Mannheim–Karlsruhe–Basel railway

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Rhine Valley Railway
Karte Rheintalbahn.png
Overview
Native name Rheintalbahn
Locale Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Termini Mannheim Hbf
Basel Bad
Line number
  • 4002 (Mannheim–Heidelberg)
  • 4000 (Heidelberg–Karlsruhe)
  • 4280 (Karlsruhe–Basel)
Technical
Line length 270.7 km (168.2 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 15 kV/16.7 Hz AC overhead catenary
Operating speed 250 km/h (160 mph) (max)
Route number
  • 665 (Mannheim–Heidelberg)
  • 701 (Heidelberg–Karlsruhe)
  • 702 (Karlsruhe–Basel)
Route map
Palatine Ludwig Railway from Ludwigshafen
S 1S 2S 3S 4 (RheinNeckar)
Riedbahn from Frankfurt via MA-Luzenberg
0.0 Mannheim Hbf 95 m
Rhine Railway from Karlsruhe
Riedbahn to Frankfurt via MA-Käfertal
HSL from Stuttgart (Container terminal bridge)
4.0 Mannheim Rbf station
4.3 Mannheim ARENA/Maimarkt 95 m
Mannheim marshalling yard
6.1 Mannheim-Seckenheim 96 m
8.5 Mannheim-Friedrichsfeld Süd junction
To Mannheim-Friedrichsfeld and Frankfurt
via the Main-Neckar line
Schwetzingen–Mannheim line
9.0 Mannheim-Friedrichsfeld Süd 102 m
Main-Neckar line from Darmstadt
14.5
Heidelberg-Wieblingen (junction)
(flying junction)
A 5
14.8 Heidelberg-Pfaffengrund/Wieblingen 108 m
to Heidelberg Hbf (old)
16.6 Heidelberg marshalling yard
17.5
19.1
Heidelberg Hbf 107 m
to Heidelberger Hbf (old)
Neckar Valley line to Jagstfeld S 1S 2S 5
from Heidelberger Hbf (old)
former route from Heidelberg Hbf (old)
22.1 Heidelberg-Kirchheim/Rohrbach 107 m
26.5 St Ilgen-Sandhausen 106 m
32.1 Wiesloch-Walldorf 111 m
37.5 Rot-Malsch 106 m
40.1 Bad Schönborn-Kronau 108 m
42.4 Bad Schönborn-Süd 109 m
44.185 Stettfeld-Weiher (from Dec 2019)
46.2 Ubstadt-Weiher 110 m
46.6 Ubstadt-Weiher (junction)
Connecting line to Bruchsal Rollenberg
Katzbach Railway from Odenheim S 31
and Kraich Valley Railway from Menzingen S 32
Mannheim–Stuttgart high-speed railway
Connecting line from Bruchsal Rollenberg
49.6 Bruchsal Nord (junction)
Bruchsal Stegwiesen 111 m
Bruchsal Schloßgarten 113 m
Bruhrain Railway from Graben-Neudorf S 33
51.6 Bruchsal terminus of S 33S 4/S 9 114 m
Western Railway to Stuttgart S 9
53.6 Bruchsal Bildungszentrum 111 m
55.9 Untergrombach crossover
56.8 Untergrombach 115 m
60.5 Weingarten (Baden) 115 m
Karlsruhe Stadtbahn S 4S 5
From Pforzheim
68.2 Karlsruhe-Durlach 116 m
to Karlsruhe freight yard
Karlsruhe-Hagsfeld–Karlsruhe freight yard line
Former route of the Rhine Valley Line
Rhine Railway Mannheim
former connection from Ausbesserungswerk (until 199x)
Karlsruhe freight yard (old)
Karlsruhe Hbf (until 1913)
former route of the Hardt Railway, Maxau Railway
72.9 Karlsruhe Hbf terminus of S 3 121 m
Alb Valley Railway S 1S 11
(former route of the Rhine Valley Line until 1913)
from Karlsruhe Albtalbf (where system changes)
Palatine Maximilian Railway to Wörth
Rhine Railway to Rastatt
Karlsruhe West–Karlsruhe Rbf freight line
Karlsruhe-Dammerstock–Karlsruhe Rbf freight line
freight line from Karlsruhe Rbf (marshalling yard)
Rüppurr (until 1913)
76.2 Karlsruhe-Brunnenstück (junction)
(former route of the Rhine Valley line until 1913)
76.4
77.4
(km change as a result of route shortening)
79.6 Ettlingen West 121 m
Ettlingen branch line to Alb Valley Railway
82.5 Bruchhausen 118 m
87.9 Malsch 120 m
88.5 Malsch Süd 120 m
91.7 Muggensturm 123 m
Rastatt Tunnel from Karlsruhe (planned)
Rhine Railway from Karlsruhe S 4S 41
96.5 Rastatt 120 m
Murg Valley Railway to Freudenstadt S 31S 41
former route of Rhine Railway to Haguenau
Rastatt Tunnel (south portal, planned)
A 5
101.3 Rastatt Süd junction (current start of parallel HSL)
102.6 Baden-Baden-Haueneberstein
103.2 Sandweier crossover
105.3 Baden-Baden 126 m
former line from old Baden station
108.3 Sinzheim Nord 127 m
109.5 Sinzheim (b. Bühl) 126 m
112.5 Baden-Baden-Rebland 133 m
116.9 Bühl (Baden) 135 m
119.2 Ottersweier
125.3 Achern Terminus of S 4S 32 145 m
Acher Valley Railway to Ottenhöfen
127.7 Önsbach
128.4 Önsbach crossover
131.7 Renchen 144 m
to Strasbourg
Rench Valley Railway from Bad Griesbach
137.9 Appenweier 147 m
138.7 Appenweier-Muhrhaag junction from Strasbourg
141.0 Windschläg junction to Offenburg freight yard
141.7 Offenburg Nord junction
145.5 Offenburg 159 m
146.1 Offenburg Süd current end of the HSL
Black Forest Railway to Singen
former bypass curve from the Black Forest Railway
148.3 Schutterwald Schutterwald
154.4 Niederschopfheim 153 m
158.7 Friesenheim (Baden) 155 m
163.7 Lahr (Schwarzwald) 161 m
former railway to Lahr town
166.1 Kippenheim
171.8 Orschweier 166 m
former Rhine–Ettenheimmünster Local Railway
174.8 Ringsheim 169 m
177.7 Herbolzheim (Brsg) 172 m
181.0 Kenzingen 175 m
Kaiserstuhl Railway from Breisach
185.9 Riegel-Malterdingen 180 m
HSL will have a separate alignment from here
188.8 Köndringen (crossover)
188.8 Köndringen 187 m
190.6 Teningen-Mundingen 194 m
192.7 Emmendingen 201 m
196.5 Kollmarsreute 221 m
Elz Valley Railway from Elzach
199.8 Denzlingen 235 m
202.6 Gundelfingen (Breisgau) 241 m
202.7 Gundelfingen junction
Freight bypass railway to Freiburg Gbf
205.0 Freiburg-Zähringen 253 m
207.0 Freiburg-Herdern 264 m
Line from Breisach
208.3 Freiburg (Breisgau) Hbf 269 m
Höllentalbahn to Donaueschingen
212.5 Freiburg-St. Georgen 253 m
Freight bypass railway from Freiburg Gbf
214.6 Leutersberg (junction)
215.7 Ebringen 239 m
217.0 Schallstadt 235 m
219.9 Norsingen 230 m
Münster Valley Railway from Münstertal
222.9 Bad Krozingen 231 m
224.1 Tunsel
Eschbach-Tunsel (planned)
228.8 Heitersheim 226 m
Flying junction (planned)
end of separate HSL alignment
231.8 Buggingen 223 m
232.8 Hügelheim
237.3 Müllheim (Baden) 233 m
former level crossing of
Müllheim–Badenweiler railway (metre gauge)
Line to Mulhouse
239.7 Auggen 233 m
239.7 Auggen (siding)
242.7 Schliengen (junction) HSL has a separate course
243.2 Schliengen 241 m
portal extension to reduce tunnel boom
245.4 Start of Katzenberg Tunnel (9,385 m)
246.8 Bad Bellingen 254 m
250.0 Rheinweiler 257 m
252.8 Kleinkems 258 m
255.3 Klotz Tunnel (242 m)
256.0 Kirchberg Tunnel (129 m)
256.4 Istein 258 m
256.8 Hartberg Tunnel (307 m)
254.8 End of Katzenberg Tunnel (9.385 m)
258.3 Efringen-Kirchen 258 m
262.2 Eimeldingen 266 m
259.2
262.8
end of separate HSL alignment
Kander Valley Railway from Kandern
(heritage railway)
264.3
265.3
Haltingen 269 m
former railway from Saint-Louis (1878–1937)
267.6 Weil am Rhein Terminus of S 5 (Basel) 261 m
Garden Railway to Lörrach S 5
267.6 German/Swiss border
270.7 Basel Bad Bf Terminus of S 6 261 m
Basel Trams
Wiese Valley Railway to Zell S 6
Connecting line to Basel SBB and Olten
Upper Rhine Railway to Konstanz
Source: German railway atlas[1]

The Mannheim–Karlsruhe–Basel railway is a double-track electrified mainline railway in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It runs from Mannheim via Heidelberg, Bruchsal, Karlsruhe, Rastatt, Baden-Baden, Offenburg and Freiburg to Basel, Switzerland. It is also known as the Rhine Valley Railway (German: Rheintalbahn) or the Upper Rhine Railway (Oberrheinbahn).

The line was built as part of the Baden Mainline (Badische Hauptbahn). Between Mannheim and Rastatt it runs parallel to the Baden Rhine Railway (Rheinbahn). The Karlsruhe–Basel high-speed railway, called the Ausbau- und Neubaustrecke Karlsruhe–Basel in German (literally: "Upgraded and new line Karlsruhe–Basel"), has been under construction since April 1987. This includes upgrading the current line to four-tracks in places and the construction of new line elsewhere. It was originally envisaged as being completed in 2008, but no final date for completion is now envisaged (as of 2015).

The Mannheim–Basel railway is one of the most important routes in the Deutsche Bahn network.

History[edit]

Baden main line[edit]

The railway on the German side of the Rhine was financed and built by the Grand Duchy of Baden State Railway (Großherzogliche Badische Staatsbahn). At the enactment of the Baden law permitting the construction of the Baden main line on 28 March 1838, only the starting point in Mannheim and the end point in Basel had been determined.[2] The route was determined by the Technischen Baukommission (“Technical Building Commission”), which was formed in 1837. It adopted as its basic aims that the construction cost should be as low as possible as was consistent with good running times and that the line should be built as straight as possible to connect the major cities. It decided that the should be built, if possible, in the Upper Rhine Plain. The first section between Mannheim and Heidelberg was opened in 1840 and the line was completed in several section to Basel until 1855. The first route designs provided for a route from Heidelberg via Schwetzingen to Karlsruhe. After the then third largest city in the Grand Duchy of Baden, Bruchsal learned of these plans, the Baden Parliament sat to consider a connection via Bruchsal and Durlach.[3] On 2 January 1846, two trains ran into each other in St. Ilgen, a village near Leimen. One person died and 16 others were injured.[4] This was one of the first fatalities in a rail accident in Germany.

The line was originally built to 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm) Irish gauge, but since the surrounding countries built their railways to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge, the line was converted to standard gauge between 1854 and 1855.

Date Start of section End of section
12 September 1840 Mannheim Hbf Heidelberg Hbf
10 April 1843 Heidelberg Hbf Karlsruhe Hbf
1 May 1844 Karlsruhe Hbf Rastatt
6 May 1844 Rastatt Baden-Oos
1 June 1844 Baden-Oos Offenburg
1 August 1845 Offenburg Freiburg Hbf
1 June 1847 Freiburg Hbf Müllheim (Baden)
15 June 1847 Müllheim Schliengen
8 November 1848 Schliengen Efringen
22 January 1851 Efringen Haltingen
1855 Haltingen Basel

Since Schwetzingen and Hockenheim were not on the line through Heidelberg, another line was opened in 1870 on the Mannheim–Schwetzingen–Graben–Eggenstein–Karlsruhe route. A shorter and more direct line from Graben to Karlsruhe via Blankenloch was added in 1895 as a strategic railway. This converted the Karlsruhe–Eggenstein–Graben section of the old line into a branch line, now known as the Hardt Railway and partly incorporated into the Karlsruhe Stadtbahn.

Developments in the 20th century[edit]

Bad Schönborn-Kronau station

In the northern section between Mannheim and Karlsruhe there are two different lines, the Mannheim–Graben-Neudorf–Karlsruhe line (the Baden Mainline as such) as well as the Mannheim–Heidelberg–Bruchsal–Durlach–Karlsruhe line (the Baden-Kurpfalz Railway). Particularly after World War I it became a major line for international traffic. Beginning in the 1950s,the Rhine Valley line was progressively electrified, with the line fully electrified by the middle of 1958.

In the late 1960s, a fundamental renewal of signaling installations began on the 120 km-long section between Offenburg and Basel. The line, which was previously equipped with mechanical interlockings—with the exception of Freiburg Hauptbahnhof—was converted to control by relay interlockings. By the late 1960s the line was already being used by well over 100 trains per day in each direction.[5]

With the commissioning of the first section of the Mannheim–Stuttgart high-speed railway between Mannheim and Graben-Neudorf, the Rhine Valley Railway was relieved, making an integrated regular interval service possible.[6] The signal boxes in Achern and Freiburg were built as electronic interlockings. The signal boxes at Leutersberg, Bad Krozingen, Heitersheim and Müllheim (Baden) have been modified under CIR ELKE and equipped with LZB.

The current Baden-Baden station was originally called Oos, between 1906 and the closure of the old Baden-Baden town station in 1977 it was called Baden-Oos and then it received its current name.

Developments in the 21st century[edit]

As part of the construction of the Karlsruhe–Basel high-speed railway, it was planned in 1990 to upgrade the railway between Karlsruhe and Offenburg for continuous operations at 160 km/h.[7] Under a German-Swiss convention, the entire line was supposed to be converted to at least four lines by 2008, so that it could serve as the main northern approach route to the new Gotthard Base Tunnel line to Italy. As a result, Deutsche Bahn is building a high-speed line from Karlsruhe to Basel, including new and upgraded sections.

Between Karlsruhe and Rastatt two lines run relatively near each other, effectively providing four tracks. The double-track section between Rastatt station and Rastatt-Niederbühl is to be increased to four lines with the construction of the Rastatt Tunnel. Between Rastatt-Niederbühl and Offenburg, two new high-speed tracks have been completed next to the old double-track line. A new section of line from Schliengen to Haltingen between Freiburg and Basel, including the 9385 metre-long Katzenberg Tunnel, was opened on 9 December 2012 to avoid a narrow, winding section between the Rhine and the Isteiner Klotz hills.[8] The remaining sections between Offenburg, Freiburg and the Katzenberg Tunnel are still being planned.

Operations[edit]

Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn train between Mannheim and Heidelberg

The Rhine Valley Railway is now one of the most important lines of Germany both for passenger and goods traffic, including international traffic to and from Switzerland and France. An investigation by the Hochschule Kehl (a school of public administration) estimated the traffic to be up to 286 trains a day.

The line is overloaded and was considered to have an occupancy rate of 126 percent in 2011. Trains have to run at especially close intervals.[9] All long-distance services stop at Mannheim, Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, Freiburg and Basel Bad Bf, some stop at Wiesloch-Walldorf, Bruchsal, Karlsruhe-Durlach, Rastatt, Baden-Baden and Offenburg.

Since December 2003, line S3 of the Rhein-Neckar S-Bahn has operated on the Mannheim–Karlsruhe section of line and S4 (Speyer–Bruchsal) on the (Speyer–Karlsruhe) section. Lines S31, S32, S4 and S41 of the Stadtbahn Karlsruhe operate between Bruchsal and Achern. Lines S32 and S4 continue from Rastatt to Achern. Regional-Express (RE) services of the Black Forest Railway have run hourly between Karlsruhe and Offenburg since December 2009; at times they run every half-hour; RE and Regionalbahn services together provide a half-hourly service between Offenburg and Basel.

At each end of the line are two of the largest marshalling yards in Europe: Mannheim marshalling yard and Basel SBB marshalling yard in Muttenz. One marshalling yard of this line—in Heidelberg—has been closed and the new district of Bahnstadt has been built on its site. There are still DB freight yards in Karlsruhe, Offenburg, Freiburg and Basel. Karlsruhe freight yard is equipped with electronic interlocking and is controlled from the control centre in Karlsruhe. The other are still operated locally, some using electromechanical interlocking.

The double-track high-speed line through the Katzenberg Tunnel between Schliengen and Haltingen has been in operation since 9 December 2012. This will be complemented in the future by the segregation of fast long-distance passenger traffic and freight traffic in the Basel area. This will be made possible by the construction of another bridge over the Rhine on the so-called Connecting Line (Verbindungsbahn) between Basel Badischer Bahnhof (north of the Rhine) and Gellert junction (south of the Rhine).

The section between Schliengen and Haltingen via Bad Bellingen was completely renovated while it was completely closed in the summer of 2014. Its tracks, sleepers and the tunnels were renewed.[10]

As part of the expansion of the operations of the Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn, a three-track section is planned between Mannheim Hauptbahnhof and Mannheim-Friedrichsfeld Süd. Any further quadruplication towards Heidelberg is at the design phase (as of 2012).[11] In March 2014, the EU provided grants amounting to 30 to 40% of the cost.[12]

Rolling stock[edit]

The long-distance services towards Hamburg and Berlin are operated with ICE 1 trains and towards Dortmund with ICE 3 trains. EuroCity and Intercity services are mostly hauled by class 101 locomotives and regional services consist of class 146 and class 111 locomotives hauling double-decker coaches or Silberling coaches.

In central Baden, the Albtal-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft (AVG) operates the Karlsruhe Stadtbahn services. Two system light rail vehicles of the GT8-100C/2S and GT8-100D/2S-M classes are used; some have toilets and panoramic windows.

In the Upper Rhine, Regionalbahn services often use class 425 EMUs and occasionally they are operated with class 111 locomotives hauling Silberling coaches. Südwestdeutsche Verkehrs-Aktiengesellschaft and the Breisgau S-Bahn operate Stadler Regio-Shuttle RS1 and Talent 2 EMUs. The Ortenau S-Bahn also operates Regio-Shuttle EMUs.

The Swiss Federal Railways operate Stadler Flirt EMUs between Basel SBB and Basel Badischer Bahnhof. SNCF operates TGV Duplex sets between Bruchsal and Appenweier and between Freiburg and Müllheim, stopping in Karlsruhe, Freiburg and some also in Baden-Baden.

Rail services[edit]

Long-distance services[edit]

The Rhine valley Railway is traversed by several Intercity-Express and Intercity services.

Line Route
ICE 12 Berlin – Braunschweig – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Frankfurt (Main) – Karlsruhe – Basel (– Bern – Interlaken Ost)
ICE 20 (Kiel –) Hamburg – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Frankfurt (Main) – Karlsruhe – Basel (– Bern – Interlaken Ost)
IC 30
ICE 31
Kiel – Hamburg – Dortmund – Duisburg/Wuppertal – Cologne – Koblenz – Frankfurt (Main) – Karlsruhe – Basel – Chur
ICE 43 (Amsterdam – Duisburg or Dortmund –) Cologne – Frankfurt Airport Karlsruhe – Basel
ICE 83 ParisKarlsruheStuttgart (– Munich)
IC 60 Basel Bad BfBaden-BadenBruchsal – Stuttgart – Munich
IC 26
IC 35
Norddeich Mole – Cologne/Hamburg – Frankfurt – Karlsruhe – Offenburg – Triberg – Singen – Konstanz

Regional services[edit]

The Rhine valley Railway is used by two Interregio-Express services and a variety of Regional-Express, Regionalbahn, S-Bahn and Stadtbahn services.

Line Route
IRE Freiburg – Müllheim – Neuenburg – Bantzenheim – Mulhouse Ville
IRE Karlsruhe – Baden-Baden – Offenburg – Hausach – Villingen – Konstanz
RE 1 Mannheim – Heidelberg – Eberbach – Heilbronn
RE 2 Mannheim – Heidelberg – Sinsheim – Heilbronn
RE Karlsruhe – Baden-Baden – Offenburg – Hausach – Villingen – Konstanz
RE Heidelberg – Wiesloch-Walldorf – Bruchsal – Bretten – Stuttgart
RE Offenburg – Lahr – Emmendingen – Denzlingen – Gundelfingen – Freiburg (– Basel Bad Bf)
RE (Offenburg –) Freiburg – Bad Krozingen – Müllheim – Weil am Rhein – Basel Bad Bf (– Basel SBB)
RB 2 Biblis – Mannheim – Schwetzingen – Hockenheim – Graben-Neudorf – Karlsruhe
RB Offenburg – Emmendingen – Freiburg – Bad Krozingen – Müllheim – Neuenburg/Basel Bad Bf
SWEG Freiburg – Schallstadt – Bad Krozingen – Oberkrozingen – Staufen  (– Münstertal)
BSB Elzach/Waldkirch – Denzlingen – Gundelfingen – Freiburg-Zähringen – Freiburg-Herdern – Freiburg Hbf
OSB Offenburg – Appenweier – Achern
Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn:
S 1 Homburg – Kaiserslautern – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Mosbach – Osterburken
S 2 Kaiserslautern – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Mosbach
S 3 Germersheim – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Bruchsal – Karlsruhe
S 4 Germersheim – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Bruchsal
Karlsruhe Stadtbahn:
S 4 Öhringen – Heilbronn – Bretten – Karlsruhe-Durlach – Karlsruhe Marktpl. – Rastatt – Baden-Baden – Achern
S 31 Odenheim – Bruchsal – Karlsruhe – Ettlingen West – Rastatt – Freudenstadt
S 32 Menzingen – Bruchsal – Karlsruhe – Ettlingen West – Rastatt – Baden-Baden – Achern
S 41 Karlsruhe-Marktpl. – Durmersheim – Rastatt – Freudenstadt – Eutingen im Gäu
Basel Regional S-Bahn:
S 5 (Schopfheim –) Steinen – Lörrach – Weil am Rhein
S 6 Zell im Wiesental – Basel Bad Bf – Basel SBB

In November 2015, the operation of a group of services called Netz 4 Rheintal, was tendered as three lots. The transport contracts for regional services on the line would cover a total of approximately 4.7 million kilometres per year and run from December 2019 to December 2032.[13] The investment of €250 million has been earmarked for its new rolling stock, which must be suitable for the Katzenberg Tunnel.[14]

In December 2015, the operational concept of a regional transport timetable between Offenburg and Basel was presented. It provided an hourly service over the whole route with stops at all stations as a backbone. In addition, two Regional-Express services would run every two hours: a faster regional train would run every two hours between Offenburg and Basel in less than 90 minutes, with stops in Offenburg, Lahr, Hebolzheim, Kenzingen, Riegel-Malterdingen, Emmendingen, Denzingen, Freiburg Hauptbahnhof, Bad Krozingen, Heitersheim, Müllheim, Weil am Rhein and Basel SBB. A slower RE would stop in addition at Orschweier, Ringheim, Schallstadt, Bad Bellingen, Efringen-Kirchen and Haltingen. For many stations, the number of train stopping would significantly increase.[14]

The tendering of the Freiburger Y network (Netz 9b) is also provided.[14]

The target concept for rail services in 2025 of the state of Baden-Württemberg, which provides—three trains each hour and in each direction between Offenburg and Freiburg and four between Riegel-Malterdingen and Freiburg—cannot be implemented because of the congestion of the line. The infrastructure needed for this is expected to be opened in 2031.[15]

Southbound steam train parallel to the River Leimbach, with Tonwaren Industrie Wiesloch siding at the north end of Wiesloch-Walldorf station, c.1925. The area would later contain the Wiesloch Feldbahn and Industrial Museum and Leimbach Park.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0. 
  2. ^ Handbuch der deutschen Eisenbahnstrecken: Eröffnungsdaten 1835–1935 (in German) (reprint ed.). Mainz: Deutsche Reichsbahn. 1984. ISBN 3-921426-29-4. 
  3. ^ Werner Greder (1983). Bruchsal und die Eisenbahn. Entstehung der Eisenbahnen in und um Bruchsal in den Jahren 1843–1914 (in German). Bruchsal. p. 16. 
  4. ^ Hans Joachim Ritzau (1979). Eisenbahn-Katastrophen in Deutschland. Splitter deutscher Geschichte (in German). 1. Landsberg-Pürgen. p. 55. 
  5. ^ "'Neue Signalanlagen auf der Strecke Offenburg–Basel". Die Bundesbahn (in German). 43: 329. 1969. ISSN 0007-5876. 
  6. ^ Erich Fein (1985). "Die Westliche Einführung der Riedbahn in den Hauptbahnhof Mannheim". Die Bundesbahn (in German) (61): 401–408. 
  7. ^ Johann Leonhäuser (1990). "Brücken für die ABS/NBS Karlsruhe–Basel im Abschnitt Karlsruhe–Offenburg". Die Bundesbahn (in German). 66 (5): 481–485. ISSN 0007-5876. 
  8. ^ "Katzenberg cut-off inaugurated". 5 December 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  9. ^ Nicolaus Doll, Steffen Fründt, Ernst-August Ginten, Thomas Heuzeroth, Birger Nicolai, Andre Tauber and Daniel Wetzel (12 May 2013). "Das unfassbare deutsche Infrastruktur-Desaster". Welt am Sonntag (in German). p. 13. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  10. ^ "Südwest: Bahnverkehr: Südliche Rheintalstrecke wird zur Großbaustelle". Badische Zeitung (in German). 7 April 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  11. ^ DB ProjektBau, ed. (2012). "Ausbau der Infrastruktur für die S-Bahn Rhein-Neckar". Infrastrukturprojekte 2012: Bauen bei der Deutschen Bahn (in German). Hamburg: Eurailpress. pp. 136–139. ISBN 978-3-7771-0445-4. 
  12. ^ "Südwest: Infrastruktur: Ausbau der Rheintalbahn: EU übernimmt 40 Prozent". Badische Zeitung (in German). 19 March 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  13. ^ "Deutschland-Stuttgart: Öffentlicher Schienentransport/öffentliche Schienenbeförderung: document 2015/S 221-403208". Tenders Electronic Daily, supplement to the Official Journal of the European Union (in German). 14 November 2015. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c "Konzept für Netz „Rheintal" fixiert". Eisenbahn-Revue International (in German) (2): 58. 2016. ISSN 1421-2811. 
  15. ^ "RE-Halte auf der Rheintalbahn zwischen Offenburg und Basel" (in German). Ministerium für Verkehr und Infrastruktur. 25 September 2015. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 

References[edit]

  • Röth, Helmut (2006). Auf Schienen zwischen Odenwald und Pfalz. Fotografien 1955-1976. [By rail between the Odenwald and Palatine. Photography 1955–1976] (in German). Ludwigshafen am Rhein: Verlag Pro Message. p. 168. ISBN 3-934845-18-5. 
  • Werner Greder (1983). Bruchsal und die Eisenbahn. Entstehung der Eisenbahnen in und um Bruchsal in den Jahren 1843–1914 (in German). Bruchsal.  (Publication no. 2 of the city of Bruchsal Historical Commission).

External links[edit]