Manjaro Linux

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Manjaro Linux
Manjaro logo text.png
Manjaro 17.0 Gellivara.png
Manjaro Linux 17.0
DeveloperGuillaume Benoit, Philip Müller
OS familyUnix-like
Working stateCurrent (Bleeding edge, rolling release)
Source modelOpen source
Initial releaseJuly 10, 2011; 7 years ago (2011-07-10)[1][2]
Latest release18.0 Codename "Illyria"[3] / 30 October 2018; 11 days ago (2018-10-30)
Platformsx86-64
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux)
UserlandGNU
Default user interfaceXfce, KDE Plasma 5, GNOME[4]
LicenseFree software licenses
(mainly GPL)
Official websitemanjaro.org

Manjaro Linux, or simply Manjaro /mənˈɑːr/, is an open source operating system for computers. It is a distribution of Linux based on the Arch Linux distribution. Manjaro Linux has a focus on user friendliness and accessibility and the system itself is designed to work fully "straight out of the box" with its variety of pre-installed software. It features a rolling release update model and uses pacman as its package manager.[5]

History[edit]

Manjaro was first released on July 10 2011.[1] By mid 2013, Manjaro was in the beta stage, though key elements of the final system had all been implemented such as: a GUI installer (then an Antergos installer fork); a package manager (Pacman) with its choice of frontends; Pamac (GTK+) for Xfce desktop and Octopi (Qt) for its Openbox edition; MHWD (Manjaro HardWare Detection, for detection of free & proprietary video drivers); and Manjaro Settings Manager (for system wide settings, user management, and graphics driver installation and management).[6]

GNOME Shell support was dropped with the release of version 0.8.3. in 2012.[7] However, efforts within Arch Linux made it possible to restart the Cinnamon/GNOME edition as a community edition.[8] An official release offering the GNOME desktop environment was reinstated in March 2017.[9]

During the development of Manjaro 0.9.0 at the end of August 2015, the Manjaro team decided to switch to year and month designations for the Manjaro version scheme instead of numbers. This applies to both the 0.8.x series as well as the new 0.9.x series, renaming 0.8.13, released in June 2015, as 15.06 and so on.[10] Manjaro 15.09, codenamed Bellatrix and formerly known as 0.9.0, was released on 27 September 2015 with the new Calamares installer and updated packages.[10]

In September 2017, Manjaro Linux announced that support for i686 architecture would be dropped because "popularity of this architecture is decreasing".[11]

Features[edit]

Manjaro Linux comes with both a CLI and a graphical installer. The rolling release model means that the user does not need to reinstall the whole system to keep it all up-to-date inline with the latest release.[12] Package management is handled by pacman via command line (terminal), and frontend GUI package manager tools called Pamac (for its Xfce edition) & Octopi (for its KDE edition). It can be configured to be either a stable system (default) or bleeding edge in line with Arch.[13]

The repositories are managed with their own tool called BoxIt, which is designed like git.[14]

Manjaro includes its own GUI settings manager where options like language, drivers and kernel version can be simply configured.[15]

Certain commonly used Arch utilities such as the Arch Build System (ABS) are available but have alternate implementations in Manjaro.[16]

Manjaro Xfce is delivered with the Manjaro's own dark theme as well as the Xfce desktop.[17]

Manjaro KDE is delivered with the Manjaro's own dark KDE Theme as well as the current KDE Plasma, KDE Apps, and the KDE Framework.[18]

Manjaro GNOME became the third official version with the Gellivara release and offers the GNOME desktop along with a version of the Manjaro theme.[9]

Manjaro Architect is a CLI net installer which allows the user to choose their own kernel version, drivers and desktop environment during the install process. Both the official and the community edition's desktop environments are available for selection.[19]

While not official releases, Manjaro Community Editions are maintained by members of the Manjaro Team. They offer additional user interfaces over the official releases, including Budgie, Cinnamon, Deepin, i3, LXDE and MATE.[20]

Screenshot of Manjaro 17.0 Cinnamon Edition
Screenshot of Manjaro 17.0 i3 Edition

Release history[edit]

The 0.8.x series releases were the last version of Manjaro to use a version number. The desktop environments offered, as well as the amount of programs bundled into each separate release have varied for different releases.

Version Codename Release date Kernel Notes
Old version, no longer supported: 0.1 2011-07-10
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.0[21][22] Askella 2012-08-20 3.4.9
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.1[23] Askella 2012-09-21 3.4.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.2[24] Askella 2012-11-10 3.4.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.3[25] Askella 2012-12-24 3.4.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.4[26] Askella 2013-02-25 3.7.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.5[27] Askella 2013-04-13 3.8.5
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.6[28] Askella 2013-06-02 3.9.x
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.7[29] Askella 2013-08-26 3.4.59 LTS
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.8[30][31] Askella 2013-11-24 3.10.20
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.9[32][33][34] Askella 2014-02-23 3.10.30
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.10[35] Askella 2014-06-09 3.12.20
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.11 Askella 2014-12-01
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.12 Askella 2015-02-06
Old version, no longer supported: 0.8.13 Askella 2015-06-14
Old version, no longer supported: 15.09[36] Bellatrix 2015-09-27
Old version, no longer supported: 15.12[37] Capella 2015-12-22
Old version, no longer supported: 16.06 Daniella 2016-06-06
Old version, no longer supported: 16.06.1 Daniella 2016-06-11
Old version, no longer supported: 16.08[38] Ellada 2016-08-31
Old version, no longer supported: 16.10[39][40] Fringilla 2016-10-31
Old version, no longer supported: 17.0[17][18][41] Gellivara 2017-03-07 4.9 LTS First official version with GNOME[9]
Old version, no longer supported: 17.1[42][43]. Hakoila 2017-12-31 4.14 LTS First made available pre-installed on the Manjaro Notebook from Station X, the Spitfire.
Current stable version: 18.0[44] Illyria[45] 2018-10-30 4.19 LTS
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still supported
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

GNOME, KDE Plasma 5 and Xfce are the currently available official desktop environments.[46][9] Community supported versions include: E17, MATE, LXDE, Cinnamon, KDE/Razor-qt (a Manjaro Turkey project), the tiling window manager i3, and Fluxbox. Other desktop enviroments are also available for install in the repos.[47][48]

Relation to Arch Linux[edit]

Manjaro Linux is based on Arch Linux and has its own collection of repositories. The distribution aims to be new user-friendly while maintaining the Arch base, most notably the Pacman package manager and compatibility with the Arch User Repositories. Manjaro uses three sets of repositories: The unstable repositories contain the most bleeding edge Arch packages, possibly one or two days delayed; the testing repositories contain packages from the unstable repositories synchronized every week, which provides an initial screening; and the stable repositories contain only packages that are deemed stable by the development team.[49]

Derivatives[edit]

Netrunner Rolling, in addition to Blue Systems Netrunner, which is Debian based, the first version of Netrunner Rolling 2014.04 based on Manjaro 0.8.9 KDE was released in 2014. The latest released version is Netrunner Rolling 2018.08.[50]

The Sonar GNU/Linux project[51] was aimed at providing a barrier-free Linux to people who required assistive technology for computer use, with supporting GNOME and MATE desktop. The first version was released in February 2015, the latest release was in 2016.[52] As of 2017, the Sonar project was discontinued.[53]

Reception[edit]

In January 2013, Jesse Smith of DistroWatch reviewed Manjaro Linux 0.8.3. He noted, "Manjaro does just about everything quickly. The system is light and the Xfce desktop is very responsive. The distribution seems designed with the idea it will stay out of the way as much as possible." Smith ran into problems with updates breaking the installation:

He concluded that the distribution is geared towards experienced Linux users as it requires a great deal of knowledge to install and run.[54]

In July 2014, Smith reviewed Manjaro Linux again, v0.8.10. In a reversal of his previous impression, he concluded:

A third review by Smith was about Manjaro 17.0.2 Xfce in July 2017. The conclusion was:[56]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Singer, Roland (ying) (2011-07-10). "Manjaro Linux Distribution". Community Contributions, Arch Linux Forums. Retrieved 2015-12-12. Hi all, I am working now since a longer time on my arch linux livecd. It is called manjaro linux and uses the Desktop Environment Xfce. I uploaded a first testing livecd which is very experimental and many features are still missing. I would be thankful for any bugs reported,.... or if somebody wants to help and join the project he is always welcome.
  2. ^ "[0.8.8] Release Candidate 4 released (XFCE/Openbox) - Final images". manjaro.org. Retrieved 2015-02-08.
  3. ^ Get Manjaro | Manjaro Linux
  4. ^ "Get Manjaro". Manjaro Linux. Retrieved 2014-09-14.
  5. ^ "About page on the Manjaro Wiki". Retrieved 2013-01-08.
  6. ^ "Mhwd page on the Manjaro Wiki". Retrieved 2013-01-08.
  7. ^ "Manjaro 0.8.3 has been unleashed!". Retrieved 2013-04-24.
  8. ^ "Manjaro 0.8.5.2 Community Releases unleashed (KDE, Cinnamon, MATE)". Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  9. ^ a b c d Bernhard Landauer (2017-03-07). "Manjaro GNOME 17.0 released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-10.
  10. ^ a b "Manjaro Update 2015-09-27 (stable)". manjaro.github.io. Manjaro Linux. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  11. ^ [Maintenance] 2017-09-02 – Phasing out i686 support | Manjaro Linux
  12. ^ "Manjaro Linux Distribution". Linux Magazine (Spanish Edition) (88). Furthermore, Manjaro is a rolling distribution, i.e. it can be continually updated without ever having to install a new version. And speaking of installation, despite the primitive aspect of the text-based installer, the GUI process is very easy and has many assistants to detect and configure your hardware.
  13. ^ "About page on the Manjaro Wiki - features". Retrieved 2013-01-08.
  14. ^ "What's happening behind the curtain?". 2012-08-01. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  15. ^ "Manjaro Linux - enjoy the simplicity". manjaro.github.io. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Where is ABS?". Manjaro Linux Forum. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  17. ^ a b Philip Müller (2017-03-07). "Manjaro XFCE 17.0 released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  18. ^ a b Philip Müller (2017-03-07). "Manjaro KDE 17.0 released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  19. ^ "Install Manjaro as you want with Architect". manjaro.org. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  20. ^ "Manjaro Community Editions". manjaro.org. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  21. ^ Philip Müller (2012-08-20). "Finally! Manjaro XFCE edition is released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  22. ^ Philip Müller (2012-08-20). "Last but not least! Manjaro KDE!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  23. ^ Philip Müller (2012-09-21). "Manjaro 0.8.1 XFCE edition released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  24. ^ Philip Müller (2012-11-10). "Manjaro 0.8.2 has been released!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  25. ^ Philip Müller (2012-12-24). "Manjaro 0.8.3 has been unleashed!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  26. ^ Philip Müller (2013-02-25). "Manjaro 0.8.4 has been released!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  27. ^ Philip Müller (2013-04-13). "Manjaro 0.8.5 released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  28. ^ Philip Müller (2013-06-02). "Manjaro 0.8.6 got unleashed!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  29. ^ Philip Müller (2013-08-26). "Manjaro 0.8.7 hits the Wild!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  30. ^ Philip Müller (2013-11-24). "Manjaro 0.8.8 lands on our servers". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  31. ^ Manjaro Smooths Out Arch's Rough Edges | Reviews | LinuxInsider
  32. ^ Philip Müller (2014-02-23). "Manjaro 0.8.9 hit our Servers". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  33. ^ Manjaro 0.8.9 review – KDE and Xfce desktops | LinuxBSDos.com
  34. ^ Manjaro 0.8.9 KDE Review - Gorgeous & Beginner Friendly, But Not Responsive Under Stress
  35. ^ Philip Müller (2014-06-09). "Manjaro 0.8.10 is online!". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  36. ^ Hands-on with Manjaro Linux 15.09: A new favourite | ZDNet
  37. ^ Manjaro 15.12 Xfce - It started almighty but then, Dedoimedo
  38. ^ Philip Müller (2016-08-31). "Manjaro Ellada finally released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  39. ^ Philip Müller (2016-10-31). "Manjaro Fringilla finally released". Manjaro. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
  40. ^ Manjaro Linux 16.10 Xfce - Surprised me, I like, Dedoimedo
  41. ^ Manjaro 17.0.1 Gellivara (Che Guevara) - Pretty decent, Dedoimedo
  42. ^ Manjaro 17.1.6 Hakoila Plasma - A rollercaster of Tux, Dedoimedo
  43. ^ Manjaro 17.1.6 Hakoila Xfce - Whither goest thou?, Dedoimedo
  44. ^ Manjaro v18.0 released!
  45. ^ "Manjaro Linux on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  46. ^ "Manjaro 0.8.5.2 got unleashed!". manjaro.org. 2013-05-29. Retrieved 2013-04-23.
  47. ^ "Manjaro 0.8.5 Community Editions released (MATE, LXDE, KDE)". Retrieved 2013-04-23.
  48. ^ "Desktop Environments page on the Manjaro Wiki". Retrieved 2013-01-08.
  49. ^ "Repo page on the Manjaro Wiki". Retrieved 2013-01-08.
  50. ^ "Netrunner Rolling 2018.01 released". Retrieved 2018-01-03.
  51. ^ "Sonar GNU/Linux". Archived from the original on 2017-03-12. Retrieved 2017-03-12.
  52. ^ "Sonar 2016.03 released - an accessible OS focused on assistive technology". 2016-03-06. Retrieved 2017-03-14.
  53. ^ "DistroWatch.com: Sonar GNU/Linux". distrowatch.com. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  54. ^ Smith, Jesse (2013-01-14). "Return to Manjaro Linux 0.8.3". DistroWatch. Retrieved 2013-01-20.
  55. ^ Smith, Jesse (2014-07-14). "Exploring Manjaro Linux 0.8.10 (Xfce edition)". DistroWatch. Retrieved 2014-10-27.
  56. ^ DistroWatch. "DistroWatch.com: Put the fun back into computing. Use Linux, BSD". www.distrowatch.com. Retrieved 9 December 2017.

External links[edit]