Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Manuel Troncoso de la Concha
Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha.jpg
President of the Senate of the Dominican Republic
In office
January, 1943 – May 30, 1955
Preceded by Porfirio Herrera Velásquez
Succeeded by Mario Fermín Cabral y Báez
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg 38th President of the Dominican Republic
In office
March 7, 1940 – May 18, 1942
Preceded by Jacinto Peynado
Succeeded by Rafael Trujillo
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg 23rd Vice President of the Dominican Republic
In office
August 16, 1938 – March 7, 1940
Preceded by Jacinto Peynado
Succeeded by Vacant
Personal details
Born Manuel de Jesús María Ulpiano Troncoso de la Concha[1]
April 3, 1878 (1878-04-03)
San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic
Died May 30, 1955 (1955-05-31) (aged 77)
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Nationality Dominican
Political party Dominican
Spouse(s) Silvia Alicia Sánchez Abréu
Relations Carlos Morales Troncoso (grandson)
Residence Santo Domingo
Alma mater Professional Institute
Profession Attorney
Nickname(s) Pipí[1]

Manuel de Jesús María Ulpiano Troncoso de la Concha (April 3, 1878 – May 30, 1955) was an intellectual and President of the Dominican Republic from 1940 until 1942, as a puppet of dictator Rafael Trujillo.[2] Prior to ascending to the Presidency, he was Vice-President from 1938 to 1940. His term began upon the death of President Jacinto Peynado. He also served in 1911 during the reign of the Council of Secretaries.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Troncoso was the son of Jesús María Uladislao Troncoso Troncoso (1855–1923), treasurer and sacristan of the Basilica Cathedral of Santa María la Menor, and Baldomera de la Concha Silva (1844–1923).[4] Manuel was educated at the Conciliar Seminary of St. Thomas Aquinas, graduating with a Bachelor of Philosophy and Letters degree on November 25, 1895. He also was educated in the law, graduating from Professional Institute on April 3, 1899.[5]

Professional life[edit]

Troncoso founded the commercial and civil law firm Oficina Troncoso in 1915 in Santo Domingo. He served as a judge in the First Instance, Court of Appeal, and Land Court. He served on the Supreme Court and as Minister of Justice, Minister of Public Instruction, Minister of Industry and Commerce, Minister of Communications, Minister of the Interior, and Attorney General. He was also founding member of the Dominican Academy of History and Chairman of its Board from 1944 until 1955.[6]

Troncoso was Mayor of Santo Domingo as well as President of The National Electoral Board. He was attorney for the International Court and was a professor and Dean of the Law School and Principal of the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo. He served as Vice-President of the Republic from 1938 until 1940. After serving as President, Troncoso became President of the Senate from 1943 to 1955. He was coroner of the Judicial District of Santo Domingo from 1911 until the time of his death.

As an author, Troncoso published Elementos de Derecho Administrativo (lit. "Elements of Administrative Law"), Narraciones Dominicanas (lit. "Dominican Narratives"), La Ocupación de Santo Domingo por Haití (lit. "The Occupation of Santo Domingo by Haiti"), El Brigadier Juan Sánchez Ramírez (lit. "Brigadier Juan Sánchez Ramírez"), and Génesis de la Convención Dominico-Americana (lit. "Genesis of the Dominican-American Convention"). He was Editor-in-chief of Listín Diario from 1899 to 1911.[7]

As president[edit]

On May 17, 1942 Troncoso appointed Generalissimo Rafael Trujillo as the new Secretary of War and Secretary of the Navy, using the previous resignation of Héctor Trujillo as a legal basis.[8]

Private life[edit]

Troncoso married to Silvia Alicia Sánchez Abreu (1882–?), who became the first Dominican electress to ballot her vote on 16 May 1942 after women's suffrage was approved earlier that year. Troncoso and Sánchez had 6 children: Jesús María (1902–1982), who married María Ramírez García and had 1 child, Manuel Troncoso Ramírez (1927–2012); Pedro (1904–1989), who married Olga Hilda Lopez-Penha Alfau and had 2 children; Isabel Genoveva (1906–1991), who married Marino Emilio Cáceres Ureña and had 3 children including Ramón Cáceres Troncoso (b. 1930); Wenceslao (1907–2008), who married Rosa Mercedes Barrera Vega and had 4 children; and Altagracia (1915–1989), who maried Eduardo Morales Avelino and had 5 children including Carlos Morales Troncoso (1940–2014).

His sons Jesús María and Wenceslao were, respectively, the first and second governor of the Central Bank of the Dominican Republic; in addition, both of them and their brother Pedro were all prominent lawyers and jurists in the Dominican Republic. Wenceslao was deputy, senator, and ambassador, as well, while Pedro was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (1946–1949).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Julio Amable González Hernández (6 June 2009). "Descendencias Presidenciales: Manuel de Jesús Troncoso". Cápsulas Genealógicas. Instituto Dominicano de Genealogía. Retrieved 8 September 2016. Su nombre completo era Manuel de Jesús María Ulpiano Troncoso de la Concha y su apodo era “Pipí”. 
  2. ^ Peguero, Valentina (2004). The militarization of culture in the Dominican Republic, from the captains general to General Trujillo. U of Nebraska Press. pp. 68, 114, 220. ISBN 9780803237414. 
  3. ^ http://rulers.org/ruld.html#dominican_republic
  4. ^ Ventura, Juan (27 October 2017). "Fundadores de la Academia Dominicana de la Lengua: Lic. Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha" (in Spanish). Acento. Retrieved 15 September 2018. 
  5. ^ Provincias Dominicanas Translated
  6. ^ Academia Dominica de la Historia Archived 2009-03-07 at the Wayback Machine. translated
  7. ^ Tronsoco-Caceres Law Firm
  8. ^ Galíndez, Jesús de. 1973. The era of Trujillo: Dominican dictator. Tucson: the University of Arizona Press.


Government offices
Preceded by
Jacinto Peynado
Vice President of the Dominican Republic
1938–1940
Succeeded by
Joaquín Balaguer
Preceded by
Jacinto Peynado
President of the Dominican Republic
1940–1942
Succeeded by
Rafael Trujillo
Preceded by
Augusto A. Júpiter
Chairman of the Central Electoral Board of the Dominican Republic
1926–1930
Succeeded by
Domingo A. Estrada
Senate of the Dominican Republic
Preceded by
Porfirio Herrera Velásquez
President of the Senate of the Dominican Republic
1943–1955
Succeeded by
Mario Fermín Cabral y Báez
Educational offices
Preceded by
Juan Tomás Mejía
Rector of the University of Santo Domingo
1935–1938
Succeeded by
Julio Ortega Frier (es)
Academic offices
Preceded by
Federico Henríquez y Carvajal
Chairman of the Dominican Academy of History
1944–1955
Succeeded by
Emilio Rodríguez Demorizi (es)
Business positions
First Chairman of Troncoso & Cáceres
1915–1955
Succeeded by
Jesús María Troncoso