|Born||Maria Victoria Casares y Pérez
21 November 1922
A Coruña, Galicia, Spain
|Died||22 November 1996
La Vergne, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
María Casares (21 November 1922 – 22 November 1996) was a Spanish-French actress and one of the most distinguished stars of the French stage. She was usually credited in France as Maria Casarès.
Casares was born María Victoria Casares y Pérez in A Coruña, Galicia, the daughter of Santiago Casares Quiroga, a minister in Manuel Azaña's government and Prime Minister of Spain and of Gloria Pérez. She was helping in Madrid hospitals when she was fourteen. Her father was a member of the Republican government so at the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War (1936), the family was forced to flee. The father went to London, the mother and daughter sought refuge in Paris.
There, María attended the Lycée Victor Duruy then, after her graduation, she took speech classes with René Simon. She enrolled in the Paris Conservatoire, where she won the First Prize for tragedy and Second Prize for comedy.
In July 1942, she auditioned for Marcel Herrand who engaged her for his Théâtre des Mathurins. There, over the course of the next three years, she appeared in several plays including Deirdre of the Sorrows by J. M. Synge, The Master Builder by Ibsen, Le Malentendu (The Misunderstanding) by Albert Camus (with whom she had an affair), and an especially important premiere, Fédérico, after Prosper Mérimée, with Gérard Philipe.
In the meantime, she began to appear in films. Her first film role was in Marcel Carné's Les Enfants du paradis (1945), one of the great classics of French cinema. She also made Les dames du Bois de Boulogne (1945) for Robert Bresson, La Chartreuse de Parme (The Charterhouse of Parma) (1948) for Christian-Jaque, co-starring Gérard Philipe. For Cocteau, she played Death in his Orphée (1950) with Jean Marais and François Périer and in his Testament d'Orphée (Testament of Orpheus) (1959).
From 1952 onwards, although she continued to appear in occasional films, she devoted herself mainly to the stage. She joined the Festival d'Avignon, the Comédie-Française and the Théâtre National Populaire under the leadership of Jean Vilar. Before her, no one actor or actress of foreign origin had ever played at Comédie-Française. She toured extensively throughout the world, appearing in the great classics of French theatre, including, in 1958, Corneille's Le Cid, Victor Hugo's Marie Tudor and Marivaux' Le Triomphe de l'Amour (The Triumph of Love) on Broadway.
Personal life and death
Casares took up French nationality in 1975 and three years later married André Schlesser, an actor known professionally as 'Dade, who had been her longtime companion and theatrical co-star.
She published her autobiography, Résidente privilégiée (Privileged Resident) in 1980, in which she discusses her 16-year affair with Camus. María Casares was perhaps Albert Camus's greatest love. Anyway, he told Jean Grenier that he would never marry her.
The actress died at her country house, Château de La Vergne, in the village of Alloue in Poitou-Charentes; she left the property to the village. Today, the Domaine de la Vergne is a residence for artists and a setting for performances.
- Someone Else's America (1995) Alonso's Mother
- Les Chevaliers de la table ronde (1990) Viviane
- Monte bajo (1989)
- The Reader (1988) General's Widow
- Blood and Sand (1987) Dolores
- Blanche et Marie (1985) Louise
- Flavia, la monaca musulmana (1974) Sister Agatha
- Hieronymus Bosch (1963) (voice)
- Testament of Orpheus (1960) The Princess
- Le Jardins du Seigneur (1954) (voice)
- Shadow and Light (1951) Caroline Bessier
- Orphée (1950) The Princess
- Guernica (1950) (voice)
- The Man Who Returns from Afar (1950)
- Bagarres (1948) Carmelle
- The Charterhouse of Parma (1948) La duchesse Gina de San Severina
- La Septième porte (1948)
- L'Amour autour de la maison (1947) Thérèse
- The Revenge of Roger (1946) Julia de Terrenoire
- Roger la Honte (1946) Julia de Noirville
- Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne (1945) Hélène
- Les Enfants du paradis (1945) Nathalie
- Les Nuits révolutionnaires (1989) La Murène
- Les Bonnes (1985) Madame
- Peer Gynt (1981) Ase
- Irène et sa folie (1980) Le docteur Burns
- Britannicus (1977) Agrippine
- L'Île des chèvres (1975) Agata
- La Reine verte (1964)
- Yerma (1963) Yerma
- Macbeth (1959) Lady Macbeth
- Énigmes de l'histoire (1956)
- John Calder. "Obituary:Maria Casares | People | News". The Independent. Retrieved 2016-07-19.
- "Camus and his women | Books". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-07-19.
- Catherine Camus presenta la biografía de Olivier Todd sobre su padre. ABC - Madrid (12 June 1997).
- Charting the amazing love life of the amorous existentialist. The Independent (11 October 1997).
- Las mujeres de Camus. Vanguardia (12 April 2012).
- Anna Mellado García - Centenario del nacimiento de Albert Camus - "Por una memoria histórica aún no recuperada". CCOO.
- «Cita con Albert Camus. Olivier Todd destapa los amoríos del autor de "El extranjero" en una biografía». El Periódico de Catalunya (13 June 1997).
- "Albert Camus: A Life" by Olivier Todd (Chapter 34: "The Unique One").
- "Camus: Portrait of a Moralist" by Stephen Eric Bronner (Chapter 3: "Resistance").
- "María Casares (1922–1996)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2016-07-19.
- Résidente privilégiée by Maria Casarès, Fayard, 1980 ISBN 2-213-00779-9
- Maria Casarès: L'étrangère by Javier Figuero & Marie-Hélène Carbonel, Fayard, 2005, ISBN 978-2213624013