|Manubhai Pancholi "Darshak"|
15 October 1914|
Panchashiya, Surendranagar district, Gujarat, India
|Died||29 August 2001
Sanosara, Bhavnagar, Gujarat
|Notable awards||Padma Bhusan 1991, Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak 1964, Sahitya Akademi Award to Gujarati Writers 1975|
Manubhai Pancholi is a Gujarati language novelist, author and educationist from Gujarat, India. He is also known by his pen name, Darshak. He participated in the Indian independence movement and held several offices after independence.
Manubhai Pancholi was born on 15 October 1914 at Panchashiya village in Rajkot district, Gujarat, India. He completed his primary education from Tithwa Lunsar. He left study to participate in Salt Satyagraha in 1930 when he was studying at Wankaner. He was jailed in Sabarmati, Nasik and Visapur. He started his career as a rector in educational institute, Dakshinamurti at Bhavnagar in 1932 and later joined as a professor in Gramdakshinamurt, Ambala in 1938. He was also arrested during Quit India Movement in 1942 was jailed at Bhavnagar. He served as education minister of Bhavnagar State in 1948. He co-founded Lokbharti Gramvidyapith institute with Nanabhai Bhatt in 1953 at Sanosara. He married Vijayaben Patel, a daughter of Patidar family from Varad village of Bardoli.
He was a member of Gujarat Legislative Assembly from 1967 to 1971 and served as an education minister in 1970. He was arrested during the emergency in 1975. He served as a president of Gujarati Sahitya Parishad from 1981 to 1983.
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His contribution to Gujarati literature is noteworthy . His two novels Zer To Pidha Chhe Jani Jani and Socrates are regarded as classic. Dipnirvan is a historical novel about the revolt against Magadh in ancient India.
He received Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak in 1964, Sahitya Akademi Award to Gujarati Writers for Socrates in 1975 and Bharatiya Jnanpith Moortidevi Award for Zer To Pidha Chhe Jani Jani in 1987. He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1991 for his work in public affairs. He also received Saraswati Samman in 1997 for his book Kurukshetra and Jamnalal Bajaj Award in 1996.
- "Manubhai Pancholi". Lokbharti. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- "Manubhai Pancholi "Darshak"". Gujarati Sahitya Parishad (in Gujarati). Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- "ગૂર્જર ગૌરવ – ટીના દોશી". ReadGujarati.com (in Gujarati). 4 June 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- "Gujarati novelist Manubhai dead". The Tribune. PTI. 31 August 2001.
- Sisir Kumar Das (1991). History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956, struggle for freedom : triumph and tragedy. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. p. 756. ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
- "Gujarati film actor Upendra Trivedi dies". The Times of India. 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2017-03-26.
- "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
- "Saraswati Samman for Prof Paniker". The Tribune. Chandigarh, India. 19 February 2006. Archived from the original on 16 December 2006.