Geographic extent of Manobo languages based on Ethnologue maps
The Manobo languages are a group of languages spoken in the Philippines. All go by the name Manobo or Banobo. Their speakers are primarily located around Northern Mindanao, Central Mindanao (presently called SOCCSKSARGEN) and Caraga regions where they are natively spoken. Some outlying groups make Manobo geographically discontiguous as other speakers can be located as far as the southern peninsula of Davao Oriental, southern parts of Davao del Sur and coastal areas of Sultan Kudarat. The Kagayanen speakers are the most extremely remote and can be found in certain portions of Palawan.
- North: Binukid, Kagayanen, Higaonon, Kinamigin
- South: Tagabawa, Sarangani, Cotabato
Elkins (1974:637) classifies the Manobo languages as follows.
- (core branch)
Elkins (1974) includes a reconstruction of Proto-Manobo, along with 197 reconstructed etyma.
The Proto-Manobo phonemes are (Elkins 1974:616):
- Elkins, Richard E. 1974. "A Proto-Manobo Word List." Oceanic Linguistics 13. 601-641.