María Blanchard

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María Blanchard
Maria Blanchard dando clase.jpg
Photo of María Blanchard teaching
Born 6 March 1881
Santander, Spain
Died April 5, 1932(1932-04-05) (aged 51)
Paris, France
Nationality Spanish
Known for Painting

María Blanchard (6 March 1881 – 5 April 1932), née María Gutiérrez Cueto,[1] was a Spanish painter.



Blanchard was born on 6 March 1881 in Santander, Spain.[2] She was the daughter of journalist Enrique Gutiérrez Cueto and Concepción Blanchard Santisteban. She was the cousin of Mexican artist Germán Cueto.[1]

While Blanchard's mother was pregnant with her, she was involved in an accident, causing Blanchard to be born with multiple deformities,[2] including a deformed spine.[1] However, further research has shown that her multiple deformities were not caused by the mother's accident. [3] Blanchard found it difficult to walk and was teased at school and nicknamed "the witch,"[4] which caused her emotional pain.[1] Blanchard turned to painting to express her sadness.[5] Her father was a large influence in her life, encouraging her to draw.[6]

Maternity (1925)

In 1903, she moved to Madrid and studied at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando under Spanish artists such as Emilio Sala and Manuel Benedito.[1] Sala taught Blanchard "precision" and the "exuberant use of colour," which would feature in her early compositions.[1] In 1908, after Blanchard won a third prize for her painting Primeros pasostathe Exposición Nacional de Bellas Artes,[7] the Santander government awarded her a grant to support her education in the arts.[1] In 1909, this grant allowed her to continue her artistic education at the Academie Vitti in Paris under Hermenegildo Anglada Camarasa and Kees van Dongen.[8] Here she discovered cubist painting, and was influenced by Jacques Lipchitz and Juan Gris.[8][9] In 1914, due to the First World War, Blanchard returned to Madrid where she had an exhibition organized by Ramón Gómez de la Serna.[1]

In 1918, after the end of the war, Blanchard moved to Paris, where she would spend the rest of her life.[1] There, she began developing her own style of Cubism, using rich colour and incorporating personal elements.[1] She was close friends with Juan Gris, the Cubist Spanish painter.[1]

In 1920, she exhibited in France and Belgium. After her exhibition at the Salon des Indépendants in 1921, her paintings were in great demand. Due to the adverse economic situation which followed, the collectors withdrew and she was financially supported by the literature enthusiast Frank Flausch (1878–1926) until her death.[1]

In 1927, Gris died.[1] Grieving, Blanchard refused to see her other friends; however, she continued painting.[1]

Blanchard's health deteriorated over the following years and she developed tuberculosis, making it impossible for her to paint. In 1932, she died at age 51 in Paris, France.[1]

María Blanchard, 1916-18, Still Life with Red Lamp, oil on canvas, 115.6 × 73 cm


Some of Blanchard's most famous paintings included:

Composición cubista (Cubist composition)[1]

Mujer con abanico (Woman with Fan)[1]

Nature morte cubiste (Cubist Still-life)[1]

Primeros pasos[7]

La Communiante[7]


Blanchard was described by Gris as "[having] talent." Jacques Lipchitz wrote about her, saying that Blanchard "was a sincere artist and her paintings contain a painful sentiment of unusual violence." Diego Rivera described her work as being "pure expression."[10]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Profile,; accessed 4 August 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Speaking of Maria Blanchard (Diane Kendig)". Retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  3. ^ "A Note On Having To Correct Wikipedia After I Have Corrected Myself (Diane Kendig)". Retrieved 2016-10-09. 
  4. ^ "Maria Blanchard. Expert art authentication, certificates of authenticity and expert art appraisals - Art Experts". Retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  5. ^ "Maria Blanchard - Artists - Heather James". Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  6. ^ "Spanish Painters: María Blanchard (1881-1932)". Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  7. ^ a b c "María Blanchard. Painting. Biography and works at Spain is culture.". Retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  8. ^ a b María Blanchard profile, Oxford Art Online; accessed 4 August 2015.
  9. ^ M.R. (2012). "M., R. MARÍA BLANCHARD. (Spanish).". Arte y Parte (in Spanish). 99: 74. ISSN 1136-2006. 
  10. ^ ".: MARÍA BLANCHARD - Cubismo / Cubist :.". Retrieved 2016-04-19. 


Birnbaum, Paula J. Women Artists in Interwar France: Framing Femininities. Aldershot, Ashgate, 2011.

Madaule, Liliane Caffin. Maria Blanchard 1881-1932 - Catalogue raisonné, Vols. 1 and 2. London: DACS, 1992.

External links[edit]

Maria Blanchard's virtual exhibition