Manitoba Highway 1

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Provincial Trunk Highway 1 shield

Provincial Trunk Highway 1
Trans-Canada Highway
PTH 1 highlighted in red.
Route information
Maintained by Manitoba Infrastructure
Length488.8 km[1] (303.7 mi)
Existed1942–present
Major junctions
West endSaskatchewan border near Kirkella
continues west as Hwy 1 (TCH) towards Whitewood and Regina
  PTH 41 at Kirkella
PTH 83 near Virden
PTH 21 near Griswold
PTH 10 in Brandon
PTH 5 near Carberry
PTH 34 near Austin
PTH 16 (TCH) near Portage la Prairie
PTH 26 near Portage la Prairie
PTH 13 near Oakville
PTH 26 near St. François Xavier
PTH 100 (TCH) / PTH 101 in Winnipeg
PTH 59 in Winnipeg
PTH 12 near Ste. Anne
PTH 11 near Hadashville
PTH 44 near West Hawk Lake
East endOntario border near West Hawk Lake
continues east as Highway 17 / TCH towards Kenora and Thunder Bay
Location
Districts
Rural
municipalities
Major cities
Towns
Highway system
Manitoba provincial highways
Winnipeg City Routes
Manitoba Highway 110.svg PTH 110Manitoba Highway 1A.svg PTH 1A

Provincial Trunk Highway 1 (PTH 1) is Manitoba's section of the Trans-Canada Highway. It is a heavily used, 4-lane divided highway, with the exception of a short 18 km section in the southeastern corner of the province. It is the main link between southern Manitoba's largest cities, and also serves as the province's main transportation link to the neighbouring provinces of Saskatchewan (to the west) and Ontario (to the east). The highway is the only major east-west divided highway in Manitoba, and carries a large majority of east-west traffic within and through the province. It has full freeway status sections at Portage la Prairie and Winnipeg. The total distance of the Trans-Canada Highway in Manitoba is approximately 490 km (300 mi).

PTH 1 is a very important part of the national highway system. It is the only road that links the province of Manitoba (and thus the entirety of Western Canada) with the province of Ontario, making it a major section of Canada's primary commercial and leisure route for all traffic travelling between Canada's largest cities, from Toronto and Montreal in the east to Calgary and Vancouver in the west.

Routing[edit]

Eastbound on the Trans Canada Highway in south-western Manitoba near Carberry.

The highway is routed from west to east across the province of Manitoba. It begins at the western provincial boundary with Saskatchewan, connecting with Saskatchewan's Highway 1 to become Manitoba Trans-Canada 1. The highway is designated as T-C 1 throughout Manitoba until it reaches the eastern provincial boundary with Ontario, where it continues as the main route to Kenora, Ontario and the rest of Eastern Canada as Highway 17.

The entire length of the Trans-Canada Highway in the province of Manitoba is a 4-lane divided highway, with the exception of the Winnipeg city route and an 18 kilometre section in eastern Manitoba between the town of Falcon Lake and the Manitoba-Ontario provincial boundary which is a two-lane highway.

PTH 1 has full expressway status on the routes around Winnipeg on the Perimeter Highway, and around Portage la Prairie. Plans do exist to bring the entire length of PTH 1 (except the Winnipeg city route) to full expressway status in the future (mentioned at the list of Manitoba expressways). Currently, exit numbers only exist at three interchanges,[2] and only small sections of PTH 1 and the Perimeter Highway have freeway status.

In the Winnipeg metro area, the Trans-Canada Highway has two official routes. The main route passes directly through the city of Winnipeg on city streets, entering the city from the west and continuing along Portage Avenue, Broadway, Main Street, Queen Elizabeth Way, St. Mary's Road, St. Anne's Road, and Fermor Avenue where it re-joins the Perimeter Highway (T-C 100) and continues east on TC 1. An alternate routing exits the main T-C 1 route on the western edge of Winnipeg onto the Perimeter Highway (T-C 100), which by-passes the city completely. The Perimeter Highway is a ring road which encircles Winnipeg and is frequently used by commuters and through traffic on the Trans Canada Highway wishing to avoid congested city streets.

History[edit]

The "Manitoba Welcome/Bienvenue" sign, entering Manitoba from Saskatchewan at the provincial boundary on TCH 1.

The first Provincial Trunk Highways in Manitoba were numbered in 1926.[3] The original Highway 1 was one of nine highways fanning out from Winnipeg, but was different in that it fanned out from the west and the east. Highway 1 was routed via many already-existing highways and provincial secondary roads. (From west to east), these are:[4][5][6]

In 1949, Highway 1 had been rerouted on new construction northeast of Griswold, with the part of old route from Highway 21 to Highway 28 (as well as Highway 28 itself) becoming part of Highway 21, and the section from Highway 21 eastward being removed from the system, but later becoming PR 455. By the early 1950s, Highway 1 had become an important east-west route in all of the western provinces. Most of the provincial highways that Highway 1 originally traversed on were re-numbered and designated as Highway 4 between 1958 and 1968, and the #1 was relocated to its present route. In 1962, the Trans-Canada Highway in Manitoba was fully completed, and Highway 1 across all of the western provinces was incorporated as part of the Trans-Canada Highway.

In 1955, most intra-city traffic in the Winnipeg area was diverted onto the (then) newly built Perimeter Highway. Later that year, the Perimeter Highway's southern (PTH 100) section was merged with the Trans-Canada Highway system, due to the amount of traffic using it to bypass the city. That section of the highway was highly used, and still is today.

Recent developments[edit]

On October 6, 2006 the Trans-Canada Highway Portage la Prairie by-pass was closed due to a structural defect found in the bridge over the CN Rail Line. On October 31, 2007, a $19 million project to rebuild the bridge was completed, and the by-pass was fully re-opened to traffic.

On October 25, 2007, a major federal/provincial construction project twinning the highway in western Manitoba between the Saskatchewan-Manitoba provincial boundary and the town of Hargrave was completed, with 34 kilometres (21 mi) of newly divided highway lanes opened to traffic.

On April 9, 2008, the Government of Manitoba announced that construction of a new interchange would begin in the summer of 2008 at the intersection of Highway 16 (the Yellowhead Highway) and the Trans Canada Highway mainline route, located a short distance west of Portage la Prairie.[7] This project has been delayed and its current status is unknown.[8]

Speed limits[edit]

Westbound driving from Kenora, Ontario to Winnipeg, near Lorette (East of Winnipeg)

On February 27, 2008 the Manitoba Highway Traffic Board approved a request by the Government of Manitoba to raise the speed limit on the Trans Canada Highway in Manitoba to 110 km/h along the section between the Saskatchewan-Manitoba provincial boundary and Winnipeg.[9] The speed limit was officially raised on July 1, 2009, though it was only raised on one portion of the highway between the Saskatchewan provincial boundary to Virden.[10] On June 2, 2015, the speed limit between Virden and Headingley increased to 110 km/h, except at Brandon, Carberry, Portage la Prairie, and Elie, where speed is reduced due to major intersections at those locations.[11] The portion of the highway from Winnipeg to the Ontario provincial boundary remains at 100 km/h.

Saskatchewan provincial boundary to Headingley- 110 km/h (70 mph)

Virden- 80 km/h (50 mph)

Brandon- 80 km/h (50 mph)

Carberry- 100 km/h (60 mph)

Portage la Prairie (Freeway)- 100 km/h (60 mph)

Elie- 80 km/h (50 mph)

Headingley-70 km/h (45 mph)

Winnipeg bypass (Perimeter Hwy. PTH #100) - 100 km/h (60 mph)

Winnipeg city route

Portage Ave. - 60 km/h (35 mph) (50 km/h (30 mph) in downtown)

Broadway - 50 km/h (30 mph)

Queen Elizabeth Way. (S. Main Street) - 60 km/h (35 mph)

St. Mary's Rd. - 60 km/h (35 mph)

St. Anne's Rd. - 60 km/h (35 mph)

Fermor Ave. (To Autumnwood Dr./Lakewood Blvd.) - 70 km/h (45 mph)

Fermor Ave. (To Lagimodiere Blvd.) 80 km/h (50 mph)

Fermor Ave. (To Perimeter Hwy.) - 90 km/h (55 mph)

Eastern Manitoba- 100 km/h (60 mph)

All at-grade intersections with traffic lights -80 km/h (50 mph)

Major intersections[edit]

DivisionLocationkm[1]miExitDestinationsNotes
Wallace – Woodworth0.00.0 Hwy 1 (TCH) west – ReginaContinues into Saskatchewan
Kirkella5.53.4 PTH 41 north – St. Lazare, McAuley
PR 542 south – Kola, Kirkella
Elkhorn17.110.6 PR 256 (Cavendish St.) – Willen, Cromer, Elkhorn
18.511.5Richhill Avenue E / Road 66 NFormer PR 441
Hargrave31.219.4Road 159 WFormer PR 252 south
34.821.6 PTH 83 north – BirtleWest end of PTH 83 concurrency
41.625.8 PTH 83 south – Melita
PR 259 east – Kenton
East end of PTH 83 concurrency
Town of Virden44.527.7King Street E / Commonwealth Drive
46.629.0 PR 257 west – Kola
Sifton62.839.0 PR 254 south – Oak Lake BeachWest end of PR 254 concurrency
Oak Lake68.042.3 PR 254 northEast end of PR 254 concurrency
↑ / ↓Griswold81.750.8 PTH 21 – Shoal Lake, Sioux Valley, Hartney
WhiteheadAlexander94.959.0 PR 250 north – RiversWest end of PR 250 concurrency
98.461.1 PR 250 south – SourisEast end of PR 250 concurrency
Kemnay106.866.4 PTH 1A (TCH) east (City Route) – BrandonLow bridge east of Kemnay; eastbound vehicles higher than 3.7m (12 ft) advised to stay on TCH
110.868.8Crosses the Assiniboine River
111.569.3 PR 459 east – Grand Valley, BrandonInterchange
Elton / Cornwallis115.171.5 PR 270 north – Rapid City, Rivers
City of Brandon121.375.4 PTH 10 south (18th Street) – Brandon, BoissevainWest end of PTH 10 concurrency
123.076.4 PTH 1A (TCH) west (City Route / 1st Street) – Brandon
PTH 10 north – Dauphin
East end of PTH 10 concurrency
Elton / Cornwallis127.879.4 PTH 110 south – Boissevain
131.181.5 PR 468 – Justice, Chater
Elton140.087.0 PR 340 south – Douglas
North Cypress – Langford148.292.1 PR 464 north – Brookdale
149.693.0 PR 351 east
164.6102.3 PTH 5 – Neepawa, CarberryFormer PR 258
↑ / ↓182.7113.5 PR 351 west – Melbourne
North NorfolkSidney184.3114.5 PR 352 – Firdale, Sidney
Austin196.4122.0 PTH 34 – Gladstone, Holland
MacGregor210.0130.5 PR 350 – Katrime, Lavenham, MacGregor
Bagot219.8136.6 PR 242 – Westbourne, Treherne, Bagot
Portage la Prairie231.3143.7 PTH 16 (TCH) west (Yellowhead Route) – Neepawa, Saskatoon
PR 305 south – St. Claude
West end of Yellowhead Highway concurrency
237.5147.6Crosses the Portage Diversion (Assiniboine River Floodway)
238.9148.4 PTH 1A (TCH) east (City Route) – Portage la PrairieInterchange
City of Portage la Prairie246.6153.2 PR 240 – Southport, St. ClaudeInterchange
Portage la Prairie250.7155.8 PTH 1A (TCH) west (City Route) – Portage la PrairieInterchange; no eastbound exit
251.9156.5 PTH 26 east – Poplar PointFormer PTH 1 & 4 east
260.0161.6Crosses the Assiniboine River
266.7165.7 PTH 13 south – Oakville, Carman
PR 430 north – St. Ambroise
275.2171.0Road 19 WestFormer PR 331 west
Cartier278.6173.1Benard RoadFormer PR 426 north
Elie285.4177.3 PR 248 – St. Eustache, Elie
294.1182.7 PR 332 south – Dacotah, Starbuck
301.5187.3 PR 424Former PR 241
↑ / ↓303.1188.3Crosses the Assiniboine River
St. François Xavier303.9188.8 PTH 26 west – St. François XavierFormer PTH 1 & 4 west
Headingley311.0193.2Dodds RoadFormer west end of PR 334 concurrency
311.4193.5 PR 334 southFormer east end of PR 334 concurrency. PR 334's northern terminus is now here.
City of Winnipeg317.0197.0318 Perimeter Highway (PTH 100 east / PTH 101 north) – KenoraInterchange; signed as exits 318A (east) and 318B (north);
exit 42 on PTH 100 / PTH 101;
west end of Route 85 (Portage Avenue) concurrency
321.7199.9 Moray Street (Route 96 south)
326.0202.6 Route 90 (Century Street) – AirportInterchange
326.5202.9Empress Street – Polo ParkInterchange; eastbound access to Route 90 north
329.0204.4Broadway
Portage Avenue (Route 85 east)
PTH 1 branches east onto Broadway;
east end of Yellowhead Highway concurrency / Route 85 concurrency
329.3204.6 Maryland Street (Route 70 south)One-way southbound
329.5204.7 Sherbrook Street (Route 70 north)One-way northbound
330.1205.1 Osborne Street (Route 62)Manitoba Legislative Building
330.9205.6 Donald Street (Route 42 south)One-way southbound
331.0205.7 Smith Street (Route 42 north)One-way northbound
331.3205.9 Main Street (Route 52 north)PTH 1 branches south onto Main Street;
north end of Route 52 concurrency
331.7206.1Main Street Bridge crosses the Assiniboine River
331.9206.2River Avenue (via Stradbrook Avenue)No northbound access
332.1206.4Norwood Bridge crosses the Red River
332.3206.5 Marion Street (Route 115 east)No northbound access
334.7208.0 St. Anne's Road (Route 150 south)
St. Mary's Road (Route 52 south)
PTH 1 branches southeast on St. Annes's Road;
south end of Route 52 concurrency;
north end of Route 150 concurrency
335.9208.7 Fermor Avenue (Route 135 west)
St. Anne's Road (Route 150 south)
PTH 1 branches east onto Fermor Avenue;
south end of Route 150 concurrency;
west end of Route 135 concurrency
337.2209.5 Archibald Street (Route 30 north)
337.9210.0 PTH 59 / Lagimodiere Boulevard (Route 20)
Springfield342.5212.8Plessis Road northInterchange
347.0215.6348 Perimeter Highway (PTH 100 west / PTH 101 north) – BrandonInterchange; signed as exits 348A (west) and 348B (north);
east end of Route 135 (Fermor Avenue) concurrency
347.6216.0Crosses the Red River Floodway
Deacon's Corner349.5217.2 PR 207 – Lorette
Taché357.4222.1 PR 206 north – Dugald, OakbankWest end of PR 206 concurrency
359.4223.3 PR 206 south – LandmarkEast end of PR 206 concurrency
363.3225.7 PR 501 east (Rosewood Road)
367.3228.2 To PR 207 (Dawson Road) – Dufresne
Ste. Anne374.2232.5375 PTH 12 (MOM's Way) – Beausejour, Steinbach, Ste. AnneInterchange; signed as exits 375A (south) and 375B (north)
382.5237.7 PR 207 west (Dawson Road)
Richer389.0241.7 PR 302 – Ross, Richer
Reynolds415.5258.2Spruce SidingFormer PR 506 east
429.0266.6 PTH 11 north – Lac du Bonnet, Hadashville
431.1267.9 PR 503 east (Old Dawson Trail)
Prawda437.2271.7 PR 506 north
451.0280.2 PR 308 south – East Braintree
No. 1468.3291.0Enters Whiteshell Provincial Park
Falcon Lake473.6294.3 PR 301 – Falcon LakeInterchange
484.7301.2 PTH 44 west – West Hawk LakeInterchange; former PTH 1 & 4 west
488.8303.7 Highway 17 east / TCH – KenoraContinues into Ontario
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Google (January 25, 2018). "PTH 1 in Manitoba" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  2. ^ Exits 318, 348, & 375[verification needed]
  3. ^ "A.C. Emmett and the Development of Manitoba's Highways". The Government of Manitoba. Retrieved 2008-02-03.
  4. ^ "Official map of Western Canada, 1946". The H.M. Gousha Company. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-02-03.
  5. ^ "Route map of central and west North America, 1938". R. V. Droz. Archived from the original on 2009-10-26. Retrieved 2008-02-03.
  6. ^ "The Atlas of Canada -- Major Roads, 1955". The Atlas of Canada. Archived from the original on 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2008-02-03.
  7. ^ "Province of Manitoba - News Releases - Budget 2008 Charts Steady Course: Selinger". gov.mb.ca. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2017-09-04.
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2016-07-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Manitoba to raise speed limit". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
  10. ^ "Province of Manitoba - News Releases - Speed Limit To Increase On Certain Sections Of Twinned Highway". gov.mb.ca. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2017-09-04.
  11. ^ "TransCanada speed limit in Manitoba increases to 110 km/h on June 2". cbc.ca. 23 April 2015.

External links[edit]

  • Official Name and Location - Declaration of Provincial Trunk Highways Regulation - The Highways and Transportation Act - Provincial Government of Manitoba
  • Official Highway Map - Published and maintained by the Department of Infrastructure - Provincial Government of Manitoba (see Legend and Maps#1,2 & 3)
  • Google Maps Search - Provincial Trunk Highway 1
Preceded by
Saskatchewan Highway 1.svg SK Highway 1
Trans-Canada Highway
Manitoba Highway 1.svg Provincial Trunk Highway 1
Succeeded by
Ontario 17.pngOntario M111.svg ON Highway 17
Preceded by
Manitoba Highway 16.svg Highway 16
Preceded by
Manitoba Highway 100.svg Highway 100
Succeeded by
Manitoba Highway 100.svg Highway 100
Preceded by
Manitoba Highway 16.svg Highway 16
Yellowhead Highway
Manitoba Highway 1.svg Provincial Trunk Highway 1
Succeeded by
Winnipeg city route 85.svg Route 85