María Antonia Santos Plata

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María Antonia Santos Plata
Antonia Santos cropped.jpg
Born(1782-04-10)10 April 1782
Died28 June 1819(1819-06-28) (aged 37)
Cause of deathExecution by firing squad
Known forColombian Independence leader and martyr
  • Pedro Santos Meneses
  • María Petronila Plata Rodríguez

María Antonia Santos Plata (10 April 1782–28 June 1819), was a Neogranadine peasant, rebel leader and heroine.

She galvanized, organized, and led the rebel guerrillas in the Province of El Socorro against the invading Spanish troops during the Reconquista of the New Granada. She was captured, tried, and found guilty of lese-majesty and high treason. She was sentenced and executed by firing squad.

She is regarded to be the foremost example of the women participating in this conflict. A brigade in the Colombian army was named after her.


  • Pablo Rodríguez, Historia que no cesa : la independencia de Colombia, 1780-1830, Universidad del Rosario, 2010, 313 p. (ISBN 9789587381016)