Maoputasi County, American Samoa
|County of Maoputasi|
Map of Tutuila where Maoputasi County is highlighted in red
|Territory|| American Samoa
|Named for||O le Ma'upūtasi ("The Single Chief’s House")|
|County seat||Pago Pago|
|Largest city||Pago Pago|
|• Total||6.65 sq mi (17.2 km2)|
|Highest elevation||2,142 ft (653 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,500/sq mi (600/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−11 (Pacific Time Zone)|
|Area code||+1 684|
Ma'upūtasi County is located in the Eastern District of Tutuila Island in American Samoa. Maoputasi County comprises the capital of Pago Pago and its harbor, as well as surrounding villages. It was home to 11,695 residents as of 2000. Maoputasi County is 6.69 sq. mi. The county has a 7.42-mile shoreline which includes Pago Pago Bay.
Maoputasi County makes up all villages in the Pago Pago Bay Area from Aua to Fatumafuti. Besides Pago Pago, it is home to the following villages: Anua (2010 pop. 18), Atu’u (pop. 359), Aua (pop. 2,077), Faga'alu (pop. 910), Fagatogo (pop. 1,737), Fatumafuti (pop. 113), Leloaloa (pop. 448), Satala (pop. 297), and Utulei (pop. 684).
Ma'upūtasi translates to “the only house of chiefs”. Pago Pago has been called O le Maputasi ("The Single Chief’s House") in compliment to the Mauga, who lived at Gagamoe and was the senior to all the other chiefs in the area.
The county is represented by three senators in the American Samoa Senate, and five representatives in the House of Representatives, more than any other county. Following the 2018 midterm elections, the county is currently represented by the following five members in the House of Representatives: Vailoata Eteuati Amituana’i, Vailiuama Steve Leasiolagi, Vesiai Poyer Samuelu, Vaetasi Tuumolimoli Moliga, and Faimealelei Anthony Allen.
In the summer of 1892, a disturbance broke out around Pago Pago Bay due to local rivalries. Mauga Lei chose to spend most of his time in Upolu Island, leaving the Pago Pago area without its natural leadership. The village of Pago Pago remained loyal, but neighboring Fagatogo joined with Aua village in an attempt to oust Mauga Lei in favor of a new titleholder. Pago Pago and the transmontane village of Fagasa demanded and received the surrender of the pretender. Fagatogans and Auans embarked in their boats and set out for Pago Pago, and when they were closing in on the village, they were met by bullets and forced to retreat. Houses were burned in Aua and Fagatogo, and women and children from Aua took refuge at the Roman Catholic Mission at Lepua.
Following the death of elder statesman Mauga Moi Moi in 1935, the high chiefly title became vacant along with the county’s chieftainship and the district’s governorship. When the Mauga aiga could not agree upon a successor, the Governor had to fill administrative posts and named High Chief Lei’ato to be the district’s governor. He decided to try free, “American-style” elections for the post of county chief, however, Aua village declined to take any part in such proceedings. In the fa'aSāmoa, Utulei and Fagatogo villages voted for the Mailo, but each of the other county villages voted for its own village chiefs. Five years later, when the Mauga aiga chose Sialega Palepoi to be their matai, and hence High Chief of Maputasi County, the county chieftainship passed naturally into his hands.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Ma'oputasi County was first recorded beginning with the 1912 special census. Regular decennial censuses were taken beginning in 1920. From 1912-1970, it was reported as "Mauputasi County."
With the exception of Fatumafuti village, Maoputasi County as a whole and all its villages experienced a population decline from 2000-2010. In 2010, the county was home to 10,299 residents, down from 11,695 recorded at the 2000 U.S. Census. Pago Pago’s population decreased 14.5 percent, Fagatogo’s population by 17.1 percent, and Utulei’s population by 15.2 percent. The population of the Eastern District decreased from 23,441 residents recorded at the 2000 U.S. Census, down to 23,030 residents as of the 2010 U.S. Census.
Maoputasi County had a 2015 population of 11,052 residents, according to the 2015 Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) by the Commerce Department. It is the second-most populated county (after Tualauta County) and was home to 1,999 housing units as of the 2010 U.S. Census, down from 2,031 recorded at the 2000 U.S. Census. It had the second-highest number of registered voters in 2016, only surpassed by Tualauta County. However, during the 2016 elections, more votes were cast in Maoputasi County than any other county. There were 3,507 registered voters in Maoputasi County as of 2016: 1,911 females and 1,596 males.
|2000 U.S. Census||2010 U.S. Census|
|Pago Pago (village)||4,278||3,656|
- American Samoa Fono, the American Samoa legislature in Fagatogo
- Blunts Point Battery, National Historic Landmark on Matautu Ridge in Utulei
- Breakers Point Naval Guns, World War II-era defensive fortification, listed on the National Register of Historic Places
- Church of the Sacred Heart, in Anua
- Co-Cathedral of St. Joseph the Worker, the Roman Catholic cathedral of American Samoa, in Fagatogo
- Courthouse of American Samoa, in Utulei, listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places
- Fagatogo Market, a marketplace in downtown Fagatogo
- Fagatogo Square Shopping Center, 12,000 sq. ft. retail- and commercial center
- Feleti Barstow Public Library, central public library for American Samoa, in Utulei
- Flowerpot Rock, national landmark by Fatumafuti
- Governor H. Rex Lee Auditorium ("Turtle House"), in Utulei, listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places
- Government House, historic government building on the grounds of the former Naval Station Tutuila in Pago Pago
- Jean P. Haydon Museum, a museum in Fagatogo listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places
- Lyndon B. Johnson Tropical Medical Center, only hospital in American Samoa, in Faga'alu
- Michael J. Kirwan Educational Television Center, in Utulei, listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places
- National Park of American Samoa
- Navy Building 38, in Fagatogo, listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places
- Rainmaker Hotel, former luxury hotel in Utulei
- Rainmaker Mountain, designated National Natural Landmark
- Sadie Thompson Inn, Fagatogo hotel listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places
- Tauese PF Sunia Ocean Center, visitor center for National Marine Sanctuary of American Samoa
- U.S. Naval Station Tutuila Historic District, in Fagatogo
- Utulei Beach Park, park in Utulei
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