Maquis (Star Trek)
In the Star Trek science fiction franchise, the Maquis // are a 24th-century paramilitary organization-terrorist group (like the World War II Maquis in the French Resistance and the Spanish Maquis that emerged in the Spanish Civil War) first introduced in the 1994 episode "The Maquis" of the television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, and subsequently appearing in Star Trek: The Next Generation and Star Trek: Voyager. The Maquis story debuted when three Star Trek television shows running from the late 1980s to 2001 took place in the same fictional science-fiction universe at the same time in the future (the 2360s–2370s). As a result, the Maquis story was told across dozens of episodes with many more shows providing the context in the wider Star Trek narrative.
The Maquis are also featured in the comic book saga The Maquis: Soldier of Peace by Malibu Comics, who held the rights to Deep Space Nine comics in the 1990s. The Maquis are an important part of Star Trek: Voyager, as the formative plot for the series is that a Federation and a Maquis crew are stranded together on the opposite side of the Galaxy. The Maquis are also in the book series The Badlands by Susan Wright, who also has written many other non-canon Trekiverse novels published by Pocket Books.
The concept of the Maquis was introduced by the creators of Deep Space Nine so that it could play a role in the upcoming Voyager, which was scheduled to begin airing in 1995. As Jeri Taylor commented, "We knew that we wanted to include a renegade element in Voyager, and that the show would involve a ship housing both Starfleet people and those idealistic freedom fighters that the Federation felt were outlaws [i.e., the Maquis]." Therefore, the creators of Star Trek decided to create a backstory for the Maquis in several episodes of Deep Space Nine and The Next Generation, and named them after the French guerrilla fighters of the Second World War. The recurring characters of Michael Eddington (Kenneth Marshall) in Deep Space Nine and Ro Laren (Michelle Forbes) in The Next Generation became members of the Maquis, and Voyager contained regular former Maquis characters such as Chakotay (Robert Beltran) and B'Elanna Torres (Roxann Dawson), as well as recurring characters such as Seska (Martha Hackett).
According to the fictional storyline of the Star Trek universe, the Maquis were formed in the 24th century after a peace treaty was enacted between the United Federation of Planets and the Cardassian Union, redesignating the demilitarized zone between the two powers, which resulted in the Federation ceding several of their colony worlds to the Cardassians. Although the colonists were offered free relocation to elsewhere in Federation territory, some insisted on remaining on the ceded worlds, effectively becoming Cardassian Union citizens. Some of these colonists subsequently formed the Maquis to protect themselves from Cardassian aggression, due to a lack of official support from the Federation who feared breaking the peace treaty with the Cardassians, which would lead to war.
Nonetheless, various Federation members supported the Maquis' cause, and illegally supplied them with weapons and other technology that they could use in their struggle. In several cases, the Federation actually intervened in the war between the Maquis and the Cardassians, aiding the latter in recognition of the peace treaty. In one case, the Federation ship USS Voyager tracked a Maquis vessel to the Badlands with the intention of apprehending it, but an alien force transported both to the Delta Quadrant on the opposite side of the Milky Way Galaxy. The two crews were forced to unite to survive against alien threats such as the Kazon and the Borg. In later years, when the Cardassians joined the Dominion to fight in the Dominion War against the Federation, the Dominion aided the Cardassian military in wiping out the Maquis, a prelude to their war against the Federation and its allies.
The Maquis provide moral challenges to existing characters such as Quark and Sisko on Deep Space Nine station. Quark is lured into selling weapons to the Maquis by an attractive Vulcan woman, showing how his desire for money unwittingly turned him into an illegal arms dealer. Sisko must navigate the internal politics of the Cardassians and Federation as he tries to uphold the peace treaty, in addition to being tested by his old friend trying to recruit him into the rebellion.
Cardassians were introduced on Star Trek The Next Generation in January 1991 with the episode "The Wounded", which lays some of the foundation for the Federation settlements on the Cardassian border. "Ensign Ro" aired in October 1991 introducing the experiences of living in Cardassian-occupied space. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine premiered in January 1993 and is primarily set within former Cardassian-occupied space. The Next Generations's "Journey's End" aired in March 1994 and introduced the results of the Federation-Cardassian peace treaty and establishment of a new demilitarized zone with Federation colonists in Cardassian territory. The Maquis were then formally introduced one month later on Deep Space Nine's two-part episode "The Maquis" and would then be the focus of many episodes of the franchise.
- "The Maquis, Part I and Part II" (Airdate - April 24, 1994, and May 1, 1994)
- "Preemptive Strike" (Airdate - May 16, 1994)
- "Tribunal" (Airdate - June 5, 1994)
- "Defiant" (Airdate - November 21, 1994)
- "Caretaker" (Airdate - January 16, 1995)
- "Learning Curve" (Airdate - May 22, 1995)
- "Dreadnought" (Airdate - February 12, 1996)
- "For the Cause" (Airdate - May 6, 1996)
- "For the Uniform (Airdate - February 3, 1997)
- "Blaze of Glory" (Airdate - May 12, 1997) The final Maquis conflict in the Alpha Quadrant.
- "Worst Case Scenario" (Airdate - May 14, 1997)
- "Repression" (Airdate - October 25, 2000)
Various members of the Maquis are characters in TNG, DS9, and Voyager, although membership is sometimes transitory and as revealed by the Maquis saga, for example some are revealed as Federation agents. The reveal of a character's identity is common plot device throughout the story line. Many episodes play on these questions
- B'Elanna Torres (played by Roxann Dawson)
- Chakotay, captain of a Maquis space vessel. (played by Robert Beltran)
- Calvin Hudson, Maquis leader (played by Bernie Casey)
- Macias, Maquis leader (played by John Franklyn-Robbins)
- Michael Eddington (played by Kenneth Marshall)
- Ro Laren (played primarily by Michelle Forbes)
- Teero (played by Keith Szarabajka)
- Tuvok, Federation agent and Voyager bridge officer (played by Tim Russ)
- Thomas Riker (played by Jonathan Frakes)
- Sakonna (played by Bertila Damas)
- Santos (played by William Thomas Jr.)
- Seska (played by Martha Hackett)
In the Star Trek science fiction franchise, the Maquis are known to use a diverse mix of older spacecraft from the United Federation of Planets. Three aspects are that the spacecraft are older, as much as several decades, there are a variety of types in service, and finally, they tend to be of Federation design. Although the spacecraft are old, the Maquis are known to upgrade them with advanced weaponry to take on larger Cardassian vessels such as the Galor class.
- Maquis ship in Caretaker (Star Trek: Voyager)
- Maquis raider as seen on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode The Maquis, Part II
- Dreadnought, former Cardassian weapon commandeered by the Maquis (Dreadnought (Star Trek: Voyager))
- Maquis Interceptor/Maquified Peregrine-class
The Maquis Fighter seen in the DS9 episodes (The Maquis I & II) was designed by Jim Martin and the model for the special effect shots was built by Tony Meinenger. The fighter/transport used by Ro was also designed by Jim Martin, but that model was built by Greg Jein.
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