Page semi-protected

Toronto Maple Leafs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Maple Leafs)
Jump to: navigation, search
Toronto Maple Leafs
2017–18 Toronto Maple Leafs season
Toronto Maple Leafs 2016 logo.svg
Conference Eastern
Division Atlantic
Founded 1917
History Toronto Arenas
19171919
Toronto St. Patricks
19191927
Toronto Maple Leafs
1927–present
Home arena Air Canada Centre
City Toronto, Ontario
ECA-Uniform-TOR.PNG
Colours

Blue, white[1][2]

         
Media Leafs TV
Sportsnet Ontario
TSN4
Sportsnet 590 The Fan [3]
TSN Radio 1050
Owner(s) Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment Ltd.
(Larry Tanenbaum, chairman)
General manager Lou Lamoriello
Head coach Mike Babcock
Captain Vacant
Minor league affiliates Toronto Marlies (AHL)
Orlando Solar Bears (ECHL)
Stanley Cups 13 (1917–18, 1921–22, 1931–32, 1941–42, 1944–45, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1950–51, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1966–67)
Conference championships 0
Presidents' Trophy 0
Division championships 5 (1932–33, 1933–34, 1934–35, 1937–38, 1999–2000)
Official website www.nhl.com/mapleleafs

The Toronto Maple Leafs (officially the Toronto Maple Leaf Hockey Club) are a professional ice hockey team based in Toronto, Ontario. They are members of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). The team is one of the "Original Six" league members. They are owned by Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment, Ltd. and are represented by Chairman Larry Tanenbaum. In February 1999, they moved to the Air Canada Centre, which replaced Maple Leaf Gardens, the team's home since 1931.

The franchise was founded in 1917, operating simply as Toronto and known today as the Toronto Arenas, as it was operated by the Toronto Arena Company, owners of the Arena Gardens arena. In 1919, the NHL transferred the franchise to new owners who christened the team the Toronto St. Patricks. The franchise was sold in 1927 and was renamed the Toronto Maple Leaf Hockey Club. The team colours are navy blue and white.

The Maple Leafs have won thirteen Stanley Cup championships, second only to the 24 championships of their primary rival, the Montreal Canadiens. They won their last championship in 1967. Their 49-season drought between championships is currently the longest in the NHL.

With an estimated worth of US $1.15 billion in 2015 according to Forbes,[4] the Leafs are the third most valuable franchise in the NHL, behind the Montreal Canadiens and the New York Rangers. In 2015, they were ranked by Forbes as the 37th most valuable sports team in the world (and the only NHL team to be in the top 50).[5]

Team history

Early years (1917–1927)

Part of the series on
Evolution of the Toronto Maple Leafs
Teams
Toronto Pro HC (ind., OPHL) (1906–1909)
Toronto Blueshirts (NHA) (1912–1917)
Toronto Arenas (NHL) (1917–1919)
Toronto St. Patricks (NHL) (1919–1927)
Toronto Maple Leafs (NHL) (1927–present)
Ice hockey portal ·

The National Hockey League was formed in 1917 in Montreal by teams formerly belonging to the National Hockey Association (NHA) that had a dispute with Eddie Livingstone, owner of the Toronto Blueshirts. The owners of the other four clubs — the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Quebec Bulldogs and Ottawa Senators — wanted to get rid of Livingstone, but discovered that the NHA constitution did not allow them to simply vote him out of the league.[6] Instead, they opted to create a new league, the NHL and did not invite Livingstone to join them. They also remained voting members of the NHA, and thus had enough votes to suspend the other league's operations, effectively leaving Livingstone's squad in a one-team league.[6]

However, the other clubs wanted to have a team from Toronto (Canada's second largest city at the time). They also needed another team to balance the schedule after the Bulldogs suspended operations (and as it turned out, did not ice a team until 1920). The NHL granted a "temporary" Toronto franchise to the Arena Company, owners of the Arena Gardens.[7] The Arena Company leased the Blueshirts' players and was given until the end of the season to resolve the dispute with Livingstone. Although the roster was composed almost entirely of former Blueshirts, the Maple Leafs do not claim the Blueshirts' history. The franchise did not have an official name, but was informally called "the Blueshirts" or "the Torontos" by the fans and press.[8] During the inaugural season the club performed the first trade in NHL history, acquiring the Senators' spare goaltender, Sammy Hebert, in return for cash.[9] Under manager Charlie Querrie and head coach Dick Carroll, the team won the Stanley Cup in the inaugural 1917–18 season.[10]

The team was known as the St. Patricks from 1919 to 1927.
Team photo of the club during the 1921–22 season. Then known as the St. Patricks, the club won its second Stanley Cup in 1922.

For the next season, rather than return the Blueshirts' players to Livingstone as originally promised, the Arena Company formed a permanent team, the Toronto Arena Hockey Club, which was readily granted membership in the NHL. Also that year, the Arena Company decided that only NHL teams were allowed to play at the Arena Gardens—a move which effectively killed the NHA.[6] Livingstone sued to get his players back. Mounting legal bills from the dispute forced the Arenas to sell some of their stars, resulting in a horrendous five-win season in 1918–19. With the company facing increasing financial difficulties, and the Arenas officially eliminated from the playoffs, the NHL agreed to let the team forfeit their last two games.[9][11] Operations halted on February 20, 1919, with the NHL ending its season and starting the playoffs. The Arenas' .278 winning percentage that season is still the worst in franchise history. However, the 1919 Stanley Cup Finals ended without a winner due to the worldwide flu epidemic.[9]

The legal dispute forced the Arena Company into bankruptcy, and it was forced to sell the team. On 9 December 1919, Querrie brokered the team's purchase to the ownership of the St. Patricks Hockey Club, allowing him to maintain an ownership stake in the team.[12] The new owners renamed the team the Toronto St. Patricks (or St. Pats for short), which operated until 1927.[13] Changing the colours of the team from blue to green, the club won their second Stanley Cup championship in 1922.[11] Babe Dye scored four times in the 5–1 Stanley Cup-clinching victory against the Vancouver Millionaires.[14] During this time, the St. Patricks allowed other teams to play in the Arena whenever their home rinks lacked proper ice in the warmer months. At the time, the Arena was the only facility east of Manitoba with artificial ice.[15]

The logo was changed and the team renamed in 1927 after its purchase from Conn Smythe. The logo's change to blue colours occurred the next year.
Original logo of the Leafs. The club was renamed in 1927 after its purchase from Conn Smythe. The logo's change to blue colours occurred later the same year.

Conn Smythe era (1927–1961)

After a number of financially difficult seasons, the St. Patricks' ownership group seriously considered selling the team to C. C. Pyle for CAD$200,000. Pyle sought to move the team to Philadelphia.[11][16] However, Toronto Varsity Graduates coach Conn Smythe put together a group of his own and made a $160,000 offer. With the support of St. Pats shareholder J. P. Bickell, Smythe persuaded Querrie to accept their bid, arguing that civic pride was more important than money.[16]

After taking control, on February 14, 1927, Smythe immediately renamed the team for the Maple Leaf, the national symbol of Canada.[17] He attributed his choice of for a Maple Leaf logo from his experiences as a Canadian Army officer and prisoner of war during World War I. Viewing the Maple Leaf was a "badge of courage," and a reminder of home, Smythe decided to give the same name to his hockey team, in honor of the many Canadian soldiers who wore the Maple Leaf.[11][18][19] However, the team was not the first to use the name, with a Toronto minor-league baseball team using the name "Maple Leafs" since 1896.

Initial reports were that the team's colours were be red and white,[20] but the Leafs wore white sweaters with a green maple leaf for their first game, on February 17, 1927.[21] On September 27, 1927, it was announced that the Leafs changed their colour scheme to blue and white.[22] Although Smythe later stated he choose blue represents the Canadian skies and white represents snow, the colours blue and white were also used on the trucks of his gravel and sand business.[22] The colour scheme also followed a longstanding tradition of top-level Toronto-based teams using blue as their primary colour, starting with the Toronto Argonauts in 1873, the University of Toronto Varsity Blues in 1877, and the Maple Leafs baseball team.

The Kid Line featuring Charlie Conacher, Joe Primeau, and Busher Jackson, led the Leafs to win the 1932 Stanley Cup, as well as four more Stanley Cup finals appearances over the next six years.
The Kid Line consisted of Charlie Conacher, Joe Primeau, and Busher Jackson (left to right). They led the Leafs to win the 1932 Stanley Cup, as well as four more Stanley Cup finals appearances over the next six years.

Opening of Maple Leaf Gardens (1930s)

In spite of four more lacklustre seasons (including three with Smythe as coach), Smythe saw the increasing popularity of the team, and the need for a new arena. Finding the adaquate number of financiers, Smythe purchased land from the Eaton family, and completed construction of the arena in five months.[23][24] The Maple Leafs debuted at their new arena, Maple Leaf Gardens, with a 2–1 loss to the Chicago Black Hawks on November 12, 1931.[24] The debut of the Maple Leafs at the Gardens also featured Foster Hewitt from his newly constructed ‘gondola’ above the ice surface, where he began his famous Hockey Night in Canada radio broadcasts that eventually grew to be a Saturday-night tradition.[24]

By the 1931–32 NHL season, the Maple Leafs was led by the "Kid Line" (Busher Jackson, Joe Primeau and Charlie Conacher) and coach Dick Irvin, the Leafs captured their third Stanley Cup during that season, vanquishing the Chicago Black Hawks in the first round, the Montreal Maroons in the semifinals, and the New York Rangers in the finals.[25] Smythe took particular pleasure in defeating the Rangers that year; he had been tapped as the Rangers' first general manager and coach in the Rangers' inaugural season (1926–27), but had been fired in a dispute with Madison Square Garden management before the season.[26]

Leafs star forward Ace Bailey was nearly killed in 1933 when Boston Bruins defenceman Eddie Shore checked him from behind into the boards at full speed.[27] Maple Leafs defenceman Red Horner knocked Shore out with a punch, but Bailey, writhing on the ice, had his career ended.[24] The Maple Leafs held the Ace Bailey Benefit Game, the NHL's first All-Star Game in an effort to collect medical funds for Bailey's benefit. His jersey was retired later the same night.[28] The Leafs reached the Finals five times in the next seven years but bowed out to the now-defunct Maroons in 1935, the Detroit Red Wings in 1936, Chicago in 1938, Boston in 1939 as well as the Rangers in 1940.[24] After the end of the 1939–40 season, Smythe allowed Irvin go as the Maple Leafs head coach, replacing him with former Leafs captain Hap Day.[24]

The first dynasty (1940s)

The Maple Leafs won the 1942 Stanley Cup, performing the only reverse-sweep in Cup Finals history.
The Maple Leafs score against Detroit during the 1942 Cup Finals. Down three games to none in the best-of-seven series, the Leafs won the next four games, performing the only reverse-sweep in the Cup Finals.

In the 1942 season, the Maple Leafs were down three games to none in a best-of-seven series in the playoffs against Detroit. Fourth-line forward Don Metz then galvanized the team, coming from nowhere to score a hat-trick in game four and the game-winner in game five, with the Leafs winning both times.[29] Captain Syl Apps had won the Lady Byng Memorial Trophy that season, not taking one penalty and finishing his ten-season career with an average of 5 minutes, 36 seconds in penalties a season.[30] Goalie Turk Broda shut out the Wings in game six, and Sweeney Schriner scored two goals in the third period to win the seventh game 3–1, completing the reverse-sweep.[31] The Maple Leafs remain the only team to have successfully performed a reverse-sweep in the Stanley Cup finals.[32]

Smythe, who reenlisted in the Canadian Army at the outbreak of World War II, was given leave from military duty to view the final game of the 1942 finals. He arrived at the final game in full military regalia.[31] Earlier, at the outbreak of war, Smythe arranged for many of his Maple Leaf players and staff to take army training with the Toronto Scottish Regiment. Most notably, the Maple Leafs announced a large portion of their roster had enlisted, including Apps, and Broda.[33] Both Apps, and Broda did not play on the team for several seasons due to their obligations with the Canadian Forces.[34] During this period, the Leafs turned to lesser-known players such as rookie goaltender Frank McCool and defenceman Babe Pratt.[34][35]

The Maple Leafs beat the Red Wings in the 1945 Finals. The Maple Leafs won the first three games, with goaltender McCool recording consecutive shutouts. However, in a reverse of the 1942 finals, the Red Wings won the next three games.[34] The Maple Leafs were able to win the series, winning the seventh game in 2-1 to prevent a complete reversal of the series played three years ago.[34]

Following the end of the war, players that enlisted were beginning to return to their teams.[34] With Apps and Broda regaining their form, the Maple Leafs beat the first-place Canadiens in the 1947 Finals.[34] In an effort to bolster their centre depth, the Maple Leafs acquired Cy Thomas and Max Bentley in the following the off-season. With these key additions, the Maple Leafs were able to win a second consecutive Stanley Cup, sweeping the Red Wings in the 1948 Finals.[34] With their victory in 1948, the Leafs moved ahead of Montreal for the most Stanley Cups in League history. It took the Canadiens ten years to reclaim the record. Apps announced his retirement following the 1948 Finals, with Ted Kennedy replacing him as the team's captain.[36] Under a new captaincy, the Leafs managed to make it to the 1949 Finals, facing the Red Wings, who had finished the season with the best overall record. However, the Maple Leafs went on to win their third consecutive cup, sweeping the Red Wings in four games, and their eleventh straight against the Maple Leafs.[34] The Red Wings were able to end their playoff losing streak against the Maple Leafs in the following post-season, eliminating Toronto from the 1950 NHL playoffs after a game seven 1-0 overtime victory.[34]

The Barilko Curse (1950s)

Harry Lumley won the Vezina Trophy in 1954.
Harry Lumley won a Vezina Trophy with the Maple Leafs, recording a franchise record 13 shoutouts in the 1953–54 season.

The Maple Leafs and Canadiens met again in the 1951 finals, with five consecutive overtime games played in the series.[37] Defenceman Bill Barilko managed to score the series-winning goal in overtime, leaving his defensive position (in spite of coach Joe Primeau's instructions not to) to pick up an errant pass and score.[37] Barilko helped the club secure its fourth Stanley Cup over a five year period. Barilko's glory was short-lived, as he disappeared in a plane crash near Timmins, Ontario, four months later.[37][38] The crash site was not found until a helicopter pilot discovered the wreckage of the plane about 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Cochrane, Ontario eleven years later.[39] The Leafs did not win another Cup during the 1950s, with rumours that the team was "cursed," and would not win a cup until Barilko's body was found.[40] The "curse" came to an end following the Leafs' 1962 Stanley Cup victory. Their victory came seven weeks prior to the discovery of Barilko's plane wreckage.[40]

Their 1951 victory was followed by lacklustre performances in the following seasons. The Maple Leafs finished third in the 1951–52 season, and was eventually swept by the Red Wings in the semi-finals.[37] With the conclusion of the 1952–53 regular season, the Maple Leafs failed to make it to the post-season, failing to do so for the first time since the 1945–46 playoffs.[37] The Maple Leafs' poor performance may partially be attributed to a decline in their sponsored junior system (including the Toronto St. Michael's Majors and the Toronto Marlboros).[37] The junior system was managed by Frank J. Selke, until his departure to the Canadiens in 1946. In his absence, the system declined in quality, with many players called up in the early 1950s found to be poor quality. It wasn’t until later in the decade that the Maple Leafs feeder clubs turned out enough impressive prospects to enable the team to be competitive again.[37]

After a two-year drought from the playoffs, the Maple Leafs returned to the playoffs following the 1958–59 season. A relatively young team, under a new general manager and coach, Punch Imlach, the team managed to make it to the 1959 Finals, although they lost to the Canadiens in five games.[37] Building off a successful playoff run, the Maple Leafs followed up with a second-place finish in the 1959–60 regular season. Although they advanced to their second straight Cup Finals, the Maple Leafs were again defeated by the Canadiens in four games.[37]

New owners and a new dynasty (1961–1971)

Beginning in the 1960s, the Leafs became a competitive team, with Johnny Bower as goaltender, with Bob Baun, Carl Brewer, Tim Horton, Allan Stanley serving as the Maple Leafs defencemen.[41] In an effort to bolster their forward group during the 1960 off-season, Imlach traded away Marc Reaume to the Red Wings for Red Kelly. Originally a defenceman, Kelly was asked to asked to transition to the centre role, where he remained for the rest of his career.[41] Kelly helped reinforce a forward group made up of Frank Mahovlich, and team captain George Armstrong. The beginning of the of the 1960–61 season also saw the debut of rookies Bob Nevin, and Dave Keon. Keon was previously playing for the St. Michael's Majors (the Maple Leafs junior affiliate), but had impressed Imlach during the Maple Leafs training camp, joining the team for the season.[41] Despite these new additions, the Maple Leafs 1961 playoff run ended in the semifinals against the Red Wings, with Armstrong, Bower, Kelly and others, suffering from injuries.[41]

Johnny Bower was the Leafs' goaltender from 1958 to 1969. He helped the team win four Cups in the 1960s.
Johnny Bower was the Maple Leafs' goaltender from 1958 to 1969. He helped the team win four Cups.

In November 1961, Smythe sold nearly all of his shares in Maple Leaf Gardens Limited to a partnership composed of his son Stafford Smythe, and his partners, newspaper baron John Bassett and Toronto Marlboros President Harold Ballard. The sale price was $2.3 million, a handsome return on Smythe's original investment 34 years earlier.[42] Initially, Conn Smythe claimed that he knew nothing about his son's partners and was furious with the partnership, as he wanted him to keep the company for his own son. However this Smythe did not stop the deal because of it.[43] Conn Smythe was given a retiring salary of $15,000 per year for life, an office, secretary, a car with a driver, and seats to home games.[44] Smythe sold his remaining shares in the company and resigned from the board of directors in March 1966, after a Muhammad Ali boxing match was scheduled for the Gardens. Smythe found Ali's refusal to serve in the United States Army offensive, noting that the Gardens was "no place for those want to evade conscription in their own country."[45] He had also come to say that because the Garden owners accepted to host the fight, they had "put cash ahead of class."[46]

Under the new ownership, Toronto won another three straight Stanley Cups. The Maple Leafs won the 1962 Stanley Cup Finals beating the defending champion Chicago Black Hawks on a goal from Dick Duff in Game 6.[47]. During the 1962–63 season, the Maple Leafs finished first in the league for the first time since the 1947-48 season. In the following playoffs, the team won their second Stanley Cup of the decade.[41] The 1963–64 season saw certain members of the team traded away. With Imlach seeking to reinvigorate a slumping Maple Leafs, he made a mid-season trade that sent Duff, and Nevin to the Rangers for Andy Bathgate and Don McKenney. The Maple Leafs managed to make the post-season as well as the Cup finals. The 1964 Cup finals were perhaps most notable for Baun's heroic performance. During game six of the finals, Baun had suffered a fractured ankle and required a stretcher to be taken off the ice. Surprisingly, Baun returned to the ice with his ankle frozen, and eventually scored the overtime game-winning-goal against the Red Wings.[48][41] Winning game seven 4–0, with two goals from Bathgate, the Maple Leafs won their third consecutive Stanley Cup.[41]

The two seasons following the Maple Leafs Stanley Cup victories, the team saw several player departures, including Bathgate, and Brewer, as well as several new additions, including Marcel Pronovost, and Terry Sawchuk.[41] During the 1966–67, the team had lost 10 games in a row, sending Imlach to the hospital with a stress-related illness. However, from the time King Clancy took over as the head coach, to Imlach returned, the club was on a 10 game undefeated streak, building momentum prior to the playoffs.[41] The Maple Leafs made their last Cup finals in 1967. Playing against Montreal, the heavy favourite for the year, the Maple Leafs managed to win, with Bob Pulford scored the double-overtime winner in Game three, Jim Pappin got the series winner in Game 6.[49] Keon was named the playoff's most valuable player, who is awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy.[50]

The Maple Leafs failed to make the playoffs for two of the last three years in the decade. They lost several players to the 1967 expansion drafts, and the team was racked with dissension because of Imlach’s authoritative tactics and his attempt to prevent the players from joining the newly formed Players' Association.[41] Imlach's management of the team was also brought into question due to some of his decisions. It was apparent that he was too loyal to ageing players who had been with him since 1958.[41] In 1967–68 season, Mahovlich was traded to Detroit in a deal that saw the Maple Leafs acquire Paul Henderson, and Norm Ullman.[51] The Maple Leafs managed to return to the playoffs following the 1968–69 season, only to be swept by the Bruins. Immediately after, Stafford confronted Imlach and fired him.[52] The firing wasn't without controversy, with some older players, including Horton, declaring that, "if this team doesn't want Imlach, I guess it doesn't want me."[53]

Punch Imlach won four Cups as the Leafs' coach in the 1960s. However, his second stint as the club's general manager during the 1979–80 season was controversial; most notably his public dispute with team captain Darryl Sittler.
Punch Imlach won four Cups as the Leafs' coach in the 1960s. However, his second stint as the club's general manager during the 1979–80 season was controversial; trading away Lanny McDonald, and engaging in a public dispute with team captain Darryl Sittler.

The Maple Leafs completed the 1969–70 season out of the playoffs. With their low finish, the Leafs were able to draft Darryl Sittler at the 1970 NHL Amateur Draft.[54] The Maple Leafs returned to the playoffs following the 1970–71 season with the addition of Sittler, as well as Bernie Parent and Jacques Plante, who were both acquired through trades during the season.[55] The Maple Leafs were eliminated in the first round against the Rangers.

The Ballard years (1971–1990)

A series of events in 1971 made Ballard the primary owner of the Maple Leafs. After a series of disputes between Bassett, and Ballard and Stafford Smythe, Bassett sold his stake in the company to Ballard and Smythe.[56] Shortly afterwards, Smythe passed away on October 1971. Under the terms of Stafford's will, of which Ballard was an executor, each partner was allowed to buy the other's shares upon their death.[56] Stafford's brother and son tried to keep the shares within the family,[57] but in February 1972 Ballard bought all of Stafford's shares for $7.5 million, valuing the company at $22 million.[58][59][60] Six months later after Smythe's death, Ballard was convicted of charges including fraud, and theft of money, and goods, spending a year at Milhaven Penitentiary.[55][56]

By the end of 1971, the World Hockey Association (WHA) began operations as a direct competitor to the NHL. Believing the WHA would not be able to compete against the NHL, Ballard attitude allowed the Maple Leafs to lose key players, including Parent to the upstart WHA.[55] Undermanned and demoralized, the Maple Leafs finished with the fourth-worst record for the 1972–73 season, and the fourth overall pick in the 1973 NHL Amateur Draft.[55] The Maple Leafs drafted Lanny McDonald with the fourth overall pick. General manager Jim Gregory also acquired the 10th overall pick from the Philadelphia Flyers, and the 15th overall pick from the Bruins, using those two picks to acquire Bob Neely and Ian Turnbull respectively.[55] In addition to these first round picks, the Maple Leafs also acquired Börje Salming during the 1973 off-season.[61]

Despite acquiring Tiger Williams in the 1974 draft, and Roger Neilson as head coach in the 1977–78 season, the Maple Leafs found themselves eliminated in the playoffs by a stronger Flyers or Canadiens teams from 1975 to 1979.[55] Although Neilson was a popular coach amongst fans and his players, he found himself at odds with Ballard, who fired Neilson late in the 1977–78 season. Nielson was later reinstated after appeals from the players and public.[62] Nielson, as well as Gregory, was fired following the 1979 playoffs, replacing Gregory with Imlach.[55]

Within his first year of his second stint as general manager, Imlach became embroiled in a dispute with Maple Leafs captain Sittler over Sittler's attempt to participate in the Showdown series for Hockey Night in Canada.[55][63] In a move to undermine Sittler's influence on the team, Imlach traded McDonald, who was also a friend of Sittler.[64] By the end of the 1979–80 season, Imlach had traded away nearly half of the roster he started his tenure with.[65] With the situation between Ballard and Sittler worsening, Sittler requested that he was traded to a different team.[66] Forcing the Maple Leafs hand, the Leafs' new general manager, Gerry McNamara, traded Sittler to the Flyers on 20 January 1982.[67] Rick Vaive was named the captain of the team shortly after Sittler's departure.[65]

The Maple Leafs general manager position continued in disarray throughout most of the decade, with an inexperienced McNamara named as Imlach's replacement in September 1981.[65] McNamara's tenure was followed by Gord Stellick on 28 April 1988, who was reaplced by Floyd Smith on 15 August 1989.[65] Coaching was similarly shuffled frequently since Nielson's departure. Imlach’s first choice for coach was his former player Smith, although he did not finish the 1979–80 season, hospitalized by a car accident on 14 March 1980.[68] Joe Crozier was named the new head coach until 10 January 1981 when he was succeeded by Mike Nykoluk. Nykoluk was head coach until 2 April 1984.[65] Dan Maloney returned as head coach from 1984 to 1986, with John Brophy named head coach from 1986 to 1988. Both coaches experienced little success during these tenures.[65][69] Doug Carpenter was named the new head coach to begin the 1989–90 season, where the Maple Leafs posted their first season above .500 in the decade.[65]

The Maple Leafs did not experience much success during the decade, entirely missing the playoffs in 1982, 1984 and 1985.[65] However, the low finishes allowed them to draft Wendel Clark first overall at the 1985 NHL Entry Draft.[65] Clark managed to lead the Maple Leafs to the playoffs from 1986 to 1988, as well as the 1990 playoffs, although they were always eliminated in the first round.[65] Ballard passed away at the end of the decade, on 11 April 1990.[70]

Resurgence (1990–2004)

At the 1994 NHL Entry Draft, the Leafs acquired Mats Sundin in a trade. Sundin was later named captain prior to the 1997–98 season.
At the 1994 NHL Entry Draft, the Leafs acquired Mats Sundin in a trade with the Quebec Nordiques. Sundin was later named captain prior to the 1997–98 season.

Don Crump, Don Giffin, and Steve Stavro were named executors of Ballard's estate.[71] Stavro succeeded Ballard as chairman of Maple Leaf Gardens Ltd. and governor of the Maple Leafs.[72] Cliff Fletcher was hired by Giffin to be the Maple Leafs new general manager, although this was opposed by Stavro, who told Fletcher that he wanted to install his own man.[73] Fletcher immediately set about building a competitive club, making a series of trades and free agent acquisitions which turned the Leafs into a contender, hiring Pat Burns as the new Maple Leafs coach, and acquiring Doug Gilmour and Dave Andreychuk through a series of trades.[74] Assisted by stellar goaltending from minor league call-up Felix Potvin, the team post a then-franchise-record 99 points, and eighth-best overall record in the NHL.

Toronto dispatched the Detroit Red Wings in seven games in the first round, then defeated the St. Louis Blues in another seven games in the Division Finals.[74] Hoping to meet long-time rival Montreal (who was playing in the Wales Conference Finals against the New York Islanders) in the Cup Finals, the Leafs faced the Los Angeles Kings in the Campbell Conference Finals.[74] The Leafs led the series 3–2, but dropped Game six in Los Angeles. The game was not without controversy, as Wayne Gretzky clipped Gilmour in the face with his stick, but referee Kerry Fraser did not call a penalty and Gretzky scored the winning goal moments later.[75] The Leafs eventually lost in game seven 5–4.[74]

The Leafs had another strong season in 1993–94, starting the season on a 10 game winning streak, and finishing it with 98 points.[74] The Maple Leafs made it to the Conference Finals again, only to be eliminated by the Vancouver Canucks in five games.[74] At the 1994 NHL Entry Draft, the Maple Leafs packaged Clark in a multi-player trade with the Quebec Nordiques that landed them Mats Sundin.[74]

New home and a new millennium

Larry Tanenbaum bought a stake in Maple Leafs Gardens Limited in 1996, becoming partners with Stavro, and was active in the company's acquisition of the National Basketball League's new Toronto Raptors franchise, as well as their arena, the Air Canada Centre.[76][77] With the acquisition, the company was renamed to Maple Leafs Sports & Entertainment (MLSE), acting as the parent company of the two teams.[77] MLSE has since expanded, adding the Toronto Marlies (the Leafs' farm team) of the American Hockey League (AHL), Raptors 905 (the Raptors farm team) of the NBA Gatorade League and the Toronto FC of Major League Soccer (MLS) to its list of sport franchises.

Missing the playoffs following the 1996–97 and 1997–98 seasons, the Maple Leafs relieved Fletcher as general manager.[74] Curtis Joseph was acquired to be the new starting goaltender, while Pat Quinn was hired as the new head coach prior to the 1998–99 season.[74] The Leafs were also moved from the Western to the Eastern Conference as part of a League realignment.[76] On 13 February 1999, the Maple Leafs played their final game at the Gardens before they moved to their new home, the Air Canada Centre.[78] During the 1999 playoffs, the team advance to the Conference Finals, but lost in five games to the Buffalo Sabres.[74]

The Maple Leafs move to the Air Canada Centre in 1999.
The Maple Leafs moved to their current home arena, the Air Canada Centre in February 1999.

In the 1999–2000 season, the Leafs hosted the 50th NHL All-Star Game.[79] The Leafs recorded their first 100-point season and captured their first division title in 37 years following the end of that season. In both of the 2000 and 2001 playoffs, the Leafs defeated the Ottawa Senators in the first round and lost to the New Jersey Devils in the second round. In 2002, the Leafs dispatched the Islanders and their as the Senators, in the first two rounds, only to lose to the Cinderella-story Carolina Hurricanes in the Conference Finals. The 2002 season was particularly impressive in that injuries sidelined many of their better players, but the efforts of lesser-known players, mainly Gary Roberts and Alyn McCauley, led them to the Conference Finals.

Joseph left the team following the 2002 playoffs, although the Maple Leafs found a replacement goaltender, signing free agent Ed Belfour. Belfour played well during the 2002–03 season and was a finalist for the Vezina Trophy. The Leafs lost to Philadelphia in seven games during the first round of the 2003 playoffs. In 2003, an ownership change occured in MLSE, as Stavro sold his controlling interest in MLSE to the Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan and resigned his position as chairman in favour of Larry Tanenbaum. Quinn remained as head coach but was replaced as general manager by a young John Ferguson Jr.

Prior to the 2003–04 season, the team held their training camp in Sweden and played in the NHL Challenge against teams from Sweden and Finland. The Leafs went on to enjoy a very successful regular season, leading the NHL at the time of the All-Star Game (with Quinn named head coach of the East's All-Star Team) and eventually posting a franchise-record 103 points. They finished with the fourth-best record in the League, their highest overall finish in 41 years, achieving a .628 win percentage, their best in 43 years and third-best in franchise history. In the 2004 playoffs, the Leafs defeated the Senators in the first round of the post-season for the fourth time in five years, with Belfour posting three shutouts (setting the record for the most shutouts in a single playoff series) in seven games, but lost to the Flyers in six games during the second round.

Post-lockout era and playoff drought (2005–2014)

Following the 2004–05 NHL lockout, the Maple Leafs experienced its longest playoff drought in the club's history. They struggled in 2005–06, and despite a late-season surge (9–1–2 in their final 12 games), led by third-string goaltender Jean-Sebastien Aubin, Toronto was out of playoff contention for the first time since 1998. This marked the first time that the team had missed under Quinn, who was subsequently relieved as head coach. Quinn's dismissal was controversial, since many of the young players that were key contributors to the Leaf's late-season run were drafted by Quinn prior to Ferguson's arrival, all while Ferguson's signings (Eric Lindros, Jason Allison, Alexander Khavanov and Belfour) had suffered season-ending injuries.[80]

In the 2009–10 season the Maple Leafs acquired Dion Phaneuf through a trade. Named as the team captain in the following off-season, Phaneuf captained the team until he was traded in 2016.
In the 2009–10 season the Maple Leafs acquired Dion Phaneuf as a part of a seven-player trade. Named as the team captain in the following off-season, Phaneuf captained the team until he was traded to Ottawa in 2016.

Paul Maurice, who previously coached the Leafs' farm team's, the Toronto Marlies, inaugural season, was announced as Quinn's replacement. On 30 June 2006, the Maple Leafs bought-out the contract of long-time fan favourite Tie Domi. In addition to Domi, the Maple Leafs also decided against picking up the option year on the contract of goaltender Belfour, becoming a free agent. However, despite the coaching change, as well as a shuffle in the roster, the team did not make the playoffs in 2006–07. During the following 2007–08 season, on January 2008, Ferguson, Jr. was fired and replaced by former Leafs general manager Fletcher on an interim basis.[81] The Leafs again failed to qualify for the post-season, the first time they failed to make the playoffs for three seasons since the 1928 season. It was also Sundin's last year with the Leafs, as his contract was due to expire at the end of the season; he refused, however, Leaf management's request to waive his no-trade clause in order for the team to rebuild by acquiring prospects and/or draft picks.[82] Following the 2007–08 season, on 7 May 2008, the Leafs fired Maurice, as well as assistant coach Randy Ladouceur, naming Ron Wilson as the new head coach and Tim Hunter and Rob Zettler as assistant coaches.[83]

On 29 November 2008, the Maple Leafs hired Brian Burke as their 13th non-interim, and the first American general manager in team history. The acquisition ended the second Cliff Fletcher era and settled persistent rumours that Burke was coming to Toronto.[84] On 26 June 2009, Burke made his first appearance as the Leafs GM at the 2009 NHL Entry Draft, selecting London Knights forward Nazem Kadri with the seventh overall pick.[85] On September 18, 2009, Burke traded Toronto's first- and second-round 2010, as well as its 2011 first-rounder, to the Boston Bruins in exchange for forward Phil Kessel.[86] On January 31, 2010, the Maple Leafs made another high-profile trade, this time with the Calgary Flames in a seven-player deal that brought defenceman Dion Phaneuf to Toronto.[87] On June 14, during the season's subsequent off-season, the Maple Leafs then named Phaneuf as captain after two seasons without a captain following Sundin's departure.[88] On February 18, 2011, the Leafs sent long-time Maple Leaf Tomas Kaberle to the Bruins in exchange for prospect Joe Colborne, Boston's first-round pick in 2011 and a conditional second-round draft choice.[89]

On 2 March 2012, Burke fired Wilson and named Randy Carlyle the new head coach. The termination proved to be controversial, however, as Wilson had received a contract extension just two months prior to being let go.[90] On January 9, 2013, Burke himself was fired as general manager, replaced by Dave Nonis.[91] In their first full season under the leadership of Carlyle, Toronto managed to secure a playoff berth in the shortened 2012–13 season for the first time in eight years. The Leafs, however, lost in seven games to eventual 2013 Stanley Cup finalists Boston in the first round. Despite the season's success, it was not repeated during the 2013–14 season, as the Leafs failed to make the playoffs.

Brendan Shanahan era (2014–present)

Brendan Shanahan was named the president and an alternate governor of the club in 2014.
Brendan Shanahan was named the president and an alternate governor of the club shortly after the 2013–2014 season ended.

Shortly after the end of the 2013–14 regular season, NHL Director of Player Safety Brendan Shanahan was named as the president and an alternate governor of the Maple Leafs.[92] On January 6, 2015, the Maple Leafs fired Carlyle as head coach,[93] with Assistant Coach Peter Horachek taking over on an interim basis immediately after the firing. While the Maple Leafs had a winning record before Carlyle's firing, the team eventually collapsed. On February 6, 2015, the Leafs set a new franchise record of 11 consecutive games without a win. Both Dave Nonis and Horachek were relieved of their duties on April 12, just one day after the season concluded. In addition, the Maple Leafs also fired a number of assistant coaches, including Steve Spott, Rick St. Croix; as well of individuals from the Maple Leafs' player scouting department.[94][95]

On May 20, 2015, Mike Babcock was named as the new head coach, and on June 23, Lou Lamoriello was named the 16th GM in team history.[96][97] On 1 July 2015, in a trade involving multiple players, the Leafs sent Kessel to the Pittsburgh Penguins for Nick Spaling, Kasperi Kapanen, Scott Harrington, a conditional first round pick, and a third round pick. Toronto also retained $1.2 million of Kessel's salary for the remaining seven seasons his contract is active.[98] During the following season, on 9 February 2016, the Leafs packaged captain Dion Phaneuf in another multi-player deal, acquiring Jared Cowen, Colin Greening, Milan Michalek, Tobias Lindberg, and a 2017 2nd-round pick from the Senators.[99] The Maple Leafs finished last in the NHL for the first time since the 1984–85 season and secured a 20 percent chance at winning the first overall pick in the 2016 NHL Entry Draft. They were also guaranteed to pick no lower than fourth.[100][101] They subsequently won the draft lottery and used the first overall pick to draft Auston Matthews. In their second season under coach Mike Babcock, Toronto secured a spot for the 2017 playoffs.

On April 23, 2017, the Maple Leafs were defeated by the top-seeded Washington Capitals 2–1 in the sixth game of the conference quarterfinals on a goal six and a half minutes into the first overtime scored by the Caps' Marcus Johansson.[102] This ended the Leafs' improbable playoff run.

Team culture

Fan base

Maple Leafs home games have long been one of the toughest tickets to acquire even during losing seasons.[103] Maple Leaf Gardens sold out every game from 1946 until the building closed in 1999.[104] In 2008, there was a waiting list of about 2,500 names for season tickets. With an average of US$1.9 million per game, the Leafs had the highest average ticket revenue per game in the 2007–08 season; the previous season they earned about $1.5 million per game.[105]

Fans gather at Maple Leafs Square during the playoffs.
Fans gather at Maple Leaf Square to watch game two between the Maple Leafs and the Boston Bruins during the 2013 NHL playoffs.

Maple Leaf fans are loyal despite poor rewards—in a 2014 survey by ESPN The Magazine, the Leafs were ranked last out of the 122 professional teams in the Big Four leagues. Teams were graded by stadium experience, ownership, player quality, ticket affordability, championships won and "bang for the buck"; in particular, the Leafs came last in ticket affordability and second-last in championships won or expected.[106] Conversely, fans of other teams harbour an equally passionate dislike of the team. In November 2002, the Leafs were named by Sports Illustrated hockey writer Michael Farber as the "Most Hated Team in Hockey."[107]

A large number of Leaf fans live in the Ottawa Valley and in the Niagara region. As a result, Leafs-Senators games at the Canadian Tire Centre (formerly the Scotiabank Place and originally the Corel Centre) in Ottawa and Leafs-Sabres games at the KeyBank Center in Buffalo are more neutral (50–50) due to the large influx of Leaf fans, due in part to those cities' proximity to Toronto and the relatively greater ease in getting tickets to those teams' games (particularly in Buffalo, where fan-friendly ownership kept ticket prices relatively low).

Despite Toronto's usual loyal fan base, however, there were several occurrences in the 2014–15 season where fans threw Leafs jerseys onto the ice to show disapproval of the team's poor performances in the past few decades.[108] Similarly, during the late-regular season that overlaps with the opening Major League Baseball (MLB) season and the success of MLB's Toronto Blue Jays, fans have also been heard sarcastically chanting "Let's go Blue Jays!" as a sign of their shift in priority, especially since the start of the 2016 Blue Jays season.[109][110][111]

Rivalries

During the 25 years of the Original Six era, teams played each other 14 times during the regular season, and with only four teams continuing into the playoffs, rivalries were intense. As one of this era's most successful teams, the Maple Leafs established historic rivalries with the two other most successful teams of the time, the Montreal Canadiens and Detroit Red Wings.[112]

Montreal Canadiens

The Hockey Knights in Canada are two murals at College subway station, the nearest station to Maple Leaf Gardens. A mural of Toronto's rival, the Montreal Canadiens is on the northbound side of the station, while another mural of the Maple Leafs stands directly across from it on southbound side of the station.

Toronto's rivalry with the Montreal Canadiens has been called hockey's greatest.[113] The Canadiens have won 24 Stanley Cups, while the Maple Leafs have won 13, ranking them first and second, respectively. While the rivalry began during the NHL's first season, it began in earnest when Toronto General Manager Frank J. Selke left his position in 1946 due to a dispute with Conn Smythe to become Montreal's general manager, eventually leading the Canadiens to six Cups. As of 2016, the two teams had faced each other 15 times in the playoffs, six in the Finals; Toronto has won four.[114] Although the rivalry declined after Toronto defeated Montreal in the 1967 Final, it re-emerged in 2007. With one game left in the season, Toronto trailed Montreal for the final playoff spot in the Eastern Conference by only one point. Down 5–3 in the second period, the Leafs won 6–5, preventing Montreal from taking the spot which enabled the New York Islanders to steal the position.[114]

The rivalry from the perspective of the Canadiens fan is perhaps most famously captured in the popular Canadian short story "The Hockey Sweater" by Roch Carrier. Originally published in French as "Une abominable feuille d'érable sur la glace" ("An abominable maple leaf on the ice"), it referred to the Maple Leafs sweater a mother forced her son to wear. The son is presumably based on Carrier himself when he was young. This rivalry is also evident in Toronto's College subway station on Line 1, which displays murals depicting the two teams, each one on each platform.

Detroit Red Wings

The Red Wings host the Maple Leafs at the 2014 Winter Classic.
The Red Wings hosted the Maple Leafs at the 2014 NHL Winter Classic. A rivalry stemming from the Original Six-era, the two teams have faced one another in 23 postseason series, including seven Stanley Cup Finals.

While the Toronto–Montreal rivalry is one of the most famous in sport,[114] the rivalry with the Red Wings was no less intense. This rivalry dates to the 1920s. As of 2016, they had had 23 playoff meetings, seven in the Finals. So fierce was the rivalry that when the New York Rangers reached the Finals against Detroit in 1950, but could not play in their home rink, Madison Square Garden, because the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus were in town, they arranged to play home games in Toronto, whose fans hated the Red Wings.[115] The rivalry heightened to a fever pitch due to an incident in the 1950 playoffs when Detroit's young star, Gordie Howe, mistimed a check on Toronto's Ted Kennedy and fell head-first into the boards, suffering severe injuries and needed emergency surgery to save his life. While Kennedy was exonerated by the NHL, Detroit management and fans accused him of deliberately injuring Howe. The result was a violent playoff series and increased animosity between the teams.[116] The teams' proximity to each other — Toronto and Detroit are approximately 380 kilometres (240 mi) apart via Ontario Highway 401 — and a number of shared fans (particularly in markets such as Windsor, Ontario) added to the rivalry. After the Leafs moved to the Eastern Conference in 1998, they faced each other less often, and the rivalry was more often found in the stands than on the ice.

The rivalry became intradivisional once again in the 2013–14 season, when Detroit was moved to the newly formed Atlantic division of the Eastern Conference as part of a realignment.[117] That year, the Leafs played the Red Wings in the 2014 NHL Winter Classic at Michigan Stadium, winning 3–2 in a shootout in front of an NHL record crowd of 105,491.[118][119] The two teams played another outdoor game, the NHL Centennial Classic, on January 1, 2017 at BMO Field in Toronto, winning 5-4 in overtime.[120]

Ottawa Senators

The rivalry between the Leafs and the modern Ottawa Senators, known as the Battle of Ontario, heated up during the late 1990s, owing to the Canadiens' struggles during that period. The Leafs have won all four post-season series, including one four-game sweep. The rivalry diminished after the 2004–05 lockout, owing largely to Toronto's failure to make the post-season for seven straight seasons.[121]

Team information

Logo, uniform and mascot

The jersey of the Maple Leafs has a long history and is one of the best-selling NHL jerseys among fans.[122] Throughout franchise history, Toronto's uniform has had four major incarnations and numerous minor alterations.

The original 1917 blue uniforms featured the letter "T" sometimes on a blue shield. The second version came in 1919 when they were renamed the St. Pats and wore green uniforms with "Toronto St. Pats" on the logo, lettered in green either on a white "pill" shape or stripes.[11][123]

Wordmark of the Maple Leafs
The Maple Leafs' current wordmark logo.

The third major change was for the 1927–28 season when the team's name changed to the Maple Leafs, gaining a new logo and returning to the blue uniform. The logo was a 47-point maple leaf with "Toronto Maple Leafs" lettered in white. The home jersey was blue with alternating thin-thick stripes on the arms, legs and shoulders. The road uniform was white with three stripes on the chest and back, waist and legs. For 1933–34, the alternating thin-thick stripes were replaced with stripes of equal thickness. This remained as the basic design for the next 40 years.[124]

The Maple Leafs logo from 1938 to 1967.
The Maple Leafs logo from 1938 to 1967. The logo was also used on their alternate white uniforms from 2000–11 (except in 2007–08).

Before the next major change came several minor changes. In 1937, veins were added to the leaf and "Toronto" curved downwards at the ends instead of upwards.[125] In 1942, the 35-point leaf was introduced. In 1946, the logo added trimming to the Leaf with a white or blue border, while "C" for captain and "A" for alternate captain first appeared on the sweaters. In 1947, the "Toronto Maple Leafs" lettering was in red for a short time. In 1958, a six-eyelet lace and tie was added to the neck and a blue shoulder yoke was added. In 1961, player numbers added appeared on the sleeves.

The fourth major change came in the 1966–67 season. The leaf was changed to a blue 11-point leaf, similar to the leaf on the then-new flag of Canada to commemorate the Canadian Centennial.[124] This was followed by many minor changes. In 1970, the League required home teams to wear white jerseys. Other changes to the sweater removed the arm stripes, extended the yoke to the end of the sleeves,[124] added a solid stripe on the waist, three stripes on the stockings and a miniature Leaf crest added to shoulders. On the logo, the lettering "Toronto" was no longer curved, but parallel to the "Maple Leafs" lettering. The thin, blue 11-point maple leaf had rounded corners.

In 1973, the jersey's neck was a lace tie-down design, and in 1976, the V-neck returned. In 1977, player names were added to the away jerseys and in 1979 to the home jerseys, but not until after the Leafs were fined by the NHL for refusing to comply with a new rule requiring player names on the jerseys.[124][126]

Since the early 1990s, fans showed interest in past jersey designs. For the 1991–92 season, the Leafs wore uniforms that were styled after the "original six" era for some games, while for the 1992–93 season, due to enthusiastic fan reaction for the previous season's classic uniforms, the first changes to the Leaf uniform in over twenty years were made. Two stripes on the arms and waist were added. A "TML" logo was added to the shoulder. During the late 1990s, the lettering and numbers were taken from the font on the Maple Leafs logo, but they gradually returned to block lettering, which they fully integrated in the 2010–11 season. When the Reebok Edge uniform system was introduced in the 2007–08 season, the tail stripes were absent from the change, but returned three years later. In addition, the veined leaf logo returned to the uniforms.[122][124][124]

On February 2, 2016, the team unveiled a new logo that will be adopted for 2016–17 season in honour of its centennial; it returns the logo to a form inspired by the earlier designs, with 31 points to allude to the 1931 opening of Maple Leaf Gardens, and 17 veins in reference of its 1917 establishment. 13 of the veins are positioned along the top portion in honour of its 13 Stanley Cup victories. The logo was subsequently accompanied by a new uniform design that was unveiled during the 2016 NHL Entry Draft on June 24, 2016.[127][128][129]

The team mascot is Carlton the Bear, an anthropomorphic polar bear whose name and number (#60) comes from the location of Maple Leaf Gardens at 60 Carlton Street, where they played throughout much of their history.

Ownership

The Maple Leafs is one of six professional sports teams owned by Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment (MLSE). Initially, the club was owned by the Arena Gardens of Toronto, Limited, an ownership group that owned Mutual Street Arena. Fronted by Henry Pellatt, the company owned the franchise for two years, until a lawsuit from former Toronto Blueshirts owner Eddie Livingstone forced the company to sell to Charles Querrie, owner of the amateur St. Patricks club.[130] Querrie owned the club until 1927, after another lawsuit from Livingstone forced him to put the club up for sale. Toronto Varsity Blues coach Conn Smythe put together an ownership group and purchased the franchise for $160,000. In 1929, Smythe decided, in the midst of the Great Depression, that the Maple Leafs needed a new arena. In order to finance the new arena, Smythe launched Maple Leaf Gardens Limited, a publicly traded management company to own both the Maple Leafs and the new arena, which was named Maple Leaf Gardens. Smythe transferred his ownership of the Leafs to the company in exchange for shares in MLGL, and sold shares in the holding company to the public to help fund construction of the arena.

Conn Smythe was the principal owner of the Maple Leafs from 1927 to 1961.
Conn Smythe was the principal owner of the Maple Leafs from 1927 to 1961.

Although Smythe was the face of MLGL from its founding, he did not gain principal ownership of the company until 1947.[131][132][133] Smythe remained the principal owner of the company until 1961, when he sold 90 percent of his shares to an ownership group consisting of Harold Ballard, John Bassett, and Stafford Smythe. The company remained a publicly traded company until 1998, when an ownership group fronted by Steve Stavro privatized the company by acquiring more than the 90 percent of stock necessary to force objecting shareholders out.[134][135]

The present ownership structure emerged in 2012, after the Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan (the company's former principal owner) announced the sale of its entire stake in MLSE to a partnership between Bell Canada and Rogers Communications, in a deal valued at $1.32 billion,[136] giving the company an equity value of $1.66 billion and an enterprise value of $2 billion.[137][138] As part of the sale, two numbered companies were created to jointly hold stock. This ownership structure ensures that, at the shareholder level, Rogers and Bell vote their overall 75% interest in the company together and thus decisions on the management of the company must be made by consensus of the two. The remaining 25 percent is owned by Larry Tanenbaum, who is also the Chairman of MLSE. Bell's pension fund is involved in Bell's ownership stake, at least in part, intended to ensure they can retain its existing 18 percent interest in the Montreal Canadiens, as NHL rules prevent any shareholder that owns more than 30 percent of a team from holding an ownership position in any other team.[139]

While initially primarily a hockey company, with ownership stakes in a number of junior hockey clubs including the Toronto Marlboros of the Ontario Hockey Association, the company later branched out to own the Hamilton Tiger-Cats of the CFL from the late 1970s to late 1980s, before merging with the Toronto Raptors, who were constructing the Air Canada Centre at the time, and adopting their current name (MLSE) in 1998. The company was most recently granted an expansion franchise in Major League Soccer, with the Toronto FC beginning play in 2007. In addition to professional sports, the company is also invested in commercial real estate.

Broadcasters

Foster Hewitt was the Maple Leafs' first play-by-play announcer on the radio from 1927 to 1968
Foster Hewitt was the Maple Leafs' first play-by-play announcer on the radio from 1927 to 1968

As a result of both Bell Canada and Rogers Communications having an ownership stake in MLSE, Maple Leafs broadcasts are split between these two media companies. Due to this arrangement, regional TV broadcasts are split between Rogers' Sportsnet Ontario and Bell's TSN4.[140] Colour commentary for Rogers' television broadcasts is performed by Jamie McLennan and Ray Ferraro, while play-by-play is provided by Chris Cuthbert and Gord Miller. Colour commentary for Bell's television broadcasts is performed by Greg Millen and Harry Neale, while play-by-play is provided by Dave Randorf and Paul Romanuk. Prior to the 2014–15 season, Leafs TV, a regional speciality channel directly owned by MLSE, also aired selected regional games.

Like the Maple Leafs television broadcasts, radio broadcasts are split evenly between Rogers' CJCL (Sportsnet 590, The Fan) and Bell's CHUM (TSN Radio 1050). Both Bell and Rogers' radio broadcasts have their colour commentary provided by Jim Ralph, with play-by-play provided by Joe Bowen. Foster Hewitt was the Leafs' first play-by-play broadcaster, providing radio play-by-play from 1927 to 1968. In addition, he provided play-by-play for television from 1952 to 1958, and colour commentary from 1958 to 1961. Originally aired over CNR Radio, Hewitt's broadcast was picked up by the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission (the CRBC) in 1933. After three years, the broadcast was moved to CBC Radio (the CRBC's successor). As the show was aired on Canadian national radio, Hewitt became famous for the phrase "He shoots, he scores!" as well as his sign-on at the beginning of each broadcast, "Hello, Canada, and hockey fans in the United States and Newfoundland."

Home arenas and practice facilities

The team's first home was the Arena Gardens, later known as the Mutual Street Arena, located at Mutual and Shuter Streets. From 1912 until 1931, the Arena was ice hockey's premier site in Toronto.[141] The Arena Gardens was the third arena in Canada to feature a mechanically-frozen, or "artificial," ice surface and for 11 years was the only such facility in Eastern Canada.[142] In 1923, it was the site of the first radio broadcast of an ice hockey game, and the first broadcast of an ice hockey game by long-time broadcaster Foster Hewitt. The Arena was demolished in 1989, with most of the site converted to residential developments. Some parts of the site was made into a city park, known as Arena Gardens.[143]

Maple Leaf Gardens was the home arena for the Maple Leafs from 1931 to 1999.
Opening in 1931, Maple Leaf Gardens was the home arena for the Maple Leafs from 1931 to 1999.

In 1931, over a six-month period, Conn Smythe built Maple Leaf Gardens at a cost of C$1.5 million (C$23.2 million in 2017).[144] One of hockey's temples, it was the home arena for the team up until 1999. Located on the north-west corner of Carlton Street and Church Street, it acquired the nickname the "Carlton Street Cashbox," since the games were constantly sold out. The Leafs won 11 Stanley Cups from 1932 to 1967 whilst playing at the Gardens.[104] Another significant hockey event at the Gardens was an Ace Bailey All-Star Game in 1934 as a benefit for Maple Leafs forward Ace Bailey, who had suffered a career-ending head injury. The first annual NHL All-Star Game was also held at Maple Leaf Gardens in 1947. The Gardens opened on November 12, 1931, with the Maple Leafs losing 2–1 to the Chicago Blackhawks. On February 13, 1999, the Maple Leafs played their last game at the Gardens, suffering a 6–2 loss to the Chicago Blackhawks. Maple Leaf Gardens is presently a used as a multi-purpose facilty, with Loblaws occupying retail space on the lower floors, and an athletics arena for Ryerson University, occupying another level.[145][146]

The Maple Leafs moved from the Gardens on February 20, 1999, to their current home arena, the Air Canada Centre. Air Canada Centre is a multi-purpose indoor entertainment arena located on Bay Street in Downtown Toronto.[147] It is shared with the National Basketball Association (NBA)'s Toronto Raptors, which shares common ownership with the Maple Leafs under Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment. It is also shared with the Toronto Rock. In addition to the main arena, the Maple Leafs alao operate a practice facility at the MasterCard Centre for Hockey Excellence. Opened in 2009, it was built on the site of the former Lakeshore Lions Arena (circa 1951). The practice facility has three NHL rinks and one Olympic-sized rink and is operated by City of Toronto.[148]

Season-by-season record

Season GP W Losses OTL Pts GF GA Finish Playoffs
2012–13 48 26 17 5 57 145 133 3rd, Northeast Lost in Conference Quarterfinals, 3–4 (Bruins)
2013–14 82 38 36 8 84 231 256 6th, Atlantic Did not qualify
2014–15 82 30 44 8 68 211 262 7th, Atlantic Did not qualify
2015–16 82 29 42 11 69 198 246 8th, Atlantic Did not qualify
2016–17 82 40 27 15 95 251 242 4th, Atlantic Lost in First Round, 2–4 (Capitals)

Players and personnel

Current roster

Updated June 21, 2017[149][150]

# Nat Player Pos S/G Age Acquired Birthplace
31 Denmark Andersen, FrederikFrederik Andersen G L 27 2016 Herning, Denmark
24 United States Boyle, BrianBrian Boyle C L 32 2017 Hingham, Massachusetts
42 Canada Bozak, TylerTyler Bozak (A) C R 31 2009 Regina, Saskatchewan
12 Canada Brown, ConnorConnor Brown RW R 23 2012 Toronto, Ontario
8 United States Carrick, ConnorConnor Carrick D R 23 2016 Orland Park, Illinois
23 Canada Fehr, EricEric Fehr Injured Reserve C/RW R 31 2017 Winkler, Manitoba
51 United States Gardiner, JakeJake Gardiner D L 27 2011 Minneapolis, Minnesota
2 United States Hunwick, MattMatt Hunwick (A) D L 32 2015 Warren, Michigan
11 Canada Hyman, ZachZach Hyman C R 25 2015 Toronto, Ontario
43 Canada Kadri, NazemNazem Kadri C L 26 2009 London, Ontario
47 Finland Komarov, LeoLeo Komarov (A) C L 30 2012 Narva, Soviet Union
32 Canada Leivo, JoshJosh Leivo LW R 24 2011 Innisfil, Ontario
19 Canada Lupul, JoffreyJoffrey Lupul Injured Reserve LW R 33 2011 Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta
3 Russia Marchenko, AlexeiAlexei Marchenko D R 25 2017 Moscow, Russia
52 Slovakia Marincin, MartinMartin Marincin D L 25 2015 Košice, Czechoslovakia
16 Canada Marner, MitchellMitchell Marner RW R 20 2015 Markham, Ontario
15 Canada Martin, MattMatt Martin LW L 27 2016 Windsor, Ontario
34 United States Matthews, AustonAuston Matthews C L 19 2016 San Ramon, California
35 Canada McElhinney, CurtisCurtis McElhinney G L 34 2017 London, Ontario
29 Sweden Nylander, WilliamWilliam Nylander C R 21 2014 Calgary, Alberta
46 Czech Republic Polak, RomanRoman Polak Injured Reserve D R 31 2016 Ostrava, Czechoslovakia
44 Canada Rielly, MorganMorgan Rielly (A) D L 23 2012 West Vancouver, British Columbia
18 United States Smith, BenBen Smith RW R 28 2016 Winston-Salem, North Carolina
26 Russia Soshnikov, NikitaNikita Soshnikov RW L 23 2015 Nizhny Tagil, Russia
25 United States van Riemsdyk, JamesJames van Riemsdyk LW L 28 2012 Middletown Township, New Jersey
22 Russia Zaitsev, NikitaNikita Zaitsev D R 25 2016 Moscow, Soviet Union

Team captains

Syl Apps was the team captain from 1940 to 1943 and again from 1945 to 1948.
Syl Apps led the team to three Stanley Cups as captain from 1940 to 1943 and again from 1945 to 1948. From 1943 to 1945 Apps was serving with the Canadian Army.

There has been twenty-one team captains throughout the Arenas, St, Patricks, and Maple Leafs history. Ken Randall served as the team's first captain in the inaugural 1917–18 NHL season. However, from 1918 to 1925, no player had held the captaincy for more than one season, with the captaincy left vacant for five out of seven years. John Ross Roach served as captain for the 1924–25 NHL season.[151] Roach was the only goaltender to serve as the Maple Leafs' captain, and one of only six goalies in the NHL's history to officially captain a team. The first captain to have served the position for multiple seasons was Bert Corbeau, serving as captain from 1925 to 1927. Named captain in 1956, Jimmy Thomson was the first non-Ontarian born captain in Maple Leaf history. In 1997, Mats Sundin became the first non-Canadian to captain the Maple Leafs. Sundin's tenure as captain holds the distinction as the longest captaincy for a non-North American born player in NHL history.[152] George Armstrong, captain from 1958 through 1969, was the longest serving captain in Maple Leafs history. The last player that was named to the position was Dion Phaneuf on 14 June 2010 until a trade moved him to the Ottawa Senators on 9 February 2016.

Three captains of the Maple Leafs have held the captaincy at different points in their career. Syl Apps' first tenure as the captain began from 1940 to 1943, before he stepped down and left the club to enlist in the Canadian Army. Bob Davidson served as the Maple Leafs captain until Apps' return from the Army in 1945; where he resuming his captaincy until 1948. Ted Kennedy's first tenure as captain was from 1948 to 1955. Kennedy announced his retirement from the sport at the end of the 1954–55 season, with Sid Smith suceeding him as captain. Although Kennedy missed the entire 1955–56 season, he came out of retirement to play the second half of the 1956–57 season. During that half season, Kennedy served his second tenure as the Maple Leafs captain. Darryl Sittler was the third captain to have been named the Maple Leafs captain twice. As a result of a dispute between Sittler, and the Maple Leafs general manager Punch Imlach, Sittler relinquished the captaincy on 29 December 1979. The dispute was resolved in the following off-season, after a heart attack hospitalized Imlach. Sittler arranged talks with Ballard in an effort to resolve the issue, eventually resuming his captaincy on 24 September 1980.[153] No replacement captain was named during the interim period.

Dick Carroll was the first coach of the club (1917–19)
Dick Carroll was the first coach for the club. Coach from 1917 to 1919, he won one Stanley Cup with the Arenas.

Head coaches

There have been 39 head coaches for the Maple Leafs (including four interim coaches). Ten head coaches had spent their entire head coaching career with the club. The franchise's first head coach was Dick Carroll, who coached the Maple Leafs for two seasons. Punch Imlach coached the most games of any Leafs head coach with 750 games, and has the most points all-time with the Maple Leafs, with 865. He is followed by Pat Quinn, who has coached 574 games, with 678 points all-time with the Maple Leafs. Quinn also has the most points in a season of any Maple Leafs coach, with 103 in the 2002–03 season. Five Maple Leafs coaches have been inducted at the Hockey Hall of Fame as players, while four others were inducted as builders. Pat Burns is the only Leafs head coaches to win a Jack Adams Award with the team. Both Mike Rodden and Dick Duff, has the least points with the Maple Leafs, with 0. Both coaches were interim coaches who only coached two games each in 1927 and 1980 respectively, losing both games. King Clancy served the most terms as head coach of the Maple Leafs with three while Charles Querrie and Punch Imlach served two. On the 20 May 2015, Mike Babcock was announced as the coach of the Maple Leafs, signing an eight-year $50-million contract, and becoming the highest paid NHL coach in history.[154]

Draft picks

The Maple Leafs selected Walt McKechnie, a centre from the London Nationals with their first pick, sixth overall in the 1963 NHL Amateur Draft. Two Maple Leafs captains were obtained through the draft, Darryl Sittler in the 1970 NHL Amateur Draft; as well as Wendel Clark in the 1985 NHL Entry Draft. The Maple Leafs have had 11 top-five draft picks since the draft's inception in 1963. Two of these picks were the first overall draft pick; used to draft Clark in 1985, and Auston Matthews in the 2016 NHL Entry Draft. Gerry O'Flaherty, left wing of the Kitchener Rangers, was the first player drafted by the Maple Leafs to have not been born in Canada. Selected 36th overall in the 1970 NHL Amateur Draft, O'Flaherty was a dual American-Canadian citizen (born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) who moved to Toronto during his childhood. Twenty-three players that were born in Ontario have been selected by the Maple Leafs in the first round of a draft. Eleven of those players selected in the first round were born within the Greater Toronto Area including John Wright, John Anderson, Rob Pearson, Steve Bancroft, Drake Berehowsky, Grant Marshall, Jeff Ware, Brad Boyes, Carlo Colaiacovo, Stuart Percy, and Mitchell Marner. Timothy Liljegren was the most recent player selected by the Maple Leafs in the first round, using the seventeenth overall pick at the 2017 NHL Entry Draft.

Team and league honours

Retired numbers

The Maple Leafs have retired the numbers of 19 players (as some players used the same number, only 13 numbers were retired). Between October 17, 1992 and October 15, 2016, the Maple Leafs took a unique approach to "retired numbers". Whereas players who suffered a career ending injury had their numbers retired, "great" players had their number "honoured". This meant that, although it hung from the rafters, the number was still in team circulation, and thus could be worn by other players. During this period, only 2 players met the criteria, the first being the #6 worn by Ace Bailey on February 14, 1934, with Bill Barilko's #5 following on October 17, 1992.[155] The retirement of Bailey's number holds the distinction of being the first retired number in professional sports. The first players to receive their numbers honoured were Syl Apps and Ted Kennedy, on October 3, 1993, while Mats Sundin was the last player to receive this treatment on February 11, 2012.

On October 15, 2016, prior to the home opening game of the team's centenary season, the Maple Leafs announced they had changed their philosophy on retiring numbers, and that the numbers of those 16 honoured players would henceforth be retired, in addition to the retirement of Dave Keon's number.[156]

The NHL retired Wayne Gretzky's #99 for all its member teams at the 2000 NHL All-Star Game.[157]

Player elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame
Number retired for multiple players
Number was not honoured before being retired
Toronto Maple Leafs retired numbers
No. Player Position Tenure Date of honour Date of retirement
1 Turk Broda G 1935–1943, 1946–1951[Notes 1] March 11, 1995 October 15, 2016
1 Johnny Bower G 1958–1969 March 11, 1995 October 15, 2016
4 Hap Day D 1924–1937 October 4, 2006 October 15, 2016
4 Red Kelly C 1960–1967 October 4, 2006 October 15, 2016
5 Bill Barilko D 1945–1951 Not honoured October 17, 1992
6 Ace Bailey RW 1926–1933 Not honoured February 14, 1934
7 King Clancy D 1930–1937 November 21, 1995 October 15, 2016
7 Tim Horton D 1949–1970 November 21, 1995 October 15, 2016
9 Charlie Conacher RW 1929–1938 February 28, 1998 October 15, 2016
9 Ted Kennedy C 1942–1955, 1956–1957[Notes 2] October 3, 1993 October 15, 2016
10 Syl Apps C 1936–1943, 1945–1948[Notes 1] October 3, 1993 October 15, 2016
10 George Armstrong RW 1949–1971 February 28, 1998 October 15, 2016
13 Mats Sundin C 1994–2008 February 11, 2012 October 15, 2016
14 Dave Keon C 1960–1975 Not honoured October 15, 2016
17 Wendel Clark LW 1985–1994, 1996–1998, 2000 November 22, 2008 October 15, 2016
21 Borje Salming D 1973–1989 October 4, 2006 October 15, 2016
27 Frank Mahovlich LW 1956–1968 October 3, 2001 October 15, 2016
27 Darryl Sittler C 1970–1982 February 8, 2003 October 15, 2016
93 Doug Gilmour C 1992–1997 January 31, 2009 October 15, 2016

Notes

  1. ^ a b Apps and Broda played their entire careers with the Maple Leafs, however, both players left the team for several years, serving in the Canadian Armed Forces during Second World War.
  2. ^ Kennedy played his entire career with the Maple Leafs, however, announced his first retirement in 1955, before returning to play half of the 1956–57 season.

Hall of Famers

The following members of the Toronto Maple Leafs have been inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. The list includes anyone who played for the Leafs who was later inducted as a player. The list of builders includes anyone inducted as a builder who spent any part of their career in a coaching, management or ownership role with the Maple Leafs.

King Clancy, Hall of Fame inductee 1958.
King Clancy, inducted 1958.
Tim Horton, Hall of Fame inductee 1977.
Tim Horton, inducted 1977.
Players
Name Positions Tenure Inducted Name Positions Tenure Inducted
Jack Adams C 1922–1926 1959 Syd Howe LW 1931–1932 1965
Glenn Anderson RW 1991–1994 2008 Busher Jackson LW 1929–1939 1971
Syl Apps C 1936–1943
1945–1948
1961 Red Kelly C 1960–1967 1969
George Armstrong RW 1950–1971 1975 Ted Kennedy C 1943–1957 1966
Ace Bailey RW 1926–1933 1978 Dave Keon C 1960–1975 1986
Ed Belfour G 2002–2006 2011 Brian Leetch D 2004 2009
Andy Bathgate RW 1963–1965 1978 Eric Lindros C 2005–2006 2016
Max Bentley C 1947–1953 1966 Harry Lumley G 1952–1956 1980
Leo Boivin D 1951–1955 1986 Frank Mahovlich LW 1957–1968 1981
Johnny Bower G 1958–1970 1976 Lanny McDonald RW 1973–1979 1992
Turk Broda G 1936–1943
1946–1951
1967 Dickie Moore LW 1964–1965 1974
Harry Cameron D 1917–1923 1962 Larry Murphy D 1995–1997 2004
Gerry Cheevers G 1961–1962 1985 Joe Nieuwendyk C 2003–2004 2011
King Clancy D 1930–1936 1958 Frank Nighbor C 1929–1930 1947
Sprague Cleghorn D 1920–1921 1958 Reg Noble C 1919–1924 1962
Charlie Conacher RW 1929–1937 1961 Bert Olmstead LW 1958–1962 1985
Rusty Crawford LW 1917–1919 1962 Bernie Parent G 1970–1972 1984
Hap Day D 1924–1937 1961 Pierre Pilote D 1968–1969 1975
Gordie Drillon RW 1937–1942 1975 Jacques Plante G 1970–1973 1978
Dick Duff LW 1954–1964 2006 Babe Pratt D 1942–1946 1966
Babe Dye RW 1920–1926
1930
1970 Joe Primeau C 1927–1936 1963
Fernie Flaman D 1950–1954 1990 Marcel Pronovost D 1965–1970 1978
Ron Francis C 2004 2007 Bob Pulford :W 1956–1970 1991
Grant Fuhr G 1991–1993 2003 Börje Salming D 1973–1989 1996
Mike Gartner RW 1994–1996 2001 Terry Sawchuk G 1964–1967 1971
Eddie Gerard D 1922 1945 Sweeney Schriner LW 1939–1946 1962
Doug Gilmour C 1991–1997
2003
2011 Darryl Sittler C 1970–1982 1989
George Hainsworth G 1933–1937 1961 Allan Stanley D 1958–1968 1981
Hap Holmes G 1917–1919 1972 Mats Sundin C 1994–2008 2012
Red Horner D 1928–1940 1965 Norm Ullman C 1968–1975 1982
Tim Horton D 1928–1940 1965 Harry Watson LW 1946–1955 1994
Phil Housley D 2003 2015
Pat Quinn, Hall of Fame inductee (as a builder) 2016.
Pat Quinn played for Toronto from 1968 to 1970, coached from 1998 to 2006 and was the general manager from 1999 to 2003. Inducted as a builder in 2016.
Builders
Builder Year of induction Role in organization
Al Arbour 1996 Played for Toronto from 1961 to 1966, inducted as a coach.
Harold Ballard 1977 Owner/executive/director from 1957 to 1989.
J. P. Bickell 1978 Shareholder/director from 1919 to 1951.
Pat Burns 2014 Coach from 1992 to 1996.
Cliff Fletcher 2004 President/general manager/executive from 1991 to 1997 and again from 2008 to 2009.
Jim Gregory 2007 General manager from 1969 to 1979.
Foster Hewitt 1965 Announcer from 1927 to 1963.
Punch Imlach 1984 Coach/general manager from 1958 to 1969 and again from 1979 to 1980.
Dick Irvin 1958 Coach from 1931 to 1940.
Lou Lamoriello 2009 General manager from 2015–present.
Frank Mathers 1992 Player/executive from 1948 to 1952.
Howie Meeker 1998 Player/coach/general manager/broadcaster from 1946 to 1957
Roger Neilson 2002 Coach from 1977 to 1979.
Bud Poile 1990 Coach from 1942 to 1948.
Pat Quinn 2016 Played for Toronto 1968–1970, coach/general manager from 1998 to 2006 and from 1999 to 2003.
Mike Rodden 1962 Coached for Toronto 1926–1927, inducted as a referee.
Frank J. Selke 1960 Executive from 1929 to 1946.
Conn Smythe 1958 Owner/executive/director from 1927 to 1966.
Carl Voss 1974 Player/executive from 1926 to 1929.

Franchise career leaders

These are the top franchise leaders in regular season points, goals, assists, points per game, games played, and goaltending wins as of the end of the 2016–17 season.

  •  *  – current Maple Leafs player
George Armstrong is the Leafs' all-time leader in games played.
George Armstrong is the Leafs' all-time leader in games played and fifth-highest in points.
Goaltenders
Player Seasons GP TOI W L T OT GA GAA SA SV% SO
Turk Broda 1935–1943, 1946–1951 629 38,167 302 224 101 1,609 2.53 62
Johnny Bower 1945–1969 475 27,396 219 160 79 1,139 2.49 32
Felix Potvin 1991–1999 369 21,641 160 149 49 1,026 2.87 11,133 .908 12
Curtis Joseph 1998–2002 270 15,808 138 97 28 656 2.49 7,257 .910 17
Mike Palmateer 1976–1984 296 16,868 129 112 41 964 3.43 986 .849 15
Harry Lumley 1952–1956 267 16,007 103 106 58 586 2.20 34
Lorne Chabot 1928–1933 215 13,126 103 79 31 475 2.17 31
John Ross Roach 1921–1928 222 13,674 98 107 17 639 2.80 13
Ed Belfour 2002–2006 170 10,079 93 61 11 4 422 2.51 4,775 .912 17
James Reimer 2010–2016 207 11,176 85 76 23 528 2.83 6,118 .914 11

Source: Toronto Maple Leafs Media Guide.[158]

In popular culture

References to the Maple Leafs have been very common in Canadian movies and television shows, as well as in radio and literature.

In 1946, the comedy team of Wayne and Shuster performed a sketch on their CBC radio program in which the imaginary hockey team, the Mimico Mice, competed against the Maple Leafs. Foster Hewitt did the play-by-play of the game, real Maple Leaf player names were used for the Leafs and Wayne and Shuster played the entire Mimico team.[159] In 1949, Foster Hewitt wrote a juvenile hockey novel, He Shoots, he scores!, which featured the team, including actual managers and players.[160]

In 1963, Scott Young wrote A Boy at the Leafs' Camp, a children's book giving a behind-the-scenes insight into the sport.[161] In 1971, Young and George Robertson cowrote an adult hockey-romance novel, Face-off, about the experiences of a star rookie player, Billy Duke, with the Maple Leafs.[162] The novel became a movie in 1971 with Art Hindle as Billy Duke. The film featured many of the players. Jim McKenny, body-doubled for Hindle for the on-ice action scenes due to a resemblance to Hindle. Owner Ballard had a part as the team doctor.[163]

In 1979, Roch Carrier wrote the short story The Hockey Sweater about a young boy who was forced to wear the hated Maple Leafs sweater instead of his beloved Montreal Canadiens sweater by his mother, who had given it to him as a present. In 1980, the story was turned into an animated short by the National Film Board of Canada.[164]

In 1992, Canadian rock band The Tragically Hip released the song "Fifty Mission Cap," which memorialized Bill Barilko.[165] The 1993 film Gross Misconduct was about the life of former Maple Leaf Brian Spencer.[166] Comedian Mike Myers, a fan, often included references and even an entire plot line in his films. In Austin Powers in Goldmember, the ticker below the news item on a television reads, "Maple Leafs win Stanley Cup." In another scene, the character Mini-Me wears a Maple Leaf sweater.[167] Myers played a guru hired to help the Maple Leafs' star player in the 2008 movie The Love Guru.[168] At the beginning of the 2010 spy film Fair Game, CIA agent Valerie Plame is being questioned by a suspicious weapons trafficker. He asks her if she is an American, and after responding that she is Canadian, he asks her about the Maple Leafs. She replies that she is not a fan.[169]

Minor league affiliates

The Toronto Marlboros were the Leafs Junior A affiliate from 1927 to 1967. They shared a common owner from 1927 to 1989.
The current Toronto Marlies logo was used since 2016.
The Toronto Marlies are the current AHL farm team of the Maple Leafs.

Historical

Current

See also

References

  • Holzman, Morey; Nieforth, Joseph (2002). Deceptions and doublecross: how the NHL conquered hockey. Dundurn Press. ISBN 1-55002-413-2. 
  • Hunter, Douglas (1997). Champions: The Illustrated History of Hockey's Greatest Dynasties. Chicago: Triumph Books. ISBN 1-57243-213-6. 
  • Lashway, John, ed. (2008). Toronto Maple Leafs Media Guide 2008–09. Toronto Maple Leafs. 
  • Morrison, John; McLatchy, Doug (1996). The Toronto Blue Shirts a.k.a. The Torontos, the NHL's first Stanley Cup champions 1917–1918. Hockey Information Service Inc. ISBN 1-894014-00-6. 
  • Obodiac, Stan (1976). The First 50 Years. McClelland and Stewart Limited. ISBN 0-7710-9064-1. 
  • Shea, Kevin; Wilson, Jason (2016). The Toronto Maple Leafs Hockey Club: The Official Centennial Publication. McClelland & Stewart. ISBN 0-7710-7929-X. 
  • Smythe, Thomas Stafford; Shea, Kevin (2000). Centre Ice: The Smythe Family, the Gardens and the Toronto Maple Leafs Hockey Club. Fenn Publishing. ISBN 1-5516-8250-8. 

Notes

  1. ^ Ulmer, Mike (June 14, 2010). "The History Of The Sweater". Toronto Maple Leafs. Retrieved February 3, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Maple Leafs History - 1920's". Toronto Maple Leafs. Retrieved February 3, 2016. In February of 1927, Conn Smythe, who had built the New York Rangers franchise but was dismissed in favour of Lester Patrick, raised enough money to buy the St. Pats and prevented the team from moving to Philadelphia. Smythe, a military man, immediately had the Toronto franchise name changed from the St. Pats to Maple Leafs. He also switched the uniform colours to blue and white from green and white. 
  3. ^ "CRTC Approves Sale Of Maple Leaf Sports And Entertainment To Bell And Rogers |". Allaccess.com. August 17, 2012. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
  4. ^ https://www.thestar.com/sports/leafs/2015/11/24/maple-leafs-no-longer-nhls-most-valuable-franchise-according-to-forbes.html
  5. ^ "The World's 50 Most Valuable Sports Teams 2015". Forbes. July 15, 2015. Retrieved July 15, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c Holzman & Nieforth 2002.
  7. ^ Hunter 1997, p. 19.
  8. ^ Morrison & McLatchy 1996.
  9. ^ a b c Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 13–14.
  10. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 10.
  11. ^ a b c d e "Toronto Maple Leafs History - 1920s". Maple Leafs Sports & Entertainment. Retrieved September 14, 2011. 
  12. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 15.
  13. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 15–16.
  14. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 20.
  15. ^ Hunter 1997, p. 18.
  16. ^ a b Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 30–31.
  17. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 33.
  18. ^ Proteau, Adam (19 February 2016). "Deep ties between the Maple Leafs and Canadian Armed Forces". NHL.com. Toronto Maple Leafs. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  19. ^ Smythe & Shea 2000, p. 36.
  20. ^ "Good-bye St. Pats, howdy Maple Leafs", The Globe, February 15, 1927, p. 6.
  21. ^ "Toronto crumbles New York chances", The Globe, February 18, 1927, p. 8.
  22. ^ a b Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 35.
  23. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 47–48.
  24. ^ a b c d e f "Toronto Maple Leafs History - 1930s". Maple Leafs Sports & Entertainment. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  25. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 52–53.
  26. ^ McParland, Kelly (2012). The Lives of Conn Smythe: From the Battlefield to Maple Leaf Gardens: A Hockey Icon's Story. McClelland & Stewart. p. 138. ISBN 0-7710-5684-2. 
  27. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 60.
  28. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 63.
  29. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 83–84.
  30. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 81.
  31. ^ a b Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 84.
  32. ^ "Hall of Flameout: The 25 worst collapses in sports history". ESPN. 12 June 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  33. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 80.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Toronto Maple Leafs History - 1940s". Maple Leafs Sports & Entertainment. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  35. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 86–87.
  36. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 107.
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Toronto Maple Leafs History - 1950s". Maple Leafs Sports & Entertainment. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  38. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 123.
  39. ^ Pagan, Ken (20 October 2011). "Barilko's plane finally arrives home". The Toronto Sun. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  40. ^ a b Gudgeon, Christopher (2017). The Sound of One Team Sucking: Mindful Meditations for Recovering Leafs Fans. Dundurn. p. 106. ISBN 1-4597-3836-5. 
  41. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Toronto Maple Leafs History - 1960s". Maple Leafs Sports & Entertainment. 2017. Retrieved 25 June 2017. 
  42. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 142.
  43. ^ Symthe, Conn; Young, Scott (1981). Conn Smythe: If you can't beat 'em in the alley. McClelland and Stewart. ISBN 0-7710-9078-1. 
  44. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 158.
  45. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 183.
  46. ^ McKee, Ken (March 8, 1966). "'Cash rated over class' Conn quits". Toronto Star. 
  47. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 161–162.
  48. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 173.
  49. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 194.
  50. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 195.
  51. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 200.
  52. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 205.
  53. ^ McAuliffe, Bill (2008-07-01). The Story of the Toronto Maple Leafs. The Creative Company. ISBN 978-1-58341-621-1. 
  54. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 208.
  55. ^ a b c d e f g h "Maple Leafs History - 1970s". Maple Leafs Sports & Entertainment. Retrieved 27 June 2017. 
  56. ^ a b c Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 212.
  57. ^ Beddoes, Dick (January 5, 1972). "MLG control at stake: Smythe bid for Ballard stock rejected". Globe and Mail. 
  58. ^ Orr, Frank (February 5, 1972). "Harrold Ballard: From rink rat to Gardens' boss". Toronto Star. 
  59. ^ Dunnell, Milt (February 4, 1972). "Ballard buys Gardens control for $7,546,350". Toronto Star. 
  60. ^ Lutsky, Irvin (February 5, 1972). "Gardens' president Harold Ballard to buy Smythe shares". Globe and Mail. 
  61. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 217.
  62. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 233.
  63. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 238.
  64. ^ Kernaghan, Jim (December 29, 1979). "Lanny McDonald trade has Sittler in tears". Toronto Star. p. 1. 
  65. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Maple Leafs History - 1980s". Maple Leafs Sports & Entertainment. Retrieved 27 June 2017. 
  66. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 247.
  67. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 248.
  68. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 239.
  69. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 253–254.
  70. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 275.
  71. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 278.
  72. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 280.
  73. ^ Cox, Damien; Stellick, Gord (2004). '67, The Maple Leafs: Their Sensational Victory and the End of an Empire. Wiley. p. 12. ISBN 0-470-83400-5. 
  74. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Maple Leafs History - 1990s". Maple Leafs Sports & Entertainment. Retrieved 27 June 2017. 
  75. ^ Zeisberger, Mike (7 April 2007). "Better than a Game 7: Hockey icons' true colours show through". Canoe.com. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved June 28, 2008. 
  76. ^ a b Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 302.
  77. ^ a b Jozsa Jr, Frank P (2017). National Basketball Association Franchises: Team Performance and Financial Success. Lexington Books. p. 32. ISBN 1-4985-4800-8. 
  78. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 303–304.
  79. ^ Shea & Wilson 2016, p. 307.
  80. ^ "Site Map". Tsn.ca. November 22, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
  81. ^ "TSN : NHL — Canada's Sports Leader". Archived from the original on January 23, 2008. Retrieved January 22, 2008. 
  82. ^ "Leafs' Sundin won't waive no-trade clause - Hockey - CBC". Cbc.ca. February 24, 2008. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
  83. ^ "Maple Leafs fire head coach Paul Maurice". TSN.ca. May 7, 2008. Retrieved May 7, 2008. 
  84. ^ "Leafs introduce Burke as new president and general manager". TSN.ca. November 29, 2008. Retrieved January 21, 2009. 
  85. ^ "Nazem Kadri drafted by Leafs". PensionPlanPuppets. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  86. ^ "Kessel traded to Maple Leafs, signs 5-year, $27m contract". TSN. September 19, 2009. 
  87. ^ "FLAMES TRADE D PHANEUF TO MAPLE LEAFS IN SEVEN-PLAYER DEAL". tsn.ca. January 31, 2010. Retrieved January 31, 2010. 
  88. ^ "Maple Leafs introduce Phaneuf as team's captain". CTV.com. June 14, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
  89. ^ "Tomas Kaberle Traded to Boston; Bruins Trade Blake Wheeler to Atlanta". AOL. February 18, 2011. Retrieved June 21, 2011. 
  90. ^ http://www.thestar.com/sports/leafs/2012/03/02/ron_wilson_fired_leafs_turn_to_randy_carlyle.html
  91. ^ "Maple Leafs Replace Burke With Nonis As New GM". TSN. January 9, 2013. Retrieved January 9, 2013. 
  92. ^ "Brendan Shanahan Named Leafs President & Alternate Governor". Maple Leafs Official Website. Retrieved July 25, 2014. 
  93. ^ Maple Leafs fire head coach Randy Carlyle - CityNews
  94. ^ "Maple Leafs announce organizational changes". Toronto Maple Leafs. April 12, 2015. Retrieved April 12, 2015. 
  95. ^ "Maple Leafs announce changes to scouting staff". Toronto Maple Leafs. April 12, 2015. Retrieved July 22, 2015. 
  96. ^ "Mike Babcock hired by Maple Leafs as coach". May 20, 2015. Retrieved July 22, 2015. 
  97. ^ "Lamoriello named Maple Leafs GM". July 23, 2015. Retrieved July 23, 2015. 
  98. ^ "Maple Leafs trade Phil Kessel to Penguins". Rogers Sportsnet. July 1, 2015. Retrieved Sep 20, 2015. 
  99. ^ "2015–16 NHL Trade Tracker". National Hockey League. Retrieved Mar 28, 2016. 
  100. ^ Koshan, Terry (April 9, 2016). "Toronto Maple Leafs lock up last place overall in NHL with 5-1 loss to New Jersey Devils in season finale". National Post. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  101. ^ McGran, Kevin (April 9, 2016). "Maple Leafs finish season in last place". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 28, 2016. 
  102. ^ "Washington Capitals - Toronto Maple Leafs - April 23rd, 2017". National Hockey League. April 23, 2017. Retrieved April 23, 2017. 
  103. ^ Hornsby, Lance (October 18, 2006). "Avs, Leafs battle over sellout record". Toronto Sun. Retrieved May 1, 2008. 
  104. ^ a b "Maple Leaf Gardens". ballparks.com. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  105. ^ Westhead, Rick (May 30, 2008). "Canadian NHL teams mean money". Toronto Star. Retrieved May 30, 2008. 
  106. ^ "Toronto Maple Leafs are the worst sports franchise in North America, according to ESPN". National Post. Canada. September 19, 2014. Retrieved April 2, 2015. 
  107. ^ "Sabres still searching for new owner". CBC Sports. November 17, 2002. Retrieved May 1, 2008. 
  108. ^ http://www.thestar.com/sports/leafs/2015/01/20/two-fans-charged-after-maple-leafs-jerseys-tossed-on-ice.html
  109. ^ "Leafs fans: 'Let's go, Blue Jays!'". Sportsnet.ca. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  110. ^ "Leaf Nation turns its back on Toronto Maple Leafs". Toronto Star. 
  111. ^ "Toronto Maple Leafs look like a different team under Mike Babcock despite season-opening loss to Montreal Canadiens". National Post. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  112. ^ Zweig, Eric (2010). Twenty Greatest Hockey Goals. Dundurn Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-1-55488-789-7. 
  113. ^ Mahovlich, Ted (1999). The Big M: The Frank Mahovlich Story. Sports Publishing LLC. p. 100. ISBN 1-58382-029-9.  Note: "The Toronto Maple Leafs and the Montreal Canadiens, the greatest rivalry in hockey"
  114. ^ a b c Wiggins, David K.; Rodgers, R. Pierre (2010). Rivals: legendary match ups that made sports history. The University of Arkansas Press. p. XV. ISBN 978-1-55728-920-9.  note: "There are few sport rivalries better known than the one between the Toronto Maple Leafs and the Montreal Canadiens."
  115. ^ Sheppard, Chess (1997). Heaven on ice: Ray Sheppard's life in hockey. General Store Publishing House. p. 217. ISBN 1-896182-75-5. 
  116. ^ Fischler, Stan (2002). Red Wings Greatest Moments and Players. Sports Publishing. p. 244. ISBN 1-58261-271-4. 
  117. ^ Rosen, Dan (December 5, 2011). "Governors adopt radical four-conference realignment plan". NHL.com. Retrieved December 5, 2011. 
  118. ^ Frigid temps, snow, deliver Classic screen NHL.com, January 2, 2014
  119. ^ 2014 Bridgestone NHL Winter Classic watched by record 8.2 million viewers across North America NHL.com, January 3, 2014
  120. ^ "Matthews’ OT winner lifts Leafs over Red Wings in Centennial Classic". Sportsnet.ca. 1 January 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  121. ^ "Part II – Top rivalries". ESPN. Retrieved August 19, 2011. 
  122. ^ a b Paul Hunter (June 14, 2010). "Leafs' new look is a bit old-school". Toronto Star. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  123. ^ Obodiac, p. 202.
  124. ^ a b c d e f Mike Ulmer. "The History Of The Sweater". NHL.com. Retrieved September 14, 2011. 
  125. ^ Obodiac, p. 212.
  126. ^ "History of the Maple Leaf Uniform" (PDF). NHL.com. Retrieved September 14, 2011. 
  127. ^ "Maple Leafs Unveil New Logo". Toronto Maple Leafs. February 2, 2016. Retrieved February 3, 2016. 
  128. ^ "Leafs unveil new logo for 2016–17". TSN.ca. The Sports Network. February 2, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2016. 
  129. ^ "Toronto Maple Leafs unveil new uniforms at 2016 NHL Draft". Toronto Maple Leafs. June 24, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2016. 
  130. ^ "Defense Star Leads "Pros"". The Globe. December 9, 1919. p. 9. 
  131. ^ Dunnell, Milt (July 5, 1965). "Baseball's bankroll gone". Toronto Star. 
  132. ^ Hunter, Douglas (1997). Champions: The Illustrated History of Hockey's Greatest Dynasties. Chicago, Illinois: Triumph Books. p. 50. ISBN 1-57243-213-6. 
  133. ^ "Smythe is elected Gardens' president". Toronto Daily Star. November 20, 1947. 
  134. ^ "Stavro set to take Gardens private Meeting seen as a 'rubber stamp'". Toronto Star. August 6, 1996. 
  135. ^ Van Alphen, Tony (May 3, 1994). "Stavro set to take Gardens private". Toronto Star. 
  136. ^ Rocha, Euan (December 9, 2011). "Toronto sports empire sold to Rogers and BCE". Reuters. Retrieved March 16, 2014. 
  137. ^ Robertson, Grant; Perkins, Tara (December 8, 2011). "Rogers, BCE on verge of deal for MLSE". Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved April 6, 2014. 
  138. ^ "OTPP announces sale of MLSE majority interest". Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment. September 9, 2011. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  139. ^ The Canadian Press (December 9, 2011). "Bell to keep Canadiens stake". CBC.ca. Retrieved December 10, 2011. 
  140. ^ "Leafs Announce 2014–15 TV & Radio Broadcast Schedule". Toronto Maple Leafs. Retrieved October 11, 2014. 
  141. ^ Young, Peter (2002). Let's Dance. Natural Heritage/Natural History Inc. p. 23. ISBN 1-896219-02-0. 
  142. ^ Filey, Mike (2008). Toronto: The Way We Were. Dundurn Press. p. 225. ISBN 978-1-55002-842-3. 
  143. ^ Brenda Patterson, General Manager, Parks, Forestry and Recreation (May 4, 2011). "Proposed renaming of Cathedral Square Park to "Arena Gardens"" (PDF). Staff Report. City of Toronto. Retrieved August 10, 2011. 
  144. ^ "Maple Leaf Gardens". TML Fever. Retrieved April 21, 2012. 
  145. ^ Flavelle, Dana (November 25, 2011). "Maple Leaf Gardens: From Shrine to Supermarket". Toronto Star. Retrieved November 25, 2011. 
  146. ^ "Mattamy Athletic Centre :: Venue Info". Mattamyathleticcentre.ca. Retrieved 2014-01-22. 
  147. ^ "History - Air Canada Centre". Air Canada Centre. Retrieved April 21, 2012. 
  148. ^ "MasterCard Centre for Hockey Excellence". Toronto Maple Leafs. Retrieved April 21, 2012. 
  149. ^ "Maple Leafs Roster". Toronto Maple Leafs. Retrieved March 1, 2017. 
  150. ^ "NHL Hockey Injuries". CBS Sports. Retrieved March 1, 2017. 
  151. ^ Shea, Kevin; Wilson, Jason (2016). The Toronto Maple Leafs Hockey Club: The Official Centennial Publication. McClelland & Stewart. p. 23. ISBN 0-7710-7929-X. 
  152. ^ "Sundin's extended bio". The Province. 2008-12-18. Retrieved 2008-12-20. 
  153. ^ "Peace is wonderful, but ...," Frank Orr, Toronto Star, September 5, 1980, p. D1.
  154. ^ "Babcock joins Leafs with 8-year, $50M deal". TSN. BellMedia. 20 May 2015. Retrieved 13 June 2017. 
  155. ^ "Honoured Players Process Different For Leafs" by John Iaboni, NHL.com, June 2005
  156. ^ "Toronto Maple Leafs retire the numbers of 17 players". NHL.com. October 15, 2016. Retrieved October 16, 2016. 
  157. ^ "Perfect setting: Gretzky's number retired before All-Star Game". CNN Sports Illustrated. Associated Press. February 6, 2000. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  158. ^ Lashway, p. 184
  159. ^ Ross A. Eaman. "Wayne and Shuster: Canadian comedy act". The Museum of Broadcast Communications. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  160. ^ Hewitt, Foster (1949). He Shoots, he scores. Thomas Allen. 
  161. ^ "A Boy at the Leafs' Camp". Goodreads.com. Retrieved September 18, 2011. 
  162. ^ Young, Scott; Robertson, George (1971). Face-off. MacMillan of Canada. 
  163. ^ "Face-Off". IMdb. Retrieved September 18, 2011. 
  164. ^ "The Hockey Sweater". IMdb. Retrieved September 18, 2011. 
  165. ^ Sherry Ross (October 15, 2006). "THE TRAGEDY OF BILL BARILKO. Death of Cory Lidle conjures memories of 1951 Stanley Cup hero.". Daily News. Retrieved September 18, 2011. 
  166. ^ "Gross Misconduct". IMdb. Retrieved September 18, 2011. 
  167. ^ Rob Granatstein (August 22, 2002). "Myers is groovy, baby!". Canoe. Retrieved September 24, 2011. 
  168. ^ "The Love Guru". IMdb. Retrieved September 18, 2011. 
  169. ^ Colin Covert (November 19, 2011). "Outed CIA agent's tale a stunning film". Idaho Statesmen. Retrieved September 12, 2011. 
  170. ^ Hayakawa, Mike. "Waxers parade with Maple Leafs to Air Canada Centre". Markham Economist & Sun. Metroland Media Group. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 

External links