Mansa, Punjab

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Bus station at Mansa
Mansa
Town
Mansa is located in Punjab
Mansa
Mansa
Location in Punjab, India
Mansa is located in India
Mansa
Mansa
Mansa (India)
Coordinates: 29°59′N 75°23′E / 29.98°N 75.38°E / 29.98; 75.38Coordinates: 29°59′N 75°23′E / 29.98°N 75.38°E / 29.98; 75.38
CountryIndia
StatePunjab
DistrictMansa
Elevation
212 m (696 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total82,956
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
151505
Telephone code01652
Vehicle registrationPB-31

Mansa is a town with municipal council in Mansa district of Punjab, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Mansa district and is situated on the Bathinda-Jind-Delhi railway line and also on the Barnala-Sardulgarh-Sirsa state highway.

The population is Punjabi-speaking and is wedded to the Malwa culture of Punjab.

Mansa is situated in the cotton belt of Punjab. Indeed, agriculture forms the backbone of the district economy. During the months of November and December a visitor to this part of Punjab shall be the proud witness to the pristine, milky white bloom of cotton. Mansa has a Temple of Baba Bhai Gurdas Ji in the southeast of the town. At Baba Bhai Gurdas Ji Temple, every year a fair held on March–April Season.

Geography[edit]

Mansa is located at 29°59′N 75°23′E / 29.98°N 75.38°E / 29.98; 75.38.[2] It has an average elevation of 212 metres (695 feet).

Ancient period[edit]

The ancient history of the Mansa district has been traced to the Indus Valley civilization. The archaeological finds at different villages of Mansa district are almost similar to those of Harappa and Mohanjodaro. It is divided into three parts Pre-Harappa, Harappa and Late Harappan period.[3] It is believed that Shri Baba Bhai Gurdas had lived here during his last times.

History[edit]

Mansa was formerly a part of Phulkian Sikh Dynasty (1722–1948) then part of Kaithal Sikh Kingdom (1762–1857).

The city is said to have been founded by Bhai Gurdas who hailed from Dhingar, Mansa district. He is said to have been married at this place among the Dhaliwal Jat Sikh. Once he came to his in-laws to take his wife along with him but they refused to send her. At this, Bhai Gurdas sat in meditation before the house of his in-laws. After some time, the parents of the girl agreed to send their daughter with Bhai Gurdas. But he refused to take her along with him, stating that he had now renounced the worldly way of life. In his memory, his Smadh was constructed where a fair is held every year in March–April. People in large numbers attend the fair and offer Laddus and Gur (Jaggery) at Smadh. Class ‘A’ Municipality has been functioning in the town since 1952. [4]

Sports[edit]

There is a cricket academy which provides coaching facilities for young cricketers and a Kabaddi stadium where International Kabaddi Cup was contested.

Education[edit]

Mansa is a city with the less rate in the state, although the students of this town have done well in medical/engineering areas. The students have excelled in state exams as well as country's top institutions.

The town has two Colleges, viz. Govt. Nehru Memorial Post Graduate College and S.D. Kanya Mahavidyala College. The coaching institutes like Allen, Akash, and Helix are also located in this area.

Past few years have seen some changes in the field of education but more developments need to be done for growth of the city.

Transport[edit]

Mansa is well linked to other cities, particularly the national capital, New Delhi, by an efficient rail and transport system. The nearest airports are located at New Delhi and Chandigarh which are 248 km and 180 km away by road respectively. New airports will be in working soon at Ludhiana, International Airport at Bhatinda. It is connected by rail and situated on the Delhi–Bathinda branch line of Northern Railway. Many trains like New Delhi–Bathinda Intercity Express, Ferozepur Mumbai Janta Express, Bikaner Guwahati (Avadh Assam Express)and Punjab Mail arrive at Mansa station. Besides, there are several passenger trains running between New Delhi and Mansa at regular intervals daily. Mansa is well connected to all the cities of Punjab by bus routes.

Notable people[edit]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 census, Mansa had a population of 82,956. Mansa has an average literacy rate of 58.08%: male literacy is 63.70%, and female literacy is 51.74%. In Mansa, 11.02% of the population is under 6 years of age.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sub-District Details". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  2. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Mansa, India".
  3. ^ Punjab District Gazetteers, Volume 13. 2002. p. 16.
  4. ^ "Mansa - A Little Land For A Quiet Travel". Native Planet.

External links[edit]