Arabi Malayalam

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Arabi Malayalam
Mappila Malayalam
عَرَبِ مَلَیَاۻَمٛ
Native toIndia
Arabi Malayalam script
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottologmopl1237[1]

Arabi Malayalam (also called Mappila Malayalam[2][3] and Moplah Malayalam) is the traditional Dravidian language[4] of the Mappila Muslim community. It is spoken by several thousand people, predominantly in the Malabar Coast of Kerala state, southern India. The form can be classified as a regional dialect in northern Kerala, or as a class or occupational dialect of the Mappila community. It can also be called a vernacular in general, or as a provincial patois, with the latter label being increasingly applicable in Colonial times. All the forms of the Malayalam language, including Mappila, are mutually intelligible.[5][6]

The Mappila form shows some lexical (vocabulary) admixture from Arabic and Persian.[6][7]

The variety Arabi Malayalam is also used by lower caste non-Muslims in northern Kerala, Muslims in Dakshina Kannada, and different Mappila migrant communities in South East Asia.[8]

Writing system[edit]

The Arabi Malayalam script is an Abjad. The script[9] is also known as Khatafunnani[10] or Ponnani script.[11][12] It is also used to write several minority languages such as Eranadan and Jesri.

Study center[edit]

The Malayalam University has been set up a centre for studies of Arabi Malayalam language at Tirur.[13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Moplah". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Kottaparamban, Musadhique (1 October 2019). "Sea, community and language: a study on the origin and development of Arabi- Malayalam language of mappila muslims of Malabar". Muallim Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities: 406–416. doi:10.33306/mjssh/31. ISSN 2590-3691.
  3. ^ Kuzhiyan, Muneer Aram. "Poetics of Piety Devoting and Self Fashioning in the Mappila Literary Culture of South India". The English and Foreign Languages University, Hyderabad. hdl:10603/213506. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ Kottaparamban, Musadhique (2 October 2019). "Sea, Community and Language: A Study on the Origin and Development of Arabi- Malayalam Language of Mappila Muslims of Malabar". Muallim Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities: 406–416. doi:10.33306/mjssh/31. ISSN 2590-3691.
  5. ^ Subramoniam, V. I. (1997). Dravidian Encyclopaedia. Vol. 3, Language and literature. Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala): International School of Dravidian Linguistics. pp. 508-09. [1]
  6. ^ a b "Mappila Malayalam-1".
  7. ^ Krishna Chaitanya. Kerala. India, the Land and the People. New Delhi: National Book Trust, India, 1994. [2]
  8. ^ Upadhyaya, U. Padmanabha. Coastal Karnataka: Studies in Folkloristic and Linguistic Traditions of Dakshina Kannada Region of the Western Coast of India. Udupi: Rashtrakavi Govind Pai Samshodhana Kendra, 1996. pp. 63-83.
  9. ^ Arafath, P. K. Yasser (July 2020). "Polyglossic Malabar: Arabi-Malayalam and the Muhiyuddinmala in the age of transition (1600s–1750s)". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. 30 (3): 517–539. doi:10.1017/S1356186320000085. ISSN 1356-1863.
  10. ^ Kunnath, Ammad (15 September 2015). "The rise and growth of Ponnani from 1498 AD To 1792 AD". Department of History. hdl:10603/49524. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. ^ Panakkal, Abbas (2016). Islam in Malabar (1460-1600) : a socio-cultural study /. Kulliyyah Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia.
  12. ^ Kallen, hussain Randathani. "TRADE AND CULTURE: INDIAN OCEAN INTERACTION ON THE COAST OF MALABAR IN MEDIEVAL PERIOD". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  13. ^ "New university centre for Arabi Malayalam". Deccan Chronicle. 15 October 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  14. ^ TwoCircles.net (28 December 2015). "In Kerala, attempts to save Arabi Malayalam take final shape". TwoCircles.net. Retrieved 20 October 2020.