Manuel Blanco Encalada

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Manuel Blanco Encalada
Manuel Blanco Encalada (Nataniel Hughes, 1853).jpg
1st President of Chile
In office
9 July 1826 – 9 September 1826
Vice President Agustín Eyzaguirre
Preceded by Ramón Freire (as Supreme Director of Chile)
Succeeded by Agustín Eyzaguirre
Personal details
Born 21 April 1790
Buenos Aires, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata
Died 5 September 1876(1876-09-05) (aged 86)
Santiago, Chile
Nationality Chilean
Political party Independent
Spouse(s) Carmen Gana López

Manuel José Blanco y Calvo de Encalada (American Spanish: [maˈnwel ˈβlaŋko eŋkaˈlaða]; April 21, 1790 – September 5, 1876) was a vice-admiral in the Chilean Navy, a political figure, and Chile's first President (Provisional)(1826).


Born in Buenos Aires which was the capital of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, Blanco Encalada was the son of the Spanish Manuel Lorenzo Blanco Cicerón and of the Chilean Mercedes Calvo de Encalada y Recabarren. He was trained for the navy in Spain. Later, during the Chilean War of Independence, he joined the Chilean forces, where he served with distinction under Lord Cochrane and rose to rank of Vice-Admiral and commander of the Chilean forces in (1825), where he participated in the capture of Chiloé. The following year, Congress elected him to the newly established position of President of the Republic. He soon had several fights with Congress, which was trying to install a federalist system, and resigned within two months.

Later, he joined the wars against the Peruvian-Bolivian Confederation and Spain (1865–1866). After the war, he became Governor of Valparaíso and minister to France. He was also an active Freemason.[1] Blanco Encalada died in Santiago de Chile at the age of 86.


The Blanco Encalada Cabinet
Office Name Term
President Manuel Blanco Encalada9 July 1826–9 September 1826
Minister of Government & Foreign Affairs Ventura Blanco Encalada8 March 1826–20 October 1826
Minister of War & Navy José María Novoa8 March 1826–21 June 1826
Tomás Obejero21 June 1826–26 September 1826
Minister of Finance Manuel José Gandarillas8 March 1826–12 September 1826

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-22. Retrieved 2013-04-02. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Ramón Freire
(last Supreme Director)
President of Chile
Succeeded by
Agustín Eyzaguirre
Military offices
Preceded by
Francisco de la Lastra
Navy General Commander
Succeeded by
José Ignacio Zenteno
Preceded by
Santiago Aldunate
Navy General Commander
Succeeded by
Robert Simpson