María Antonia Santos Plata

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Santos and the second or maternal family name is Plata.
María Antonia Santos Plata
Antonia Santos cropped.jpg
Born (1782-04-10)10 April 1782
Pinchote, Viceroyalty of New Granada
Died 28 June 1819(1819-06-28) (aged 37)
Socorro, Viceroyalty of New Granada
Cause of death Execution by firing squad
Nationality Neogranadine
Known for Colombian Independence leader and martyr
Parent(s)
  • Pedro Santos Meneses
  • María Petronila Plata Rodríguez

María Antonia Santos Plata (10 April 1782–28 June 1819), was a Neogranadine peasant, rebel leader and heroine.

She galvanized, organized, and led the rebel guerrillas in the Province of El Socorro against the invading Spanish troops during the Reconquista of the New Granada. She was captured, tried, and found guilty of lese-majesty and high treason. She was sentenced and executed by firing squad.

She is regarded to be the foremost example of the women participating in this conflict. A brigade in the Colombian army was named after her.

References[edit]

  • Pablo Rodríguez, Historia que no cesa : la independencia de Colombia, 1780-1830, Universidad del Rosario, 2010, 313 p. (ISBN 9789587381016)