Manteswar (community development block)

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Manteswar
মন্তেশ্বর
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Manteswar is located in West Bengal
Manteswar
Manteswar
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°25′21″N 88°06′27″E / 23.42250°N 88.10750°E / 23.42250; 88.10750
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Bardhaman-Durgapur, Bardhaman Purba
Assembly constituency Manteswar, Purbasthali Uttar
Area
 • Total 117.83 sq mi (305.19 km2)
Elevation 52 ft (16 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 237,398
 • Density 2,000/sq mi (780/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713145 (Manteswar)
Telephone/STD code 03453
Vehicle registration WB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate 73.08 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Manteswar is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Kalna subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Administrative set up[edit]

When subdivisions were first formed by the British in 1860, Manteswar was one of the police stations of Kalna subdivision. It is also mentioned in Peterson's District Gazetteer of 1910.[1]

Movements[edit]

In the wake of the movements against the partition of Bengal in 1905, Bandhab Samitis or Mahamaya Samitis were formed at Kalna, Manteswar and Purbasthali for physical training and revolutionary activities.[2] In 1926–27, Damodar canal was developed for irrigation purposes. However, when canal tax was imposed opposition developed in Memari, Manteswar, Bhatar, the Ausgram community blocks and other irrigated areas.[3] In 1938–40 the Congress organisation was strengthened by Gopen Kundu, Narayan Choudhury and Abdur Rahman.[4] In 1943, when Damodar River flooded the entire area, relief was organised in the Manteswar area by the Communist Party.[5]

Geography[edit]

Manteswar is located at 23°25′21″N 88°06′27″E / 23.4226°N 88.1075°E / 23.4226; 88.1075.

Manteswar CD Block is part of the Bardhaman Plain, the central plain area of the district. The area is surrounded by the Bhagirathi on the east, the Ajay on the north-west and the Damodar on the west and south. Old river channels and small creeks found in the region dry up in the dry season, but the Bardhaman Plains are sometimes subject to heavy floods during the rainy season. The region has recent alluvial soils.[6]

Manteswar CD Block is bounded by Katwa I and Katwa II CD Blocks on the north, Purbasthali I and Purbasthali II CD Blocks on the east, Memari II and Burdwan I CD Blocks on the south and Bhatar CD Block on the west.[7][8]

It is located 42 km from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.[7]

Manteswar CD Block has an area of 305.19 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 13 gram panchayats, 176 gram sansads (village councils), 144 mouzas and 136 inhabited villages. Monteswar police station serves this block.[9]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Monteswar.[10]

Gram panchayats of Manteswar block/panchayat samiti are: Baghason, Bamunpara, Bhagra-Mulgram, Denur, Jamna, Kusumgram, Majhergram, Mamudpur I, Mamudpur II, Monteswar, Piplon, Putsuri and Susunia.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Manteswar CD Block had a total population of 237,398, all of which were rural. There were 120,940 (51%) males and 116,458 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 26,815. Scheduled Castes numbered 56,862 (23.95%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 6,958 (2.93%).[12]

As per 2001 census, Manteswar block had a total population of 213,262, out of which 109,544 were males and 103,718 were females. Manteswar block registered a population growth of 15.59 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[13]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[14]Scheduled castes at 51,705 formed around one-fourth the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 8,092.[15]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Manteswar CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Monteswar (9,331), Baghasan (4,974), Bamunpara (4,314), Putsuri (6,806), Denur (4,082), Kusumgram (11,707), Kulut (7,104), Raigram (7,185) and Bhagra (4,086).[12]

Other villages in Manteswar CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Piplan (3,708), Mulgram (3,652), Shushuna (3,722), Mamudpur (3,129), Jamna (1,173) and Majhergram (3,187).[12]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Manteswar CD Block was 153,892 (73.08% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 83,748 (78.04% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 70,144 (67.92% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 10.12%.[12]

As per the 2001 census, Manteswar block had a total literacy of 65.94 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 73.70 per cent female literacy was 57.63 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[16]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[7]

In 2001 Bengali was the mother-tongue of 79.9% of the population of Bardhaman district, Hindi was the mother-tongue of 10.9%, Santali 4.9%, Urdu 2.8%, Bhojpuri 0.1% and Oraon 0.1%. There were other languages spoken by small percentages. However, as of 2017, CD Block-wise/ other region-wise break-up of mother tongue is not available in census/ other official sources.[17]

Religion in Manteswar CD Block
Hindu
  
57.69%
Muslim
  
41.77%
Christian
  
0.21%
Others
  
0.33%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 136,963 and formed 57.69% of the population in Manteswar CD Block. Muslims numbered 99,161 and formed 41.77% of the population. Christians numbered 492 and formed 0.21% of the population. Others numbered 782 and formed 0.33% of the population.[18]

In Bardhaman district the percentage of Hindu population has been declining from 84.3% in 1961 to 77.9% in 2011 and the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 15.2% in 1961 to 20.7% in 2011.[19]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Manteswar CD Block was 40.45%.[20]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Manteswar CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 20.42%, agricultural labourers 50.60%, household industry workers 3.84% and other workers 25.14%.[21]

Manteswar CD Block is part of the area where agriculture dominates the scenario but the secondary and tertiary sectors have shown an increasing trend.[22]

Infrastructure[edit]

All 144 or 100% of mouzas in Manteswar CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[21]

136 mouzas in Manteswar CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 70 fertiliser depots, 9 seed store and 78 fair price shops in the CD Block.[21]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Manteswar CD Block

  Bargadars (4.68%)
  Patta holders (15.54%)
  Small farmers (8.17%)
  Marginal farmers (24.71%)
  Agricultural labourers (46.90%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[23]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Manteswar CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 4.68%, patta (document) holders 15.54%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 8.17%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 24.71% and agricultural labourers 46.90%.[21]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Manteswar CD Block was 25.502 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 15,850 hectares.[24]

In 2013-14, Manteswar CD Block produced 3,340 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from from 1,142 hectares, 731 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 262 hectares, 91,570 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 23,572 hectares, 15 tonnes of wheat from 5 hectares, 348 tonnes of jute from 16 hectares, 28,709 tonnes of potatoes from 1,206 hectares and 565 tonnes of sugar cane from 9 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[21]

In Bardhaman district as a whole Aman paddy constituted 64.32% of the total area under paddy cultivation, while the area under Boro and Aus paddy constituted 32.87% and 2.81% repectively. The expansion of Boro paddy cultivation, with higher yield rates, was the result of expansion of irrigation system and intensive cropping.[25]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Manteswar CD Block was 29,266.87 hectares, out of which 26,808.20 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 984.34 hectares were irrigated by river lift irrigation and 1,474.33 hectares by deep tube wells.[21]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Manteswar CD Block had offices of 8 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[21]

Transport[edit]

Manteswar CD Block has 4 ferry services and 10 originating/ terminating bus routes.[21]

State Highway 8 (West Bengal) running from Santaldi (in Purulia district) to Majhdia (in Nadia district) passes through this block.[26]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Manteswar CD Block had 180 primary schools with 12,570 students, 28 high school with 18,652 students and 9 higher secondary schools with 8,712 students. Manteswar CD Block had 1 general college with 2,668 and 402 institutions for special and non-formal education with 17,969 students[21]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Manteswar CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 3 primary health centres and 1 private nursing home with total 47 beds and 5 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 32 family welfare subcentres. 10,173 patients were treated indoor and 210,847 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[21]

Manteswar CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a low level of arsenic contamination of ground water.[27]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp369-370, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  2. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 429
  3. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 472
  4. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 456
  5. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, pp 478–479
  6. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c "Manteswar Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  14. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  15. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  16. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  17. ^ "Census of India 2011: District Census Handbook Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 11: Population by Mother-tongue in Barddhaman district (1961-2001), page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "Census of Indiia 2011: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 9: Population by religion in Badhaman district (1961-2011), Page 50. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  22. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  23. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  24. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intesity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  25. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Occupational Structure, Status and levels of Livelihood, page 55. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  26. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  27. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011.