Manteswar (community development block)
|Community development block|
|Parliamentary constituency||Bardhaman-Durgapur, Bardhaman Purba|
|Assembly constituency||Manteswar, Purbasthali Uttar|
|• Total||117.92 sq mi (305.40 km2)|
|• Density||2,440/sq mi (943/km2)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5.30)|
|Literacy Rate||65.94 per cent|
Manteswar (community development block) (Bengali: মন্তেশ্বর সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক) is an administrative division in Kalna subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Manteswar police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Monteswar.
The area between the Damodar and Ajay was known as Gopbhum, where the Sadgope kings ruled for many centuries, prior to the advent of the Muslims. The Sur kings also occupy a somewhat mythical position in the region. Adi Sur of this dynasty is credited with having brought the five Brahmins and Kayasthas (two important upper castes in Bengal) from Kannauj in what is now Uttar Pradesh. The capital of Adi Sur's son, Bhu Sur was located at Surnagar or Surogram in Manteswar police station area. It also has been a stronghold of the Ugrakshatriyas, who hailed from Rajasthan and settled in Bengal (mainly in Bradhaman district) as a land-owning class.
Administrative set up
When subdivisions were first formed by the British in 1860, Manteswar was one of the police stations of Kalna subdivision. It is also mentioned in Peterson's District Gazetteer of 1910.
In the wake of the movements against the partition of Bengal in 1905, Bandhab Samitis or Mahamaya Samitis were formed at Kalna, Manteswar and Purbasthali for physical training and revolutionary activities. In 1926–27, Damodar canal was developed for irrigation purposes. However, when canal tax was imposed opposition developed in Memari, Manteswar, Bhatar, the Ausgram community blocks and other irrigated areas. In 1938–40 the Congress organisation was strengthened by Gopen Kundu, Narayan Choudhury and Abdur Rahman. In 1943, when Damodar River flooded the entire area, relief was organised in the Manteswar area by the Communist Party.
Manteswar is located at.
As per 2001 census, Manteswar block had a total population of 213,262, out of which 109,544 were males and 103,718 were females. Manteswar block registered a population growth of 15.59 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
As per 2001 census, Manteswar block had a total literacy of 65.94 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 73.70 per cent female literacy was 57.63 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.
Manteswar is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by arsenic contamination of ground water.
- "Contact details of Block Development Officers". Burdwan district. West Bengal Government. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
- "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, pp 150–151
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 151
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, pp 369–370
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 429
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 472
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 456
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, pp 478–479
- "No. 229 (Sanction)-PN/P/II/1G-5/2005(Pt.II) dated 02.02.09". Allotment No. 5 for five districts – Cooch Behar, Burdwan, Uttar Dinajpur, Hooghly and Bankura. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
- "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- Arsenic contamination