|Location||Mapiripán, Meta |
|Date||15-20 July 1997|
|Shooting, mass murder, massacre|
The Mapiripán massacre was a massacre of civilians that took place in Mapiripán, Meta Department, Colombia. The massacre was carried out from July 15 to July 20, 1997, by the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), an outlawed right-wing paramilitary group.
On July 12, 1997, two planeloads of paramilitaries arrived at the airport of San José del Guaviare, which also served as a base for anti-narcotics police. The paramilitaries then traveled through territories where the Colombian National Army operated checkpoints.
On July 15, 1997, the paramilitaries arrived at Mapiripán. They used chainsaws and machetes to murder, behead, dismember, and disembowel a number of civilians. Because the bodies were thrown into a river, it is unknown exactly how many people died but the U.S. State Department claimed in 2003 that at least 30 civilians were killed.
In proceedings before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, the government of Colombia admitted that members of its military forces also played a role in the massacre, through omission. General Jaime Uscátegui allegedly ordered local troops under his command to stay away from the area in which the murders were taking place until the paramilitaries finished the massacre and left. Retired General Uscátegui was later prosecuted, put on trial, and subsequently acquitted. On 25 November 2009, the Superior Tribunal of Bogotá revoked the previous sentence, and condemned General Uscátegui to 40 years in prison.
Jaime Humberto Uscategui, a former army general who had ignored calls for help during the massacre, was arrested in 1999. His trial took place in a military court and he was given forty months in prison for "omission" in 2001.
On 25 November 2009, the Bogotá superior tribunal announced in a ruling of ninety pages that it had passed a forty-year prison sentence on 61-year-old General Uscategui. It was the longest sentence that had ever been given to an army officer in Colombia's history. Uscategui was found guilty of kidnapping, murder, and falsifying public documents. He declared his innocence, saying "I have the tranquillity of innocence and I also have the tranquillity of proof".
One of the paramilitary leaders allegedly responsible for the massacre, Dumas de Jesús Castillo Guerrero, a.k.a. "Carecuchillo", surrendered to authorities on May 20, 2008, after having been considered dead for half a year.
- Uppsala Conflict Data Program Conflict Encyclopedia, Colombia, One-Sided violence, AUC-Civilians, 1997-2005, http://www.ucdp.uu.se/gpdatabase/gpcountry.php?id=35®ionSelect=5-Southern_Americas# Archived 2013-06-06 at the Wayback Machine
- National Security Archive, August 1, 2003, Robert P. Jackson, Director of Office for Promotion of Human Rights and Democracy, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, http://nsarchive.files.wordpress.com/2012/07/20030801.pdf
- Evans, Michael (2012-07-13). "Document Friday: The Mapiripán Massacre "Cover-up"". UNREDACTED. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
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- Human Rights Atrocities Still go Unpunished in Colombia | Rights and Liberties | AlterNet
- años de cárcel por masacre de Mapiripán pagará el general retirado Jaime Uscátegui
- "Colombia jails death squad general over massacre". BBC. 2009-11-26. Retrieved 2009-11-27.
- Libardo Cardona (2009-11-25). "Court convicts ex-general in Colombia massacre". The Miami Herald. Retrieved 2009-11-27.[dead link]
- "Former Colombian general jailed for role in Mapiripán massacre". The Guardian. 2009-11-26. Retrieved 2009-11-27.
- "Ex general colombiano condenado a 40 años" (in Spanish). Radio Nederland Wereldomroep. Archived from the original on November 29, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-27.
- "General gets 40 years over massacre". The Scotsman. 2009-11-27. Retrieved 2009-11-27.
- "Mapiripán massacre suspect surrenders". Colombia Reports. May 20, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-20.[dead link]
- Case of the "Mapiripán Massacre" v. Colombia. Judgment on Merits, Reparations and Costs Inter-American Court of Human Rights, September 15, 2005.