Mannington Township, New Jersey
|Mannington Township, New Jersey|
|Township of Mannington|
Mannington Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Mannington Township, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Mentioned||May 12, 1701|
|Incorporated||February 21, 1798|
|• Body||Township Committee|
|• Mayor||John R. Emel (D, term ends December 31, 2016)|
|• Clerk / Administrator||Esther A. Mitchell|
|• Total||37.725 sq mi (97.708 km2)|
|• Land||33.704 sq mi (87.294 km2)|
|• Water||4.021 sq mi (10.414 km2) 10.66%|
|Area rank||62nd of 566 in state
4th of 15 in county
|Elevation||3 ft (0.9 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2015)||1,750|
|• Rank||498th of 566 in state
11th of 15 in county
|• Density||53.6/sq mi (20.7/km2)|
|• Density rank||554th of 566 in state
14th of 15 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||08079 - Salem|
|Area code(s)||856 exchanges: 339, 769, 878, 935|
|GNIS feature ID||0882133|
Mannington Township is a township in Salem County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 1,806, reflecting an increase of 247 (+15.8%) from the 1,559 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 134 (-7.9%) from the 1,693 counted in the 1990 Census.
Mannington Township was first mentioned on May 12, 1701. It had been previously known as East Fenwick Township, which was mentioned on September 3, 1679, though the details of its incorporation are unknown. The township was incorporated by New Jersey Legislature's Township Act of 1798 on February 21, 1798 as one of New Jersey's original group of 104 townships. A portion of the township was taken in 1878 and annexed by Quinton Township. The township's name derives from the Lenape deity, variously spelled as Maneto or Manito.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 37.725 square miles (97.708 km2), including 33.704 square miles (87.294 km2) of land and 4.021 square miles (10.414 km2) of water (10.66%).
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Acton, Halltown, Marshalltown, Pointers, Portertown, Slapes Corner, Welchtown and Welchville.
|Population sources: 1810-2000
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
The 2010 United States Census counted 1,806 people, 540 households, and 392 families residing in the township. The population density was 53.6 per square mile (20.7/km2). The township contained 592 housing units at an average density of 17.6 per square mile (6.8/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 72.59% (1,311) White, 21.10% (381) Black or African American, 0.66% (12) Native American, 0.44% (8) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 3.93% (71) from other races, and 1.27% (23) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 8.19% (148) of the population.
Out of a total of 540 households, 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.4% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the township, 18.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.4 years. For every 100 females the census counted 141.8 males, but for 100 females at least 18 years old, it was 143.0 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $63,650 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,287) and the median family income was $75,625 (+/- $17,613). Males had a median income of $59,896 (+/- $6,020) versus $42,159 (+/- $10,096) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $33,369 (+/- $5,096). About 6.1% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 1,559 people, 539 households, and 409 families residing in the township. The population density was 44.8 people per square mile (17.3/km²). There were 573 housing units at an average density of 16.5 per square mile (6.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 75.63% White, 20.91% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 1.73% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.34% of the population.
There were 539 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the township the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 23.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $52,625, and the median income for a family was $62,500. Males had a median income of $45,714 versus $29,727 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,262. About 3.8% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
Mannington Mills operates a manufacturing facility which occupies over 500 acres (200 ha), which it moved to Mannington after the company was established in Salem in 1915. In 2010, the company undertook an extensive cleanup of contaminated soil on the plant site.
Mannington Township is governed under the Township form of government. The governing body is a three-member Township Committee, whose members are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. At an annual reorganization meeting conducted during the first week of January, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.
As of 2016[update], members of the Mannington Township Committee are Mayor John R. Emel (D, term on committee ends December 21, 2018; term as mayor ends 2016), Deputy Mayor Dante C. Spina Sr. (D, term on committee ends 2017; term as deputy mayor ends 2016) and Donald C. Asay (R, 2016).
In the 2012 general election, the Township Committee had Democrats in the majority for the first time in township history, though the committee decided to choose the committee's only Republican, Donald C. Asay, as mayor.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Salem County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2014[update], Salem County's Freeholders (with party, residence, term-end year and committee chairmanship listed in parentheses) are Director Julie A. Acton (R, Pennsville Township, 2016; Administration), Deputy Director Dale A. Cross (R, Pennsville Township, 2014; Public Safety), Bruce L. Bobbitt (D, Pilesgrove Township, 2014; Public Services), Ben Laury (R, Elmer, 2015; Public Works) Beth E. Timberman (D, Woodstown, 2015; Social Services), Robert J. Vanderslice (R, Pennsville Township, 2014; Health and Human Services) Lee R. Ware (D, Elsinboro Township, 2016; Transportation, Agriculture and Cultural Affairs). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Gilda T. Gill (2014), Sheriff Charles M. Miller (2015) and Surrogate Nicki A. Burke (2015).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,014 registered voters in Mannington Township, of which 243 (24.0% vs. 30.6% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 285 (28.1% vs. 21.0%) were registered as Republicans and 486 (47.9% vs. 48.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 56.1% (vs. 64.6% in Salem County) were registered to vote, including 68.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 84.4% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 55.8% of the vote (406 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 42.1% (306 votes), and other candidates with 2.1% (15 votes), among the 734 ballots cast by the township's 1,036 registered voters (7 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 70.8%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 394 votes (52.0% vs. 46.6% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 349 votes (46.0% vs. 50.4%) and other candidates with 10 votes (1.3% vs. 1.6%), among the 758 ballots cast by the township's 1,018 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.5% (vs. 71.8% in Salem County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 414 votes (55.3% vs. 52.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 324 votes (43.3% vs. 45.9%) and other candidates with 5 votes (0.7% vs. 1.0%), among the 748 ballots cast by the township's 1,021 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.3% (vs. 71.0% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 73.8% of the vote (363 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 24.6% (121 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (8 votes), among the 497 ballots cast by the township's 999 registered voters (5 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 49.7%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 268 votes (46.7% vs. 46.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 225 votes (39.2% vs. 39.9%), Independent Chris Daggett with 63 votes (11.0% vs. 9.7%) and other candidates with 11 votes (1.9% vs. 2.0%), among the 574 ballots cast by the township's 1,010 registered voters, yielding a 56.8% turnout (vs. 47.3% in the county).
The Mannington Township School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade at Mannington Township School. As of the 2012-13 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 183 students and 16.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.37:1.
Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Salem High School in Salem City, together with students from Elsinboro Township, Lower Alloways Creek Township and Quinton Township, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Salem City School District.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 69.40 miles (111.69 km) of roadways, of which 30.42 miles (48.96 km) were maintained by the municipality, 32.36 miles (52.08 km) by Salem County and 6.62 miles (10.65 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
The 18.6 miles (29.9 km) southern portion of the freight rail Salem Branch operated under contract by Southern Railroad of New Jersey runs through Mannington, with Mannington Mills being one of the short line's major customers.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Mannington Township include:
- Thomas A. Pankok (born 1931), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly from 1982 to 1986, where he represented the 3rd Legislative District.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Township Committee, Mannington Township. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- 2016 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed June 14, 2016. As of date accessed, Emel is listed with an incorrect mayoral term-end year of 2018.
- Municipal Offices, Mannington Township. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 20.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Mannington, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Mannington township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Mannington township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - 2015 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 22, 2016.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Mannington, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Mannington, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 23, 2013.
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- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 216. Accessed October 28, 2012.
- Home Page, Mannington Township. Accessed September 4, 2015. "Mannington is derived from the Native American word Maneto."
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 4, 2015.
- "Indian Place Names in New Jersey", from the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration 1938–1939 Series, Bulletin 12. Accessed September 4, 2015. "Each subtribe of the Lenape kept its own Walam Olum, but all the records began by describing how the great Manito (god) made the sea, the sky and the earth, and created man and the animals."
- New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. New Jersey ABC list of dry towns (May 1, 2013)
- Giordano, Rita. "More towns catching liquor-license buzz; Moorestown considers ending its dry spell", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 24, 2007. Accessed February 16, 2014.
- DeLorme (2005). New Jersey Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-324-9.
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- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 23, 2013.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 254, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed January 17, 2013. "Mannington was at first called East Fenwick; its present name is derived from the Indian word Maneto. Manningtonville is a small settlement in the central part of the township. Mannington township contained in 1850 2,187 inhabitants; in 1860, 2,393; in 1870, 2,351."
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Mannington township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Mannington township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Mannington township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- Gallo Jr., Bill. "Mannington Mills plans major environmental cleanup at local plant", South Jersey Times, November 7, 2009. Accessed September 23, 2013.
- "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 7. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
- 2016 Municipal Data Sheet, Mannington Township. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- The Official Salem County Directory, Salem County, New Jersey, February 4, 2016. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- Municipalities in Salem County, Salem County, New Jersey Clerk. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- November 3, 2015 Summary Report Salem County Official Results, Salem County, New Jersey Clerk, updated January 13, 2016. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- November 4, 2014 Summary Report Salem County Official Results, Salem County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 24, 2014. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- November 5, 2013 Summary Report Salem County Unofficial Results, Salem County, New Jersey, updated November 5, 2013. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- Williams, Michael. "Democratic majority on Mannington Township Committee names Republican mayor", South Jersey Times, January 4, 2013. Accessed January 17, 2013. "During the reorganization of township committee on Thursday, newly elected Democratic Committeeman John Emel was sworn-in to a three year term. Emel's election brought the make-up of the three member township committee to 2 to 1 with a Democratic majority, which marks the first time in the township's history that Republicans have not held the majority in Mannington. But in a somewhat unusual move, the Democratic members of committee nominated lone Republican Donald Asay to continue serving as mayor."
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2016 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 60, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed July 20, 2016.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
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- Board of Chosen Freeholders, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
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- County Clerk, Salem County Clerk's Office . Accessed July 27, 2014.
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- The Official 2013 Salem County Directory, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
- Voter Registration Summary - Salem, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
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- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed January 17, 2013.
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- 2009 Governor: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed January 17, 2013.
- District information for Mannington Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 27, 2015.
- Our Sending Districts, Salem City School District (New Jersey). Accessed December 8, 2014. "Salem High School welcomes students from: Elsinboro Township School; Lower Alloways Creek School; Mannington Township School; Quinton Township School"
- Bumpus, Robert L. Salem County Report on Consolidation and Regionalization, Salem County, New Jersey Executive County Superintendent, March 15, 2010. Accessed December 8, 2014. "In this area of Salem County four P-8 districts, Lower Alloway Creek, Quinton, Elsinboro, and Mannington Townships have a send/receive agreement with neighboring Salem City to send their students to Salem High School."
- Salem County Education, Discover Salem County. Accessed December 8, 2014. "Students from Elsinboro, Lower Alloways Creek Township, Mannington Township and Quinton Township attend the district's high school for grades 9-12 as part of sending/receiving relationships."
- Salem County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Salem County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 28, 2010. Accessed January 16, 2013.
- South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed September 30, 2014.
- Staff. "SHORT LINES, LONG HISTORY \ LITTLE RAILROADS ONCE FLOURISHED. NOW, THEY LIVE AGAIN.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, April 20, 1999. Accessed September 23, 2013. "And now the 18-mile stretch of aging track through woods and farmland is a branch of the Southern Railroad Co. of New Jersey, one of the largest short lines in the state.... On the Salem branch, the railroad picks up loaded freight cars in Swedesboro and delivers such things as crushed limestone to Mannington Mills, a floor-tile maker, and soda ash to Anchor Glass in Salem County."
- Young, Alex. "Salem County awards contract to replace Oldman's Trestle railroad bridge", NJ.com, April 3, 2015. Accessed October 31, 2016. "The work is all part of the long-term plan to upgrade the Salem County short line railroad in order to bring the dated track back up to standard and benefit local industry. The rail line starts at the port of Salem and travels north through Mannington, Woodstown and Pilesgrove before crossing the Gloucester County line and going on to Swedesboro."
- Gallo Jr., Bill. "Pankok retires as Delaware River and Bay Authority secretary", NJ.com, December 21, 2011. Accessed August 25, 2016. "Pankok may also be the last person to hold the post of secretary at the bi-state authority that was created in 1962. 'I just can't tell you how much I've enjoyed my time here,' said Pankok, a Mannington Township resident."
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