Mankayan, Benguet

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Mankayan
Municipality
Official seal of Mankayan
Seal
Location in the province of Benguet
Location in the province of Benguet
Mankayan is located in Philippines
Mankayan
Mankayan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°52′N 120°47′E / 16.867°N 120.783°E / 16.867; 120.783Coordinates: 16°52′N 120°47′E / 16.867°N 120.783°E / 16.867; 120.783
Country  Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Benguet
District Lone district of Benguet
Founded 1955
Barangays 13
Government[1]
 • Mayor Materno Ringor Luspian
Area[2]
 • Total 130.48 km2 (50.38 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 35,586
 • Density 270/km2 (710/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2608
Dialing code 74
Income class 1st class

Mankayan is a first class municipality in the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 35,586 people.[3]

The municipality is known as a mining town, being the location of several mines, including the Lepanto Consolidated Mining Company.[4][5]

Etymology[edit]

The name “Mankayan” is derived from “Nancayan”, the Hispanic term of the native name of the place, “Nangkayang” (which means “high up in the mountain”).[4][5]

History[edit]

Pre-colonial period[edit]

Nangkayang was once a heavily-forested area. The natives of the surrounding settlements of Panat and Bag-ongan mined gold through the “labon” system, after its reported discovery in a river. Copper was later discovered by the end of the 16th century in Kamangga-an (location of present-day Lepanto).[5]

Spanish period[edit]

By the 1800s, the Spanish colonial government sent expeditions to survey the mines. On February 3, 1850, an expedition led by engineer Don Antonio Hernandez confirmed the presence of copper in Mankayan.

In 1852, Lepanto was established by the Spanish as a comandancia politico-militar,[6][5] composed of several rancherias which included Mankayan.[4]

A mining company was established by Señor Tomas Balbas y Castro in 1856, called the “Sociedad Minero-Metalurgica Cantabro Filipino de Mancayan”.[4] The company ceased operations in 1875.[5]

American period[edit]

Under the American rule, Mankayan remained under the jurisdiction of Lepanto, and later Lepanto-Bontoc until the latter's dissolution. Mankayan was later annexed to the sub-province of Benguet as a municipal district in 1913.[4][5]

The mining boom in Mankayan began in 1933, with American Victor Lednickey establishing the Lepanto Consolidated Mining Company on September 26, 1936.[4][5]

Second World War[edit]

In 1942, following the outbreak of the war, the Lepanto Consolidated Mining Company, together with the Suyoc Consolidated Mining Company, were taken over by the Japanese Mitsui Mining Company, which renamed the mines into " “Mitsui Mankayan Copper Mines”. The Mitsui Company controlled the mines until 1945.[4][5]

Post-war era[edit]

After the war, the Lepanto Consolidated Mining Company resumed the mining operations.[4][5]

Mankayan was converted from a municipal district into a regular municipality on June 16, 1955, by virtue of Republic Act 1302.[7][8]

Geography[edit]

Mankayan is located on the north-western tip of the province of Benguet. It is bordered by Bakun on the west, Buguias on the southeast, Tadian and Bauko on the east, and Cervantes on the northwest.

Barangays[edit]

The 12 barangays of the Municipality of Mankayan[9]
Rank Barangay Population Rank Barangay Population
1 Balili 6,236 8 Guinaoang 1,855
2 Paco 6,035 9 Cabiten 1,854
3 Tabio 3,792 10 Taneg 1,666
4 Bulalacao 3,349 11 Colalo 1,232
5 Sapid 3,271 12 Bedbed 864
6 Poblacion 3,084 Mankayan Total 35,586
7 Palasaan 2,348

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Mankayan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 32,889 —    
1995 34,699 +1.01%
2000 34,502 −0.12%
2007 34,563 +0.02%
2010 35,586 +1.07%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][10]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

As of 2014, Mankayan has 35 public elementary schools and 9 public secondary schools.[11][12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Municipality of Mankayan". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Municipality of Mankayan, Benguet". Department of the Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region (official website). 29 April 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "History: Benguet Province". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "R.A. No. 1302: An Act to Convert the Municipal District of Mankayan, Sub-province of Benguet, Mountain Province, into a Municipality". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "R.A. No. 1302: An Act to Convert the Municipal District of Mankayan, Sub-province of Benguet, Mountain Province, into a Municipality". PhilippineLaw.info. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). National Statistics Office (Philippines), April 4, 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 15, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "Masterlist of Public Schools SY 2013-2014" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 22 October 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 

External links[edit]