Manitoba general election, 1927

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Manitoba's general election of 28 June 1927 was held to elect Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Manitoba, Canada.

This was the first election in Manitoba history to elect members through a single transferable ballot in all constituencies. Ten candidates were elected in Winnipeg, while every other constituency returned members by instant runoff voting.

The result was a second consecutive victory for the Progressive Party of Manitoba, which was supported by the United Farmers of Manitoba. The Progressives, led by Premier John Bracken, won twenty-nine seats out of fifty-five to win their second majority government. During the campaign, the Progressives stressed that they were not a party in the traditional sense and promised "A business (not a party) government". Many Progressive candidates simply described themselves as Bracken supporters.

The Conservatives won fifteen seats under the leadership of Fawcett Taylor, an improvement from seven in the election of 1922. This election re-established the Conservatives as the leading opposition party in Manitoba, and made the party a credible challenger for government in the next election.

The Manitoba Liberal Party was unable to regain the support it lost to the Progressive Party in the previous election. The Liberals won seven seats under the new leadership of Hugh Robson, down one from their 1922 total. After the election, many senior Liberals began to work for an electoral alliance with the Progressives. Robson, who opposed this plan, was persuaded to resign as leader in 1930. The alliance was formalized in 1932.

The Independent Labour Party fell to three seats, down from six in the previous election. All three members, including party leader John Queen, were elected in the city of Winnipeg.

Independent candidate John Edmison was also re-elected in Brandon. Jacob Penner ran in Winnipeg as a Communist candidate, but was not successful.

Results[edit]

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1922 Elected % Change # % % Change
Progressive John Bracken   28 29     32.4%  
     Conservative Fawcett Taylor   7 15     27.2%  
  Liberal Hugh Robson   8 7     20.7%  
  Independent Labour John Queen   6 3     10.5%  
Communist            
  Independent     1        
Total   55 55     100%  


Preceded by
1922 Manitoba election
List of Manitoba elections Succeeded by
1932 Manitoba election

See also[edit]

Results by electoral division[edit]

Arthur
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive Duncan Lloyd McLeod 57.6% 1,226
Conservative J. Arthur Ross 42.4% 902
Electorate: 2,732   Valid: 2,128   Quota: 1,065   Turnout: 77.9%
Assiniboia
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3
Conservative Joseph Cotter 32.4% 1,380   1,963
Independent Labour Robert B. Russell 31.0% 1,320   1,535
Independent Progressive Charles L. Richardson 13.3% 566 668  
Liberal Andrew W. Myles 12.2% 520 659  
Progressive Alexander S. Pildrum 11.1% 471    
Electorate: 5,277   Valid: 4,257   Quota: 2,129   Turnout: 80.9%
Beautiful Plains
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Progressive Adalbert J.M. Poole 48.0% 1,360 1,549
Conservative Ernest H. Whelpley 34.0% 965 1,153
Liberal Stanley H. Kerr 18.0% 511  
Electorate: 4,150   Valid: 2,836   Quota: 1,419   Turnout: 68.3%
Birtle
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Progressive John Pratt 45.2% 1,134 1,215
Liberal Albert J. McLeod 29.5% 742 1,071
Conservative Alfred S. Arnold 25.3% 635  
Electorate: 3,153   Valid: 2,511   Quota: 1,256   Turnout: 71.5%
Brandon City
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Independent John H. Edmison 64.7% 3,256
Independent Labour William Hill 25.6% 1,288
Progressive Harry William Cater 9.7% 489
Electorate: 6,316   Valid: 5,033   Quota: 2,517   Turnout: 79.7%
Carillon
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive Albert Prefontaine 77.8% 1,604
Liberal Thomas B. Molloy 22.2% 458
Electorate: 2,806   Valid: 2,062   Quota: 1,032   Turnout: 73.5%
Cypress
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Conservative William H. Spinks 46.8% 1,235 1,320
Progressive Andrew Moore 41.4% 1,091 1,189
Liberal J.F. Davidson 11.8% 311  
Electorate: 3,313   Valid: 2,637   Quota: 1,319   Turnout: 79.6%
Dauphin
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Conservative Robert Ferguson 39.5% 1,022 1,350
Progressive George Palmer 35.5% 920 1,064
Liberal Archibald Esplen 25.0% 647  
Electorate: 3,729   Valid: 2,589   Quota: 1,295   Turnout: 69.4%
Deloraine
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Progressive Hugh McKenzie 45.9% 1,174 1,299
Conservative Arthur T. Hainsworth 39.7% 1,014 1,147
Liberal Peter Spence 14.4% 369  
Electorate: 3,542   Valid: 2,557   Quota: 1,279   Turnout: 72.2%
Dufferin
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive John Munn 56.9% 1,790
Conservative A.E. Shewfelt 33.3% 1,047
Liberal G.A. Hall 9.8% 307
Electorate: 4,538   Valid: 3,144   Quota: 1,573   Turnout: 69.3%
Emerson
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4
Liberal–Progressive Robert Curran 30.8% 793     975
Liberal Herbert Henry Wright 25.4% 652     787
Independent J.K. Kulackowsky 17.5% 449   637  
Independent Dmytro Yakimischak 14.2% 364 371    
Conservative Roy Whitman 12.2% 313      
Independent P. Tanchuk N/A Retired      
Electorate: 4,248   Valid: 2,571   Quota: 1,286   Turnout: 60.5%
Ethelbert
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Independent Farmer Nicholas Hryhorczuk 58.7% 1,302
Independent Peter Melnyk 41.3% 917
Electorate: 3,710   Valid: 2,219   Quota: 1,110   Turnout: 59.8%
Fairford
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Progressive Stuart Garson 40.1% 437 501
Liberal Albert W. Kirvan 32.8% 358 416
Conservative A.H. Francis 27.1% 296  
Electorate: 1,847   Valid: 1,091   Quota: 546   Turnout: 59.0%
Fisher
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive Nicholas Bachynsky 60.1% 754
Conservative Henry L. Mabb 24.7% 310
Liberal George Prout 14.3% 179
Independent Charles Ciupak 0.9% 12
Electorate: 2,132   Valid: 1,255   Quota: 628   Turnout: 58.9%
Gilbert Plains
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive Arthur Berry 53.0% 1,021
Conservative Samuel Hughes 30.7% 592
Liberal J.G. Vance 16.3% 315
Electorate: 3,041   Valid: 1,928   Quota: 965   Turnout: 63.4%
Gimli
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4
Progressive Ingimar Ingaldson 35.7% 1,026     1,231
Liberal Einar Jonasson 27.9% 801     1,038
Independent Michael Rojeski 19.7% 567   619  
Independent Nicholas Boychuk 8.0% 230 238    
Conservative F. Gisli Sigmundson 6.9% 198 199    
Independent Dymtro Derhak 1.7% 49      
Electorate: 5,505   Valid: 2,871   Quota: 1,436   Turnout: 52.1%
Gladstone
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive William Morton 67.8% 1,311
Independent John Foster 33.2% 624
Electorate: 3,952   Valid: 1,935   Quota: 968   Turnout: 49.0%
Glenwood
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Liberal James Breakey 45.9% 1,072 1,217
Progressive Sam Forrest 30.9% 721 850
Conservative Fred Cross 23.3% 544  
Electorate: 3,141   Valid: 2,337   Quota: 1,169   Turnout: 74.4%
Hamiota
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive Thomas Wolstenholme 52.5% 1,086
Conservative William Edward Warren 25.1% 520
Liberal William Braid 22.3% 462
Electorate: 3,538   Valid: 2,068   Quota: 1,035   Turnout: 58.5%
Iberville
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Independent Progressive Arthur R. Boivin N/A Acclaimed
Electorate: 2,236   Valid: 0   Quota: 0   Turnout: N/A
Kildonan and St. Andrews
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Conservative James McLenaghen 37.7% 1,387 1,530
Liberal Walter Henry Gabriel Gibbs 31.5% 1,159 1,456
Progressive Charles A. Tanner 30.8% 1,134  
Electorate: 5,211   Valid: 3,680   Quota: 1,841   Turnout: 70.6%
Killarney
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Conservative John Laughlin 56.0% 1,189
Progressive Andrew E. Foster 44.0% 934
Electorate: 2,814   Valid: 2,123   Quota: 1,062   Turnout: 75.4%
Lakeside
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive Douglas Lloyd Campbell 53.1% 1,442
Conservative John P. Bend 46.9% 1,274
Electorate: 3,515   Valid: 2,716   Quota: 1,359   Turnout: 77.3%
Lansdowne
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Liberal Tobias Norris 78.0% 1,947
Conservative E.D. Alder 22.0% 550
Electorate: 3,988   Valid: 2,497   Quota: 1,249   Turnout: 62.6%
La Verendrye
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive Philippe Adjutor Talbot 51.3% 1,074
Liberal J. Napoleon Landry 27.7% 581
Conservative Paul Royal 21.0% 440
Electorate: 4,061   Valid: 2,095   Quota: 1,048   Turnout: 51.6%
Manitou
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Conservative Joseph Lusignan 44.8% 1,330 1,467
Progressive George Compton 37.0% 1,097 1,338
Liberal Charles A. Jopp 18.2% 541  
Electorate: 4,355   Valid: 2,968   Quota: 1,485   Turnout: 68.2%
Minnedosa
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Conservative George Compton 41.1% 1,377 1,595
Progressive Norman W.P. Shuttleworth 41.9% 1,405 1,581
Liberal Walter Cooper Richardson 17.0% 572  
Electorate: 4,759   Valid: 3,354   Quota: 1,678   Turnout: 70.5%
Morden and Rhineland
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Conservative Hugh McGavin 38.9% 1,016 1,252
Progressive John Henry Black 41.2% 1,075 1,132
Liberal Peter Buerckert 19.9% 518  
Electorate: 3,925   Valid: 2,609   Quota: 1,305   Turnout: 66.5%
Morris
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive William Clubb 85.4% 1,663
Liberal Walter J. Fulton 14.6% 285
Electorate: 3,091   Valid: 1,948   Quota: 975   Turnout: 63.0%
Mountain
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Liberal Irving Cleghorn 51.4% 1,578
Progressive Charles Cannon 48.6% 1,494
Electorate: 4,916   Valid: 3,072   Quota: 1,537   Turnout: 62.5%
Norfolk
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive John Muirhead 50.6% 1,341
Conservative Reuben Waugh 49.4% 1,307
Electorate: 3,291   Valid: 2,648   Quota: 1,325   Turnout: 80.5%
Portage la Prairie
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Conservative Fawcett Taylor 66.5% 1,580
Liberal Sydney McKay 33.5% 795
Electorate: 2,698   Valid: 2,375   Quota: 1,188   Turnout: 88.0%
Roblin
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Conservative Frederic Newton 51.3% 1,057
Progressive H.H. Simpson 35.6% 734
Liberal D. Rostoky 13.1% 270
Electorate: 3,243   Valid: 2,061   Quota: 1,031   Turnout: 63.6%
Rockwood
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive William McKinnell 54.1% 1,486
Conservative Major Proctor 26.2% 719
Liberal Arthur Lobb 17.3% 474
Independent Michael Slobadianek 2.4% 66
Electorate: 4,494   Valid: 2,745   Quota: 1,373   Turnout: 61.0%
Rupertsland
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Independent Progressive Herbert Beresford 48.9% 216 235
Liberal Fred C. Hamilton 32.8% 145 160
Conservative Hyman Udell 18.3% 81  
Electorate: 640   Valid: 442   Quota: 222   Turnout: 69.0%
Russell
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3
Progressive Isaac Griffiths 37.0% 1,227   1,431
Conservative Robert Peden 28.2% 936   1,311
Liberal William W.W. Wilson 27.2% 903 932  
Independent Basil Lazaruk 7.7% 254    
Electorate: 5,042   Valid: 3,320   Quota: 1,661   Turnout: 65.8%
St. Boniface
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3
Conservative Joseph Bernier 30.9% 1,990   2,646
Liberal L.P. Gagnon 27.8% 1,790   2,618
Independent Labour Marcus Hyman 22.8% 1,469 ???  
Progressive H. Laurendeau 18.5% 1,188    
Electorate: 8,692   Valid: 6,437   Quota: 3,219   Turnout: 74.1%

The ballot-counting process in this constituency was extremely controversial. Laurendeau was eliminated after the first count, and Hyman was eliminated after the second count. Gagnon was originally declared the winner on the third count by a single vote, but Bernier appealed the decision and was declared elected on recount. The final totals were: Bernier 2646, Gagnon 2618.

St. Clements
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive Robert Hoey 53.4% 2,146
Independent Donald A. Ross 35.7% 1,436
Independent Labour Matthew Stanbridge 10.9% 440
Electorate: 6,172   Valid: 4,022   Quota: 2,012   Turnout: 65.2%
St. George
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Liberal Skuli Sigfusson 45.1% 814 1,006
Progressive Albert E. Kristjansson 29.0% 524 597
Conservative Paul Reykdal 25.8% 466  
Electorate: 3,522   Valid: 1,804   Quota: 903   Turnout: 51.2%
Ste. Rose
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Progressive Maurice Dane MacCarthy 47.0% 1,055 1,161
Conservative Joseph Hamelin 37.0% 831 960
Liberal Arthur Hurst 16.0% 358  
Electorate: 4,122   Valid: 2,244   Quota: 1,123   Turnout: 54.4%
Springfield
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Liberal Murdoch Mackay 41.6% 1,389 1,507
Progressive Clifford Barclay 43.7% 1,459 1,489
Conservative Theo Stefanik 14.7% 491  
Electorate: 5,140   Valid: 3,339   Quota: 1,670   Turnout: 65.0%
Swan River
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2
Progressive Andrew McCleary 47.5% 1,213 1,347
Conservative W.H.C. Hinchcliffe 31.2% 797 1,009
Liberal William Henry Sims 21.4% 546  
Electorate: 3,659   Valid: 2,556   Quota: 1,279   Turnout: 69.9%
The Pas
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive John Bracken 56.2% 582
Liberal Stephan Stephansson 43.8% 454
Electorate: 1,375   Valid: 1,036   Quota: 519   Turnout: 75.3%
Turtle Mountain
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Conservative Richard G. Willis 55.2% 1,167
Progressive Duncan Henderson 44.8% 951
Electorate: 2,574   Valid: 2,113   Quota: 1,057   Turnout: 82.1%
Virden
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1
Progressive Robert Mooney N/A Acclaimed
Electorate: 3,964   Valid: 0   Quota: 0   Turnout: N/A
Winnipeg
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7 Count 8 Count 9 Count 10 Count 11 Count 12 Count 13 Count 14 Count 15 Count 16 Count 17 Count 18
Conservative John Thomas Haig  % 5,108 4,610                                
Liberal Hugh Robson  % 4,862 4,610                                
Conservative William Sanford Evans  % 4,551 4,610 4,610                              
Independent Labour John Queen  % 3,985 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? 4,610                
Independent Labour Seymour Farmer  % 3,497 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? 4,610 4,610          
Progressive William James Major  % 3,713 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? 4,610 4,610        
Liberal Edith Rogers  % 1,582 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? 4,764 4,610
Independent Labour William Ivens  % 1,435 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? 4,007 4,700
Conservative William Tobias  % 1,687 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? 3,685 4,114
Progressive Edward William Montgomery  % 2,236 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? 3,960
Independent John K. Downes  % 2,047 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? 3,411  
Conservative Theodore A. Hunt  % 1,075 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? x    
Communist Jacob Penner  % 2,016 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? x      
Liberal Duncan Cameron  % 1,271 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? x        
Progressive Royal Burritt  % 1,604 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? x          
Independent Labour R. Durward  % 993 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? x            
Liberal W.J. Lindal  % 1,362 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? x              
Liberal Ralph Maybank  % 1,191 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? x                
Progressive Max Steinkopf  % 1,241 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? x                  
Independent Arthur Moore  % 1,153 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? x                    
Conservative R.A. Gillespie  % 941 ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? x                      
Independent Labour Sam Cartwright  % 999 ??? ??? ??? ??? x                        
Independent Progressive F. Sedziak  % 836 ??? ??? ??? x                          
Liberal J. MacLean  % 761 ??? ??? x                            
Independent Labour W.A. James  % 561 ??? x                              
Electorate: 67,124   Valid: 50,706   Quota: 4,610   Turnout: 75.5%
  • (x) = Candidate eliminated in this count.

Winnipeg:

First count (quota: 4610)

  • (x)John Thomas Haig (C) 5108
  • Hugh Robson (L) 4862
  • (x)William Sanford Evans (C) 4551
  • (x)John Queen (ILP) 3985
  • William Major (P) 3713
  • (x)Seymour Farmer (ILP) 3497
  • Edward Montgomery (P) 2236
  • (x)John K. Downes (Ind [Moderationist]) 2047
  • Jacob Penner (Comm) 2015
  • William Tobias (C) 1687
  • Royal Burritt (P) 1604
  • (x)Edith Rogers (L) 1582
  • (x)William Ivens (ILP) 1435
  • W.J. Lindal (L) 1362
  • Duncan Cameron (L) 1271
  • Max Steinkopf (P) 1241
  • Ralph Maybank (L) 1191
  • Arthur Moore (Ind [Moderationist]) 1153
  • Theodore A. Hunt (C) 1075
  • Sam Cartwright (ILP) 999
  • R. Durward (ILP) 993
  • R.A. Gillespie (C) 941
  • F. Sedziak (Ind P) 836
  • J. MacLean (L) 761
  • W.A. James (ILP) 561
  • Second count: Haig surplus
  • Third count: Robson surplus (Evans declared elected)
  • Fourth count: Evans surplus
  • Fifth count: James eliminated
  • Sixth count: MacLean eliminated
  • Seventh count: Sedziak eliminated
  • Eight count: Cartwright eliminated
  • Ninth count: Gillespie eliminated
  • Tenth count: Moore eliminated
  • Eleventh count: Steinkopf eliminated
  • Twelfth count: Maybank eliminated (Queen declared elected)
  • Thirteenth count: Queen surplus
  • Fourteenth count: Lindal eliminated
  • Fifteenth count: Durward eliminated (Farmer declared elected)
  • Sixteenth count: Farmer surplus
  • Seventeenth count: Burritt eliminated (Major declared elected)
  • Eighteenth count: Major surplus
  • Nineteenth count: Cameron eliminated
  • Twentieth count: Penner eliminated
  • Twenty-first count (Hunt eliminated):
  • (x)John Thomas Haig (C) 4610
  • Hugh Robson (L) 4610
  • (x)William Sanford Evans (C) 4610
  • (x)John Queen (ILP) 4610
  • (x)Seymour Farmer (ILP) 4610
  • William Major (P) 4610
  • (x)Edith Rogers (L) 4764
  • (x)William Ivens (ILP) 4007
  • William Tobias (C) 3685
  • Edward Montgomery (P) [number not listed]
  • (x)J.K. Downes (Ind [Moderationist]) 3411

Twenty-second count (final standings of elected candidates):

  • (x)John Haig (C) 4610
  • Hugh Robson (L) 4610
  • (x)William Sanford Evans (C) 4610
  • (x)John Queen (ILP) 4610
  • (x)Seymour Farmer (ILP) 4610
  • William Major (P) 4610
  • (x)Edith Rogers (L) 4610
  • (x)William Ivens (ILP) 4700
  • William Tobias (C) 4114
  • Edward Montgomery (P) 3960

Sources[edit]

The first ballot results for Winnipeg and results for all other constituencies are taken from an official Manitoba government publication entitled "Manitoba elections, 1920–1941", cross-referenced with the 1928 Canadian Parliamentary Guide, and an appendix to the Manitoba government's report of the 2003 provincial election.

All ballot results for Winnipeg after the first count are taken from reports in the Winnipeg Free Press newspaper. It is possible that some errors appeared in the original publication.

Post-election changes[edit]

Birtle (John Pratt leaves the government side, early in the parliament).

Lansdowne (res. Tobias Norris, 1928), 10 November 1928:

Morris (William Clubb to new cabinet post, 18 May 1929), 30 May 1929:

Turtle Mountain (dec. Richard G. Willis, February 1929), 22 June 1929:

Winnipeg (res. Hugh Robson, January 1930)

Mountain (dec. Irving Cleghorn, 1930), 20 January 1930:

The Liberals formed an alliance with the governing Progressives in 1932.

Brandon City (dec. John H. Edmison, 22 March 1932)