Manx literature is literature in the Manx language.
Christianity has been an overwhelming influence on Manx literature. Religious literature was common, but surviving secular writing much rarer. The New Testament was first published in 1767. The Book of Common Prayer and Bible were translated into Manx and published in 1610 and again in 1765. The first Manx Bible was printed between 1771 and 1775 and is the source and standard for modern Manx orthography. It was a collective translation undertaken by most the Manx clergy under the editorship of Philip Moore. Further editions followed in 1777 and a revised edition by the British and Foreign Bible Society 1819. A tradition of carvals, religious songs or carols, developed, probably with its roots in the pre-Reformation period. Until the 18th century, the authors of carvals were generally clergy, but in the 19th century new words would be put to popular tunes for use in churches and chapels.
Edward Faragher, (Neddy Beg Hom Ruy, 1831–1908) of Cregneash has been considered the last important native writer of Manx. From the age of 26, he wrote poetry, often on religious subjects, some of which were printed in the Mona's Herald and the Cork Eagle. Some of his stories are reminiscences of his life as a fisherman, and in 1901 Skeealyn Aesop, translations of selected Aesop's Fables, was published.
A large number of traditional Manx language songs and ballads were collected by the antiquarian and historian A.W. Moore which he published in Manx Carols (1891) and Manx Ballads and Music (1896).
With the revival of Manx, new literature has appeared, including Contoyryssyn Ealish ayns Cheer ny Yindyssyn a Manx translation of Alice in Wonderland by Brian Stowell, published in 1990. In March 2006 the first full-length Manx novel was published: Dunveryssyn yn Tooder-Folley (The Vampire Murders), also by Brian Stowell.
- Faragher, Edward (1973) . "Editorial note (Basil Megaw, director of the Manx Museum)". Skeealyn ‘sy Ghailck. Yn Çheshaght Ghailckagh.
- Isle of Man Today article on Dunveryssyn yn Tooder-Folley
- Skeealyn 'sy Ghailck, Neddy Beg Hom Ruy, 1991
|This article about literature from a country or region is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|