Mantua Township, New Jersey

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Mantua Township, New Jersey
Township of Mantua
Thomas Carpenter House
Mantua Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Mantua Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Mantua Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Mantua Township, New Jersey
Mantua Township is located in Gloucester County, New Jersey
Mantua Township
Mantua Township
Location in Gloucester County
Mantua Township is located in New Jersey
Mantua Township
Mantua Township
Location in New Jersey
Mantua Township is located in the United States
Mantua Township
Mantua Township
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°45′43″N 75°10′23″W / 39.762012°N 75.17309°W / 39.762012; -75.17309Coordinates: 39°45′43″N 75°10′23″W / 39.762012°N 75.17309°W / 39.762012; -75.17309[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Gloucester
IncorporatedFebruary 23, 1853
Named forMantua, Italy or Lenape sub-tribe
Government
 • TypeTownship
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorPeter Scirrotto (D, term ends December 31, 2020)[3][4]
 • AdministratorJennica Bileci[5]
 • Municipal clerkJennica Bileci[6]
Area
 • Total15.919 sq mi (41.228 km2)
 • Land15.849 sq mi (41.048 km2)
 • Water0.070 sq mi (0.180 km2)  0.44%
Area rank169th of 566 in state
10th of 24 in county[1]
Elevation105 ft (32 m)
Population
 • Total15,217
 • Estimate 
(2019)[12]
14,840
 • Rank166th of 566 in state
7th of 24 in county[13]
 • Density960.1/sq mi (370.7/km2)
 • Density rank389th of 566 in state
14th of 24 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s)856 exchanges: 223, 415, 464, 468[16]
FIPS code3401543440[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID0882147[1][19]
Websitewww.mantuatownship.com

Mantua Township is a township in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 15,217,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 1,000 (+7.0%) from the 14,217 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,143 (+41.1%) from the 10,074 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

Mantua Township was formed as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 23, 1853, from portions of Greenwich Township. Portions of the township were taken to form East Greenwich Township (February 10, 1881) and Pitman (May 24, 1905).[21] The township is named after Mantua, in Italy[22] or for a Mantua sub-tribe of the Lenape Native Americans.[23][24]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 15.919 square miles (41.228 km2), including 15.849 square miles (41.048 km2) of land and 0.070 square miles (0.180 km2) of water (0.44%).[1][2]

Richwood is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within portions of both Harrison Township and Mantua Township. The CDP had a 2010 population of 3,459, of which 3,400 were in Harrison Township and 59 in Mantua Township.[25][26] Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Barnsboro, Boodys Mills, Centre City, Eastlack Corner, Jessups, Manunkachunk, Sewell and West Landing.[27]

The township borders Deptford Township, East Greenwich Township, Glassboro, Harrison Township, Pitman, Washington Township, Wenonah and West Deptford Township.[28][29]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,742
18701,8978.9%
18801,718−9.4%
18901,791*4.2%
19002,10117.3%
19101,529*−27.2%
19202,00230.9%
19302,67733.7%
19402,433−9.1%
19503,54845.8%
19607,991125.2%
19709,64320.7%
19809,193−4.7%
199010,0749.6%
200014,21741.1%
201015,2177.0%
Est. 201914,840[12][30][31]−2.5%
Population sources:
1860-2000[32] 1860-1920[33]
1860-1870[34] 1870[35] 1880-1890[36]
1890-1910[37] 1910-1930[38]
1930-1990[39] 2000[40][41] 2010[9][10][11]
* Lost territory in previous decade

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census counted 15,217 people, 5,719 households, and 4,169.151 families in the township. The population density was 960.1 per square mile (370.7/km2). There were 5,980 housing units at an average density of 377.3 per square mile (145.7/km2). The racial makeup was 94.24% (14,340) White, 2.50% (380) Black or African American, 0.20% (31) Native American, 1.10% (168) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.66% (100) from other races, and 1.29% (197) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.95% (449) of the population.[9]

Of the 5,719 households, 33.4% had children under the age of 18; 57.3% were married couples living together; 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present and 27.1% were non-families. Of all households, 22.2% were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.13.[9]

24.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.3 years. For every 100 females, the population had 92.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 88.8 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $80,743 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,473) and the median family income was $88,586 (+/- $5,058). Males had a median income of $66,993 (+/- $4,279) versus $49,500 (+/- $7,015) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $35,073 (+/- $2,942). About 2.7% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.[42]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 14,217 people, 5,265 households, and 3,948 families residing in the township. The population density was 894.3 people per square mile (345.2/km²). There were 5,411 housing units at an average density of 340.4 per square mile (131.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 95.81% White, 2.07% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.28% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.26% of the population.[40][41]

There were 5,265 households out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.14.[40]

In the township the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.[40]

The median income for a household in the township was $58,256, and the median income for a family was $63,391. Males had a median income of $46,984 versus $32,495 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,147. About 2.8% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over.[40]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Tall Pines State Preserve is a 111-acre (45 ha) nature preserve that opened in November 2015 as Gloucester County's first state park and is located along the border of Deptford Township and Mantua Township. Originally a forest that was turned into an asparagus field and then a golf course, the land was preserved through the efforts of the South Jersey Land and Water Trust, the Friends of Tall Pines, Gloucester County Nature Club, and the New Jersey Green Acres Program.[43]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Mantua Township is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government, one of 141 of 565 municipalities statewide that use this form, the second-most commonly used form of government in the state.[44] The Township Committee is comprised of five members, who are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[7][45] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.[3]

As of 2020, members of the Mantua Township Committee are Mayor Pete Scirrotto (D, term on committee ends December 31, 2022; term as mayor ends 2020), Deputy Mayor Robert T. Zimmerman (D, term on committee ends 2021; term as deputy mayor ends 2020), Shawn K. Layton (D, 2021), John Legge (D, 2020) and Eileen Lukens (D, 2022).[3][46][47][48][49][50]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Mantua Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[51] and is part of New Jersey's 5th state legislative district.[10][52][53] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Mantua Township had been in the 3rd state legislative district.[54] Prior to the 2010 Census, Mantua Township had been split between the 1st Congressional District and the 2nd Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[54]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Jeff Van Drew (R, Dennis Township).[55] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[56] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[57][58]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 5th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nilsa Cruz-Perez (D, Barrington) and in the General Assembly by Patricia Egan Jones (D, Barrington) and William Spearman (D, Camden).[59][60] Spearman took office in June 2018 followingh the resignation of Arthur Barclay.[61]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2020, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; 2021),[62] Deputy Freeholder Director Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2022),[63] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2020),[64] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2022),[65] Jim Jefferson (D, Woodbury; 2020),[66] Jim Lavender (D, Woolwich Township; 2021),[67] and Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2020).[68][69]

Constitutional officers elected countywide are: County Clerk James N. Hogan (D, Franklinville in Franklin Township; 5-year term ends 2022),[70][71][72] Sheriff Carmel Morina (D, Greenwich Township; 3-year term ends 2021)[73][74][75] and Surrogate Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 5-year term ends 2022).[76][77][78][72][79][75]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 10,232 registered voters in Mantua Township, of which 3,493 (34.1%) were registered as Democrats, 2,020 (19.7%) were registered as Republicans and 4,712 (46.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 7 voters registered to other parties.[80]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 50.3% of the vote (3,855 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 48.2% (3,692 votes), and other candidates with 1.5% (117 votes), among the 7,731 ballots cast by the township's 10,720 registered voters (67 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 72.1%.[81][82] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 50.0% of the vote (3,902 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 47.3% (3,687 votes) and other candidates with 1.6% (126 votes), among the 7,800 ballots cast by the township's 10,429 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.8%.[83] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 50.0% of the vote (3,704 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 48.7% (3,604 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (70 votes), among the 7,408 ballots cast by the township's 9,657 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 76.7.[84]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 66.0% of the vote (2,985 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 31.9% (1,445 votes), and other candidates with 2.1% (94 votes), among the 4,620 ballots cast by the township's 10,604 registered voters (96 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 43.6%.[85][86] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 48.1% of the vote (2,422 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 40.8% (2,055 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.6% (435 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (40 votes), among the 5,031 ballots cast by the township's 10,357 registered voters, yielding a 48.6% turnout.[87]

Education[edit]

Children in pre-kindergarten through sixth grade for public school are served by the Mantua Township School District. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district and its three schools had an enrollment of 1,266 students and 110.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.4:1.[88] Schools in the district (with 2017–18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[89]) are Centre City School[90] with 283 students in grades pre-kindergarten to 3, Sewell School[91] in Sewell with 455 students in pre-kindergarten through 3rd grade and J. Mason Tomlin School[92] with 529 students in grades 4 - 6.[93][94]

Public school students in seventh through twelfth grades attend the schools of the Clearview Regional High School District, which serves students from Harrison Township and Mantua Township.[95][96][97] Schools in the district (with 2017–18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[98]) are Clearview Regional Middle School[99] with 828 students (grades 7 and 8) and Clearview Regional High School[100] with 1,494 students (grades 9-12).[101] Seats on the high school district's nine-member board are allocated based on population, with five seats assigned to Mantua Township.[102]

Students from across the county are eligible to apply to attend Gloucester County Institute of Technology, a four-year high school in Deptford Township that provides technical and vocational education. As a public school, students do not pay tuition to attend the school.[103]

Transportation[edit]

Route 55 northbound in Mantua Township

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 91.85 miles (147.82 km) of roadways, of which 53.92 miles (86.78 km) were maintained by the municipality, 31.21 miles (50.23 km) by Gloucester County and 6.72 miles (10.81 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[104]

New Jersey Route 45[105] and New Jersey Route 55[106] are the main highways serving Mantua Township. County Route 553[107] and County Route 553 Alternate also traverse the township.

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit bus service is available in the township between Bridgeton and Philadelphia on the 410 route and between Sewell and Philadelphia on the 412 route.[108][109]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Mantua Township include:

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Township Committee, Mantua Township. Accessed February 26, 2020. "Mantua Township operates under the 'Township Committee' form of municipal government and is comprised of five members elected at-large through partisan elections. Members of township committee serve staggered three-year terms and reorganize annually during which the mayor is elected amongst members of township committee."
  4. ^ 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020. As of date accessed, Scirrotto is listed with a term-end year of 2022, which is the end of his three-year committee term, not his one-year mayoral term.
  5. ^ Administration & Finance, Mantua Township. Accessed May 23, 2020.
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  64. ^ Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed February 11, 2020.
  65. ^ Daniel Christy, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed February 11, 2020.
  66. ^ Jim Jefferson, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed February 11, 2020.
  67. ^ Jim Lavender, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed February 11, 2020.
  68. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed February 11, 2020.
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  88. ^ District information for Mantua Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 9, 2019.
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  90. ^ Centre City School, Mantua Township School District. Accessed November 9, 2019.
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