Manoa

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The lush Mānoa valley sits at the base of the Koʻolau Range

Mānoa (/ˈmɑːnə/, informally /mɑːˈnə/) is a valley and a residential neighborhood of Honolulu, Hawaiʻi. The neighborhood is approximately three miles (5 km) east and inland from downtown Honolulu and less than a mile (1600 m) from Ala Moana and Waikiki at 21°18.87916′N 157°48.4846′W / 21.31465267°N 157.8080767°W / 21.31465267; -157.8080767Coordinates: 21°18.87916′N 157°48.4846′W / 21.31465267°N 157.8080767°W / 21.31465267; -157.8080767.

Neighborhood

Similar to many Honolulu neighborhoods, Mānoa consists of an entire valley, running from Mānoa Falls at the mauka (inland-most) end to King Street. The valley receives almost daily rain, even during the dry season, and is thus richly vegetated – though the valley walls are often dry. Seeing rainbows in the valley is a common occurrence, and is the source of the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa sports team names, the Rainbow Warriors (for men's teams) and Rainbow Wahine (for the women, with the beach volleyball team more often using SandBows).

The neighborhood is composed of private houses built before the 1960s and low-rise condominiums. Mānoa is home to the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, the flagship campus of the University of Hawaiʻi System. The University has several faculty and student residence areas in Mānoa.

Other educational institutions located in Mānoa include Mānoa Elementary School, Noelani Elementary School, Punahou School, Mid-Pacific Institute, Saint Francis School, and a handful of small, private pre-schools.

The central shopping area of Mānoa is the Mānoa Marketplace which features a farmer's market several days of the week. More recent development has seen housing on steeper parts of the Diamond Head side valley wall.

Geography

Mānoa means thick, solid, vast, depth or thickness in the Hawaiian language.[1] There is another valley named Mānoa on the north shore of Kauaʻi.

Mānoa stream begins at the base of Mānoa Falls and runs through the valley before joining Palolo stream to form the Manoa-Palolo drainage canal, which flows into the Ala Wai Canal. Floods caused by high rainfall have plagued the residents living along Mānoa stream. Most recent was on October 30, 2004 when Mānoa stream overflowed causing millions of dollars in damages to residential homes and University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa buildings.

Climate

Climate data for Manoa (Lyon Arboretum) 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1975–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31)
87
(31)
90
(32)
86
(30)
88
(31)
89
(32)
89
(32)
90
(32)
92
(33)
91
(33)
90
(32)
88
(31)
92
(33)
Average high °F (°C) 76.0
(24.4)
75.9
(24.4)
75.7
(24.3)
76.0
(24.4)
77.7
(25.4)
78.1
(25.6)
79.0
(26.1)
80.1
(26.7)
80.8
(27.1)
80.1
(26.7)
78.0
(25.6)
76.4
(24.7)
77.8
(25.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 69.6
(20.9)
69.6
(20.9)
69.8
(21.0)
70.7
(21.5)
72.3
(22.4)
73.3
(22.9)
74.4
(23.6)
75.2
(24.0)
75.4
(24.1)
74.7
(23.7)
72.8
(22.7)
70.9
(21.6)
72.4
(22.4)
Average low °F (°C) 63.1
(17.3)
63.3
(17.4)
63.9
(17.7)
65.4
(18.6)
66.8
(19.3)
68.4
(20.2)
69.7
(20.9)
70.2
(21.2)
70.0
(21.1)
69.2
(20.7)
67.6
(19.8)
65.4
(18.6)
66.9
(19.4)
Record low °F (°C) 52
(11)
50
(10)
52
(11)
56
(13)
56
(13)
59
(15)
61
(16)
61
(16)
63
(17)
59
(15)
54
(12)
49
(9)
49
(9)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 10.64
(270)
9.14
(232)
13.74
(349)
12.91
(328)
9.32
(237)
12.87
(327)
15.35
(390)
12.66
(322)
12.19
(310)
12.89
(327)
15.08
(383)
14.17
(360)
150.96
(3,834)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 in) 18.3 18.0 20.6 24.4 22.5 26.3 28.1 26.8 25.2 24.9 24.1 23.0 282.2
Source: NOAA[2][3]

History

Mānoa is the site of the first sugarcane and coffee plantations in the Hawaiian Islands. Hawaiian coffee was first introduced along Manoa Valley in 1813 by Don Francisco de Paula y Marytin as an ornamental plant. In 1825 Chief Boki, the Royal Governor of Oahu, followed up and brought coffee trees back from Brazil on the ship HMS Blonde.[4]: 34  Chief Boki also chose Manoa Valley as the historic birth site of the very first coffee plantation in Hawaii. With the aid of agriculture expert, John Wilkinson, the coffee trees were able to survive which allowed its descendants to be brought over to Kona and other islands many years later. Hawaiʻi is the only state in the United States that produces coffee commercially. For more history see coffee production in Hawaii.

There are many legends associated with Manoa, one very well known legend is the story of Kahalaopuna. Kahalaopuna was born to Kahaukani and Kauakuahine. Kahaukani is the wind of Manoa and Kauakuahine is the rain of Manoa. Kakaukani and Kauakuahine were brother and sister, both born to Akaaka (the projecting spur of the Manoa mountain range) and Nalehuaakaaka (the lehua on the brow of the Manoa ridge).[5]

Education

Hawaii Department of Education operates public schools in Manoa, which is also home to the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa.

The private Saint Francis School was in Manoa until its 2019 closure.[6]

Gallery

Manoa Valley Panoramic
Manoa Valley Panoramic

Points of interest

References

  1. ^ Pukui, M. K., S. H. Elbert, and E. T. Mookini. The Pocket Hawaiian Dictionary with a Concise Hawaiian Grammar. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, HI. 1975, p. 104.
  2. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 11, 2021.
  3. ^ "Station: Manoa Lyon ARBO 785.2, HI". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 11, 2021.
  4. ^ James Macrae (1922). William Frederick Wilson (ed.). With Lord Byron at the Sandwich Islands in 1825: Being Extracts from the MS Diary of James Macrae, scottish botanist. W.F. Wilson. ISBN 978-0-554-60526-5.
  5. ^ Thrum, Thomas. Hawaiian Folk Tales: A Collection of Native Legends. A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago. 1907, pp. 118–119.
  6. ^ Essoyan, Susan (2019-02-15). "Saint Francis School in Manoa will close entirely at end of academic year". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved 2019-08-26.

External links