Manitoba wolf

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Manitoba wolf
Commissioners' report (1892) (14569119587).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Canis
Species: C. lupus
Subspecies: C. l. griseoalbus
Trinomial name
Canis lupus griseoalbus
Baird, 1858[1]

The Manitoba wolf (Canis lupus griseoalbus), also known as the grey-white wolf,[2] was a subspecies of gray wolf ("Canis lupus") that roamed in southern Northwest Territories, northern Alberta, Saskatchewan, and south-central Manitoba. These wolves are believed by many scientists to simply be an ancestor to the Hudson Bay wolf. [3]


In the early 19th century, John Richardson first cataloged the Manitoba wolf and gave it its taxonomic name.[4] The species itself was highly prized for its fur[5] and was hunted to extinction in the wild in the early 20th century. However, specimens were kept and bred in captivity and re-introduced in 1995 in the area around Yellowstone National Park.This has led to a public outcry in the area and in Colorado, as the species is far larger than the timber wolf that is natural to the area and over-predation is a high concern.[6][7]


  1. ^ "Canis lupus griseoalbus Baird, 1858 " – ITIS Report. Retrieved on 2012-12-29.
  2. ^ Murray Wrobel (2007). Elsevier's Dictionary of Mammals: In Latin, English, German, French and Italian. Elsevier. pp. 69–. ISBN 978-0-444-51877-4. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Manitoba wolves". Retrieved on 2012-12-29.
  4. ^ Sir John Richardson; Clarence Stuart Houston (1994). Arctic Ordeal: The Journal of John Richardson, Surgeon-Naturalist With Franklin 1820–1822. McGill-Queen's Press – MQUP. pp. 250–. ISBN 978-0-7735-1223-8. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "Extra fine Manitoba Wolf scarf" – The Pittsburgh Press. (1920-08-24). Retrieved on 2012-12-29.
  6. ^ "Colorado Now Being Invaded By A Foreign Enemy!" – Western Institute for Study of the Environment. (2010-04-03). Retrieved on 2012-12-29.
  7. ^ "The truth about wolves". The Big Sky Weekly (2011-02-19). Retrieved on 2012-12-29.