Mannalargenna

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Mannalargenna
Born circa 1770
Tasmania
Died 1835
Wybalenna, Tasmania
Nationality Australian
Spouse(s) unknown (deceased), Tanleboneyer (deceased)

Mannalargenna (c. 1770–1835), an Aboriginal Tasmanian, was an elder of the Plangermaireener nation in what is now the Ben Lomond area of north-eastern Tasmania.[1] He is described as being 5' 8" and wearing grease and red ochre all over his body.[2] Following the arrival of the Europeans in the area, he led a series of guerrilla styled resistance attacks against British soldiers in Tasmania during the period known as the Black War. In 1829 he freed four aboriginal women and a boy from John Batman's house where they had been held for a year.[3]

While it seems as though he joined George Robinson's mission to persuade aboriginal people to "surrender", it is claimed that he was actually directing Robinson away from the people.[3] He was promised that if he helped Robinson he would not be sent to Flinders Island, but this promise was broken and he died in captivity at Wybalenna in 1835. When he arrived at Big Green Island in 1835, Mannalargenna symbolically cut off his ochred hair and beard.[2]

Family[edit]

Mannalargenna had two wives. His first wife's name is unknown, but together they had at least five children: a son, Neerhepeererminer and daughters Woretermoeteyenner, Wottecowidyer, Wobbelty and Teekoolterme. His second wife was Tanleboneyer with whom he had no children.[4] She was one of George Robinson's early guides.[2]

During his life, Mannalargenna negotiated the marriages of his sister and four daughters to seamen from the Furneaux Islands, and many Aboriginal Tasmanians today can trace their lineage to these marriages.[5][6]

Memorials[edit]

'Mannalergenna Day' has celebrated in early December in Little Musselroe Bay in Tasmania since 2015. The event is in commemoration of Mannalargenna and of continuing Tasmanian Aboriginal culture.[5]

There is a monument to Mannalargenna at Wybalenna Mission Site Cemetery.[7]

A sketch of Mannalargenna by artist Thomas Bock is held in the British Museum.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Helen Grasswill (11 Sep 2014). "Australian Story". ABC. 
  2. ^ a b c shecanip (2011-05-27). "Mannalargenna". Telling Places in Country (TPIC) - University of Tasmania, Australia. Retrieved 2018-06-09. 
  3. ^ a b "Mannalargenna". www.utas.edu.au. 
  4. ^ "Mannalargenna Resource Page". www.ivanlea.net. 
  5. ^ a b "Aboriginal warrior Mannalargenna celebrated 181 years on". ABC News. 2016-12-04. Retrieved 2018-06-09. 
  6. ^ a b "Mannalargenna, my ancestor | National Museum of Australia". www.nma.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-06-09. 
  7. ^ Design, UBC Web. "Mannalargenna | Monument Australia". monumentaustralia.org.au. Retrieved 2018-06-09.