Maputaland–Pondoland bushland and thickets

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Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets
Oribi gorge.jpg
AT1012 map.png
Map of the Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets
Biomemontane grasslands and shrublands
BordersAlbany thickets, Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands, and forests, Kwazulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic, and Nama Karoo
Area19,400 km2 (7,500 sq mi)
CountriesSouth Africa
Conservation statusCritical/endangered

The Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets is one of the ecoregions of South Africa. It consists of the montane shrubland biome.[1]


The ecoregion occupies the foothills of the Drakensberg mountains, covering an area of 19,500 square kilometers (7,500 sq mi) in South Africa's Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal provinces. It is bounded on the east by the KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic, which lies in the humid coastal strip along the Indian Ocean; to the west it is bounded by the higher-elevation Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests. To the south, it transitions to the drier Albany thickets, which are characterized by more succulent and spiny plants.


The ecoregion has a dry subtropical climate. Rainfall varies from 800 mm to 450 mm per year, with approximately three-quarters of the rain falling in the warm summer months between October and March. Frosts are rare because of the moderating influence of the Indian Ocean.


Euphorbias in valley bushveld

The typical vegetation is sclerophyll evergreen shrubs, which form dense, closed canopy thickets up to six meters in height. The ecoregion, which is in a transition between moist and dry, montane and lowland, and temperate and tropical, has a rich diversity of species, although with few endemics.


The ecoregion is home to a variety of animal species, including endangered black rhinos (Diceros bicornis) and white rhinos (Ceratotherium simum).

Protected areas[edit]

A 1994 survey found that about 7.5% of the ecoregion is in protected areas. Protected areas include the Great Fish River Nature Reserve, Oribi Gorge Nature Reserve, and Thomas Baines Nature Reserve.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ecoregions of South Africa Archived 2011-11-16 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°40′S 29°24′E / 30.667°S 29.400°E / -30.667; 29.400