Manuel Bryennios

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Manuel Bryennios (Greek: Μανουήλ Βρυέννιος; c. 1275 – c. 1340)[1] was a Byzantine scholar who flourished in Constantinople about 1300 teaching astronomy, mathematics and musical theory.[2] His only surviving work is the Harmonika (Greek: Ἁρμονικά), which is a three-volume codification of Byzantine musical scholarship based on the classical Greek works of Ptolemy, Nicomachus, and the Neopythagorean authors on the numerological theory of music.[2] One of Bryennios's students was Theodore Metochites, the grand logothete during the reign of Emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos (r. 1272–1328).[2] Metochites studied astronomy under Bryennios.[1][2] According to the Mathematics Genealogy Project of North Dakota State University, he is the scholarly ancestor with the most known academic descendants (i.e., 128,446), all through his student Theodore Metochites.[3]




  • Freely, John (2012). Flame of Miletus: The Birth of Science in Ancient Greece (and How it Changed the World). London and New York: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-78-076051-3.
  • NDSU Department of Mathematics (1997). "Mathematics Genealogy Project". Mathematics Genealogy Project. American Mathematical Society. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  • Nicolaidis, Efthymios (2011). Science and Eastern Orthodoxy: From the Greek Fathers to the Age of Globalization. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-1-42-140298-7.