City of Manteca
The Family City
|Incorporated||May 28, 1918|
|• Mayor||Benjamin Cantu|
|• State senator||Susan Eggman (D)|
|• Assemblymember||Heath Flora (R)|
|• U. S. rep.||Josh Harder (D)|
|• Total||21.41 sq mi (55.46 km2)|
|• Land||21.39 sq mi (55.40 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2) 0.13%|
|Elevation||36 ft (11 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||3,881.81/sq mi (1,498.80/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1659046, 2411024|
Manteca is a city in the Central Valley of California, located 76 miles (122 km) east of San Francisco. It was founded in 1861 by Joshua Cowell. Cowell claimed around 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) and built houses on what is now the corner of Main and Yosemite, where Bank of America now stands. In 1873, the Central Pacific Railroad laid track directly through the area. The residents wanted to refer to their new train station as "Cowell Station", but there was already a Cowell Station near Tracy. The residents agreed to change the name of the community, choosing "Monteca" as the new name. This was misprinted as "Manteca" (Spanish for lard or butter) by the railroad, and the misspelled version was eventually accepted as the name of the town. In 1918, Manteca was incorporated as a city, and Joshua Cowell became its first mayor.
In 1938, photojournalist Dorothea Lange took photos of William & Mary Dimotakis (immigrants from the Greek island of Crete), and their youngest child, son George, on the family farm in Manteca for the Farm Security Administration. The farm, near the industrial park area, is still owned by the Dimotakis family.
Manteca fashions itself the "Family City", and it lies at a crossroads of major highways and railroads. As recently as the 1970s, Manteca existed primarily on agriculture and was still barely a stop between two freeways, Interstate 5 and State Route 99. The continuing rise in Bay Area housing prices caused Bay Area families to look further eastward for more affordable places to live. Since the construction of the 120 bypass portion of State Route 120, Manteca has become a popular choice for these commuters. The 1990s saw an increase in the city's population and the construction of its third high school (Sierra High School), the first two being Manteca High School and East Union High School. The population of Manteca continues to increase, with some housing being constructed on what was once farmland to the north and southeast. Manteca has more than tripled in population since 1980.
Manteca is the home base for the "Not Forgotten Memorial Day Event", the largest commemoration for veterans on the West Coast. The event is held the Sunday before Memorial Day every year. The event draws over 20,000 attendees.
2014 Doxey Park Shooting
On September 1, 2014, two teens, 17 year-old Marcos Garcia and 19 year-old Niko Pinkard were at Doxey Park in northwest Manteca when they were shot at near the northeast corner of the park. Marcos Garcia was shot fatally while Niko Pinkard sustained non-life-threatening injuries to his head.
The man who carried out the fatal shooting, Joe M. Stewart of Lathrop, was not found out until October 2015, when he went to prison on unrelated charges of unlawful sexual intercourse, resisting arrest, and inflicting injury to the parent of a child.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.8 square miles (46 km2), 99.87% of it land and 0.13% of it water.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Manteca has a hot-summer mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps. It is very hot and dry in summer, and mild in winter, except during spells of seasonal tule fog, when it can be quite chilly for many days. Summers are exceptionally dry, whereas winters are rainy with stretches of fair weather.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Manteca had a population of 67,096. The population density was 3,778.5 per square mile (1,458.9/km2). The racial makeup of Manteca was 49.6% White, 9.8% African American, 1.1% Native American, 12.1% Asian,0.6% Pacific Islander, 11.4% from other races, and 7.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 43.7%.
The Census reported that 66,601 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 150 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 345 (0.5%) were institutionalized.
There were 21,618 households, of which 9,681 (44.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 11,973 (55.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,009 (13.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,590 (7.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,629 (7.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships and 130 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,902 households (18.0%) were made up of individuals, and 1,542 (7.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08. There were 16,572 families (76.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.48.
19,432 people (29.0% of the population) were under the age of 18, 6,569 people (9.8%) aged 18 to 24, 18,075 people (26.9%) aged 25 to 44, 16,367 people (24.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,653 people (9.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.
There were 23,132 housing units at an average density of 1,302.7 per square mile (503.0/km2), of which 13,521 (62.5%) were owner-occupied, and 8,097 (37.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.5%. 41,225 people (61.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 25,376 people (37.8%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the city's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were:
|Employer||No. of employees|
|Manteca Unified School District||1,350|
|Doctors Hospital of Manteca||370|
|City of Manteca||391|
|Eckert Cold Storage||300|
A commuter rail service is provided by the Altamont Corridor Express (ACE) at the Lathrop/Manteca station – it operates in peak travel directions with trips to San Jose in the morning and to Stockton in the evening. It is expected to be routed directly to the Transit Center by 2023.
Public schools in Manteca are part of the Manteca Unified School District. The school district encompasses the towns of Manteca, Lathrop, the community of French Camp, and the Weston Ranch community in Stockton. There are no middle schools; elementary school continues through the 8th grade, with a mix of both year-round and traditional schools. Manteca Unified School District has 19 elementary schools, 5 high schools, and 2 continuation schools. Not all of the schools listed below are in Manteca itself.
- August Knodt
- Brock Elliott
- French Camp
- George Komure
- George McParland
- Golden West
- Great Valley (Salida)
- Joseph Widmer Jr.
- Joshua Cowell
- Mossdale Elementary
- Neil Hafley
- New Haven
- Nile Garden
- Stella Brockman
- Walter E. Woodward
- Alta Vista (private)
- St. Anthony's (private)
- Gilbert Luján (b.1940 – d. 2011) – sculptor, painter
- Justin Roiland (b. 1980) – animator, director, producer and voice-actor
- Kiwi Gardner (b. 1993) – current NBA G League basketball player; attended Manteca High School
- Scott Brooks (b. 1965) – former NBA basketball player and current head coach; attended East Union High School
- Kenny Wooten (b. 1998) – current NBA basketball player; attended Manteca High School
- Sammy L. Davis (b. 1946) – Medal of Honor recipient
- Marliece Andrada (b. 1972) – actress and Playboy's Playmate of the Month in March 1998
- Ernie Barber (b. 1914 – d. 1989) – former NFL player for the Washington Redskins
- Ted Nuce (b. 1961) – former World Champion bull rider, Pro Rodeo Hall of Fame; attended Manteca High School
- April Bowlby (b. 1980) – actress
- Paul Wiggin (b. 1934) – former American football player and coach; attended Manteca High School
- Milo Candini (b. 1917 – d. 1998) – Major League Baseball player 1943–51
- Scott Speed (b. 1983) – race car driver
- Dev (b. 1989) – singer songwriter
- Doug Mikolas (b. 1961) – football player
- Karen Jankowski — rally driver
- Congressman John J. McFall (b. 1918 - d. 2006) Served in the United States House of Representatives 1957–1979. Majority Whip and Appropriations Transportation Subcommittee Chairman. Mayor of Manteca and Member of the California State Assembly. Son of Hope McFall who was killed in action in World War I.
In popular culture
- On The Road - Jack Kerouac's narrator Sal passes through Manteca: "The sun goes down long and red. All the magic names of the valley unrolled - Manteca..."
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "Mayor and Council". City of Manteca. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved November 21, 2014.
- "California's 10th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
- "Manteca". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "Manteca (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- Escalante, Eric (June 5, 2019). "How Manteca, CA got its name". ABC10. Retrieved January 7, 2022.
- Manteca Chamber of Commerce: http://manteca.org/about-manteca/
- "Manteca, California Historical Society". Archived from the original on August 6, 2004. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
- https://www.mantecabulletin.com/news/68136-call-manteca-home/; https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=CF Archived September 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine  Archived April 11, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- "Archived copy". www.thememorialweekend.org. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved January 13, 2022.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Quiet Manteca Neighborhood Troubled by Doxey Park Shooting". FOX40. September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
- "MURDER IN DOXEY PARK". www.mantecabulletin.com. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
- "Teen faces charge in Doxey Park murder". www.mantecabulletin.com. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
- "Manteca, California Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Manteca city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "City of Manteca CAFR" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 3, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
- "Milo Candini Stats - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
- On the Road, Chapter 12