Manitoba Legislature

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Manitoba Legislature
40th Manitoba Legislature
Type
Type
Bicameral (1870–1876)
Unicameral (1876–)
Houses Legislative Council (until 1876)
Legislative Assembly
History
Founded 1870 (1870)
Meeting place
Parliamentwinnipeg manitoba.jpg
Manitoba Legislative Building, Winnipeg, Manitoba

The Legislature of Manitoba is the legislature of the province of Manitoba, Canada. Today, the legislature is made of two elements: the monarch of Canada, represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, and the unicameral assembly called the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. The legislature has existed since Manitoba was formed out of part of the Rupert's Land in 1870.

Like the Canadian federal government, Manitoba uses a Westminster-style parliamentary government, in which members are sent to the Legislative Assembly after general elections and from there the party with the most seats chooses a Premier of Manitoba and Executive Council of Manitoba. The premier acts as Manitoba's head of government, while the Queen of Canada acts as its head of state.

An upper house, the Legislative Council of Manitoba, was established in 1870 but was abolished in 1876 as a cost-cutting measure and as a condition for federal funding.[1]

Before 1879, candidates in Manitoba elections were not affiliated with political parties. However, some candidates declared their support for (or opposition to) the administration of the time.

List of Legislatures[edit]

Following is a list of all the legislatures convened since 1870.

Assembly
Sessions
Election From
To[2] [nb 1]
Governing Party Premier[3] Official Opposition Party
Leader[4]
Speaker of the House[5]
1st Legislature

4 sessions

1st general March 15, 1871
December 16, 1874
none[nb 2] Alfred Boyd[nb 3][nb 4]

Marc-Amable Girard[nb 5]
Henry Joseph Clarke[nb 6]
Marc-Amable Girard

none[nb 7] Joseph Royal[nb 8]

Curtis James Bird

2nd Legislature

4 sessions

2nd general March 31, 1875
November 11, 1878
none Robert Atkinson Davis none Joseph Dubuc
3rd Legislature

1 session

3rd general February 1, 1879
November 26, 1879
none John Norquay none John Wright Sifton
4th Legislature

4 sessions

4th general January 22, 1880
November 13, 1882
Conservative John Norquay Thomas Greenway John Wright Sifton
5th Legislature

4 sessions

5th general May 17, 1883
November 11, 1886
Conservative John Norquay Liberal

Thomas Greenway

Alexander Murray
6th Legislature

2 sessions

6th general April 14, 1887
June 16, 1888
Conservative[nb 9]

Liberal

John Norquay[nb 10]

David Howard Harrison[nb 9]
Thomas Greenway

Liberal

Thomas Greenway[nb 9]

David Glass
7th Legislature

5 sessions

7th general August 28, 1888
June 27, 1892
Liberal Thomas Greenway Conservative

John Norquay[nb 11]
Rodmond Roblin

William Winram[nb 12]

Samuel Jacob Jackson

8th Legislature

3 sessions

8th general February 2, 1893
December 11, 1895
Liberal Thomas Greenway Conservative

William Alexander Macdonald[nb 13]
John Andrew Davidson[nb 14]

Samuel Jacob Jackson[nb 15]

Finlay McNaughton Young

9th Legislature

4 sessions

9th general February 6, 1896
November 16, 1899
Liberal Thomas Greenway Conservative

Rodmond Roblin

Finlay McNaughton Young
10th Legislature

4 sessions

10th general March 29, 1900
June 25, 1903
Conservative Hugh John Macdonald[nb 16]

Rodmond Roblin

Liberal

Thomas Greenway

William Hespeler
11th Legislature

4 sessions

11th general January 7, 1904
February 28, 1907
Conservative Rodmond Roblin Liberal

Thomas Greenway[nb 17]
Charles Mickle

James Johnson
12th Legislature

3 sessions

12th general January 2, 1908
June 30, 1910
Conservative Rodmond Roblin Liberal

Charles Mickle[nb 18]
Tobias Norris

James Johnson
13th Legislature

4 sessions

13th general February 9, 1911
June 15, 1914
Conservative Rodmond Roblin Liberal

Tobias Norris

James Johnson
14th Legislature

2 sessions

14th general September 15, 1914
July 16, 1915
Conservative Rodmond Roblin Liberal

Tobias Norris

James Johnson
15th Legislature

5 sessions

15th general January 6, 1916
March 27, 1920
Liberal Tobias Norris Conservative

Albert Prefontaine

James Bryson Baird
16th Legislature

2 sessions

16th general February 10, 1921
June 24, 1922
Liberal Tobias Norris Conservative

John Thomas Haig

James Bryson Baird
17th Legislature

6 sessions

17th general January 18, 1923
June 4, 1927
United Farmers of Manitoba John Bracken Liberal

Tobias Norris

Philippe Adjutor Talbot
18th Legislature

5 sessions

18th general December 1, 1927
May 7, 1932
United Farmers of Manitoba John Bracken Conservative

Fawcett Taylor

Philippe Adjutor Talbot
19th Legislature

4 sessions

19th general February 14, 1933
June 12, 1936
Progressive Party of Manitoba

Liberal[nb 19]

John Bracken Conservative

Fawcett Taylor[nb 20]
William Sanford Evans

Philippe Adjutor Talbot
20th Legislature

5 sessions

20th general February 18, 1937
March 12, 1941
Liberal-Progressive John Bracken Conservative

Errick Willis

Robert Hawkins
21st Legislature

5 sessions

21st general December 9, 1941
September 8, 1945
Coalition government John Bracken[nb 21]

Stuart Garson

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation[nb 22]

Seymour Farmer

Robert Hawkins
22nd Legislature

4 sessions

22nd general February 19, 1946
September 29, 1949
Coalition government Stuart Garson[nb 23]

Douglas Lloyd Campbell

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation

Seymour Farmer[nb 24]
Edwin Hansford

Robert Hawkins
23rd Legislature

7 sessions

23rd general February 14, 1950
April 23, 1953
Liberal-Progressive Douglas Lloyd Campbell Progressive Conservative

Errick Willis

Wallace Miller[nb 25]

Nicholas Bachynsky

24th Legislature

4 sessions

24th general February 2, 1954
April 30, 1958
Liberal-Progressive Douglas Lloyd Campbell Progressive Conservative

Errick Willis[nb 26]
Duff Roblin

Nicholas Bachynsky
25th Legislature

2 sessions

25th general October 23, 1958
March 31, 1959
Progressive Conservative Duff Roblin Liberal-Progressive

Douglas Lloyd Campbell

Abram Harrison
26th Legislature

5 sessions

26th general June 9, 1959
November 9, 1962
Progressive Conservative Duff Roblin Liberal-Progressive[nb 27]

Douglas Lloyd Campbell[nb 28]
Gildas Molgat

Abram Harrison
27th Legislature

5 sessions

27th general February 28, 1963
May 18, 1966
Progressive Conservative Duff Roblin Liberal

Gildas Molgat

James Bilton
28th Legislature

3 sessions

28th general December 5, 1966
May 22, 1969
Progressive Conservative Duff Roblin[nb 29]

Walter Weir

Liberal

Gildas Molgat

James Bilton
29th Legislature

5 sessions

29th general August 14, 1969
May 25, 1973
New Democratic Party Edward Schreyer Progressive Conservative

Walter Weir[nb 30]
Sidney Spivak

Ben Hanuschak[nb 31]

Peter Fox

30th Legislature

4 sessions

30th general January 31, 1974
September 6, 1977
New Democratic Party Edward Schreyer Progressive Conservative

Sidney Spivak[nb 32]
Donald Craik[nb 33]
Sterling Lyon

Peter Fox
31st Legislature

5 sessions

31st general November 24, 1977
October 13, 1981
Progressive Conservative Sterling Lyon New Democratic Party

Edward Schreyer[nb 34]
Howard Pawley

Harry Graham
32nd Legislature

4 sessions

32nd general February 25, 1982
February 11, 1986
New Democratic Party Howard Pawley Progressive Conservative

Sterling Lyon[nb 35]
Gary Filmon

Jim Walding
33rd Legislature

4 sessions

33rd general May 8, 1986
March 9, 1988
New Democratic Party Howard Pawley Progressive Conservative

Gary Filmon

Myrna Phillips
34th Legislature

4 sessions

34th general July 21, 1988
August 7, 1990
Progressive Conservative Gary Filmon Liberal

Sharon Carstairs

Denis Rocan
35th Legislature

6 sessions

35th general October 11, 1990
March 21, 1995
Progressive Conservative Gary Filmon New Democratic Party

Gary Doer

Denis Rocan
36th Legislature

5 sessions

36th general May 23, 1995
August 17, 1999
Progressive Conservative Gary Filmon New Democratic Party

Gary Doer

Louise Dacquay
37th Legislature

4 sessions

37th general November 18, 1999
May 2, 2003
New Democratic Party Gary Doer Progressive Conservative

Gary Filmon[nb 36]
Bonnie Mitchelson[nb 37]
Stuart Murray

George Hickes
38th Legislature

5 sessions

38th general June 23, 2003
April 20, 2007
New Democratic Party Gary Doer Progressive Conservative

Stuart Murray[nb 38]
Hugh McFadyen

George Hickes
39th Legislature

5 sessions

39th general November 20, 2008
September 6, 2011
New Democratic Party Gary Doer[nb 39]

Greg Selinger

Progressive Conservative

Hugh McFadyen

George Hickes
40th Legislature

3 sessions

40th general October 20, 2011
current
New Democratic Party Greg Selinger Progressive Conservative

Hugh McFadyen[nb 40]
Brian Pallister

Daryl Reid

Notes:

  1. ^ From opening day of legislature to the day that the legislature was dissolved.
  2. ^ Political parties did not exist in the Manitoba legislature before 1879
  3. ^ Acted as provincial secretary; Lieutenant Governor Archibald performed the functions of Premier
  4. ^ Until December 14, 1871
  5. ^ Until March 14, 1872
  6. ^ Until July 8, 1874
  7. ^ Did not exist until 1880
  8. ^ Until 1872
  9. ^ a b c Until January 19, 1888
  10. ^ Until December 24, 1887
  11. ^ Until 1889
  12. ^ Until February 1891
  13. ^ Until 1894
  14. ^ Until 1895
  15. ^ Until February 1891
  16. ^ Until October 29, 1900
  17. ^ Until November 1904
  18. ^ Until 1909
  19. ^ Coalition government
  20. ^ Until 1933
  21. ^ Until 1943
  22. ^ From 1943
  23. ^ Until 1948
  24. ^ Until 1947
  25. ^ Until August 1950
  26. ^ Until June 1954
  27. ^ In 1961, renamed the Manitoba Liberal Party
  28. ^ Until 1961
  29. ^ Until 1967
  30. ^ Until 1971
  31. ^ Until August 1970
  32. ^ Until 1976
  33. ^ Acting leader until November 1976
  34. ^ Until 1979
  35. ^ Until 1983
  36. ^ Until 2000
  37. ^ Acting until November 2000
  38. ^ Until April 2006
  39. ^ Until October 2009
  40. ^ Until July 2012

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Manitoba's Legislative Council". Manitoba Pageant. Manitoba Historical Society. 
  2. ^ "Legislative Assemblies of Manitoba". Memorable Manitobans. Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved 2013-09-06. 
  3. ^ "Provincial Premiers". Elections Manitoba. Retrieved 2013-09-06. 
  4. ^ "Leaders of the Opposition - Manitoba". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  5. ^ "Speakers of the Manitoba Legislature". Memorable Manitobans. Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved 2013-09-06.