Manitoba Highway 1

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Trans-Canada Highway 1 shield

Highway 1
Trans-Canada Highway
Route information
Length: 490 km (304 mi)
Existed: 1942 – present
Major junctions
West end: Saskatchewan border near Kirkella
continues west as Hwy 1 (TCH) towards Whitewood and Regina
  PTH 41 at Kirkella
PTH 83 near Virden
PTH 21 near Griswold
PTH 10 in Brandon
PTH 5 near Carberry
PTH 34 near Austin
PTH 16 (TCH) near Portage la Prairie
PTH 26 near Portage la Prairie
PTH 13 near Oakville
PTH 26 near St. François Xavier
PTH 100 (TCH) / PTH 101 in Winnipeg
PTH 59 in Winnipeg
PTH 12 near Ste. Anne
PTH 11 near Hadashville
PTH 44 near West Hawk Lake
East end: Ontario border near West Hawk Lake
continues east as Highway 17 / TCH towards Kenora and Thunder Bay
Location
Major cities: Brandon, Portage la Prairie, Winnipeg
Towns: Elkhorn, Virden, MacGregor, Elie, Ste. Anne, Falcon Lake
Highway system

Manitoba provincial highways

PTH 110 PTH 1A

Provincial Trunk Highway 1 (PTH 1) is the Manitoba section of the Trans-Canada Highway mainline route. It is a heavily used, 4-lane divided highway, with the exception of a short 18 km section in the southeastern corner of the province. It is the main link between southern Manitoba's largest cities, and also serves as the province's main transportation link to the neighbouring provinces of Saskatchewan (to the west) and Ontario (to the east). The highway is the only major east-west divided highway in Manitoba, and carries a large majority of east-west traffic within and through the province. It has full freeway status sections at Portage la Prairie and Winnipeg. The total distance of the Trans-Canada Highway in Manitoba is 490 km (300 mi).

Manitoba Highway 1 is a very important part of the national highway system in Canada, as it is the sole highway linking the eastern and western regions of the country. It is the only road that links the province of Manitoba with the province of Ontario, making it a major section of Canada's primary commercial and leisure route for all traffic travelling between Canada's largest cities, from Toronto and Montreal in the east to Calgary and Vancouver in the west.

Routing[edit]

Eastbound on the Trans Canada Highway in south-western Manitoba near Carberry.

The highway is routed from west to east across the province of Manitoba. It begins at the western provincial boundary with Saskatchewan, connecting with Saskatchewan's Highway 1 to become Manitoba Trans-Canada 1. The highway is designated as T-C 1 throughout Manitoba until it reaches the eastern provincial boundary with Ontario, where it continues as the main route to Kenora, Ontario and the rest of Eastern Canada as Highway 17.

The entire length of the Trans-Canada Highway in the province of Manitoba is a 4-lane divided highway, with the exception of the Winnipeg city route and an 18 kilometre section in eastern Manitoba between the town of Falcon Lake and the Manitoba-Ontario provincial boundary which is a two-lane highway.

Manitoba PTH 1 has full expressway status on the routes around Winnipeg on the Perimeter Highway, and around Portage la Prairie. Plans do exist to bring the entire length of Highway 1 (except the Winnipeg city route) to full expressway status in the future (mentioned at the list of Manitoba expressways). Currently, exit numbers only exist at three interchanges,[1] and only small sections of Highway 1 and the Perimeter Highway have freeway status.

In the Winnipeg metro area, the Trans-Canada Highway has two official routes. The main route passes directly through the city of Winnipeg on city streets, entering the city from the west and continuing along Portage Avenue, Broadway, Main Street, Queen Elizabeth Way, St. Mary's Road, St. Anne's Road, and Fermor Avenue where it re-joins the Perimeter Highway (T-C 100) and continues east on TC 1. An alternate routing exits the main T-C 1 route on the western edge of Winnipeg onto the Perimeter Highway (T-C 100), which by-passes the city completely. The Perimeter Highway is a ring road which encircles Winnipeg and is frequently used by commuters and through traffic on the Trans Canada Highway wishing to avoid congested city streets.

History[edit]

The "Welcome to Manitoba" sign, entering Manitoba from Saskatchewan at the provincial boundary on TCH 1.

The first provincial trunk highways in Manitoba were numbered in 1926.[2] The original highway 1 was one of nine highways fanning out from Winnipeg, but was different in that it fanned out from the west and the east. Highway 1 was routed via many already-existing highways and provincial secondary roads. (From west to east), these are:[3][4][5]

By the early 1950s, Highway 1 had become an important east-west route in all of the western provinces. Most of the provincial highways that Highway 1 originally traversed on were re-numbered and designated as Highway 4 between 1958 and 1968, and the #1 was relocated to its present route. In 1962, the Trans-Canada Highway in Manitoba was fully completed, and Highway 1 across all of the western provinces was incorporated as part of the Trans-Canada Highway.

In 1955, most intra-city traffic in the Winnipeg area was diverted onto the (then) newly built Perimeter Highway. Later that year, the Perimeter Highway's southern (PTH 100) section was merged with the Trans-Canada Highway system, due to the amount of traffic using it to bypass the city. That section of the highway was highly used, and still is today.

Recent History[edit]

On October 6, 2006 the Trans-Canada Highway Portage la Prairie by-pass was closed due to a structural defect found in the bridge over the CN Rail Line. On October 31, 2007, a $19 million project to rebuild the bridge was completed, and the by-pass was fully re-opened to traffic.

On October 25, 2007, a major federal/provincial construction project twinning the highway in western Manitoba between the Saskatchewan-Manitoba provincial boundary and the town of Hargrave was completed, with 34 kilometres (21 mi) of newly divided highway lanes opened to traffic.

On April 9, 2008, the Government of Manitoba announced that construction of a new interchange would begin in the summer of 2008 at the intersection of Highway 16 (the Yellowhead Highway) and the Trans Canada Highway mainline route, located a short distance west of Portage la Prairie.[6] This project has been delayed and is now scheduled for completion by 2015.[7]

Speed limits[edit]

Westbound driving from Kenora, Ontario to Winnipeg, near Lorette (East of Winnipeg)

On February 27, 2008 the Manitoba Highway Traffic Board approved a request by the Government of Manitoba to raise the speed limit on the Trans Canada Highway in Manitoba to 110 km/h along the section between the Saskatchewan-Manitoba provincial boundary and Winnipeg.[8] The speed limit was officially raised on July 1, 2009, though it was only raised on one portion of the highway between the Saskatchewan provincial boundary to Virden.[9] On June 2, 2015, the speed limit between Virden and Headingley increased to 110 km/h, except at Brandon, Portage la Prairie, and Elie, where speed is reduced due to major intersections at those locations.[10] The portion of the highway from Winnipeg to the Ontario provincial boundary remains at 100 km/h.

Saskatchewan provincial boundary to Headingley- 110 km/h (68 mph)

Virden- 80 km/h (50 mph)

Brandon- 80 km/h (50 mph)

Portage la Prairie (Freeway)- 100 km/h (60 mph)

Elie- 80 km/h (50 mph)

Headingley-70 km/h (40 mph)

Winnipeg bypass (Perimeter Hwy. PTH #100) - 100 km/h (60 mph)

Winnipeg city route

Portage Ave. - 60 km/h (35 mph) (50 km/h (30 mph) in downtown)

Broadway - 50 km/h (30 mph)

Queen Elizabeth Way. (S. Main Street) - 60 km/h (35 mph)

St. Mary's Rd. - 60 km/h (35 mph)

St. Anne's Rd. - 60 km/h (35 mph)

Fermor Ave. (To Autumnwood Dr./Lakewood Blvd.) - 70 km/h (40 mph)

Fermor Ave. (To Lagimodiere Blvd.) 80 km/h (50 mph)

Fermor Ave. (To Perimeter Hwy.) - 90 km/h (55 mph)

Eastern Manitoba- 100 km/h (60 mph)

All at-grade intersections with traffic lights -80 km/h (50 mph)

Major intersections[edit]

Division Location km mi Destinations Notes
Continues as Hwy 1 (TCH) west towards Regina
Wallace – Woodworth 0 0 Manitoba – Saskatchewan boundary
Kirkella 6 3.7 PTH 41 north / PR 542 south – St. Lazare, McAuley, Kola, Kirkella
Elkhorn 18 11 PR 256 (Cavendish St.) – Willen, Cromer, Elkhorn
20 12 Richhill Avenue East Former PR 441
32 20 Hargrave Former PR 252 south
35 22 PTH 83 north – Birtle West end of PTH 83 overlap
41 25 PTH 83 south / PR 259 east – Kenton, Melita East end of PTH 83 overlap
Virden 45 28 King Street East
48 30 PR 257 west – Kola
Sifton 62 39 PR 254 south – Oak Lake Beach West end of PR 254 overlap
Oak Lake 67 42 PR 254 north East end of PR 254 overlap
Griswold 80 50 PTH 21 – Shoal Lake, Sioux Valley, Hartney
Whitehead Alexander 92 57 PR 250 north – Rivers, Alexander West end of PR 250 overlap
96 60 PR 250 south – Souris East end of PR 250 overlap
Kemnay 104 65 PTH 1A (TCH) east (City Route) – Brandon
109 68 PR 459 – Grand Valley Interchange
Elton / Cornwallis 112 70 PR 270 north – Rapid City, Rivers
City of Brandon 120 70 PTH 10 south (18th Street) – Brandon, Boissevain West end of PTH 10 overlap
122 76 PTH 1A (TCH) south (City Route / 1st Street) / PTH 10 north – Dauphin, Brandon East end of PTH 10 overlap
Elton / Cornwallis 126 78 PTH 110 south – Boissevain
130 80 PR 468 – Justice, Chater
Elton 138 86 PR 340 south – Douglas
North Cypress – Langford 146 91 PR 464 north – Brookdale
147 91 PR 351 east
163 101 PTH 5 – Neepawa, Carberry Former PR 258
181 112 PR 351 west – Melbourne
North Norfolk Sidney 183 114 PR 352 – Firdale, Sidney
Austin 195 121 PTH 34 – Gladstone, Holland
MacGregor 208 129 PR 350 – Katrime, Lavenham, MacGregor
Bagot 218 135 PR 242 – Westbourne, Treherne, Bagot
Portage la Prairie 230 140 YellowheadShield.jpg PTH 16 (TCH) west (Yellowhead Route) / PR 305 south – Neepawa, St. Claude, Saskatoon Interchange proposed[11]
West end of YellowheadShield.jpg Yellowhead Route overlap
Portage la Prairie 238 148 PTH 1A (TCH) east (City Route) – Portage la Prairie Interchange
247 153 PR 240 – Southport, Portage la Prairie Interchange
252 157 PTH 1A (TCH) west (City Route) – Portage la Prairie Interchange; no eastbound exit
253 157 PTH 26 east – Poplar Point
268 167 PTH 13 south / PR 430 north – St. Ambroise, Oakville, Carman
276 171 Road 19 West Former PR 331 west
Cartier 279 173 Benard Road Former PR 426 north
Elie 287 178 PR 248 – St. Eustache, Elie
296 184 PR 332 south – Dacotah, Starbuck
304 189 PR 424 Former PR 241
306 190 PTH 26 west – St. Francois Xavier
Headingley Headingley 313 194 PR 334 north West end of PR 334 overlap
314 195 PR 334 south East end of PR 334 overlap
City of Winnipeg 319 198 PTH 100 (TCH) east / PTH 101 north (Perimeter Highway) – Kenora Interchange; signed as exits 318A (east) and 318B (north).
West end of Route 85 (Portage Avenue) • YellowheadShield.jpg Yellowhead Route continues
325 202 Route 96 south (Moray Street)
327 203 Route 90 – Airport Interchange; no direct eastbound exit to Route 90 north (signed via Empress Street).
327.5 203.5 Empress Street - Polo Park Interchange
329 204 YellowheadShield.jpg Route 85 east (Portage Avenue) PTH 1 branches east; east end of Route 85 overlap; no eastbound entrance from Portage Avenue
East end of YellowheadShield.jpg Route 85 (Portage Avenue) / Yellowhead Route • West end of Broadway
329.5 204.7 Route 70 south (Maryland Street)
329.5 204.7 Route 70 north (Sherbrook Street)
330.5 205.4 Route 62 (Osborne Street) No left turn eastbound
331 206 Route 42 south (Donald Street)
331 206 Route 42 north (Smith Street)
331.5 206.0 Route 52 north (Main Street) PTH 1 branches south; north end of Route 52 overlap
West end of Broadway • North end of Route 52 (Main Street)
Bridge over Assiniboine River
River Avenue
Bridge over Red River
South end of Main Street • North end of St. Mary's Road • PTH 1 / Route 52 overlap continues
332 206 Route 115 east (Marion Street) No eastbound entrance
335 208 Route 52 south (St. Mary's Road) PTH 1 branches southeast; south end of Route 52 overlap; north end of Route 150 overlap; no left turn westbound
South end of Route 52 (St. Mary's Road) • North end of Route 150 (St. Anne's Road)
337 209 Route 135 west (Fermor Avenue) / Route 150 south (St. Anne's Road) PTH 1 branches east; south end of Route 150 overlap; west end of Route 135 overlap
South end of Route 150 (St. Anne's Road) • West end of Route 135 (Fermor Avenue)
339 211 Route 30 north (Archibald Street)
342 213 PTH 59 / Route 20 (Lagimodiere Boulevard)
Springfield 345 214 Plessis Road north Interchange
349 217 PTH 100 (TCH) west / PTH 101 north (Perimeter Highway) – Brandon Interchange; signed as exits 348A (west) and 348B (north)
East end of Route 135 (Fermor Avenue)
Deacon's Corner 351 218 PR 207 – Lorette
Taché 359 223 PR 206 north – Dugald, Oakbank West end of PR 206 overlap
362 225 PR 206 south – Landmark East end of PR 206 overlap
366 227 PR 501 east (Rosewood Road)
To PR 207 – Dufresne
Ste. Anne 373 232 PTH 12 – Beausejour, Steinbach Interchange; signed as exits 375A (south) and 375B (north)
385 239 PR 207 west (Dawson Road)
Richer 392 244 PR 302 – Ross, Richer
Reynolds 418 260 Spruce Siding Former PR 506 east
432 268 PTH 11 north – Lac du Bonnet, Hadashville
434 270 PR 503 east (Old Dawson Trail)
Prawda 440 270 PR 506 north
454 282 PR 308 south – East Braintree
Whiteshell Provincial Park Falcon Lake 476 296 PR 301 – Falcon Lake Interchange
486 302 PTH 44 west – West Hawk Lake Interchange
490 300 Manitoba – Ontario boundary
Continues as Highway 17 east / TCH towards Kenora
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google

KML is from Wikidata

References[edit]

Preceded by
SK Highway 1
Trans-Canada Highway
Highway 1
Succeeded by
Ontario 17.png ON Highway 17
Preceded by
Highway 16
Preceded by
Highway 100
Succeeded by
Highway 100