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Town and Union council
Mansehra is surrounded by verdant mountains
Mansehra is surrounded by verdant mountains
Mansehra is located in Pakistan
Location in Pakistan
Coordinates: 34°20′N 73°12′E / 34.333°N 73.200°E / 34.333; 73.200
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
District Mansehra District
Elevation 1,088 m (3,570 ft)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Mansehra (Urdu: مانسہرہ) is a town located in Mansehra District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.[1]

The name of the city is derived from that of its founder, Sardar Maha Singh Mirpuri, who was a Sikh administrator and general in the Sikh Khalsa Army during the rule of the Khalsa Empire of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.[2]


Maurya Dynasty[edit]

During the Maurya dynasty, Ashoka was the governor of this area where he was a prince. After the death of his father, the Mauryan emperor Bindusara, Ashoka ascended to the throne around 272 B.C. and made this area one of the major seats of his government. The Edicts of Ashoka inscribed on three large boulders on the side of a rocky outcrop near Mansehra serve as evidence of his rule. The Mansehra rocks record fourteen of Ashoka's edicts, presenting aspects of the emperor's dharma or righteous law, and represent some of the earliest evidence of writing in South Asia. Dating to middle of the third century BC, they are written from right to left in the Kharosthi script.[3]

Sikh Rule[edit]

The fall of the Durranis led way for the Sikhs to rise to power under Ranjit Singh. The Sikhs gained control of the area in 1818. The actual town or city of Mansehra was founded by Mahan Singh Mirpuri, a Sikh governor.[4] Soon after the Sikh rule, popular uprisings against the Sikhs began. However, the uprisings failed. The rule of the Sikhs ended in 1849. This is when the area came under the British rule.[5][better source needed][6][better source needed]

British Period[edit]

By 1849, the British had gained control of all of Mansehra. To maintain peace in the area the British also took preventive measures by co-opting the local chiefs.

The British divided Hazara region into three tehsils (administrative subdivisions): Mansehra, Abbottabad, and Haripur; and decided to annex it to the Punjab. In 1901, when the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) was formed, Hazara was separated from Punjab and made a part of it.

During British rule, Mansehra was still a small town; its population according to the 1901 census was 5,087.[7] During the British period Mansehra was the headquarters of Mansehra Tehsil.

During Bhutto's regime, Mansehra was upgraded to a district, containing two subdivisions: Mansehra and Battagram. Later, the Mansehra district was divided into two districts namely Mansehra and Battagram, and two subdivisions Balakot and Oghi.

Mansehra city and environs[edit]

Mansehra City is the administrative capital of District and Tehsil Mansehra. The city of Mansehra is administratively divided into four Union Councils:[8]

  • Mansehra City Ward No 1
  • Mansehra City Ward No 2
  • Mansehra City Ward No 3
  • Mansehra City Ward No 4
  • Mansehra (Rural)/suburban

Each union council is divided into Mohallas.

Cultural festival[edit]

In Durgashtami in Chetr and in Assu,[9] at the locality of Bareri, Hindus from the vicinity, to the number of about 400, assemble at the top of Bareri hill to worship Devi (as Durga)and to present offerings, which are taken by a Brahmin of Mansehra.[9] The assembly on each occasion lasts only one day.[9] The boulders near the base of Bareri Hill are notable because they contain Ashokan inscriptions.[10]


  1. ^ "Location of Mansehra". Falling Rain. Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
  2. ^ Hazara Report 1993, Peshawar:Govt of NWFP, p. 12
  3. ^ Department of Archaeology and Museums (2004-01-30). "UNESCO world heritage Centre - Mansehra Rock Edicts". Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
  4. ^ Not to be confused with the Hindu Rajput Raja Man Singh I of Amber in Rajputana, India
  5. ^ Hazara Gazetteer 1884
  6. ^ Gazetteer 1884,
  7. ^ "Mānsehra Village - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 17, p. 203". Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
  8. ^ "Tehsils & Unions in the District of Mansehra". Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
  9. ^ a b c Report of the land revenue settlement of the Hazara district of the Punjab By E. G. Wace. Central Jail Press. Retrieved 2007-11-03. In the nearby locality of Bareri, Hindus from the vicinity, to the number of about 400, used to assemble at the top of Bareri hill to worship Devi (Durga) and to present offerings, which were taken by a Brahmin of Mansehra. The assembly on each occasion lasted only one day. 
  10. ^ "Around Abbottabad by S.A.J. Shirazi". Travelers Digest. Retrieved 2007-11-03. Further north; go to the black mountain near Oghi or to see the Asokan inscriptions on boulders near base of Bareri Hill close to Mansehra. 

External links[edit]