Manjolai Riots

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Manjolai Labourers massacre
Manjolai Riots is located in India
Manjolai Riots
Manjolai Riots is located in Tamil Nadu
Manjolai Riots
Location of Tirunelveli in India
LocationTirunelveli, Tamil Nadu
Coordinates8°36′07″N 77°15′51″E / 8.601962°N 77.264131°E / 8.601962; 77.264131
Date23 July 1999
2:40 pm (UTC+5:30)
TargetManjolai Labourers and Public
Attack type
WeaponsLathi-charge, Teargas
PerpetratorsTamil Nadu Police

Manjolai Massacre (Tamil: மாஞ்சோலை படுகொலை) or Thamirabarani massacre of 23 July 1999 was the death of 17 labourers, including two women and a two-year-old child, when they got into the river to escape Tamil Nadu Police lathi-charge. Public were going in procession to Tirunelveli Collectorate to submit a memorandum demanding wage settlement for the tea plantation workers of Manjolai estate. An altercation between the police and the marchers resulted in a lathi charge by police.

On 23 July 1999, a large number of labourers from the Tea estates of Manjolai congregated in Tirunelveli and marched towards the Collectorate demanding the release of a number of estate workers, who were arrested earlier for staging protest demanding better wages. The workers were being paid Indian Rupee symbol link blue.svg 70 per Day then and they were demanding the pay to be increased to Indian Rupee symbol link blue.svg 100. The workers were also demanding maternity leave, periodical breaks for women during the eight-hour-long duty. They were also opposing the decision of the estate owners to force workers to stay in sheds with poor facilities and deny right to rear cattle or even raise Gardens. A large contingent of stone throwing and lathi-wielding police brutally assaulted the protesters forcing them to run towards the river. As police continued to chase them to the river, many got into the river and drowned. Justice Mohan Commission that probed into the incident submitted that 11 of the 17 died due to drowning, while rest died due to injuries. Even now, much of their demands have not been met, but the estate workers have since been kept satisfied with a pay of Indian Rupee symbol link blue.svg 138 per Day.[1]

Documentary film[edit]

The theme of the incident Death of a river (Oru Nathiyin Maranam) a Tamil language Documentary film was released in 1999,[2] The 59-minute film this Tamil film works by Kanchanai Film Society. And producer, script, videographer, and directed by R R Srinivasan.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Dalit outfits seek memorial for Manjolai victims". The Times of India. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
  2. ^ "Much water hasn't flowed since his documentary". The Hindu. 15 July 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Death of a river Documentary film". 2001–2014. Retrieved 18 March 2014.

External links[edit]