Maple sugar

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Maple sugar
Maple sugar cubes.jpg
Ziiga'igaans (maple sugar cubes) being made in a ziiga'iganaatig (sugar press-mould)
Type Confectionery
Place of origin Canada and the United States
Main ingredients Sap of the sugar maple tree
Cookbook: Maple sugar  Media: Maple sugar
Golden sugar maple tree

Maple sugar is a traditional sweetener in Canada, and the northeastern United States, prepared from the sap of the sugar maple tree.


Maple sugar is what remains after the sap of the sugar maple is boiled for longer than is needed to create maple syrup or maple taffy.[1] Once almost all the water has been boiled off, all that is left is a solid sugar.[2] By composition, this sugar is about 90% sucrose, the remainder consisting of variable amounts of glucose and fructose.[3] This is usually sold in pressed blocks or as a translucent candy.[4] It is difficult to create as the sugar easily burns and thus requires considerable skill.[5]


Maple sugar was the preferred form of maple by First Nations/Native American peoples as the sugar could easily be transported and lasted a long time. It is called ziinzibaakwad by the Anishinaabeg.[6][7] Blessing of the Bay, the second ocean-going merchant ship built in the English colonies, carried maple sugar from the Massachusetts Bay Colony to New Amsterdam as early as 1631.[8] French awareness of the process is indicated in at least one engraver's works, those of the mid-18th-century artist Jean-Francois Turpin, the engraver Bernard (including several for Diderot's 1755 Encyclopedie.) and others.[9]


It is today used to flavor some maple products and can be used as an alternative to cane sugar.[10]

See also[edit]