Manpupuner rock formations
|Manpupuner rock formations|
|Prominence||98–138 ft (30–42 m)|
|Location||Troitsko-Pechorsky District, Komi Republic, Russia|
|Age of rock||200 million years|
The Manpupuner rock formations (Man-Pupu-Nyor; Мань-Пупу-нёр; Mansi: Мань-Пупыг-Нёр [ma:nʲ.pupɨγ.nʲɔ:r], literally ’Small Idol Mountain’; Komi: Болвано-Из [bolvano.iz], literally ’Idol Stone’) are a set of 7 stone pillars located west of the Ural mountains in the Troitsko-Pechorsky District of the Komi Republic. They are located on the territory of the Pechoro-Ilychski Reserve on the mountain Man-Pupu-nyor, between the Ilych and Pechora rivers. They are also known as the Seven Strong Men Rock Formations and the Poles of the Komi Republic.
The height of the rocks varies between 30 and 42 metres. About 200 million years ago at the location of the stone pillars there were high mountains. Rain, snow, wind, frost and heat gradually eroded the mountains. Solid sericite-quartzite schists, from which the remains are composed, were eroded less and survive today. Soft rocks were destroyed by weathering and carried by water and wind into depressions.
One pillar, 34 meters high, stands somewhat apart from the others. It resembles an inverted bottle. Six others lie at the edge of the cliff. The pillars are said to resemble the figures of a huge man, or the head of a horse or ram. There are numerous legends associated with Manpupuner. The formations were once considered sacred by the local Mansi people, and climbing them was regarded as a sin.
In the vicinity of the plateau there are viviparous lizards, herbal frogs, sharp-edged frogs, Siberian Shooters, squirrels, forest martens, sables, otters, ermines, American minks, brown bears, wolverines, and foxes.
The formations can be accessed by road from the Komi Republic, hiking or skiing over the Dyatlov Pass from the Sverdlovsk region, or helicopter. Until 2004, a car route from the Sverdlovsk Region was allowed, with a visit to the Dyatlov Pass, the Otorten Mountain and the source of the Pechora River. It was officially banned by 2 protected areas along which the route lies - the Pechoro-Ilychsky Reserve and the Ivdelsky Reserve.
- Легенды о столбах выветривания
- А. Кеммерих «Северный Урал» Глава IV. В край пещер и каменных идолов
- Пряхина, Екатерина (April 2009), В гости к семерым великанам, izvestia.ru
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