Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha
|Manuel Troncoso de la Concha|
|President of the Senate of the Dominican Republic|
January, 1943 – May 30, 1955
|Preceded by||Porfirio Herrera Velásquez|
|Succeeded by||Mario Fermín Cabral y Báez|
|38th President of the Dominican Republic|
March 7, 1940 – May 18, 1942
|Preceded by||Jacinto Peynado|
|Succeeded by||Rafael Trujillo|
|23rd Vice President of the Dominican Republic|
August 16, 1938 – March 7, 1940
|Preceded by||Jacinto Peynado|
Manuel de Jesús María Ulpiano Troncoso de la Concha|
April 3, 1878
San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic
May 30, 1955 (aged 77)|
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
|Spouse(s)||Silvia Alicia Sánchez Abréu|
|Relations||Carlos Morales Troncoso (grandson)|
|Alma mater||Professional Institute|
Manuel de Jesús María Ulpiano Troncoso de la Concha (April 3, 1878 – May 30, 1955) was an intellectual and President of the Dominican Republic from 1940 until 1942, as a puppet of dictator Rafael Trujillo. Prior to ascending to the Presidency, he was Vice-President from 1938 to 1940. His term began upon the death of President Jacinto Peynado. He also served in 1911 during the reign of the Council of Secretaries.
Early life and education
Troncoso was the son of Jesús María Uladislao Troncoso Troncoso (1855–1923), treasurer and sacristan of the Basilica Cathedral of Santa María la Menor, and Baldomera de la Concha Silva (1844–1923). Manuel was educated at the Conciliar Seminary of St. Thomas Aquinas, graduating with a Bachelor of Philosophy and Letters degree on November 25, 1895. He also was educated in the law, graduating from Professional Institute on April 3, 1899.
Troncoso founded the commercial and civil law firm Oficina Troncoso in 1915 in Santo Domingo. He served as a judge in the First Instance, Court of Appeal, and Land Court. He served on the Supreme Court and as Minister of Justice, Minister of Public Instruction, Minister of Industry and Commerce, Minister of Communications, Minister of the Interior, and Attorney General. He was also founding member of the Dominican Academy of History and Chairman of its Board from 1944 until 1955.
Troncoso was Mayor of Santo Domingo as well as President of The National Electoral Board. He was attorney for the International Court and was a professor and Dean of the Law School and Principal of the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo. He served as Vice-President of the Republic from 1938 until 1940. After serving as President, Troncoso became President of the Senate from 1943 to 1955. He was coroner of the Judicial District of Santo Domingo from 1911 until the time of his death.
As an author, Troncoso published Elementos de Derecho Administrativo (lit. "Elements of Administrative Law"), Narraciones Dominicanas (lit. "Dominican Narratives"), La Ocupación de Santo Domingo por Haití (lit. "The Occupation of Santo Domingo by Haiti"), El Brigadier Juan Sánchez Ramírez (lit. "Brigadier Juan Sánchez Ramírez"), and Génesis de la Convención Dominico-Americana (lit. "Genesis of the Dominican-American Convention"). He was Editor-in-chief of Listín Diario from 1899 to 1911.
Troncoso married to Silvia Alicia Sánchez Abreu (1882–?), who became the first Dominican electress to ballot her vote on 16 May 1942 after women's suffrage was approved earlier that year. Troncoso and Sánchez had 6 children: Jesús María (1902–1982), who married María Ramírez García and had 1 child, Manuel Troncoso Ramírez (1927–2012); Pedro (1904–1989), who married Olga Hilda Lopez-Penha Alfau and had 2 children; Isabel Genoveva (1906–1991), who married Marino Emilio Cáceres Ureña and had 3 children including Ramón Cáceres Troncoso (b. 1930); Wenceslao (1907–2008), who married Rosa Mercedes Barrera Vega and had 4 children; and Altagracia (1915–1989), who maried Eduardo Morales Avelino and had 5 children including Carlos Morales Troncoso (1940–2014).
His sons Jesús María and Wenceslao were, respectively, the first and second governor of the Central Bank of the Dominican Republic; in addition, both of them and their brother Pedro were all prominent lawyers and jurists in the Dominican Republic. Wenceslao was deputy, senator, and ambassador, as well, while Pedro was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (1946–1949).
- Julio Amable González Hernández (6 June 2009). "Descendencias Presidenciales: Manuel de Jesús Troncoso". Cápsulas Genealógicas. Instituto Dominicano de Genealogía. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
Su nombre completo era Manuel de Jesús María Ulpiano Troncoso de la Concha y su apodo era “Pipí”.
- Peguero, Valentina (2004). The militarization of culture in the Dominican Republic, from the captains general to General Trujillo. U of Nebraska Press. pp. 68, 114, 220. ISBN 9780803237414.
- Ventura, Juan (27 October 2017). "Fundadores de la Academia Dominicana de la Lengua: Lic. Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha" (in Spanish). Acento. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
- Provincias Dominicanas Translated
- Academia Dominica de la Historia Archived 2009-03-07 at the Wayback Machine. translated
- Tronsoco-Caceres Law Firm
- Galíndez, Jesús de. 1973. The era of Trujillo: Dominican dictator. Tucson: the University of Arizona Press.
| Vice President of the Dominican Republic
| President of the Dominican Republic
Augusto A. Júpiter
| Chairman of the Central Electoral Board of the Dominican Republic
Domingo A. Estrada
|Senate of the Dominican Republic|
Porfirio Herrera Velásquez
| President of the Senate of the Dominican Republic
Mario Fermín Cabral y Báez
Juan Tomás Mejía
| Rector of the University of Santo Domingo
Julio Ortega Frier
Federico Henríquez y Carvajal
| Chairman of the Dominican Academy of History
Emilio Rodríguez Demorizi
|First|| Chairman of Troncoso & Cáceres
Jesús María Troncoso