Manuel Pardo

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Manuel Pardo
ManuelPardo.jpg
31st President of Peru
In office
August 2, 1872 – August 2, 1876
Vice PresidentManuel Costas Arce
Francisco Garmendia Puértolas
Preceded byMariano Herencia Zevallos
Succeeded byMariano Ignacio Prado
Personal details
Born(1834-08-09)August 9, 1834
DiedNovember 16, 1878(1878-11-16) (aged 44)
Political partyCivilista Party
ProfessionEconomist

Manuel Justo Pardo y Lavalle (August 9, 1834 – November 16, 1878) was a Peruvian politician who served as the 31st President of Peru. He was the first civilian President in Peru's history.

Biography[edit]

Born into an aristocratic family of Lima, Peru, his father, Felipe Pardo y Aliaga, was a diplomatist and his mother, Petronila de Lavalle y Cabero, daughter of the 2nd Count of Premio Real.

He was educated at four schools: Commercial School of Valparaíso, National Institute of Chile, College of Our Lady of Guadalupe and San Carlos Convictorium. Lavalle studied philosophy at University of Barcelona and economics and literature at the Collège de France.

Pardo was Minister of Finance from 1865 to 1867.[1] He was director of Public-Benefit Society of Lima (1868) and Mayor of Lima (1869–1870). On 24 April 1871, he founded the Civilista Party, the most important political party of the Aristocratic Republic. He was elected president by the Peruvian Congress after a failed coup launched by colonel Tomás Gutierrez.

One of the most controversial acts committed during his presidency was the signing of a Treaty of Defensive Alliance with Bolivia. The objective of this pact was to protect themselves from what they perceived as "Chilean Imperialism" and a growing desire of Chile for the allied provinces of Tarapacá and Litoral.

On November 16, 1878, Manuel Pardo, President of the Senate, was assassinated by gunshot.[2]

His sons were José Simón Pardo y Barreda, Prime-Minister and also President of Peru, Felipe Pardo y Barreda, V Marquis of Fuente Hermosa de Miranda, and Juan Pardo y Barreda, President of the Chamber of Deputies of Peru.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ministerio de Economía y Finanzas - Histórico - Relación de Ministros". www.mef.gob.pe.
  2. ^ "Manuel Justo Simón Pardo y Lavalle".
  3. ^ Gootenberg, Paul. Imagining Development: Economic Ideas in Peru's "Fictitious Prosperity" of Guano, 1840-1880. Berkeley, Calif: University of California Press, c1993 1993.
Political offices
Preceded by President of the Senate of Peru
1878
Succeeded by
José Antonio García y García
Preceded by President of Peru
1872–1876
Succeeded by