Manuel Andrade Díaz
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Manuel Andrade Díaz (born 1965 in Villahermosa, Tabasco) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the Institutional Revolutionary Party and former Governor of Tabasco. He holds a Law degree from the University Juárez Autónoma of Tabasco and qualified in Electoral Law and Parliamentary Law.
He was elected Secretary General of the National Movement of Revolutionary Youth in the municipality of Centro, Tabasco, at the same time Secretary General of Internal of Popular Youth ;[when?] and in the period 1989-1992, State President of the Youthful Revolutionary Front. Under this position he participated in the writing of the Statutes of the FJR, within the framework of VII the National Assembly of that organization.
He was Secretary General of the Municipal Committee of the PRI in Centro municipality; state coordinator of the Electoral Program of Squares of First Priority of the CDE of the PRI, in 1991; delegate of the CDE in Comalcalco, Cárdenas, Teapa and Cunduacán; and President of the Committee of Promotion and Defense of the Human rights of the PRI, from 1993 to 1994. That year he was named Coordinating State of the Legal Defense program of vote for the electoral process that he nominate to Roberto Madrazo Pintado as candidate to Governor.
In the campaign of this politician, Secretary of Electoral Action was named del CDE, position from as he delineated the strategy that allowed the priísta triumph. Its entailment with the sectors of the Party took it to be representing of the PRI before the state and municipal electoral organisms, in the federal and local processes of 1988, 1991 and 1994.
From 1996 to 1998, he was state leader of the PRI. While in this position he organized an intense[peacock term] political-electoral campaign and managed to recover the four mayorships that were in being able of the opposition three years ago.
In the federal and local elections of 1997, with the leadership of Andrade, the PRI gained all the federal delegations, the municipal presidencies and the local delegations.
He is member of the National Political Council of the PRI from 1996.
Parallelly to its partisan activity, Andrade Diaz has evolved like Assistant director in the Direction of Government,[clarification needed] Private secretary of the Secretary of Education, Culture and Recreation, Auxiliary Secretary of the Secretary of Interior of the State.
Twice he has been delegated, in the LIV and the LVI legislatures, being in this last President of the Great Commission of the H. Congress of the State.
He was also Undersecretary of Political Development of the Secretariat of Interior. He coordinated the campaign of Madrazo in the internal election of the candidate to the Presidency of the Republic in 1999.
In 2000, Manuel Andrade Diaz was elected as Governor of Tabasco for the Institutional Revolutionary Party.
Questioned first election
After being chosen as Governor, Andrade was ahead in the polls but faced opposition from candidate César Raúl Ojeda of the Party of the Democratic Revolution(PRD), and José Antonio de la Vega of the National Action Party (PAN), as well as eight other contenders.
On October 15, 2000, on the night of the election, both Andrade and Ojeda were the self-proclaimed winners of the election.However, the Electoral Institute reported Manuel Andrade received 44.05% of the votes, while César Raúl Ojeda received 43.27% of the votes, and the Panista de la Vega received 8.39%. Both the PRD and Ojeda decided to go to the Federal Electoral Tribunal to oppose the electoral process.
On December 29, 2000, two days before Manuel Andrade took possession as Constitutional Governor the Federal Electoral Tribunal, with four votes in favor and two against, decided to annul the election for Governor of Tabasco and revoke Andrade's majority - an act unprecedented in Mexico.
The Tribunal made the decision considering that "the government of the state of Tabasco was not neutral in the election of governor, which implies an affect in freedom of the possible suffrage". Government headed by Roberto Madrazo Pintado.
Before the absence of Governor-elect, the congress of the state designated to Enrique Priego Oropeza as Temporary Governor, who would have to remain up to 18 months in the position and to summon new elections for Governor.
Priego - Lopez Conflict
The cancellation of the elections of Governor took the Government by surprise and the congress held a session[when?] as a means to take the reins from the state of electing a Temporary Governor before the exit of chief executive Madrazo, who finished his term on December 31, 2000.
Article 47 of the constitution of the state says the following thing:
- In the case of absolute lack of the Governor, happened in both first years of the respective period, if the Congress is in sessions, it will be elevated immediately in Electoral School and concurring at least the two third parts of the total number of his members, will name, in secret scrutiny and by absolute majority of votes, to a temporary Governor.
- The same Congress, will send within the five following days to the one of the designation of temporary Governor, the call for the election of Governor who must conclude the respective period; having to mediate between the date of the call and the one that is indicated to carry out elections, greater a nonsmaller term of three months nor of six.
- If the Congress will not be in sessions, the Permanent Commission will name, of course, to a provisional Governor and will summon to extraordinary sessions the Congress so that this one designates to the temporary Governor and sends the call for the election of Governor in the terms of the previous paragraph.
- When the lack of Governor happened after the second year of the respective period, if the Congress were in sessions will designate to the Governing Substitute that will have to conclude the period. If the Congress will not be reunited, the Permanent Commission will name a Governor provisional and will summon the Congress to Extraordinary Sessions so that it is elevated in Electoral School and it makes the designation of substitute Governor.
Relying upon the article, on December 31, 2000, the parliamentary group of the PRI, the 56 legislature (and that stopped that same day) designated Enrique Priego Oropeza as Temporary Governor and sent [clarification needed] to the federal deputy without license. Act that was described like as legislative Dawn attack on the part of the PRD .[clarification needed]
The PRD opposed the designation arguing that there was no absolute lack of governor on December 31, 2000, because Madrazo was still performing his obligatory functions. And that it would have been the 57 legislature, the one that he designated as Temporary Governor that performed its functions on January 1, 2001.
Under this argument, the legislators of PRD, PAN, PT and two of the PRI designated to the then Secretary General of the PRI, Adán Augusto López, as Temporary Governor, resolving the postelectoral conflict despite precedents in the state and the country—there were two governors in functions in a state . After political negotiations and several rinsings, the partisan forces agreed and Enrique Priego Oropeza assumed the interinato and was summoned to the new elections on August 5, 2001.
Andrade was designated again as candidate to Governor, and of new account it would have to face César Raúl Ojeda like more serious adversary, who was designated by the PRD for the second time to look for the governorship.
On the other hand, in the PAN there was relief and Lucio Lastra appeared to the election, in addition to Blanca Guerrero of the Social Alliance Party.
In election day, Manuel Andrade again prevailed with the 50.67% of the votes, with 45.95% of the votes going to Ojeda Zubieta, who accepted defeat without returning to oppose the election.
Rise to power
Manuel Andrade was sworn in as Constitutional Governor of Tabasco on January 1, 2002, in the presence of the President of Mexico, Vicente Fox, and the absence of the PRD and the 57 PAN of legislature of the state. Its assumption also stood out by the absence of governing PRI members, was only present Tomás Yarrington, Governor of Tamaulipas.
- Grayson, George W. (2007). Mexican messiah: Andrés Manuel López Obrador. Penn State Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-271-03262-7. Retrieved 5 April 2011.
- Thompson, Ginger (16 October 2000). "Mexico's governing party battling in crucial southern state.". New York Times. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- Buckman, Robert T. (2014). Latin America. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 282. ISBN 9781475812275.
- Berruecos, Susana (2003). "Electoral Justice in Mexico: the Role of the Electoral Tribunal under New Federalism". The Journal of Latin American Studies. 35 (4): 810. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
- "003n1pol". www.jornada.unam.mx. Retrieved 2015-10-20.
- "PRI Lawmaker in Tabasco Made Acting Governor". January 1, 2001. Associated Press. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
Enrique Priego Oropeza
|Governor of Tabasco
Andrés Rafael Granier Melo