Mansehra District

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Mansehra District
ضلع مانسہرہ
Saif ul Muluk.png
A look back to Besal on the way to Mullah Ki Basti in Kaghan Valley.jpg
Top: Malika Parbat and Lake Saiful Muluk
Bottom: View of Besal
Location of Mansehra District (including Torghar District) within Khyber Pakhtunkhwa prior to 2011
Location of Mansehra District (including Torghar District) within Khyber Pakhtunkhwa prior to 2011
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
DivisionHazara
HeadquartersMansehra
Government
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerN/A
 • District Police OfficerN/A
 • District Health OfficerN/A
Area
 • Total4,579 km2 (1,768 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)[1]
 • Total1,555,742
 • Density340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Area code(s)0997
Number of union councils59
Number of Tehsils5[2]

Mansehra District (Pashto: مانسهره ولسوالۍ, Urdu: ضلع مانسہرہ) is a district in Hazara Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. It is main gateway to upper valleys of Kaghan, Naran and also to Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Kashmir.

It was established as a district in 1976, prior to which it was a tehsil within the former Hazara District.[3] Two former subdivisions of Mansehra were split off into separate districts: Battagram in 1993,[4] and Torghar District (formerly known as Kala Dhaka) in 2011.

Demographics[edit]

At the time of the 2017 census the district had a population of 1,555,742, of which 771,976 were males and 783,509 females. Rural population was 1,410,844 (90.69%) while the urban population was 144,898 (9.31%). The literacy rate was 62.56% - the male literacy rate was 75.25% while the female literacy rate was 50.41%. 427 people in the district were from religious minorities.[1]

At the time of the 2017 census, 66.48% of the population spoke Hindko and 17.02% Pashto as their first language. 14.26% of the population spoke a language recorded as 'Others' on the census.

Many of these, especially in the upper Kaghan Valley, are speakers of Kohistani dialects. There are also speakers of the widely dispersed Gujari language, particularly in the Kaghan Valley.[5] The local variety is intermediate between the eastern dialects of Gujari (spoken in Azad Kashmir) and the western group (from Chitral, Swat and Gilgit).[6] There is also a small community in the village of Dana in Oghi Tehsil who speak the endangered Mankiyali language.[7] Many people can write and speak English.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1972 638,504—    
1981 631,012−0.13%
1998 978,157+2.61%
2017 1,555,742+2.47%
Sources:[8]

Constituencies[edit]

The district is represented in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly by elected MPAs who represent the following constituencies:[9]

The district is represented in the National Assembly of Pakistan by two elected MNAs who represent the following constituencies:

Administrative divisions[edit]

Administrative subdivisions of Mansehra District plus district Kala Dhaka (Torghar)

Mansehra District consists of Officially five Tehsils.[10][circular reference]

The Kala Dhaka tehsil was separated as Torghar District in 2011.

Mansehra[edit]

Mansehra Tehsil union councils:

Provincial Assembly[edit]

Member of Provincial Assembly Party Affiliation Constituency Year
Syed Ahmed Hussain Shah Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf PK-30 Mansehra-I 2018
Babar Saleem Swati Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf PK-30 Mansehra-II 2018
Muhammad Naeem Pakistan Muslim League (N) PK-30 Mansehra-III 2018
Nawabzada Farid Salahuddin Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf PK-30 Mansehra-IV 2018
Sardar Muhammad Yousaf Zaman Pakistan Muslim League (N) PK-30 Mansehra-V 2018

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "District Wise Results / Tables (Census - 2017)". www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  2. ^ "Kolai-Palas made district, Baffa-Pakhal tehsil". 26 August 2017.
  3. ^ Census report of Mansehra 1998, p. 1.
  4. ^ Census report of Batagram 1998, p. 18.
  5. ^ Hallberg & O'Leary 1992, p. 96.
  6. ^ Hallberg & O'Leary 1992, pp. 112–13, 135The particular variety studied was from the village of Mittikot, six kilometres west of Balakot.
  7. ^ Anjum & Rehman 2015.
  8. ^ "Pakistan: Provinces and Districts". www.citypopulation.de.
  9. ^ › reports
  10. ^ "List of tehsils of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa".
  11. ^ "Kolai-Palas made district, Baffa-Pakhal tehsil". 26 August 2017.
  12. ^ "Kolai-Palas made district, Baffa-Pakhal tehsil". 26 August 2017.

Bibliography[edit]

  • 1998 District census report of Batagram. Census publication. Vol. 18. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999.
  • 1981 District census report of Mansehra. District Census Report. Vol. 23. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1983.
  • 1998 District census report of Mansehra. Census publication. Vol. 62. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000.
  • Anjum, Uzma; Rehman, Khawaja (2015). "A First Look at Mankiyali Language: An Endangered Language". Journal of Asian Civilizations. 38 (1): 177–90. ProQuest 1816873650.
  • Hallberg, Calinda E.; O'Leary, Clare F. (1992). "Dialect Variation and Multilingualism among Gujars of Pakistan". In O'Leary, Clare F.; Rensch, Calvin R.; Hallberg, Calinda E. (eds.). Hindko and Gujari. Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan. Islamabad: National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University and Summer Institute of Linguistics. pp. 91–196. ISBN 969-8023-13-5.