From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hymn to the goddess Nungal by a scribe accused of a capital offense

Manungal (or simply Nungal) is a goddess of the underworld, worshipped by the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Akkadians. She is the consort of the god Birdu. Her title was the "Queen of the Ekur" where she held the "tablet of life" and carried out judgement on the wicked.[1][2]


  1. ^ Sjöberg Ake., "Nungal in the Ekur," Archiv fur Orientforschung 24, pp. 19-46, 1976.
  2. ^ Frymer, Tikva Simone., "The Nungal Hymn and the Ekur-prison", Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 20, pp. 78-89, 1967.
  1. Jordan, Michael. Encyclopedia of Gods. Kyle Cathie Limited, 2002.