3D model (Jmol)
|Molar mass||210.18 g·mol−1|
|Density||1.7 g cm−3|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Mannoheptulose is a hexokinase inhibitor. It is a heptose, a monosaccharide with seven carbon atoms. By blocking the enzyme hexokinase, it prevents glucose phosphorylation. As a result, the breakdown of glucose is inhibited. It is found as D-mannoheptulose in avocados.
Mannoheptulose has been reported to inhibit insulin secretion from pancreas. This inhibition occurs because when mannoheptulose is present the glycolysis is inhibited (because there is no production of glucose-6-P) therefore no increase in ATP concentration which is required to close the KATP channel in the beta cells of the pancreas causing a diminution of calcium entry and insulin secretion.
Because of its inhibition of glycolysis in vitro, it has been investigated as a novel nutraceuticals for weight management for dogs. However, while mannoheptulose is suggested to affect the energy balance of adult dogs, independent of dosage and physical activity, research disagrees whether it significantly alters energy expenditure in dogs.
- Dai, N; Schaffer, A; Petreikov, M; Shahak, Y; Giller, Y; Ratner, K; Levine, A; Granot, D (1999). "Overexpression of Arabidopsis hexokinase in tomato plants inhibits growth, reduces photosynthesis, and induces rapid senescence". The Plant cell. 11 (7): 1253–66. doi:10.1105/tpc.11.7.1253. PMC . PMID 10402427.
- Lucke, Christoph; Kagan, Avir; Adelman, Neil; Glick, Seymour (1972). "Effect of 2-Deoxy-D-Glucose and Mannoheptulose on the Insulin Response to Amino Acids in Rabbits". Diabetes. 21 (1): 1–5. doi:10.2337/diab.21.1.1.
- McKnight, Leslie; Root-McCraig, Jared; Wright, David; Davenport, Gary; France, James; Shoveller, Anna Kate (2015). "Dietary Mannoheptulose Does Not Significantly Alter Daily Energy Expenditure in Adult Labrador Retrievers". PLos One. 10 (12): e0143324. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0143324. PMC .
- McKnight, Leslie; Eyre, Ryan; Gooding, Margaret; Davenport, Gary; Shoveller, Anna Kate (2015). "Dietary Mannoheptulose Increases Fasting Serum Glucagon Like Peptide-1 and Post-Prandial Serum Ghrelin Concentrations in Adult Beagle Dogs". Animals. 5 (2): 442–454. doi:10.3390/ani5020365. PMC .
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