Manufacture d'armes de Châtellerault

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FM 24/29
MAC 1950

The Manufacture d'armes de Châtellerault, often abbreviated to MAC ("Châtellerault Arms Manufacturer" in English), was a French state-owned weapon manufacturer installed in the town of Châtellerault. It was created by royal decree of 14 July 1819 for the purpose of manufacturing swords, then (after 1850) firearms and cannons. Antoine Treuille de Beaulieu (1809–1885) began to develop from 1840 the concept of rifled guns in the French Army. The MAC was the place that saw the creation in 1886, and later the mass production, of the Lebel rifle which was the main French infantry weapon used during the First World War (1914–18).


Following the French tradition of state arsenal competing with other arsenals and private industry, MAC designed and manufactured some of the French famous small arms, among them the FM 24/29 machine rifle, its derivatives the MAC 31, and MAC 1934, as well as the MAC 1950 (later MAS 1950) semi automatic pistol.

Some features of prototypes developed by MAC like the MAC 48 SMG, the MAC 1950 Machine Carbine or the MAC 1955 automatic rifle were retained with other designers' adopted weapons.

The facility closed as a weapon manufacturing facility in 1968 and has now been transformed into the central repository (Centre des Archives de l'Armement et du Personnel) of all the French military archives related to armament matters. It is open, for the older declassified material, to bona-fide researchers upon written request.

See also[edit]


  • Ferrard, Stéphane. France 1940 l'armement terrestre, ETAI, 1998, ISBN 2-7268-8380-X
  • Danel, Raymond and Cuny, Jean. L'aviation française de bombardement et de renseignement 1918-1940 Docavia n°12, Editions Larivière
  • Pelletier, Alain. French Fighters of World War II. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 2002. ISBN 0-89747-440-6.
  • "Les fusils d'assaut français " "The french assault rifles" by Jean Huon, published by Editions Barnett in 1998, ISBN 2-9508308-6-2
  • Gotz, Hans Dieter, German Military Rifles and Machine Pistols, 1871-1945, Schiffer Publishing, Ltd. West Chester, Pennsylvania, 1990. OCLC 24416255
  • G. de Vries, B.J. Martens: The MP 43, MP 44, StG 44 assault rifles, Propaganda Photos Series, Volume 2, Special Interest Publicaties BV, Arnhem, The Netherlands. First Edition 2001
  • Smith, W.H.B, Small arms of the world : the basic manual of military small arms, Harrisburg, Pa. : Stackpole Books, 1955. OCLC 3773343
  • Günter Wollert; Reiner Lidschun; Wilfried Kopenhagen, Illustrierte Enzyklopädie der Schützenwaffen aus aller Welt : Schützenwaffen heute (1945–1985), Berlin : Militärverlag der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, 1988. OCLC 19630248
  • CLINTON EZELL, EDWARD Small arms of the world, Eleventh Edition, Arms & Armour Press, London, 1977
  • Deutsches Waffen Journal
  • Visier
  • Schweizer Waffen Magazin
  • Internationales Waffen Magazin
  • Cibles
  • AMI
  • Gazette des Armes
  • Action Guns
  • Guns & Ammo
  • American Handgunner
  • Lombard, Claude . La Manufacture Nationale d'Armes de Châtellerault, Brissaud, Poitiers (France) Ed., 1987, ISBN 2-902170-55-6 (in French)
  • SWAT Magazine
  • Diana Armi
  • Armi & Tiro

External links[edit]