María Victoria Calle Correa
|María Victoria Calle Correa|
|Magistrate of the Constitutional Court of Colombia|
April 2009 – April 2017
|Nominated by||Álvaro Uribe Vélez|
|Preceded by||Manuel José Cepeda Espinosa|
8 May 1959|
Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia
|Spouse(s)||Gustavo Eduardo Gómez Aranguren|
|Alma mater||Externado University (LLM, 2007)
University of Medellín (LLB, 1982)
María Victoria Calle Correa (born 8 May 1959) is a Magistrate of the Constitutional Court of Colombia, serving since April 2009. Calle is the second female magistrate (after Clara Inés Vargas Hernández). A lawyer from the University of Medellín, she specialized in Administrative Law from Saint Thomas Aquinas University and the University of Salamanca, and received a Master's in Administrative Law from Externado University. Prior to her nomination, she worked in Previsora Seguros S.A., and insurance provider, since 2004, and was its Vice President of Legal Affairs since 2005.
Constitutional Court magistrate
Nomination and election
She was elected to replace Magistrate Manuel José Cepeda Espinosa by the Senate from a ternary submitted by President Álvaro Uribe Vélez, receiving 76 of the votes over her fellow nominees, Zayda del Carmen Barrero de Noguera and José Fernando Torres. The nomination and subsequent election process, as well as that of her fellow magistrate Jorge Pretelt Chlajub which occurred at the same time, were criticised by Elección Visible, an election watchdog organization, for lack of transparency and the clear existence of back-door deals that permitted their election to have been secured from the beginning, and thus ignoring the ternary nomination process in which three compelling candidates are nominated and the Senate elects the best option; in their respective cases, each ternary list was composed of the favourite candidate and two lesser choices. This lack of seriousness in the process was coupled in the media with the perception that President Uribe broke tradition by nominating candidates who were neither constitutional scholars, respected professors in academia, nor held a PhD—in marked contrast to their predecessors in the Court.
Calle's views were unknown at the time of her nomination and was generally regarded as a conservative, as her husband, Gustavo Eduardo Gómez Aranguren, a Magistrate of the Council of State had defined conservative views, and because of her nomination and strong backing by the conservative leaning Administration of President Uribe. Nonetheless during her tenure, she backed most of the liberal block rullings such as Same-sex marriage and adoption by same sex couples, women rights and animal rights.
- "Curriculum Vitae" (PDF) (in Spanish). Administrative Department of the Presidency of Colombia.
- Rodríguez, Leonardo (2009-03-25). "Jorge Pretelt y María Victoria Calle, nuevos magistrados de la Corte Constitucional" [Jorge Pretelt and María Victoria Calle, new magistrates in the Constitutional Court]. El Espectador (in Spanish). ISSN 0122-2856. Retrieved 2011-07-26.
- Elección Visible (2009-03-20). "Marcado sesgo en candidatos de Uribe a la Constitucional" [Marked slant in Uribe's candidates to the Court]. Revista Semana (in Spanish). Retrieved 2011-07-26.
- "Eligen dos nuevos magistrados a la Corte Constitucional" [2 new magistrates elected to the Constitutional Court]. Revista Semana (in Spanish). 2009-03-25. Retrieved 2011-07-26.
- "La nueva Corte Constitucional es más conservadora que la anterior y de menor perfil. Pero no es del bolsillo de Uribe" [The new Constitutional Court is more conservative than its predecessor and of lesser profile. But not in Uribe's pocket]. La Silla Vacía (in Spanish). 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2011-07-28.
- Cortés Castillo, Carlos (2010-03-07). "María Victoria Calle, la 'perfecta desconocida' que votó en contra del referendo" [María Victoria Calle, the "perfect unknown" who voted against the referendum]. La Silla Vacía (in Spanish). Retrieved 2011-07-28.