Manjaro Linux

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Manjaro Linux
Logo
Manjaro 17.0 Gellivara.png
Manjaro Linux 17.0
Developer Guillaume Benoit, Philip Müller
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current (Bleeding edge, rolling release)
Source model Open source
Initial release July 10, 2011; 6 years ago (2011-07-10)[1][2]
Latest release 17.0.5 Codename "Gellivara" / September 16, 2017; 24 days ago (2017-09-16)
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux)
Userland GNU
Default user interface Xfce, Plasma 5, GNOME[3]
License Free software licenses
(mainly GPL)
Official website manjaro.org

Manjaro Linux, or simply Manjaro /mənˈɑːr/, is an open source operating system for computers. It is a distribution of Linux based on the Arch Linux distribution. Manjaro Linux has a focus on user friendliness and accessibility and the system itself is designed to work fully ‘straight out of the box’ with its variety of pre-installed software. It features a rolling release update model and uses pacman as its package manager.[4]

History[edit]

In mid 2013, Manjaro was in the beta stage, though key elements of the final system, such as a GUI installer (then an Antergos installer fork), a package manager (Pacman) with its choice of frontends, Pamac (GTK+) for Xfce desktop and Octopi (Qt) for its Openbox edition, MHWD (Manjaro HardWare Detection, for detection of free & proprietary video drivers), and Manjaro Settings Manager (for system wide settings, user management, and graphics driver installation and management) had been implemented.[5]

Features[edit]

Manjaro Linux comes with both a CLI and a graphical installer. The rolling release model means that the user does not need to reinstall the system to keep it up-to-date.[6] Package management is handled by pacman via command line (terminal), and frontend GUI package manager tools called Pamac (for its default Xfce edition) & Octopi (for its KDE edition). It can be configured to be either a stable system (default) or bleeding edge in line with Arch.[7]

The repositories are managed with their own tool called BoxIt, which is designed like git.[8]

Manjaro includes its own GUI settings manager where options like language, drivers or kernel version can be simply configured.[9]

Release history[edit]

The current release of Manjaro Linux is 17.0.5 codename "Gellivara", which was released on 16 September 2017. Gellivara is the last edition of Manjaro Linux supporting the 32-bit architecture.[10]

17.0.2, codename "Gellivara", was released on 26 June 2017 and is the sixth version to utilize a build number as the official version instead of a traditional version due to it being a rolling release OS. Manjaro 15.09 was the first stable release after beta stage.[11]

Version Codename Release date Kernel Notes
Old version, no longer supported: 0.1 2011-07-10
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.0[12][13] Askella 2012-08-20 3.4.9
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.1[14] Askella 2012-09-21 3.4.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.2[15] Askella 2012-11-10 3.4.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.3[16] Askella 2012-12-24 3.4.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.4[17] Askella 2013-02-25 3.7.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.5[18] Askella 2013-04-13 3.8.5
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.6[19] Askella 2013-06-02 3.9.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.7[20] Askella 2013-08-26 3.4.59 LTS
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.8[21] Askella 2013-11-24 3.10.20
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.9[22] Askella 2014-02-23 3.10.30
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.10[23] Askella 2014-06-09 3.12.20
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.11 Askella 2014-12-01
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.12 Askella 2015-02-06
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.13 Askella 2015-06-14
Old version, no longer supported: 15.09 Bellatrix 2015-09-27
Old version, no longer supported: 15.12 Capella 2015-12-22
Old version, no longer supported: 16.06 Daniella 2016-06-06
Old version, no longer supported: 16.06.1 Daniella 2016-06-11
Old version, no longer supported: 16.08[24] Ellada 2016-08-31
Old version, no longer supported: 16.10[25] Fringilla 2016-10-31
Current stable version: 17.0[26][27] Gellivara 2017-03-07 4.9 LTS first official version with GNOME[28]
Current stable version: 17.1 Hakoila 2017-??-??  ? first official version, which is pre-installed on the Manjaro Notebook from Station X, the Spitfire.
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still supported
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

The 0.8.x series releases were the last version of Manjaro to use a version number. The desktop environments offered, as well as the amount of programs bundled into each separate release have varied for different releases.

Xfce, KDE Plasma 5 and GNOME are the currently available official desktop environments.[29][28] Community supported versions include: E17, MATE, LXDE, Cinnamon, KDE/Razor-qt (a Manjaro Turkey project), the tiling window manager i3, and Fluxbox. Other editions are also available for install in the repos.[30][31]

GNOME Shell support was dropped with the release of version 0.8.3.;[32] however, efforts within Arch Linux made it possible to restart the Cinnamon/GNOME edition as a community edition.[33]

As of Manjaro 0.8.11, many community editions have been created which include the following desktop environments: Netbook, Cinnamon, PekWM, Fluxbox, MATE, LXQt, Enlightenment, GNOME, i3 and LXDE.[34]

The 0.8.12 release is predominantly a maintenance release and includes very few changes to system defaults relative to the previous 0.8.11 ISOs, with some notable exceptions, such as out-of-the-box support for the exFAT file system and the change to pacman 4.2.[35]

During the development of Manjaro 0.9.0, in the end of August 2015, the Manjaro team decided to switch to year and month designations for the Manjaro version scheme instead of numbers. This applies to both the 0.8.x series as well as the new 0.9.x series, renaming 0.8.13, released in June 2015, as 15.06 and so on.[36] Manjaro 15.09, codenamed Bellatrix and formerly known as 0.9.0, was released on 27 September 2015 with the new Calamares installer and updated packages.[36]

Relation to Arch Linux[edit]

Manjaro Linux is based on Arch Linux and has its own collection of repositories. The distribution aims to be new user-friendly while maintaining the Arch base, most notably the Pacman package manager and compatibility with the Arch User Repositories. Manjaro uses three sets of repositories: The unstable repositories contain the most bleeding edge Arch packages, possibly one or two days delayed; the testing repositories contain packages from the unstable repositories synchronized every week, which provides an initial screening; and the stable repositories contain only packages that are deemed stable by the development team.[37]

Manjaro Editions[edit]

Manjaro XFCE[edit]

Manjaro Xfce 17.0.2 Gellivara is delivered with the Manjaro's own dark theme as well as the current Xfce 4.12. The default kernel was updated to linux49 4.9 LTS, the Xorg stack to the 1.19 series.[26]

Manjaro KDE[edit]

Manjaro KDE 17.0.2 Gellivara is delivered with the Manjaro's own dark KDE Theme as well as the current KDE Plasma 5.9.3, KDE Apps 16.12.3 and the KDE Framework 5.31.0. The default kernel was updated to linux49 4.9 LTS, the Xorg stack to the 1.19 series.[27]

Manjaro Gnome[edit]

With the publication of Manjaro 17.0.2 the GNOME Edition was offered as third official version.[28]

Manjaro Net[edit]

The Net Edition has not yet been officially released as version 17.0. In the download area of the Manjaro homepage, the Net Edition is currently no longer an official version.

Community Editions[edit]

Manjaro community editions are maintained by members of the Manjaro Team. They offer additional user interfaces over the official releases, including Budgie, Cinnamon, Deepin, i3, LXDE and MATE.[38]

Screenshot of Manjaro 17.0 Cinnamon Edition
Screenshot of Manjaro 17.0 i3 Edition

OpenRC Edition[edit]

Alt manjaro openrc desktop with wmaker
Manjaro openrc desktop with wmaker

The OpenRC edition was started in June 2014 as a version of Manjaro that omits systemd.[39] Robert Storey of DistroWatch noted, "Manjaro OpenRC is mostly systemd free - it uses ConsoleKit2 instead of logind, and eudev instead of systemd-udev. However, it bundles some of the systemd libraries in a eudev-systemdcompat package, mostly due to how Arch packages systemd."[40]

The OpenRC Edition was canceled in July 2017:[41]

Derivatives[edit]

Artix[edit]

New distribution that was Manjaro OpenRC before. Homepage: https://artixlinux.org/

Netrunner Rolling[edit]

In contrast to Blue Systems Netrunner, which is based on Kubuntu, the first version of Netrunner Rolling 2014.04 based on Manjaro 0.8.9 KDE was released in 2014. The latest released version is Netrunner Rolling 2017.07[42].

Sonar GNU/Linux[edit]

The Sonar GNU/Linux project[43] is aimed at providing a barrier-free Linux with supporting GNOME and MATE desktop. The first version was released in February 2015, the current version was released in 2016.[44]

Reception[edit]

In January 2013, Jesse Smith of DistroWatch reviewed Manjaro Linux 0.8.3. He noted, "Manjaro does just about everything quickly. The system is light and the Xfce desktop is very responsive. The distribution seems designed with the idea it will stay out of the way as much as possible." Smith ran into problems with updates breaking the installation:

He concluded that the distribution is geared towards experienced Linux users as it requires a great deal of knowledge to install and run.[45]

In July 2014, Smith reviewed Manjaro Linux again, v0.8.10. In a reversal of his previous impression, he concluded:

A third review by Smith was about Manjaro 17.0.2 Xfce in July 2017. The conlusion was:[47]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Singer, Roland (ying) (2011-07-10). "Manjaro Linux Distribution". Community Contributions, Arch Linux Forums. Retrieved 2015-12-12. Hi all, I am working now since a longer time on my arch linux livecd. It is called manjaro linux and uses the Desktop Environment Xfce. I uploaded a first testing livecd which is very experimental and many features are still missing. I would be thankful for any bugs reported,.... or if somebody wants to help and join the project he is always welcome. 
  2. ^ "[0.8.8] Release Candidate 4 released (XFCE/Openbox) - Final images". manjaro.org. Retrieved 2015-02-08. 
  3. ^ "Get Manjaro". Manjaro Linux. Retrieved 2014-09-14. 
  4. ^ "About page on the Manjaro Wiki". Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  5. ^ "Mhwd page on the Manjaro Wiki". Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  6. ^ "Manjaro Linux Distribution". Linux Magazine (Spanish Edition) (88). Furthermore, Manjaro is a rolling distribution, i.e. it can be continually updated without ever having to install a new version. And speaking of installation, despite the primitive aspect of the text-based installer, the GUI process is very easy and has many assistants to detect and configure your hardware. 
  7. ^ "About page on the Manjaro Wiki - features". Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  8. ^ "What’s happening behind the curtain?". 2012-08-01. Retrieved 2016-10-31. 
  9. ^ "Manjaro Linux - enjoy the simplicity". manjaro.github.io. Retrieved 22 September 2017. 
  10. ^ Landauer, Bernhard. "Manjaro 17.0.5 Released". Manjaro. Retrieved 28 September 2017. 
  11. ^ Nestor, Marius (2015-12-02). "Manjaro Linux 15.12 (Capella) Will Be Officially Released on December 22, 2015". Softpedia. Retrieved 2015-12-12. 
  12. ^ Philip Müller (2012-08-20). "Finally! Manjaro XFCE edition is released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  13. ^ Philip Müller (2012-08-20). "Last but not least! Manjaro KDE!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  14. ^ Philip Müller (2012-09-21). "Manjaro 0.8.1 XFCE edition released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  15. ^ Philip Müller (2012-11-10). "Manjaro 0.8.2 has been released!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  16. ^ Philip Müller (2012-12-24). "Manjaro 0.8.3 has been unleashed!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  17. ^ Philip Müller (2013-02-25). "Manjaro 0.8.4 has been released!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  18. ^ Philip Müller (2013-04-13). "Manjaro 0.8.5 released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  19. ^ Philip Müller (2013-06-02). "Manjaro 0.8.6 got unleashed!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  20. ^ Philip Müller (2013-08-26). "Manjaro 0.8.7 hits the Wild!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  21. ^ Philip Müller (2013-11-24). "Manjaro 0.8.8 lands on our servers". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  22. ^ Philip Müller (2014-02-23). "Manjaro 0.8.9 hit our Servers". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  23. ^ Philip Müller (2014-06-09). "Manjaro 0.8.10 is online!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  24. ^ Philip Müller (2016-08-31). "Manjaro Ellada finally released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  25. ^ Philip Müller (2016-10-31). "Manjaro Fringilla finally released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  26. ^ a b Philip Müller (2017-03-07). "Manjaro XFCE 17.0 released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  27. ^ a b Philip Müller (2017-03-07). "Manjaro KDE 17.0 released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  28. ^ a b c Bernhard Landauer (2017-03-07). "Manjaro GNOME 17.0 released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-10. 
  29. ^ "Manjaro 0.8.5.2 got unleashed!". manjaro.org. 2013-05-29. Retrieved 2013-04-23. 
  30. ^ "Manjaro 0.8.5 Community Editions released (MATE, LXDE, KDE)". Retrieved 2013-04-23. 
  31. ^ "Desktop Environments page on the Manjaro Wiki". Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  32. ^ "Manjaro 0.8.3 has been unleashed!". Retrieved 2013-04-24. 
  33. ^ "Manjaro 0.8.5.2 Community Releases unleashed (KDE, Cinnamon, MATE)". Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  34. ^ "Manjaro Linux - Community Editions". SourceForge. Retrieved 2014-09-14. 
  35. ^ "Manjaro 0.8.12 released". manjaro.github.io. Manjaro Linux. Retrieved 2015-02-08. 
  36. ^ a b "Manjaro Update 2015-09-27 (stable)". manjaro.github.io. Manjaro Linux. Retrieved 2015-09-27. 
  37. ^ "Repo page on the Manjaro Wiki". Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  38. ^ "Manjaro Community Editions". manjaro.org. Retrieved 22 September 2017. 
  39. ^ "OpenRC Manjaro". 2014-06-06. Retrieved 2015-12-12. 
  40. ^ "Manjaro OpenRC review". 2015-06-01. Retrieved 2015-12-12. 
  41. ^ https://forum.manjaro.org/t/manjaro-openrc-will-be-discontinued/28387
  42. ^ "Netrunner Rolling 2017.07 released". Retrieved 2017-07-18. 
  43. ^ "Sonar GNU/Linux". Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  44. ^ "Sonar 2016.03 released - an accessible OS focused on assistive technology". 2016-03-06. Retrieved 2017-03-14. 
  45. ^ Smith, Jesse (2013-01-14). "Return to Manjaro Linux 0.8.3". DistroWatch. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  46. ^ Smith, Jesse (2014-07-14). "Exploring Manjaro Linux 0.8.10 (Xfce edition)". DistroWatch. Retrieved 2014-10-27. 
  47. ^ https://www.distrowatch.com/weekly.php?issue=20170703

External links[edit]