Mansplaining

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Mansplaining (a blend of the word man and the informal form splaining of the verb explaining) means "(of a man) to comment on or explain something to a woman in a condescending, overconfident, and often inaccurate or oversimplified manner".[1][2][3][4] Author Rebecca Solnit ascribes the phenomenon to a combination of "overconfidence and cluelessness".[5] Lily Rothman of The Atlantic defines it as "explaining without regard to the fact that the explainee knows more than the explainer, often done by a man to a woman".[6]

In its original use, mansplaining differed from other forms of condescension in that it is rooted in the sexist assumption that a man is likely to be more knowledgeable than a woman.[7] However, it has come to be used more broadly, often applied when a man takes a condescending tone in an explanation to anyone, regardless of the age or gender of the intended recipients: a "man 'splaining" can be delivered to any audience.[2] In 2010 it was named by the New York Times as one of its "Words of the Year".[8]

Origins[edit]

The verb splain has been in use for more than 200 years, originally as a colloquial pronunciation of explain. It came increasingly to refer to condescending or verbose explanations.[1][9] The term mansplaining was inspired by an essay, "Men Explain Things to Me: Facts Didn't Get in Their Way", written by Rebecca Solnit and published on TomDispatch.com on 13 April 2008. In the essay, Solnit told an anecdote about a man at a party who said he had heard she had written some books. She began to talk about her most recent, on Eadweard Muybridge, whereupon the man cut her off and asked if she had "heard about the very important Muybridge book that came out this year"—not considering that it might be (as, in fact, it was) Solnit's book. Solnit did not use the word mansplaining in the essay, but she described the phenomenon as "something every woman knows".[10][11]

A month later the word appeared in a comment on the social network LiveJournal.[6] It became popular among feminist bloggers before entering mainstream commentary.[6][12] The word was included in 2010 by the New York Times as one of its words of the year,[8] nominated in 2012 for the American Dialect Society's "most creative word of the year" honor,[4] and added in 2014 to the online Oxford Dictionaries.[13]

Solnit later published Men Explain Things to Me (2014), a collection of seven essays on similar themes. Women, including professionals and experts, are routinely seen or treated as less credible than men, she wrote in the title essay, and their insights or even legal testimony are dismissed unless validated by a man.[14] She argued that this was one symptom of a widespread phenomenon that "keeps women from speaking up and from being heard when they dare; that crushes young women into silence by indicating, the way harassment on the street does, that this is not their world. It trains us in self-doubt and self-limitation just as it exercises men's unsupported overconfidence."[15]

During a lecture at Moe’s Books in Berkeley, California, Solnit said, “I’m falsely credited with coining the term ‘mansplaining’. It was a 2010 New York Times word of the year. I did not actually coin it. I was a bit ambivalent about the word because it seems a little bit more condemnatory of the male of the species than I ever wanted it to be.”[16]

Usage[edit]

Journalists have used the word to describe the 2012 Republican presidential nominee, Mitt Romney;[17] Governor of Texas Rick Perry;[18] MSNBC host Lawrence O'Donnell;[19] various characters on the HBO drama series The Newsroom;[20][21][22] music executive Jimmy Iovine;[23] Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull;[24] actor Matt Damon;[25] and consumer rights advocate Ralph Nader.[26] In February 2016 the term sparked an argument between two members of a committee of the Australian Senate, when Labor senator Katy Gallagher told Communications Minister Mitch Fifield: "I love the mansplaining. I'm enjoying it."[27]

In 2013 Dictionary.com said it was adding both mansplain and the suffix (libfix) -splain to its dictionary.[28] Its announcement read in part: "In addition to being creative, this term, particularly the -splaining part, has proven to be incredibly robust and useful as a combining form in 2013." Dictionary.com noted that the meaning of mansplain had changed somewhat since 2009, from "intense and serious to casual and jocular", while older -splain words still have "heavy cultural and political connotations and are often added to the names of politicians".[28]

Mansplaining has also engendered parallel constructions such as womansplaining, whitesplaining, rightsplaining,[29] and Damonsplaining.[30][31] In November 2017 Dr. Jennifer Gunter suggested in the New York Times that the collective noun rash be used for mansplainers, as in "a rash of mansplainers", partly because "[i]n medicine a rash can be a mild annoyance that goes away and never returns."[32]

Criticism[edit]

The usefulness of the term has been disputed.[33] Given its gender-specific nature and negative connotation, Lesley Kinzel described it as inherently biased, essentialist, dismissive, and a double standard.[34] In a 2016 Washington Post article, Cathy Young wrote that it is just one of a number of terms using "man" as a derogatory prefix, and that this convention is part of a "current cycle of misandry".[35] In 2014 Solnit herself said she had doubts about it: "[I]t seems to me to go a little heavy on the idea that men are inherently flawed this way, rather than that some men explain things they shouldn't and don't hear things they should."[36] As the word became more popular, several commentators complained that misappropriation had diluted its original meaning.[37] Joshua Sealy-Harrington and Tom McLaughlin wrote in The Globe and Mail that the term has been used as an ad hominem to silence debate.[38] Former British member of parliament Ann Widdecombe criticised the focus on mansplaining, noting progress on gender equality within her lifetime.[39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 'Definition' Dictionary.com
  2. ^ a b Mansplaining, Merriam-Webster.com
  3. ^ Steinmetz, Katy (18 November 2014). "Clickbait, Normcore, Mansplain: Runners-Up for Oxford's Word of the Year". Time. Retrieved 24 November 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Zimmer, Ben (5 January 2013). "Tag, You're It! "Hashtag" Wins as 2012 Word of the Year". Visual Thesaurus. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  5. ^ Solnit, Rebecca (20 August 2012). "Men still explain things to me". In These Times. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c Rothman, Lily (1 November 2012). "A Cultural History of Mansplaining". The Atlantic. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  7. ^ Jaschik, Scott (16 October 2012). "Calling Out Academic 'Mansplaining'". Inside Higher Ed. 
  8. ^ a b Sifton, Sam; Barrett, Grant (18 December 2010). "The Words of the Year". The New York Times. 
  9. ^ "Mansplaining" Spawns a New Suffix by Mark Peters, Vocabulary.com
  10. ^ Solnit, Rebecca (13 April 2008). "Men Explain Things to Me: Facts Didn't Get in Their Way". TomDispatch, The Nation Institute. 
  11. ^ Solnit, Rebecca (13 April 2008). "Men who explain things". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  12. ^ Doyle, Sady (1 May 2014). "Mansplaining, Explained". In These Times. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "New words added to OxfordDictionaries.com today include binge-watch, cray, and vape". Oxforddictionaries.com. August 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  14. ^ Helen Lewis (4 July 2014). "The Essay That Launched the Term "Mansplaining"". The New Republic. 
  15. ^ Mike Sonksen (11 June 2014). "On Rebecca Solnit's Men Explain Things to Me". Cultural Weekly. 
  16. ^ https://www.ft.com/content/411bd71a-1328-11e8-8cb6-b9ccc4c4dbbb Solnit did not coin the term ‘mansplaining’ Financial Times
  17. ^ Cogan, Marin (1 August 2012). "The Mittsplainer: An Alternate Theory of Mitt Romney's Gaffes". GQ. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  18. ^ Weigel, David (27 June 2013). "Mansplaining the Mansplainer: Rick Perry's Accidental Abortion Honesty". Slate. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  19. ^ Ioffe, Julia (8 August 2013). "Dear Lawrence O'Donnell, Don't Mansplain to Me About Russia". The New Republic. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  20. ^ Stuever, Hank (11 July 2013). "'The Newsroom' vs. 'Honey Boo Boo': Which one really gives us more to think about?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  21. ^ Weigel, David (5 August 2013). "Trying to Tolerate The Newsroom, Week Four". Slate. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  22. ^ Greenwald, Andy (16 July 2013). "Death by Newsroom". Grantland. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  23. ^ "Dear Jimmy Iovine: Women Don't Need You to Mansplain Music to Them". Observer. Retrieved 20 December 2015. 
  24. ^ "PM accused of 'mansplaining' ... but what does it mean?". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 20 December 2015. 
  25. ^ "Bustle". www.bustle.com. Retrieved 20 December 2015. 
  26. ^ "Ralph Nader Mansplains Monetary Policy to Janet Yellen". Daily Intelligencer. Retrieved 20 December 2015. 
  27. ^ Ireland, Judith (11 February 2016). "'What?': Katy Gallagher explains mansplaining to Mitch Fifield during fiery estimates showdown". The Sydney Morning Herald. 
  28. ^ a b Solomon, Jane (6 December 2013). "Word Watch 2013: -splain". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 24 November 2014. The possibilities are seeming endless on the -splain front. This gives Dictionary.com reason to believe that -splain is not just a temporary fad, but rather a stable new addition to English along with its libfix cousins like -gate, -pocalypse, and -zilla. 
  29. ^ Zimmer, Benjamin; Carson, Charles C. (2013). "Among The New Words". American Speech. 88 (2): 196–214. doi:10.1215/00031283-2346771. (subscription required)
  30. ^ 'Damonsplaining': Matt Damon accused of insensitivity, BBC News, 16 September 2015.
  31. ^ Justin Wm. Moyer, Matt Damon has more ‘Damonsplaining’ to do — this time about alleged anti-gay comments The Washington Post, 29 September 2015
  32. ^ Gunter, Jen (2017-11-16). "My Vagina Is Terrific. Your Opinion About It Is Not". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-11-18. 
  33. ^ "Do we need a different word for 'mansplaining'?". MPR News. December 19, 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  34. ^ Kinzel, Lesley (16 August 2012). "Why You'll Never Hear Me Use the Term 'Mansplain'". XoJane. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  35. ^ Young, Cathy (30 June 2016). "Feminists treat men badly. It's bad for feminism". The Washington Post. Whatever the reasons for the current cycle of misandry — yes, that’s a word, derided but also adopted for ironic use by many feminists — its existence is quite real. Consider, for example, the number of neologisms that use “man” as a derogatory prefix and that have entered everyday media language: “mansplaining,” “manspreading” and “manterrupting." 
  36. ^ Solnit, Rebecca (2014). Men Explain Things to Me. Chicago: Haymarket Books. p. 14. 
  37. ^ Hart, Benjamin (20 October 2014). "RIP "mansplaining": How the Internet killed one of our most useful words". Salon. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  38. ^ McLaughlin, Tom; Sealy-Harrington, Joshua (15 April 2014). "Arguments should not be silenced because of their author's race or sex". The Globe and Mail. 
  39. ^ https://www.itv.com/goodmorningbritain/news/ann-widdecombe-on-gender-debate-women-are-more-equal-now-than-ever-dvccgtp8-jx3znqvy

External links[edit]