Mansuetus (bishop of Toul)
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|Bishop of Toul|
|Feast day||September 3|
|Venerated in||Catholic Church|
Saint Mansuetus (French: Mansuy) (died 375) was the first Bishop of Toul. He is thought to be of Irish or Scottish origin. After religious studies in Rome, he was sent by Pope Damasus I to evangelize Gaul, becoming the first bishop of Toul in 365.
Saint Mansuetus became a recognized saint. He is known for the healing of lepers and for restoring the life of the drowned son of the prince of Toul. While serving as itinerant bishop of Belgian prim, he died in Thulium. His Feast day is celebrated in the Diocese of Soul on September 3 and in Saint Die on 31 August 1. The church of Saint Peter, which contains the crypt of St. Mans and his successor Saint Amen, is located outside the walls northwest of the city Toulouse.
Saint Mansuy and Toul
Although his life has been documented in numerous literature it is still not as well known as other saints. Gauzelin was the first to repair the old St. Peter church in the city in the middle of a former cemetery. There is also a crypt landscape he replaced in the tombs of the already revered Mansuy and Amon. Gerard then replaced the modest foundation clerics originally serving place: it installs the monks of the abbey of St. Èvre school appoints the abbot Adam. The abbey whose temporal goods are confirmed by the supreme authority in charge of managing 965 goods and donations, as well as to enhance the worship at the tomb of St. Mansuy. Note that these first sanctifications only obey the rite Toul.
The oldest Life of St. Mansuy was written by Adson, schoolmaster at the Abbey Saint Epvre of Toul, in the 10th century during the translation of the relics of the bishop by St. Gerard, although this hagiography appears purely legendary.
Penetrating Gaul from the second century, Christianity moved into the frames of administrative life as it existed. These are the divisions of the time of Diocletian who gave the name of the Diocese to the first group of Christians. This was particularly true of Toul, capital Leuques, the diocesan territory followed the outline of the Roman district.
According to the Vita Sancti Gerardi, Bishop St. Gerard I of Toul (r. 963–994) had the relics of both Mansuetus and Aprus brought into Toul and placed in the church of St. John the Baptist while he was ill. Later, in 1790, Mansuetus' relics were divided among the canons of the church of Toul, to prevent them from being destroyed by revolutionaries.
His feast day is celebrated on September 3.
Iconography is found on the shrine of Vittel and a brotherhood statue, belonging to the Church of Fontenoy-le-Château. There are parish churches dedicated to St. Mansuy, in Bouvron, Fontenoy-le-Château, Loisey-Culey, Nancy, Serécourt. The village of Dommary-Baroncourt had a church of that name, but it was destroyed in 1974.
- Dictionnaire d'orfèvrerie, de gravure et de ciselure chrétiennes, (Jacques Rémi A. Texier, 1863).
- « Ils sont nos aïeux, les saints de chez nous » - Chanoine André Laurent - Mirecourt - 1980.
- Rev. S. Baring-Gould, The Lives of the Saints (John Hodges: 1875), 36
- Calendar Ecclesiastical.
- Karl Leyser, Timothy Reuter, Warriors and Churchmen in the High Middle Ages: Essays Presented to Karl Leyser (Continuum International Publishing Group: 1992), 56.
- Rev. S. Baring-Gould, M.A. The Lives of the Saints (John Hodges: 1875), 36.