Many-to-many (data model)

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An Author can write several Books, and a Book can be written by several Authors
The Author-Book many-to-many relationship as a pair of one-to-many relationships with a junction table

In systems analysis, a many-to-many relationship is a type of cardinality that refers to the relationship between two entities[1] A and B in which A may contain a parent instance for which there are many children in B and vice versa.

For example, think of A as Authors, and B as Books. An Author can write several Books, and a Book can be written by several Authors.

In a relational database management system, such relationships are usually implemented by means of an associative table (also known as cross-reference table), say, AB with two one-to-many relationships A -> AB and B -> AB. In this case the logical primary key for AB is formed from the two foreign keys (i.e. copies of the primary keys of A and B).

In web application frameworks such as CakePHP and Ruby on Rails, a many-to-many relationship between database tables in a model is sometimes referred to as a HasAndBelongsToMany (HABTM) relationship.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Also see entity–relationship model.
  2. ^ 3.7.6.5 hasAndBelongsToMany (HABTM). Cakephp.org

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