Manzanilla (wine)

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Manzanilla-Sanlúcar de Barrameda DOP
Wine region
DO Manzanilla location.svg
Manzanilla – Sanlúcar de Barrameda DOP in the province of Cádiz in the region of Andalusia
Official nameD.O.P. Manzanilla-Sanlúcar de Barrameda[1]
TypeDenominación de Origen Protegida (DOP)
Year established1964
CountrySpain
No. of vineyards6,989 hectares (17,270 acres)
No. of wineries12 for production of grapes, 23 for maturing of sherry[2]
Wine produced384,350 hectolitres
CommentsData for 2016 / 2017 for Jerez-Xérès-Sherry and Manzanilla S.B. DOPs
A glass of manzanilla

Manzanilla is a variety of fino sherry made around the port of Sanlúcar de Barrameda, in the province of Cádiz, Andalusia (Spain), and is produced under the Spanish Denominación de Origen Protegida (DOP) of Manzanilla-Sanlúcar de Barrameda DOP. In Spanish, chamomile infusion is called "manzanilla", and thus this wine gets the name because the wine's flavour is said to be reminiscent of such infusion.

The sherry is manufactured using the same methods as a fino and results in a very pale, dry wine. It is often described as having a salty flavour, believed to develop from its being manufactured on the sea estuary of the Guadalquivir river. Sanlúcar de Barrameda's cool temperatures and high humidity contribute to a higher yield of flor yeast than in Jerez or El Puerto de Santa María. The thicker cap of flor better protects the wine from contact with the air, resulting in a fresher, more delicate flavour than other varieties of fino. It is typically aged for five years in a solera, but some types may be aged longer.[3]

Special types of Manzanilla[edit]

  • Manzanilla Pasada is a Manzanilla aged longer than usual (approximately seven years), so that its veil of flor begins to fade, though not long enough to become an Amontillado.
  • Manzanilla Amontillada is similar to a Manzanilla pasada but in some cases aged as long as 12 years, taking on more of the qualities of an Amontillado.[3]
  • Manzanilla Olorosa is a rich form of Manzanilla that takes on the quality of Oloroso through extended aging, sometimes as much as 30 years.[4]
  • Jerez Cortado is a Palo Cortado made from Manzanilla.

On 12 April 2012, the rules applicable to the sweet and fortified Denominations of Origen Montilla-Moriles and Jerez-Xérès-Sherry were changed.[5][6]

The classification by sweetness is:

Fortified wine type Alcohol % ABV Sugar content
(grams per litre)
Fino 15–17 0–5
Manzanilla 15–17 0–5
Pale Cream 15.5–22 45–115

Authorised grape varieties[edit]

The authorised grape varieties are the same as those of Jerez-Xérès-Sherry DOP:

Serving[edit]

Manzanilla is best served chilled at 7–10 °C (45–50 °F). In Spain it is often served with olives, almonds, or other tapas such as Jamón serrano or seafood.

It is also popular in the cocktail Rebujito.

Storing[edit]

Like fino, manzanilla is a delicate form of sherry and should be drunk within a year of bottling. Once opened it will immediately begin to deteriorate and should be drunk in one sitting for the best results. If necessary it can be stored, corked and refrigerated, for up to one week after opening.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Denominación de Origen Protegida "Manzanilla-Sanlúcar de Barrameda"". www.mapa.gob.es. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Documents - Sherry wine". www.sherry.wine.com. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  3. ^ a b http://www.bbr.com/region-5402-manzanilla
  4. ^ http://www.cellartracker.com/wine.asp?iWine=639771
  5. ^ Pliego de Condiciones de la Denominación de Origen «Jerez-Xérès-Sherry» Archived 2013-05-11 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Boletín Oficial de la Junta de Andalucía (BOJA) Página núm. 52 BOJA núm. 71 Sevilla, 12 de abril 2012. The Andalusia Government Official Bulletin no. 71, p. 5

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°46′25″N 6°21′25″W / 36.77361°N 6.35694°W / 36.77361; -6.35694