Mannheim Hauptbahnhof

Coordinates: 49°28′47″N 8°28′11″E / 49.47972°N 8.46972°E / 49.47972; 8.46972
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Mannheim Hauptbahnhof
Deutsche Bahn Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn
Through station
General information
LocationWilly-Brandt-Platz 17
68161 Mannheim
Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg
Coordinates49°28′47″N 8°28′11″E / 49.47972°N 8.46972°E / 49.47972; 8.46972
Owned byDeutsche Bahn
Operated by
Platforms11 (1–5 and 7–12)
Other information
Station code3925
DS100 codeRM
Fare zoneVRN: 94[3]
Opened1840; 184 years ago (1840)
100,000 daily[4]
Preceding station DB Fernverkehr Following station
Frankfurt Airport
towards Kiel Hbf
ICE 4 Stuttgart Hbf
One-way operation
Worms Hbf
One-way operation
ICE 11 Heidelberg Hbf
Frankfurt Airport
Karlsruhe Hbf
One-way operation
Frankfurt (Main) Hbf ICE 12 Karlsruhe Hbf
towards Interlaken Ost or Chur
Neustadt (Weinstraße) Hbf ICE 15 Bensheim
Mainz Hbf ICE 19 Heidelberg Hbf
Frankfurt (Main) Hbf ICE 20 Karlsruhe Hbf
towards Zürich HB
Frankfurt Airport
towards Hamburg Hbf
ICE 22 Karlsruhe Hbf
towards Basel Bad Bf
Heidelberg Hbf
Mainz Hbf ICE 32 Heidelberg Hbf
Mainz Hbf
towards Dortmund Hbf
IC 32 Heidelberg Hbf
towards Oberstdorf
Worms Hbf IC 35 Stuttgart Hbf
Karlsruhe Hbf
towards Konstanz
Frankfurt Airport ICE 42 Stuttgart Hbf
towards München Hbf
Frankfurt Airport ICE 43 Karlsruhe Hbf
towards Basel SBB
Mainz Hbf IC 43 Karlsruhe Hbf
Mainz Hbf
towards Köln Hbf
ICE 45 Heidelberg Hbf
Frankfurt Airport
towards Dortmund Hbf
ICE 47 Stuttgart Hbf
towards München Hbf
Kaiserslautern Hbf ICE 50 Bensheim
towards Dresden Hbf
Mainz Hbf
towards Dresden Hbf
IC 55 Heidelberg Hbf
Neustadt IC 62 Stuttgart Hbf
towards Graz Hbf
Ludwigshafen (Rhein) Mitte Terminus
Frankfurt (Main) Hbf
ICE/TGV 82 Kaiserslautern Hbf
towards Paris Est
ICE/TGV 84 Karlsruhe Hbf
towards Marseille
Preceding station DB Regio Mitte Following station
Ludwigshafen (Rhein) Mitte
towards Koblenz Hbf
RE 1
Ludwigshafen (Rhein) Mitte RE 14
Ladenburg RE 60
Mannheim-Waldhof RE 70
Neu-Edingen/Friedrichsfeld RB 67
Preceding station Following station
Terminus RE 10a Heidelberg Hbf
towards Heilbronn
RE 10b
Preceding station Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn Following station
Ludwigshafen (Rhein) Mitte S1 Mannheim ARENA/Maimarkt
towards Osterburken
Ludwigshafen (Rhein) Mitte S2 Mannheim ARENA/Maimarkt
Ludwigshafen (Rhein) Mitte
towards Germersheim
S3 Mannheim ARENA/Maimarkt
Terminus S4 Mannheim ARENA/Maimarkt
Ludwigshafen (Rhein) Mitte
towards Mainz Hbf
S6 Mannheim ARENA/Maimarkt
towards Bensheim
towards Biblis
S8 Terminus
Mannheim-Handelshafen S9 Mannheim-Neckarau
Mannheim-Luzenberg S39 Terminus
Mannheim is located in Baden-Württemberg
Location in Baden-Württemberg
Mannheim is located in Germany
Location in Germany
Mannheim is located in Europe
Location in Europe

Mannheim Hauptbahnhof (German for Mannheim central station) is a railway station in Mannheim in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It is the second largest traffic hub in southwestern Germany behind Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof, with 658 trains a day, including 238 long-distance trains. It is also a key station in the Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn. 100,000 passengers embark, disembark or transfer between trains at the station each day.[4] The station was modernised in 2001. It is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 2 station.[1]


The station is located on the southern edge of central Mannheim. In November 2001, the station was comprehensively redeveloped with a modern shopping and service centre.

Travellers reach the platforms via escalators and lifts in the wings of the entrance hall, which lead to a northern and a southern subway under the tracks. The routes to the platforms have been upgraded to make them accessible for the disabled. Lifts, escalators and a direction system for the visually impaired enable all travellers to reach the trains without assistance. The lifts are to be found in the northern subway while the escalators are located in the southern subway.

There is a Deutsche Bahn lounge for first class passengers and frequent travellers.

Since 1897 the station has had a Bahnhofsmission (“station mission”, a charity established at some major German railway stations that is mainly staffed by volunteers) on platform 1, which among other things helps mobility-impaired tourists.

The station forecourt has stops for several tram and bus lines of Rhein-Neckar-Verkehr (the public transport operator of the Rhine-Neckar region), the Rhein-Haardt Bahn (RHB, an interurban running to the west), the Oberrheinische Eisenbahn (OEG, an interurban running to the east and the northeast) and the bus lines of Busverkehr Rhein-Neckar (a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn, operating over a large region centred on Mannheim). The central bus station adjacent to the southern end of platform 1 is served by long-distance buses and an airport shuttle service, as well as non-scheduled bus services.

The entrance building continues the line of buildings on the bank of the Rhine southeast from Mannheim Palace. Its central axis faces the Kaiserring, the south-eastern inner-city ring road.


The original station, about 1840

The original station of the Badische Hauptbahn (Baden mainline) from Heidelberg, opened in 1840, was a terminal station at the current Tattersall tram stop to the north of the current station. Plans for a bridge over the Rhine to Ludwigshafen (now the Konrad Adenauer Bridge), however, soon made it necessary to move the station.[5]

Station forecourt 1925

The station building, some of which still survives, was built between 1871 and 1876. From around 1900, consideration was given to extending or relocating the station. In 1915 it was decided to expand the existing station. In 1927, the front of the station was demolished and rebuilt 10 m (32 ft 10 in) closer to the street, doubling the area of the station. During this restructuring, there was debate on whether the facade should be restored to its original form. Ultimately, it was rebuilt in a simplified form. Due to the substantial destruction during World War II and the subsequent reconstruction of the facade it was simplified again and rebuilt without decorative elements, but reminiscent of its previous form.

In the summer 1939 timetable the station is shown as having 94 arriving and departing regular long-distance trains per day. Deutsche Reichsbahn ranked it as the 14th most congested node of its network.[6]

Between 1977 and 1982 a new relay interlocking system (class SpDrS60) was installed, replacing the electro-mechanical interlocking at the eastern end of the station and three push button interlockings in the rest of the station area. In the mid-1980s, the new signal box controlled 74 km (46 mi) of line with 721 appliances (including 250 sets of points and derails as well as 66 main signals).[7]

On 2 June 1985, the Western Entrance to the Riedbahn (Ried Railway) to Mannheim was opened. This avoided the need for trains running from Frankfurt via Mannheim to Stuttgart and Karlsruhe to reverse in Mannheim Hauptbahnhof.[8]

With a total of 269 arrivals and departures of scheduled long-distance trains each day in Mannheim Hauptbahnhof in the timetable for the summer of 1989, it was the tenth most important node in the Deutsche Bundesbahn network.[9] With 308 such arrivals and departures each day in the timetable for the summer of 1996, it had become the sixth most important node in the Deutsche Bahn network.[10]

In 1995, a parking garage was built under the station forecourt and the station building was comprehensively renovated and redesigned between 1999 and 2001. The platform-side buildings were extended and had their symmetry restored, while the entrance hall received a glass dome. The blend of tradition and modernism is considered successful.

With 332 arrivals and departures in the 2004 timetable, the station had become the fifth most important node in the Deutsche Bahn network.[11]

On 18 July 2007, the new central bus station was officially opened adjacent to the station. The nine parking bays used by long-distance buses operated from the bus station are currently served by more than 30 bus routes, according to the operator, Mannheimer Parkhausbetriebe GmbH.[12]

Train collision in 2014[edit]

Accident site on 2 August 2014

On 1 August 2014, a freight train passing through Mannheim Hauptbahnhof crashed into the side of long-distance passenger train EuroCity 216 (from Graz to Saarbrücken) when both trains entered the station. Five cars of the EuroCity derailed, two of which overturned; two freight cars and the freight locomotive also derailed. Of the 250 passengers on the EuroCity, 34 were injured, plus four seriously (as stated in the EUB report; numbers vary among sources). Investigators determined that the freight train had failed to heed a main signal which commanded 'halt' (a red light). This happened because the driver assumed to not have reached the station yet, so he expected the signals to be on the left side, like the previous ones; but in stations, signals are placed to the right. Therefore, he took the "proceed" signal for the EuroCity as meant for him. When he passed the main signal at danger, the PZB safety system was triggered and forced the freight train to stop immediately. Instead of contacting the train controller for instructions, which is mandatory, the driver restarted the train on his own. He assumed that the PZB action was due to the missing acknowledgement of the distant signal ('expect halt') at the same location, but even then permission to continue must be asked for. He then passed two more signals ("Schutzsignale") at danger (red 'halt' aspect, not guarded by PZB) and hit the EuroCity. The accident caused a damage of 2.3 million Euros.[13] In September 2016, the driver was convicted for intentionally endangering railway operations and for bodily injury caused by negligence, because he had continued after the forced braking without permission from the traffic controller. He received six months in prison on probation and 100 hours of community service.[14][15]

Planned developments[edit]

Track field
Mannheim Hauptbahnhof at night

The station lies is at the junction of lines from Stuttgart, Basel, Saarbrücken and Frankfurt. The Mannheim-Stuttgart high-speed rail line was completed in 1991 and it is planned to build a high-speed line to Frankfurt. Deutsche Bahn had sought to establish a by-pass of the city through the Rheinauer Wald (forest) to the east of the city, including a complex junction in the Pfingstberg Tunnel. This would have substantially reduced the number of long-distance trains serving Mannheim, leading to massive resistance from the city and the region. As a result, Deutsche Bahn dropped this plan for the time being in 2006.

Extensive changes at the railway tracks of the main station are planned over a three-year construction period. Construction was supposed to have started in late 2007, but had not begun by early 2010. Among other things, a new platform is to be built for the Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn for approximately €50 million.[16] In addition, regional and long-distance traffic are to be largely segregated, with regional trains being operated in the future on the four tracks closest to the station building and long-distance traffic operating on the more distant tracks.

As part of an urban development project called Mannheim 21 on land on the south side of the station, there are plans to convert the most southerly underpass under the platforms, now used as a baggage tunnel, into a third platform access route and extend it to the Lindenhof; it would not connect to the station building, but would instead connect to the bus station. The current southern underpass, which runs under the middle of the platforms, is frequently overloaded by pedestrian traffic.

Due to the increasing number of passengers using the station forecourt at the interchanges to public transport (currently around 52,000 daily) an upgrade of the Hauptbahnhof tram/light rail stop is proposed. Two versions are discussed: option 1, which includes four new platforms laid across the axis of the whole Kaiserring, is preferred by the city council. Option 2 would add one track and one platform to the existing stop. Rhein-Neckar-Verkehr (Rhine-Neckar Transport) favours option 2 because it would be more practicable, being less expensive and faster to build.[17][18]

Operational usage[edit]

ICE 1 in Mannheim Hauptbahnhof

Each day DB operates 238 long-distance trains, 265 regional trains and 155 S-Bahn trains through the station (as of 2009).[4]

Long distance trains[edit]

Due to its convenient position, many long-distance lines connect in Mannheim, with overlapping routes creating services at 60-minute intervals on several routes. Various high-speed routes bring major cities in Germany and in neighboring countries within a few hours away and thus provide an alternative to air travel.

Line Route Frequency
ICE 4 StuttgartMannheimFrankfurt AirportFrankfurtHanoverHamburgKiel One train
ICE 11 BerlinLeipzigErfurtFrankfurt (Main)MannheimStuttgartUlmAugsburgMunich 2 hour intervals
ICE 12 Berlin – Brunswick – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Frankfurt (Main) – MannheimKarlsruheFreiburgBasel (– ZürichInterlaken-Ost) 2 hour intervals
ICE 15 Berlin – Halle – Erfurt – Frankfurt – DarmstadtMannheimKaiserslauternSaarbrücken 1 train pair
ICE 20 (Kiel –) HamburgHanover – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Frankfurt (Main) – Mannheim – Karlsruhe – Freiburg – Basel (– Zürich – Interlaken-Ost) 2 hour intervals
ICE 22 (Kiel –) Hamburg – Hanover – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Frankfurt (Main) – Frankfurt AirportMannheim – Stuttgart 2 hour intervals
ICE 32 CologneBonnKoblenzBingenMainzMannheimHeidelberg – Stuttgart – UlmFriedrichshafen StadtLindauBregenzSt. Anton Innsbruck 1 train pair
IC 32 DortmundEssenDuisburgDüsseldorf – Cologne – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Stuttgart – KemptenOberstdorf 1 train pair
IC 35 Norddeich Mole – Münster – Duisburg – Cologne – Koblenz – Mannheim – Stuttgart or Karlsruhe – Konstanz Some trains on the weekend
ICE 42 (Hamburg – Bremen –) Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Cologne – Siegburg/Bonn – Frankfurt Airport – Mannheim – Stuttgart – Ulm – Augsburg – München 2 hour intervals
ICE 43 (Amsterdam – Duisburg –) or (HamburgBremenMünster – Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf –) or (Hanover – Dortmund – Wuppertal –) Cologne – Siegburg/Bonn – Frankfurt Airport – Mannheim – Karlsruhe – Freiburg – Basel 2 hour intervals
EC 43/

IC 55

Hamburg-Altona – Hamburg – Bremen – Münster – Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Karlsruhe – Baden-Baden – Freiburg – Basel – Zürich / Interlaken Ost 2 train pairs daily
ICE 45 Cologne – Cologne/Bonn AirportMontabaurLimburg SüdWiesbaden – Mainz – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Stuttgart Individual services
ICE 47 Dortmund – Duisburg – Köln Messe/Deutz Frankfurt Airport – Mannheim – Stuttgart 2 hour intervals
ICE 50 Dresden – Leipzig – Erfurt – Frankfurt – Darmstadt – Mannheim – Saarbrücken 1 train pair
IC 55 Dresden – Leipzig – HalleMagdeburgBraunschweig – Hanover – Bielefeld – Dortmund – Hagen – Wuppertal – Solingen – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Bingen – Mainz – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Vaihingen – Stuttgart (– PlochingenReutlingenTübingen) Every 2 hours
EC/RJ 62 Saarbrücken – Homburg (Saar) – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Stuttgart – Ulm – Augsburg – Munich – Rosenheim – Salzburg – Graz 1 train pair
ICE/TGV 82 Frankfurt (Main) – Mannheim – Kaiserslautern – Saarbrücken – Paris Est 2 hour intervals
ICE/TGV 84 Marseille - Aix TGV - Avignon TGV - Lyon-Part-Dieu - Mâcon-Ville - Besançon Franche-Comté - Belfort-Montbéliard - Mulhouse - Strasbourg - Baden-Baden - Karlsruhe - Mannheim - Frankfurt 1 train pair
ECE 85 Frankfurt – Mannheim – Karlsruhe – Freiburg – Basel – LucerneBellinzonaMonzaMilan 1 train pair
EN Zürich – Basel – Freiburg (Breisgau) – Karlsruhe – MannheimFrankfurt Süd – Halle – Berlin – Hamburg 1 train pair

Regional services[edit]

Line Route Interval
RE 1 Mannheim – Ludwigshafen Mitte Neustadt – Kaiserslautern – Homburg – Saarbrücken – Trier – Koblenz 2 hours
RE 9 MannheimSchwetzingenHockenheim – Waghäusel – Graben-Neudorf – Karlsruhe Some trains in the peak
RE 10a Mannheim – Heidelberg – Eberbach – Mosbach-Neckarelz – Bad Friedrichshall Heilbronn 2 hours
RE 10b Mannheim – Heidelberg – Sinsheim – Bad Friedrichshall – Heilbronn 2 hours
RE 14 Mannheim – Ludwigshafen Mitte – Worms – Mainz 2 hours
RE 40 Mannheim – Heidelberg – Wiesloch-WalldorfBruchsal – Karlsruhe – Freudenstadt 1 train pair
RE 60 MannheimWeinheimBensheimDarmstadt – Frankfurt 2 hours
RB 67 Mannheim – Neu-Edingen/Friedrichsfeld – Weinheim – Bensheim – Darmstadt – Frankfurt Some trains
RE 70 MannheimBiblis – Gernsheim – Frankfurt 1 hour
RE 73 Mannheim – Heidelberg – Wiesloch-Walldorf – Bruchsal – Karlsruhe Some trains

Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn[edit]

The Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn is the backbone of transport in the Rhine-Neckar region. In December 2003, a 290 km (180 mi) S-Bahn network was put into operation. Further expansion of the S-Bahn network has been agreed on in 2008, but after several delays, the new lines are expected to start in 2020.[19][20]

Line Route Frequency
S1 Homburg (Saar)–Osterburken
HomburgKaiserslauternNeustadt (Weinstraße)SchifferstadtLudwigshafenMannheimHeidelbergNeckargemündEberbachMosbachOsterburken
60 minute intervals
S2 Kaiserslautern–Eberbach (–Mosbach Baden)
Kaiserslautern – Neustadt (Weinstraße) – Schifferstadt – Ludwigshafen – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Neckargemünd – Eberbach (– Mosbach Baden)
60 minute intervals
S3 Germersheim–Karlsruhe
GermersheimSpeyer – Schifferstadt – Ludwigshafen – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Wiesloch-WalldorfBruchsalKarlsruhe
60 minute intervals
S4 Germersheim–Bruchsal
Germersheim – Speyer – Schifferstadt – Ludwigshafen – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Wiesloch-Walldorf – Bruchsal
60 minute intervals
S6 (Bensheim –) Mannheim – Ludwigshafen – Frankenthal – Worms – Mainz 30 minute intervals
(60 minutes from/to Bensheim)
S9 Karlsruhe – Blankenloch – Graben-Neudorf – Waghäusel – Hockenheim – Schwetzingen – Mhm-Rheinau –

Mannheim Hbf – Mhm-Neckarstadt or Mhm-Neuostheim – Mhm-Waldhof – Ladenburg – Bürstadt – Biblis – Groß-Rohrheim

60 minute intervals
30 minutes (Karlsruhe–Graben in peak)
30 min (Graben–Mannheim)
S39 Mannheim-Waldhof – Mannheim (– Heidelberg – Karlsruhe) Individual services

Interurban trams[edit]

In the station forecourt is the stop of the metre gauge trams of the Rhein-Neckar-Verkehr (RNV), served by line 4 of the Rhein-Haardtbahn (RHB) and line 5 of the Oberrheinische Eisenbahn (OEG) two interurban tramways, running over the tracks of Manheim's tram company (the MVV Verkehr AG) within the city limits.

Line Route Frequency
4 Heddesheim/Käfertal – MannheimOggersheim/Bad Dürkheim (RHB) 10-minute intervals
5 WeinheimMannheim – Heidelberg – Weinheim (OEG) 10-minute intervals



  1. ^ a b "Stationspreisliste 2024" [Station price list 2024] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 24 April 2023. Retrieved 29 November 2023.
  2. ^ Airport information for Mannheim Hauptbahnhof at Transport Search website.
  3. ^ "Wabenplan" (PDF). Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Neckar. February 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "Service und Einkaufen am Südrand der Mannheimer City" (in German). Deutsche Bahn. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
  5. ^ "Hauptbahnhof Mannheim, Empfangsgebäude" (in German). Rhein-Neckar-Industriekultur. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
  6. ^ Ralph Seidel (2005). Der Einfluss veränderter Raumbedingungen auf Netzgestalt und Frequenz im Schienenpersonenfernverkehr Deutschlands (in German). p. 27(Dissertation of the University of Leipzig){{cite book}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  7. ^ Erich Fein (1984). "Die neuen Eisenbhanbauten im Raum Mannheim im Rahmen der Einführung der Westlichen Riedbahn und der Neubaustrecke Mannheim–Stuttgart". In DB-Bahnbauzentrale Frankfurt/M. (ed.). Eisenbahnbau für das 21. Jahrhundert: Streckenausbau bei der Deutschen Bundesbahn (in German). Frankfurt am Main. pp. 52–62.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  8. ^ Winfried Hanslmeier (1987). "Baumaßnahmen der Ausbaustrecken". In Knut Reimers, Wilhelm Linkerhägner (ed.). Wege in die Zukunft. Neubau- und Ausbaustrecken der Deutschen Bundesbahn (in German). Darmstadt: Hestra. pp. 208–218. ISBN 3-7771-0200-8.
  9. ^ Ralph Seidel (2005). Der Einfluss veränderter Raumbedingungen auf Netzgestalt und Frequenz im Schienenpersonenfernverkehr Deutschlands (in German). p. 46(Dissertation of the University of Leipzig){{cite book}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  10. ^ Ralph Seidel (2005). Der Einfluss veränderter Raumbedingungen auf Netzgestalt und Frequenz im Schienenpersonenfernverkehr Deutschlands (in German). p. 62(Dissertation of the University of Leipzig){{cite book}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  11. ^ Ralph Seidel (2005). Der Einfluss veränderter Raumbedingungen auf Netzgestalt und Frequenz im Schienenpersonenfernverkehr Deutschlands (in German). p. 100(Dissertation of the University of Leipzig){{cite book}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  12. ^ "Ziele in ganz Europa ab Mannheims neuem Busbahnhof (press release)" (in German). Mannheimer Parkhausbetribe GmbH. 13 February 2008. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
  13. ^ "Zugkollision, 01.08.2014, Mannheim Hbf" [Train collision, 1 August 2014, Mannheim main station] (PDF) (in German). EUB official report. 23 September 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 October 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  14. ^ "Lokführer zu Bewährungsstrafe verurteilt" [Train driver receives sentence on probation] (in German). Mannheimer Morgen (newspaper). 28 September 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  15. ^ "Unfall-Lokführer bekommt Bewährungsstrafe" [Accident engineer receives sentence on probation] (in German). Südwestrundfunk. 28 September 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  16. ^ "Für den Hauptbahnhof haben wir lange gekämpft" (in German). Mannheimer Morgen. 22 March 2007. Archived from the original on 29 July 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
  17. ^ "Engpass im Liniennetz der RNV" (in German). Mannheimer Morgen. 3 April 2009. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
  18. ^ "AUT träumt von teurer Lösung" (in German). Mannheimer Morgen. 8 April 2009. Archived from the original on 6 September 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
  19. ^ "S-Bahn-Verspätung ärgert Bürger und Politiker" [S-Bahn delay annoys citizens and politicians] (in German). Mannheimer Morgen. 27 May 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  20. ^ "S-Bahn-Züge rollen mit einem weiteren Jahr Verspätung an" [S-Bahn trains rolling with a delay of another year] (in German). Mannheimer Morgen. 22 December 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2017.

External links[edit]