Manuel H. Johnson

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Manuel H. Johnson
Manuel H. Johnson.jpg
13th Vice Chairman of the Federal Reserve
In office
August 4, 1986 – August 3, 1990
Nominated by Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Preston Martin
Succeeded by David W. Mullins, Jr.
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
In office
February 7, 1986 – August 3, 1990
Nominated by Ronald Reagan
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Economic Policy
In office
President Ronald Reagan
Personal details
Born (1949-02-10) February 10, 1949 (age 69)
Troy, Alabama
Nationality American
Alma mater Troy State University
Florida State University (M.S.)
Florida State University (Ph.D.)

Manuel Holman "Manley" Johnson (born February 10, 1949 in Troy, Alabama) is an American economist, who served as the vice chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System in the mid-1980s. Since 1990, he has been co-chairman and senior partner on Johnson Smick International, Inc., an investments, economic and political consulting firm. He has also authored or co-authored five economic books.

Early life and education[edit]

Johnson was born on February 10, 1949,[1] in Troy, Alabama, a small town in rural southeast Alabama. Although formally named Manuel, he often informally goes by "Manley"[2][3][4] He attended the University of Alabama from 1967 to 1968. In 1968, he volunteered for the U.S. Army and served with both ranger and special forces units until 1971. He returned from service and completed his undergraduate studies at Troy State University, now Troy University, graduating in 1973 with a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree in economics cum laude. He furthered his education at Florida State University at Tallahassee, graduating in 1974 with a Master of Science (M.S.) degree in economics. In 1977, he earned a Ph.D. in economics from Florida State University.


From 1977 to 1994, Johnson was a professor of economics at George Mason University, where he held the Koch Chair in International Economics.

Johnson served as Assistant Secretary of the Treasury (1982–1986), and Deputy Assistant Secretary (1981–1982). While at the Treasury, Johnson was responsible for the formulation of economic policy initiatives and development of the Administration's economic forecast for the budget. He was also instrumental in designing the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 and the Tax Reform Act of 1986, which represents the most comprehensive change in the history of U.S. tax law. His performance at the Treasury won him the Alexander Hamilton Award, the department's highest honor.

Johnson was vice chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System for four and a half years beginning in February 1986. While at the Fed, Johnson presided over one of the most stable economic periods in the post-World War II era. His responsibility for international operations and financial crisis management involved him in some of the most dramatic events of the 1980s. Johnson played a key role in preventing systemic economic damage during the stock market crash of October 1987 and in the coordination of international monetary policy by the Group of Ten major industrial countries.

He became co-chairman and senior partner, along with David Smick, in the investment and consulting firm of Smick Medley International in September 1990. At that time, the name was changed to Johnson Smick International, Inc. (JSI). JSI invests with money management funds and provides information services on important economic and political policy changes in major countries that impact global financial institutions located throughout the world.

Johnson's academic research and writing have been concentrated in the area of political economy and public policy. He is the author and co-author of five books and has published over 50 articles in academic journals and other publications. In addition to his writings, Johnson has edited a professional journal, and served on three presidential and congressional commissions. He also is currently Chairman of the Board of The National Sporting Library and serves on the board of directors of the Morgan Stanley Funds Group, RBS Greenwich Capital Holdings, NVR Inc. and Evergreen Energy, Inc. From 1997 to 2004 Johnson was Chairman of the Financial Accounting Foundation (the organization that supervises the preparation of U.S. accounting standards).[5]


  • Manuel H. Johnson, Robert E. Keleher (October 1996) Monetary Policy, A Market Price Approach. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-56720-059-1
  • Dan C. Heldman, James T. Bennett, Manuel H. Johnson (June 1981) Deregulating Labor Relations Fisher Institute. ISBN 978-0-933028-14-2
  • James T. Bennett, Manuel H. Johnson, William E. Simon (February 1981) Better Government at Half the Price: Private Production of Public Services Jameson Books. ISBN 978-0-89803-048-8
  • James T. Bennett, Manuel H. Johnson (August 1980) Political Economy of Federal Government Growth Private Enterprise Research Center (PERC). ISBN 978-0-86599-001-2


  1. ^
  2. ^ (Accessed December 6, 2009)
  3. ^ Larry Kudlow Preserve the Curve National Review Online, August 09, 2005 (Accessed December 6, 2009)
  4. ^ Is Ben Bernanke The “Reincarnation” Of Manley Johnson? Northern Trust Economic Research, March 9, 2005 (Accessed December 6, 2009)
  5. ^

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Preston Martin
Vice Chairman of the Federal Reserve
August 4, 1986 – August 3, 1990
Succeeded by
David W. Mullins Jr.