|Large brown mantid, Archimantis latistyla|
Mantidae is the largest family of the order Mantodea, commonly known as praying mantises; most are tropical or subtropical. Historically, this was the only family in the order, and many references still use the term "mantid" to refer to any mantis. Technically, however, "mantid" refers only to members of the family Mantidae, and not the 14 remaining families of mantises. Some of the most recent classifications have promoted a number of the mantid subfamilies to the rank of family, e.g. Iridopterygidae, Sibyllidae, Tarachodidae, Thespidae, and Toxoderidae, while other classifications have reduced the number of subfamilies without elevating to higher rank.
Many species are found in North America, the three most common being the European Mantis (Mantis religiosa), the Chinese Mantis (Tenodera sinensis), and the Carolina Mantis (Stagmomantis carolina). Of these, only the last is native to the continent - the European and Chinese species were introduced in the 20th century as predators in an attempt to control pest populations in gardens.
Subfamilies and tribes
The Mantodea Species File lists the following:
- Ehrmann, R. 2002. Mantodea: Gottesanbeterinnen der Welt. Natur und Tier, Münster
- Bouwma, Andrew M., Peter E. Bouwma, Erik V. Nordheim, and Robert L. Jeanne. "Adult Mortality Rates in Young Colonies of a Swarm-founding Social Wasp (Polybia Occidentalis)." Journal of Zoology 260.1 (2003): 11-16. Google Scholar. 1 May 2003. Web. 24 Sept. 2014. <https://scholar.google.com>.
- Mantodea Species File (Version 5.0/5.0)
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