Manitoba general election, 1932
This was the second election in Manitoba where the single transferable ballot was used in all electoral divisions. Winnipeg elected ten members in this manner, while all other constituencies elected one member by instant runoff voting.
The election was called soon after the announcement of an alliance between the governing Progressive Party of John Bracken and the Liberal Party led by Murdoch Mackay. These parties were ideologically similar, and had a common interest in preventing the Conservative Party from coming to power. National Liberal leader William Lyon Mackenzie King supported this alliance, out of concern that a Conservative victory would strengthen the hand of Conservative Prime Minister Richard Bennett.
Bracken tried to bring the Conservatives into his coalition, but was rebuffed by Conservative leader Fawcett Taylor. Taylor's refusal to consider a consensus government was used against him in the campaign.
The election was also contested by the social democratic Independent Labour Party, under the leadership of John Queen. Though it was the second-largest party in the legislature after the 1920 election, Labour had slumped to only three seats in 1927 amid a general period of decline in the Canadian left. While the ILP was poised to improve its showing in the 1932 campaign, it was not a serious contender for government.
Leslie Morris and Jacob Penner of the Communist Party campaigned in the city of Winnipeg, and other Communist candidates ran in the outlying areas. As the Communist Party was under legal restrictions at the time, they ran as "United Front Workers" candidates. Former Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) George Armstrong ran as a candidate of the Socialist Party, and Jessie MacLennan campaigned as a labour candidate unaffiliated with the ILP.
The result was a resounding victory for the governing alliance, as Liberals, Progressives and their allies won 38 out of 55 seats. The Conservatives fell from fifteen seats to ten. Having lost his third consecutive election, Fawcett Taylor resigned as Conservative leader in 1933. The Independent Labour Party managed a modest recovery after its poor showing in 1927, increasing its caucus to five members. No other parties' candidates were elected, although two former Progressives were elected as independents. The Continuing Liberals fared especially poorly, and disappeared after the election.
Leslie Morris came 309 votes short of winning the tenth seat in Winnipeg. Had he won, he would have been the first Communist elected to a provincial legislature in Canada.
|Party||Party Leader||# of
|Independent Labour||John Queen||15||3||5||+2||16.5%||+6.0%|
|Continuing Liberal||David Campbell||13||-||0||-||2.0%||n/a|
1927 Manitoba election
|List of Manitoba elections||Succeeded by
1936 Manitoba election
Results by electoral division
Smith was eliminated.
- George Dinsdale (C) 2647
- Harry Spafford (ILP) 1574
- David E. Clement (LP/L) 1423
- Harry William Cater (L) 893
Cater was eliminated. Clement was eliminated on the second count with 1555 votes.
- George Dinsdale (C) 3021
- Harry Spafford (ILP) 2192
Wicks was eliminated.
- Robert Hawkins (LP) 1861
- Ernest N. McGirr (C) 1595
- (x)Robert Curran (LP) 1987
- William Richard Johnston (C) 1742
- William Kolodzinski (Ind Farmer-Labour) 559
Kolodzinski was eliminated.
- (x)Robert Curran (LP) 2028
- William Richard Johnston (C) 1788
- (x)Nicholas Bachynsky (LP/P) 845
- W.N. Kolisnyk (United Front Workers) 364
- W.E. Hodgins (C) 352
- J.G. Hamilton (Ind LP) 195
Hamilton was eliminated. Note that one source lists Hamilton as a Continuing Liberal.
- (x)Nicholas Bachynsky (LP/P) 851
- W.N. Kolisnyk (United Front Workers) 388
- W.E. Hodgins (C) 388
- Einar Jonasson (LP/L) 1340
- (x)Ingimar Ingaldson (LP/P) 1069
- Gunnar Thorvaldson (C) 858
- Iwan Kapusta (United Front Workers) 710
- Michael Ewanchuk (L) 236
Ewanchuk was eliminated. Kapusta was eliminated on the second count with 716 votes, and Thorvaldson was eliminated on the third count with 858 votes.
- Einar Jonasson (LP/L) 1704
- (x)Ingimar Ingaldson (LP/P) 1410
Cook was eliminated.
- (x)James McLenaghen (C) 2664
- W.H. Gibbs (LP/L) 2625
Ramsay was eliminated.
- Philippe Adjutor Talbot (LP/P) 1627
- R.J.E. Arpin (C) 1551
St. John was eliminated.
- (x)Earl Rutledge (C) 2432
- Neil Cameron (LP) 2378
Lewis was eliminated.
- (x)William McKinnell (LP/P) 2667
- H. Hannesson (C) 1250
Rupertsland (16 July):
Atkinson was eliminated.
- Ewan McPherson (LP/L) 319
- (x)Herbert G. Beresford (LP/P) 229
- (x)Joseph Bernier (C) 3483
- Harold Lawrence (ILP) 3477
- L.P. Gagnon (LP/L) 3283
- David Campbell (L) 1116
Campbell was eliminated. Gagnon was eliminated after the second count with 3560 votes.
- Harold Lawrence (ILP) 4954
- (x)Joseph Bernier (C) 4470
Smith was eliminated. Dunn was eliminated after the second count with 1824 votes.
- (x)Robert Hoey (LP/P) 3655
- R.J. Bate (C) 2285
- Clifford Barclay (Ind/Farmer-Labour) 3035
- (x)Murdoch Mackay (LP/L) 2407
- W.B.K. McRury (C) 1080
- James Grant (ILP) 235
- John A. Matheson (L) 232
Matheson was eliminated. McRury and Grant were eliminated after the second count with 1113 and 251 votes, respectively.
- Clifford Barclay (Ind/Farmer-Labour) 3192
- (x)Murdoch Mackay (LP/L) 2540
Goodman was eliminated.
The Pas (deferred):
Winnipeg (ten members):
First Count (quota: 7000 votes): Evans and Queen declared elected
- (x)William Sanford Evans (C) 13507
- (x)John Queen (ILP) 9302
- (x)William Major (LP/P) 5940
- (x)Seymour Farmer (ILP) 5053
- (x)John Thomas Haig (C) 4432
- John Stewart McDiarmid (LP/L) 3540
- Huntly Ketchen (C) 3530
- Leslie Morris (United Front Workers) 3455
- Marcus Hyman (ILP) 3366
- Ralph Maybank (LP/L) 2945
- C. Andrusyshen (Ind Ukrainian) 2693
- (x)William Ivens (ILP) 2262
- (x)William V. Tobias (C) 1991
- R.W.B. Swail (C) 1951
- (x)Edward William Montgomery (LP) 1614
- Jessie MacLennan (Lab) 1600
- James Alexander Barry (C) 1549
- F.W. Russell (Ind) 1339
- Jacob Penner (United Front Workers) 1106
- V.B. Anderson (ILP) 1061
- Beatrice Brigden (ILP) 894
- George Armstrong (SPC) 848
- H.P.A. Hermanson (L) 688
- Duncan Cameron (LP) 597
- John Y. Reid (L) 588
- Clarence G. Keith (L) 548
- D.M. Elcheshen (C) 314
- W.J. Fulton (LP) 182
- Thomas Gargan (Ind) 96
- Second Count: Evans surplus
- Third Count: Queen surplus
- Fourth count: Fulton and Gargan eliminated
- Fifth count: Elcheshen eliminated (378 votes; Haig elected, 7019 votes)
- Sixth count: Haig surplus
- Seventh count: Keith eliminated (588 votes)
- Eighth count: Cameron eliminated
- Ninth count: Reid eliminated (812 votes)
- Tenth count: Armstrong eliminated (880 votes)
- Eleventh count: Brigden eliminated (1084 votes; Farmer elected, 7105 votes)
- Twelfth count: Farmer surplus
- Thirteenth count: Penner eliminated
- Fourteenth count: Hermanson eliminated (1331 votes)
- Fifteenth count: Anderson eliminated
- Sixteenth count: Russell eliminated (1570 votes)
- Seventeenth count: MacLennan eliminated (2082 votes; Major elected, 7044 votes)
- Eighteenth count: Major surplus
- Nineteenth count: Montgomery eliminated (2177 votes)
- Twentieth count: Tobias eliminated (2425 votes)
- Twenty-first count: Andrusychen eliminated (2923 votes)
- Twenty-second count: Swail eliminated (3457 votes; Ketchen elected, 7486 votes)
- Twenty-third count: Ketchen surplus
- Twenty-fourth count: Barry eliminated (4780 votes)
- (x)William Evans (C) 7000
- (x)John Queen (ILP) 7000
- (x)John Haig (C) 7000
- (x)Seymour Farmer (ILP) 7000
- (x)William Major (LP/P) 7000
- Huntly Ketchen (C) 7000
- Marcus Hyman (ILP) 6593
- John McDiarmid (LP/L) 6060
- (x)William Ivens (ILP) 5470
- Ralph Maybank (LP/L) 5268
- Leslie Morris (United Front Workers) 4959
The first ballot results for Winnipeg and results for all other constituencies are taken from an official Manitoba government publication entitled "Manitoba elections, 1920-1941", cross-referenced with an appendix to the government's report of the 2003 provincial election. The Canadian parliamentary guide lists slightly different results from Kildonan & St. Andrews, Lansdowne, La Verendrye, Morris, Springfield and Turtle Mountain; the other two sources are more comprehensive, however, and may be taken as more reliable.
All ballot results for Winnipeg after the first count are taken from reports in the Winnipeg Free Press newspaper. It is possible that some errors appeared in the original publication.
- John R. Pitt (LP) accl.
Russell (Isaac Griffiths to cabinet, May 28, 1935), July 4, 1935:
- Isaac Griffiths (LP) accl.