Manohar Gajanan Joshi (born 2 December 1937) is a former Chief Minister of Maharashtra and a prominent politician from the state of Maharashtra. He was the Chief Minister of Maharashtra from 1995 to 1999. He was Speaker of the Lok Sabha from 2002 to 2004. He is one of the prominent leaders of the Shiv Sena. He is also second Indian to be elected to all the four legislatures.
Background and family
Joshi was born in a Marathi-speaking Brahmin family hailing from Raigad district in Maharashtra, India. His forefathers migrated from Beed district to Nandvi village of Raigad district. He married on 14 May 1964 to Anagha Joshi, and has a son, Unmesh, and two daughters, Asmita and Namrata. Girish Vyas is his son-in-law. The case of Sundew Apartments led to the resignation of Joshi and a subsequent favourable judgment by The Supreme Court of India for petitioner Vijay Kumbhar. The building is now being used for a school.
Formation of Kohinoor
After MA in law he joined in Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) as an officer, but later started the Kohinoor technical/vocational training institute with the idea of an institute for semi–skilled youths to offer training as electrician, plumber, TV/radio/scooter repairman, photography. Eventually, he started multiple branches of Kohinoor in Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Nashik, etc., and later he made an entry in construction and other capital-oriented business.
He began his career by being elected to the Legislative Council from the Shiv Sena. He served three terms from 1972 till 1989. He became the Mayor of Mumbai during 1976 to 1977. He was elected to the Legislative Assembly from a Shiv Sena ticket in 1990.
He became the first non-Congress Chief Minister of Maharashtra when the Shiv Sena-Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) coalition came to power in 1995. Technically, Sharad Pawar led the first non-Congress government in Maharashtra in 1978 as a member of Indian National Congress (Socialist).
Controversy and resignation
Joshi and Bal Thackeray were explicitly named for inciting the Shivsainiks for violence against Muslims during the 1992–1993 riots in an inquiry ordered by the government of India, the Srikrishna Commission Report. However, Joshi, then a part of the BJP-Sena government called the report "anti-Hindu, pro-Muslim and biased" and refused to adopt the commission's recommendations.
During his term as Chief Minister he was embroiled in a scam involving the change of reservation of a plot of land in Pune, which was being developed by his son-in-law, Girish Vyas. Just a couple of months prior to the High Court of Mumbai passing a verdict against Girish Vyas and terming the housing complex "Sundew", illegal, under severe pressure from Vijay Kumbhar an RTI activist from Pune, Joshi resigned.
Lok Sabha and Speaker
He was promoted to the Lok Sabha when he won from Central Mumbai in the 1999 General Elections. He was the Speaker of the Lok Sabha from 2002 to 2004 during the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) administration.
He was elected for a six-year term to the Rajya Sabha on 20 March 2006. after being defeated in the previous Lok Sabha election from the Central Mumbai constituency.
- Joshi, Manohar (18 November 2012). "Balasaheb Thackeray stood behind his men like a mountain". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "Civic body starts school at Sundew apartments". The Times of India. 1 October 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
- "Former Speakers". Office of the Speaker of Lok Sabha, New Delhi. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- Ananth, Venkat (28 October 2014). "A brief history of Maharashtra's chief ministers". mint. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
- "The Shiv Sena indicted". Frontlineonnet.com. Archived from the original on 28 March 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
The Sena-Bharatiya Janata Party Government in Maharashtra has rejected the core of the report, which was presented before the two Houses of the legislature on August 6 along with a memorandum of action to be taken thereon. The Action Taken Report (ATR), seeks to establish that the report is one-sided. Going further, Chief Minister Manohar Joshi termed the report "anti-Hindu, pro-Muslim and biased."
- Smita Narula (1999). Broken People: Caste Violence Against India's "untouchables". Human Rights Watch. ISBN 1564322289.
The reports findings were presented to the government of Maharashtra on February 16, 1998, more than five years after the riots took place. The report determined that the riots were the result of a deliberate and systematic effort to incite violence against Muslims and singled out Shiv Sena leader Bal Thackeray and Chief Minister Manohar Joshi as responsible. The Shiv Sena-BJP government, however, refused to adopt the commission's recommendations and instead labeled the report anti-Hindu.
- "Supreme Court indicts Manohar Joshi over land misuse case". NDTV.com.
- "Victory for RTI activist in battle against former CM's son-in-law". mid-day. 13 October 2011.
- "Pune land controversy back to haunt Shiv Sena". Hindustan Times. 13 October 2011.
- "Hand over Sundew Apartment or let PMC raze it: SC to Vyas Construction - Indian Express". Indian Express. 13 October 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
- "Former CM Joshi pays 25,000 to petitioner". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 20 July 2012.
- "Arjun, Bhardwaj, Shinde elected unopposed to Rajya Sabha". Tribuneindia.com. 20 March 2006. Retrieved 27 September 2020.