Street)||No eastbound entrance|
|335||208||Route 52 south (St. Mary's Road)||PTH 1 branches southeast; south end of Route 52 overlap; north end of Route 150 overlap; no left turn westbound|
|South end of Route 52 (St. Mary's Road) • North end of Route 150 (St. Anne's Road)|
|337||209||Route 135 west (Fermor Avenue) / Route 150 south (St. Anne's Road)||PTH 1 branches east; south end of Route 150 overlap; west end of Route 135 overlap|
|South end of Route 150 (St. Anne's Road) • West end of Route 135 (Fermor Avenue)|
|339||211||Route 30 north (Archibald Street)|
|342||213||PTH 59 / Route 20 (Lagimodiere Boulevard)|
|Springfield||||345||214||Plessis Road north||Interchange|
|||349||217||PTH 100 (TCH) west / PTH 101 north (Perimeter Highway) – Brandon||Interchange; signed as exits 348A (west) and 348B (north)|
|East end of Route 135 (Fermor Avenue)|
|Deacon's Corner||351||218||PR 207 – Lorette|
|Taché||||359||223||PR 206 north – Dugald, Oakbank||West end of PR 206 overlap|
|||362||225||PR 206 south – Landmark||East end of PR 206 overlap|
|||366||227||PR 501 east (Rosewood Road)|
|||To PR 207 – Dufresne|
|Ste. Anne||||373||232||PTH 12 – Beausejour, Steinbach||Interchange; signed as exits 375A (south) and 375B (north)|
|||385||239||PR 207 west (Dawson Road)|
|Richer||392||244||PR 302 – Ross, Richer|
|Reynolds||||418||260||Spruce Siding||Former PR 506 east|
|||432||268||PTH 11 north – Lac du Bonnet, Hadashville|
|||434||270||PR 503 east (Old Dawson Trail)|
|Prawda||440||270||PR 506 north|
|||454||282||PR 308 south – East Braintree|
|Whiteshell Provincial Park||Falcon Lake||476||296||PR 301 – Falcon Lake||Interchange|
|||486||302||PTH 44 west – West Hawk Lake||Interchange|
|||490||300||Manitoba – Ontario boundary|
|Continues as Highway 17 east / TCH towards Kenora|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trans-Canada Highway in Manitoba.|
- Exits 318, 348, & 375[verification needed]
- "A.C. Emmett and the Development of Manitoba's Highways". The Government of Manitoba. Retrieved 2008-02-03.
- "Official map of Western Canada, 1946". The H.M. Gousha Company. Retrieved 2008-02-03.
- "Route map of central and west North America, 1938". R. V. Droz. Archived from the original on 2009-10-26. Retrieved 2008-02-03.
- "The Atlas of Canada -- Major Roads, 1955". The Atlas of Canada. Retrieved 2008-02-03.
- "Province of Manitoba - News Releases - Budget 2008 Charts Steady Course: Selinger". gov.mb.ca.
- Manitoba to raise speed limit
- "Province of Manitoba - News Releases - Speed Limit To Increase On Certain Sections Of Twinned Highway". gov.mb.ca.
- "TransCanada speed limit in Manitoba increases to 110 km/h on June 2". cbc.ca. 23 April 2015.
- Manitoba’s Highway Renewal Plan 2011-2015 (PDF). Government of Manitoba (Report). pp. 12–13. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
SK Highway 1
ON Highway 17